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Physics - Life Sciences - 03.05.2010
Weird, ultra-small microbes turn up in acidic mine drainage
Weird, ultra-small microbes turn up in acidic mine drainage
Video (11 sec.): Using a cryoelectron microscope, researchers focus at different depths to see how ARMAN and Thermoplasma are connected BERKELEY — In the depths of a former copper mine in Northern California dwell what may be the smallest, most stripped-down forms of life ever discovered. The microbes — members of the domain of one-celled creatures called Archaea — are smaller than other known microorganisms, rivaled in size only by a microbe that can survive solely as a parasite attached to the outside of other cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.05.2010
Researchers develop new tool for high throughput DNA damage analysis
Researchers develop new tool for high throughput DNA damage analysis
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. ? Our DNA is under constant siege from a variety of damaging agents. Damage to DNA and the ability of cells to repair that damage has broad health implications, from aging and heritable diseases to cancer.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.05.2010
Getting to the heart of cardiovascular disease among Latinos in East Los Angeles
The UCLA School of Public Health today announced a $10 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to fund a Center for Population Health and Health Disparities in partnership with the Unive

Life Sciences - Economics / Business - 03.05.2010

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.05.2010
While walking the Farm, hikers learn about Stanford's role in dealing with climate change
While walking the Farm, hikers learn about Stanford’s role in dealing with climate change
Pastoral perfection was tempered by evidence of climate change as Stanford faculty and staffers explained how global warming is affecting areas of campus and what researchers are doing about it.

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 03.05.2010
Human Enhancement - Threat or Promise
Human Enhancement - Threat or Promise
We live in a world where enhancement of abilities, appearance, and health is commonplace.

Life Sciences - 30.04.2010
New analysis reveals clearer picture of brain’s language areas
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Physics - Life Sciences - 29.04.2010
Five faculty elected to National Academy of Sciences
Five Stanford professors have been elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences, a private organization of scientists and engineers dedicated to the furtherance of science and its use for the general welfare.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 29.04.2010

Life Sciences - Health - 28.04.2010
Scientists report first genome sequence of frog
Scientists report first genome sequence of frog
The African clawed frog, Xenopus , has told scientists a lot about how embryos develop and the biochemical reactions that take place during cell division. UC Berkeley's Richard Harland and bioinformaticist Uffe Hellsten of DOE's Joint Genome Institute discuss the role Xenopus has played and what can be learned from its newly sequenced genome.

Environment - Life Sciences - 27.04.2010

Life Sciences - History / Archeology - 27.04.2010

Health - Life Sciences - 26.04.2010

Life Sciences - Health - 26.04.2010
Mini lecture: Autism and talent
Mini lecture: Autism and talent
‘We hear a lot about the severe impairments that autism brings but we mustn't forget that there are also some extremely interesting qualities in the mind of the autistic person that bring great strength and indeed talent.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.04.2010
Odors classified by networks of neurons
Odors classified by networks of neurons
Scientists at the Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research (FMI, part of the Novartis Research Foundation), are unraveling how odors are processed by the brain. As they report, odors in the olfactory brain are classified into groups represented by discrete activity states of neuronal circuits.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.04.2010
HIV patients hold clues to Salmonella vaccine development
A study published today led by researchers from the University of Birmingham offers a long-awaited explanation for the link between HIV infection and susceptibility to life-threatening nontyphoidal strains of Salmonella.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.04.2010
Iconic Cornell trees preserved as benches on National Mall
Two sugar maple trees uprooted from campus to make way for construction have found a second life - as the raw material for a set of benches in the new People's Garden on the National Mall in Washingt

Health - Life Sciences - 20.04.2010
Gene Therapy Cures Canines of Inherited Form of Day Blindness
PHILADELPHIA - Veterinary ophthalmology researchers from the University of Pennsylvania have used gene therapy to restore retinal cone function and day vision in two canine models of congenital achromatopsia, also called rod monochromacy or total color blindness. Achromatopsia is a rare autosomal recessive disorder with an estimated prevalence in human beings of about 1 in 30,000 to 50,000.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 20.04.2010
Researchers to study how the brain 'rewires itself'
Researchers to study how the brain ’rewires itself’
A researcher from UCL is part of a US-led team investigating how the brain and its microcircuitry react to physiological changes and what could be done to encourage its recovery from injury.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 19.04.2010
Former Hopkins Marine Station Director John Phillips dead at 84
Former Hopkins Marine Station Director John Phillips dead at 84
When John Phillips raised concerns about the effects of DDT and other chemicals on fish, ocean plants and pelicans, the idea that pollutants from the land and air could harm marine life was unexpected and astonishing.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 19.04.2010
Pressure-cooking algae into a better biofuel
Researchers heat algae in a device that acts like a pressure cooker to turn the algae into a crude biooil.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.04.2010
Obesity gene, carried by more than a third of the U.S. population, leads to brain tissue loss
Three years ago, geneticists reported the startling discovery that nearly half of all people in the U.S. with European ancestry carry a variant of the fat mass and obesity associated (FTO) gene, which causes them to gain weight — from three to seven pounds, on average — but worse, puts them at risk for obesity.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.04.2010
Bill Gates pushes students to focus on the 'important problems'
Bill Gates pushes students to focus on the ’important problems’
While he's not opposed to drugs that fight baldness, the billionaire said more brainpower should be directed toward global health crises and broken schools than the cosmetic worries of developed nations.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.04.2010

Life Sciences - 15.04.2010
Unlocking the Enterpriser inside
Unlocking the Enterpriser inside
Postgraduate and postdoctoral students at Cambridge are being offered the chance to participate in the Centre for Entrepreneurial Learning's Enterprisers programme from June 1-4 for free, courtesy of generous support from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC).

Health - Life Sciences - 15.04.2010
Donation enables research into a disease that turns muscle to bone
Donation enables research into a disease that turns muscle to bone
A UK research group dedicated to work on a rare genetic condition that turns muscle to bone will be established thanks to a donation that takes the University of Oxford's fundraising campaign, Oxford Thinking , past the 800m mark .

Health - Life Sciences - 15.04.2010
McGill plays important role in new global cancer-research network
A new network was announced today by the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC), and Dr. Bartha Knoppers, Director of the Centre of Genomics and Policy (CGP) located within the McGill University/Genome Quebec Innovation Centre, will occupy a key role.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 13.04.2010
Engineering the chemistry of biology
Engineering the chemistry of biology
Professor Dek Woolfson is based in the School of Chemistry and holds a joint appointment with the Department of Biochemistry, because his research is done at the interface between chemistry and biology.

Physics - Life Sciences - 13.04.2010
Printed origami offers new technique for small, complex structures
Printed origami offers new technique for small, complex structures
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Although it looks small and unassuming, the tiny origami crane sitting in a sample dish in University of Illinois professor Jennifer Lewis? lab heralds a new method for creating com

Life Sciences - Health - 13.04.2010
University study sheds light on human embryonic stem cells´ DNA changes
A study on the genome of human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) has brought scientists closer to identifying and avoiding the adverse DNA changes that naturally occur when these cells are multiplied in laboratory.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2010
Prevalence of HIV in Africa is leading to new strains of salmonella, say scientists
Prevalence of HIV in Africa is leading to new strains of salmonella, say scientists
Liverpool, UK - 12 April 2010: Scientists at the University of Liverpool have discovered that dangerous strains of Salmonella are beginning to emerge in people infected with HIV in Africa.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.04.2010
First newborn receives xenon gas in bid to prevent brain injury
First newborn receives xenon gas in bid to prevent brain injury
In a world first, xenon gas has been successfully delivered to a newborn baby in a bid to prevent brain injury following a lack of oxygen at birth. This pioneering technique was developed by Professor Marianne Thoresen of the University of Bristol and carried out at St Michael's Hospital, part of University Hospitals Bristol NHS Foundation Trust.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.04.2010
Strengthening stem cell research in Switzerland
When it comes to treating incurable diseases, hopes are high for stem cells because they can develop into a multitude of specialized cells. But despite rapidly accumulating and promising results - stem cells are for instance implicated in the treatment of Type 1 diabetes- the nature, function and differentiation capacity of stem cells are still poorly understood.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 08.04.2010
Invasive fish and mussels team up to transfer toxic substances into Great Lakes walleyes
Invasive fish and mussels team up to transfer toxic substances into Great Lakes walleyes
ANN ARBOR, Mich.—Two notorious Great Lakes invaders—the zebra mussel and the round goby—now play a central role in transferring toxic chemicals called PCBs up the food chain and into Saginaw Bay walleyes, one of that region's most popular sport fish.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 07.04.2010

Life Sciences - Health - 06.04.2010
Semel Institute awarded $15M to establish new integrative phenotyping center
The Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA has been awarded $14.9 million in American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funds to establish a center dedicated to interdisciplin

Health - Life Sciences - 01.04.2010
L.A. Marathon cardiac arrest victim doing well after induced hypothermia treatment at UCLA
Jay Yim, 21, had worked on improving his fitness since age 15. In preparation for this year's Los Angeles Marathon on March 21, the University of Southern California pre-med student had been training with a marathon club and regularly did 10-mile runs on his own.

Health - Life Sciences - 31.03.2010
Behavioural incentives mimic effects of medication on brain systems in ADHD
Behavioural incentives mimic effects of medication on brain systems in ADHD
PA 76/10 Medication and behavioural interventions help children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) better maintain attention and self control by normalising activity in the same brain systems, according to researchers at The University of Nottingham.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 31.03.2010
Irritating winged insect opens doors in Alzheimer research
Irritating winged insect opens doors in Alzheimer research
A research group at the School of Biotechnology at KTH together with the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in Uppsala and Cambridge University has taken a step forward in Alzheimer research. They have been helped by the fruit fly. Together the researchers from the three schools of learning describe how a new molecule can prevent a poisonous protein which it is considered causes Alzheimer's disease from accumulating in the brain.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.03.2010
The lifetime effects of stress
The lifetime effects of stress
Professor Stafford Lightman and his team in the Laboratories for Integrative Neuroscience and Endocrinology are interested in how stress impacts upon human health throughout the lifespan ?

Environment - Life Sciences - 28.03.2010
Microbes could protect marine life from plastic pollution
Microbes could protect marine life from plastic pollution
Marine life could be protected from the lethal effects of plastic pollution, according to groundbreaking research from experts at the University of Sheffield, which has hailed coastal microbes as a potential `clean-up´ solution.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.03.2010
Scientists seek examples of writing for new Alzheimer's study
Scientists seek examples of writing for new Alzheimer’s study
Scientists at the Universities of Oxford, Southampton and St George's, University of London are asking people with and without Alzheimer's disease to come forward with examples of their writing as part of a study to identify changes in language use that occur with the condition. ‘We're encouraging people to go to their attics, rifle the back of drawers and search through piles of paperwork, to wherever they keep their old diaries, letters and notebooks,' says Dr Celeste de Jager of the Oxford Project to Investigate Memory and Ageing (OPTIMA) at the University of Oxford.

Health - Life Sciences - 26.03.2010
Professor receives lifetime award in genetics
Dian Donnai, Professor of Medical Genetics at The University of Manchester and current President of the European Society for Human Genetics, is the 2010 recipient of the March of Dimes/Colonel Harland Sanders Award for lifetime achievement in the field of genetic sciences.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2010
HGP is 10: What animals can tell us
HGP is 10: What animals can tell us
In the second of a series of articles marking the 10th anniversary of the Human Genome Project [ HPG ] , OxSciBlog talks to Professor Chris Ponting of the MRC Functional Genomics Unit at Oxford University.

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