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Health - Social Sciences - 07.06.2021
Worrying disparity in excess deaths during pandemic
A study led by researchers at the Universities of Manchester and York published in The Lancet Regional Health - Europe today (07/06/21) has revealed strong disparities in rates of excess deaths in England and Wales during the first 30 weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the research team, deaths compared with those expected from historical trends were unequally distributed, both geographically and socioeconomically.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 04.06.2021
Lack of maths education negatively affects adolescent brain and cognitive development | University of Oxford
A new study suggests that not having any maths education after the age of 16 can be disadvantageous. Adolescents who stopped studying maths exhibited greater disadvantage - compared with peers who continued studying maths - in terms of brain and cognitive development, according to a new study published in the  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .

Social Sciences - 03.06.2021
Bilingualism as a natural therapy for autistic children
Bilingualism as a natural therapy for autistic children
An international team led by UNIGE demonstrates that the characteristics of bilingualism allow autistic children to compensate for certain fundamental deficits. Affecting more than one in a hundred children, autism spectrum disorder is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders. It has a particular impact on social interaction, including difficulties in understanding other people's perspectives, beliefs, desires and emotions, known as 'theory of mind'.

Social Sciences - 02.06.2021
Children’s beat gestures predict the subsequent development of their oral skills
So reveals a study published on 21 May in Child Development , conducted by Ingrid Vilà-Giménez and Pilar Prieto (ICREA), members of the Prosodic Studies research group, together with researchers from the universities of Chicago and of Iowa.

Social Sciences - 31.05.2021
A new model enables the recreation of the family tree of complex networks
A new model enables the recreation of the family tree of complex networks
In a new study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), a research team of the Institute of Complex Systems of the UB ( UBICS ) analysed the time evolution of real complex networks and developed a model in which the emergence of new nodes can be related to pre-existing nodes, similarly to the evolution of species in biology.

Social Sciences - 28.05.2021
Being born very preterm or very low birthweight is associated with continued lower IQ performance into adulthood
The average IQ of adults born very preterm or very low birth weight was compared to those who were term born in the 1970s to 1990s in 8 longitudinal cohorts from 7 countries around the world - The IQ was significantly lower for very pre-term and very low birth weight adults in comparison to those term born, researchers from the University of Warwick have found - Action needs to be taken to ensure support is available for those born very preter

Health - Social Sciences - 28.05.2021
Tooth loss may affect ability to carry out everyday tasks
Older adults with more natural teeth are better able to perform everyday tasks such as cooking a meal, making a telephone call or going shopping, according to researchers from UCL and the Tokyo Medical and Dental University. The study published in the Journal of American Geriatrics Society , analysed data from 5,631 adults from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) aged between 50 and 70.

Health - Social Sciences - 27.05.2021
Smoking during pregnancy associated with child’s risk of having congenital heart disease
The study was led by University of Bristol, in an international collaboration with researchers from seven institutions. It brings together data on more than 230,000 families from 7 European birth cohorts from the UK, Ireland, the Netherlands, Denmark, Norway and Italy, including the world-renowned Children of the 90s study at the University of Bristol.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 27.05.2021
Jebel Sahaba: A succession of violence rather than a prehistoric war
Jebel Sahaba: A succession of violence rather than a prehistoric war
Since the 1960s, the Jebel Sahaba cemetery (Nile Valley, present-day Sudan) has become the emblem of organised warfare during prehistory. Re-analysis of the data, however, argues for a succession of smaller conflicts. Competition for resources is probably one of the causes of the conflicts witnessed in this cemetery.

Social Sciences - 25.05.2021
Are children’s books becoming more diverse? New research reveals persistent bias
Using AI tools, researchers find that 'mainstream' books still lack non-white, non-male characters For much of American history, the books that children read have largely centered on white, male characters-but is that starting to change? Not very much, and not very quickly, suggests new research from the University of Chicago.

Social Sciences - 25.05.2021
Low-income families missing out on $1000 in dental benefits
Almost 70 per cent of low-income households aren't claiming up to $1000 in child dental benefits they are eligible for, according to University of Queensland and Telethon Kids Institute research. Professor Luke Connelly from UQ's Centre for Business and Economics of Health said the study found mothers appeared to play an important role in the decision on whether to take up dental benefits for children.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 24.05.2021
Can TV shows help teens navigate bullying, depression and other mental health issues?
Popular television shows and movies can bolster teenagers' mental health and help them cope with bullying, sexual assault, suicidal thoughts, substance abuse and depression when these issues are depicted with empathy and appropriate resources are provided, a report published today by UCLA's Center for Scholars and Storytellers shows.

Health - Social Sciences - 20.05.2021
COVID-19 hospitalizations among children likely overcounted, researchers find
Children being treated in hospitals are tested for SARS-CoV-2, but many who test positive never develop COVID-19 symptoms, leading to overestimates of disease severity, a study found. Counting SARS-CoV-2 infections in hospitalized children overestimates the impact of COVID-19 in pediatric populations because such counts include many asymptomatic patients, according to a new study by researchers at the  Stanford University School of Medicine.  The findings were published online May 19 in  Hospital Pediatrics .

Social Sciences - Campus - 20.05.2021
Physical activity may help to close the wealth gap in school attainment by improving self-control
Physical activity may help to close the wealth gap in school attainment by improving self-control
Guaranteeing every child the opportunity to participate in certain types of physical activity could support their academic attainment and help to close the achievement gap between wealthy and less-advantaged pupils, new research indicates. In the context of COVID in particular, there may be a real temptation to encourage schools to maximise classroom time to stop children falling behind.

Social Sciences - Politics - 20.05.2021
News photos shape immigration attitudes
News images of immigrants have an effect on some Americans' attitudes towards immigration, a new University of Michigan study shows. Photos of large groups of immigrants, such as the migrant caravan, may decrease support for immigration. Images of individuals, however, produce the opposite effect. In line with work on "person positivity,” personalized images tend to increase support for immigration, particularly among Americans who are threat-sensitive.

Social Sciences - Health - 18.05.2021
Anti-Asian hate: U-M chronicles location, nature of more than 1,000 incidents last year
New research from the University of Michigan offers insights into the location, nature and perpetrators of anti-Asian hate incidents that occurred in the U.S. during the COVID-19 pandemic. The Virulent Hate Projec t, which is supported by U-M's Center for Social Solutions and Poverty Solutions initiative, reviewed 4,337 news articles from 2020 that addressed coronavirus-related, anti-Asian racism in the United States.

Social Sciences - Health - 18.05.2021
More than half of adolescents practice poor hand hygiene
Only one in three adolescents are practising appropriate hand hygiene, a new global study involving University of Queensland researchers has found. Dr Yaqoot Fatima from UQ's Institute for Social Science Research said there was a renewed emphasis on adequate hand hygiene with COVID-19. "We used data from the Global School-based Student Health Survey from 92 countries across the six WHO regions to examine the prevalence and correlation of hand hygiene practices in adolescents worldwide," Dr Fatima said.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 17.05.2021
Warnings on the dangers of screen time are ill founded - new study
Warnings on the dangers of screen time are ill founded - new study
Research that requires participants to estimate their own digital screen time cannot provide reliable information on mental health impact. Last updated on Thursday 20 May 2021 Research that requires participants to estimate their own digital screen time cannot provide reliable information on mental health impact, concludes a major international review.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 17.05.2021
Ancestry tests affect race self-identification
Ancestry tests affect race self-identification
People who have taken a genetic ancestry test are more likely to report multiple races when self-identifying on surveys, according to Stanford sociologists. A genetic ancestry test (GAT) can not only unearth deep family secrets, it also can change how people self-identify their race on surveys. A new study by Stanford sociologists delves into how such changes could affect data that demographers use to measure population shifts and monitor racial inequalities.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.05.2021
Severe COVID-19 may be linked to long-haul symptoms
People who experience very severe COVID-19 illness have a higher prevalence of persistent symptoms, according to a new University of Michigan study. The findings highlight the urgent need to characterize and treat long-haulers-people who continue to experience lingering symptoms months after their initial diagnosis.