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Pharmacology - Health - 05.07.2022
Molecule boosts fat burning
Molecule boosts fat burning
Study identifies a new signaling molecule that increases the energy consumption of brown fat cells A study led by the University of Bonn and the University Hospital Bonn has identified a molecule - the purine inosine - that boosts fat burning in brown adipocytes. The mechanism was discovered in mice, but probably exists in humans as well: If a transporter for inosine is less active, the mice remain significantly leaner despite a high-fat diet.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2022
Research with a bite
Research with a bite
Scientists at the University of Bonn present a sensor system that can measure the bite force of insects How hard can insects bite? Having a strong chewing apparatus makes it easier to crush harder food and to succeed in fights with enemies. Biologists at the University of Bonn now present a mobile system (forceX) for measuring the bite forces of small animals, along with the software forceR to evaluate the data.

Life Sciences - Environment - 09.06.2022
Cyanobacteria use the lotus effect
Cyanobacteria use the lotus effect
Water repellency as the first step to life on land a billion years ago Water droplets simply roll off - and clean the surface and reduce infestation with fungal spores, for example. But not only plants have the "lotus effect," which Professor Wilhelm Barthlott of the University of Bonn discovered four decades ago.

History / Archeology - Innovation - 25.05.2022
Early urbanism found in the Amazon
Early urbanism found in the Amazon
Archaeologists reveal pre-Hispanic cities in Bolivia with laser technology LIDAR Several hundred settlements from the time between 500 and 1400 AD lie in the Bolivian Llanos de Mojos savannah and have fascinated archaeologists for years. Researchers from the German Archaeological Institute, the University of Bonn and the University of Exeter have now visualized the dimensions of the largest known settlement of the so-called Casarabe culture.

Health - Life Sciences - 13.05.2022
'Growing end' of inflammation discovered
’Growing end’ of inflammation discovered
Researchers from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne observe how the danger sensor NLRP3 lengthens itself like a thread Redness, swelling, pain - these are signs of inflammation. It serves to protect the body from pathogens or foreign substances. Researchers from the Universities of Bonn and Cologne were able to show that inflammatory reactions of an important sensor protein proceed in a specific spatial direction.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 10.05.2022
What benefits nutrition in Africa the most
What benefits nutrition in Africa the most
More variety in the fields is not necessarily the best strategy, a recent study shows Malnutrition in developing countries is best addressed not by increasing the variety of crops grown on smallholder farms, but by improving access to markets. This is the conclusion of a recent study by the MwAPATA Institute in Malawi and the University of Bonn in Germany.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.05.2022
The fungal effector Rip 1 suppresses maize host defense responses
The fungal effector Rip 1 suppresses maize host defense responses
Coevolution between pathogens and host plant immune systems shapes a multifaceted network of interactions that remain phenotypically unrecognised and functionally elusive unless single players are depleted from the system. The maize-colonising fungus Ustilago maydis secretes a complex effector blend in order to suppress defence and redirect host metabolism in its favour.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 26.04.2022
Meat substitutes: Environment does not motivate consumption
Meat substitutes: Environment does not motivate consumption
Animal welfare and health aspects, on the other hand, promote the use of meat alternatives People who have a critical attitude toward factory farming or who pay attention to their health in everyday life are more likely to turn to meat substitutes. Concern for the environment, on the other hand, plays no role in this decision.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.04.2022
Enzyme prevents brain activity from getting out of control
Mechanism identified at University of Bonn alters the coupling of nerve cells The brain has the ability to modify the contacts between neurons. Among other things, that is how it prevents brain activity from getting out of control. Researchers from the University Hospital Bonn, together with a team from Australia, have identified a mechanism that plays an important role in this.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.04.2022
New approach against chronic inflammation
New approach against chronic inflammation
Researchers at the University of Bonn are treating mice with so-called "nanobodies" Researchers at the Universities of Bonn and Sao Paulo have succeeded in mitigating chronic inflammation in mice using customized "mini-antibodies." These nanobodies enabled them to dissolve molecular complexes in tissue that normally activate the immune system.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 19.04.2022
No glacial fertilization effect in the Antarctic Ocean
No glacial fertilization effect in the Antarctic Ocean
International study led by the University of Bonn records 1.5 million years of climate in the drill core Can iron-rich dust fertilize the ocean, stimulate algae growth there, and thereby capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere? An international research team led by the University of Bonn used deep-sea sediment cores from the Scotia Sea to investigate whether this hypothetical greenhouse gas sink had an effect during ice ages.

Social Sciences - Health - 07.04.2022
Protein boosts height growth in girls
Protein boosts height growth in girls
Just seven grams over daily protein intake recommendation can increase height by one centimeter Quite a few young men would like to increase their height. However, a study by nutritionists at the University of Bonn shows that they do not benefit from increased protein intake in terms of their adult height.

Life Sciences - 01.04.2022
Fish can calculate
Fish can calculate
Researchers at the University of Bonn publish an unexpected finding Cichlids and stingrays can perform simple addition and subtraction in the number range of one to five. This has been shown in a recent study by the University of Bonn, which has now been published in the journal Scientific Reports. It is not known what the animals need their mathematical abilities for.

Physics - 25.03.2022
Physicists create extremely compressible 'gas of light'
Physicists create extremely compressible ’gas of light’
Study by the University of Bonn could pave the way to new types of highly sensitive sensors Researchers at the University of Bonn have created a gas of light particles that can be extremely compressed. Their results confirm the predictions of central theories of quantum physics. The findings could also point the way to new types of sensors that can measure minute forces.

Pharmacology - Health - 25.03.2022
Bioactive substance inhibits important receptor
Bioactive substance inhibits important receptor
Study shows how bioactive substance inhibits important receptor Study shows how bioactive substance inhibits important receptor Results from the University of Bonn raise hope for new drugs against cancer and brain diseases The A2A receptor regulates how vigorously the innate immune system attacks diseased cells.