Social Sciences

Results 81 - 100 of 1776.

Social Sciences - 26.04.2021
The level of satisfaction with life in Spain is marked by household financial capacity
A study by Jordi Gumą (UPF) and Bruno Arpino (University of Florence) examines how the gender revolution affects the individual wellbeing of partnered women and men in Spain. The aim of the research is to examine whether unequal participation in providing financial resources and performing household chores is associated with differences in levels of life satisfaction.

Health - Social Sciences - 23.04.2021
Substance use and depression more closely linked for generation Z teens
Substance use and antisocial behaviour are more likely to go hand-in-hand with poor mental health for generation Z teens compared to millennial adolescents growing up a decade earlier, finds a new UCL study. Researchers from the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the UCL Social Research Institute and the University of Liverpool analysed data collected from two cohorts, born a decade apart, when they were 14 years old.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 22.04.2021
Know your ally: Cooperative male dolphins can tell who's on their team
Know your ally: Cooperative male dolphins can tell who’s on their team
When it comes to friendships and rivalries, male dolphins know who the good team players are. New findings, published by University of Bristol researchers, reveal that male dolphins form a social concept of team membership based on cooperative investment in the team. The Bristol researchers, with colleagues from the University of Zurich and University of Massachusetts, used 30 years of observational data from a dolphin population in Shark Bay , Western Australia, and sound playback experiments to assess how male dolphins responded to the calls of other males from their alliance network.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 22.04.2021
Cultivating 'multilingual identities' in schools could help reverse national crisis in language-learning
Cultivating ’multilingual identities’ in schools could help reverse national crisis in language-learning
More young people may choose to study foreign languages to GCSE if they are encouraged to 'identify' with languages at school, rather than just learning vocabulary and grammar, new research suggests.

Social Sciences - 21.04.2021
Heavier social media use linked to more frequent drinking in young people
Heavier social media use is associated with more frequent alcohol consumption among young people in the UK, according to a new UCL study. Published today in the journal Addiction , the study found that those aged 10-15 who used social media more regularly were more likely to drink alcohol. The researchers also found a link between heavier social media use and more frequent binge drinking among young adults aged 16-19.

Social Sciences - 19.04.2021
Social Status calculator shows what
Social Status calculator shows what "class" you would have been in Shakespeare’s Time
Researchers from the University of Kent, King's College London and the University of Birmingham have developed a class calculator to explore the cultural and social world of the 16 th and 17 th Century England. The calculator will allow individuals to see where they would have sat on the social scale during the period of 1560 - 1660 and can be used as a research tool to identify the status of historic figures.

Social Sciences - 16.04.2021
Older adults most likely to make the effort to help others
Older adults are more willing to make an effort to help others than younger adults, according to new research from the University of Birmingham. The study, led by researchers in the University's School of Psychology, is the first to show how effortful 'prosocial' behaviour - intended to benefit others - changes as people get older.

Social Sciences - 16.04.2021
Children of young mothers most at risk of child abuse
Researchers are calling for greater support for young mothers to reduce the incidence of child abuse after a study found children of mothers under 20 - and their subsequent siblings - were most at risk. University of Queensland Professor of Psychiatry Steve Kisely said the 'major takeaway' of the research was that a maternal age of less than 20, combined with the presence of depression and poverty, increased the risk of reported child abuse.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.04.2021
ER visits for suicidal behavior declined during the first 8 months of pandemic, U-M study shows
ER visits for suicidal behavior declined during the first 8 months of pandemic, U-M study shows
While people may expect suicide rates to rise during a worldwide crisis such as the COVID-19 pandemic, a University of Michigan study suggests the onset of the pandemic and state of emergency executive orders likely did not increase suicide-related behavior in the early months of the outbreak. The report, led by U-M researchers Rachel Bergmans and Peter Larson , found that emergency room visits related to suicide attempt and self-harm decreased by 40% during the first eight months of Michigan's lockdown.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.04.2021
No evidence of a significant increase in risk of suicide in first months of the pandemic, but continued monitoring needed
A new observational study is the first to examine suicides occurring during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic in multiple countries and finds that suicide numbers largely remained unchanged or declined in the pandemic's early months. The study, led by an international team including University of Bristol researchers, is published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.04.2021
Suicidality among childbearing women a major challenge
A study by University of Queensland researchers has highlighted the need to improve mental health assessments and pathways to care for childbearing women who experience suicidality. Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research (QCMHR) researcher Dr Carla Meurk said suicide was the leading cause of maternal death in Australia, which highlighted the importance of timely and adequate mental health care during pregnancy and postpartum.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.04.2021
Analysis: Women’s pain is routinely underestimated, and gender stereotypes are to blame
The suspicion that gender stereotypes could lead doctors to underestimate women's pain has been confirmed by research which found healthcare staff, both men and women, often discount women's pain, says Professor Amanda Williams (UCL Clinical, Education & Health Psychology). When a man consults a doctor about pain, he will hope to be taken seriously: to convince the doctor that the pain is real, and a problem that needs addressing.

Earth Sciences - Social Sciences - 08.04.2021
Hidden meaning of mountain gorillas' chest beats
Hidden meaning of mountain gorillas’ chest beats
The image of a gorilla beating its chest is one of the most iconic images related to the behaviour of these primates. However, despite being one of the most emblematic sounds in the animal kingdom, the well-known chest beats have received little attention from the scientific community. A research team in which Jordi Galbany, expert from the Faculty of Psychology of the UB, takes part, has found a correlation between the body size of gorillas and the sound frequency of the typical chest beats.

Social Sciences - 07.04.2021
Bone tools found in the Kimberley among oldest in Australia
Bone tools found in the Kimberley among oldest in Australia
Bone tools found in a well-known Kimberley cave site are more than 35,000 years old and among the oldest discovered in Australia, according to new research.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 07.04.2021
Psychologists develop first measure of social media impact on teen sleep
Sleep experts have developed a new tool to help more accurately measure young people's ability to disengage from social media before bed. The University of Glasgow researchers who developed the Index of Nighttime Offline Distress, or iNOD, believe it is the first psychological measurement tool of its kind, which reflects the realities of how young people interact with each other in an online world.

Health - Social Sciences - 06.04.2021
A new way to prevent childhood obesity
For the first time in Australia, researchers can accurately predict if babies are at risk of childhood obesity by the age of eight to nine years of age. Researchers from The University of Queensland have developed and validated the i-PATHWAY model, which uses simple risk factors mostly gathered during routine doctor visits at 12 months of age to predict future childhood obesity.

Social Sciences - 31.03.2021
Social work guidance to protect adults living with dementia from abuse
New guidance, authored by Dr Jeremy Dixon for the Department of Health & Social Care, aims to improve supported decision-making for adults with dementia. Last updated on Friday 16 April 2021 Fresh guidance published by the Department of Health & Social Care, authored by the University of Bath, aims to protect people living with dementia suffering or at risk of abuse, by involving them more actively in their care plans.

Campus - Social Sciences - 29.03.2021
When parole, probation officers choose empathy, returns to jail decline
The new study suggests that empathy training for parole and probation officers helps deter their clients from reoffending. (iStockphoto) Heavy caseloads, job stress and biases can strain relations between parole and probation officers and their clients, upping offenders' likelihood of landing back behind bars.

Environment - Social Sciences - 26.03.2021
Climate change significantly increases population displacement risk
Climate change significantly increases population displacement risk
The risk of people being forced from their homes by flooding increases by half for each additional degree of global warming, as an international research team led by the Weather and Climate Risks Group at ETH Zurich demonstrate. Every year, millions of people around the world are displaced from their homes due to severe weather caused by climate change.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 25.03.2021
Teens ignore advice, but only when they know better
Teenagers are more likely than younger children to ignore advice, but only when the advice is bad, because adolescents are better at judging their own decisions, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers found that between the ages of nine and 12, young people improve their ability to make decisions independently by learning when they should or shouldn't trust their own judgements.