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Physics - 04.05.2010
Opticon Spring 2010 published
Opticon Spring 2010 published
The articles engage with a wide range of topics, from literary ethics to immunisation policies, to the hunt for extraterrestial life on Mars, to name but a few.

Physics - Chemistry - 03.05.2010
Researchers use new microscope to 'see' atoms for first time
Researchers use new microscope to ’see’ atoms for first time
UCLA researchers report in the April 30 edition of the journal Cell that they have imaged a virus structure at a resolution high enough to effectively "see" atoms, the first published instance of imaging biological complexes at such a resolution. The research team, led by Hong Zhou, UCLA professor of microbiology, immunology and molecular genetics, used cryo-electron microscopy to image the structure at 3.3 angstroms.

Physics - Life Sciences - 03.05.2010
Weird, ultra-small microbes turn up in acidic mine drainage
Weird, ultra-small microbes turn up in acidic mine drainage
Video (11 sec.): Using a cryoelectron microscope, researchers focus at different depths to see how ARMAN and Thermoplasma are connected BERKELEY — In the depths of a former copper mine in Northern California dwell what may be the smallest, most stripped-down forms of life ever discovered. The microbes — members of the domain of one-celled creatures called Archaea — are smaller than other known microorganisms, rivaled in size only by a microbe that can survive solely as a parasite attached to the outside of other cells.

Physics - 03.05.2010
NASA Satellite Views Massive Gulf Oil Spill
NASA Satellite Views Massive Gulf Oil Spill
A pair of instruments aboard NASA's Terra spacecraft captured these images of the growing oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico on May 1, 2010.

Physics - Chemistry - 02.05.2010
Stanford’s energy institute funds its first round of research
The Precourt Institute for Energy (PIE) at Stanford University has handed out its first research grants, totaling $1.8 million in seed funding.

Physics - 30.04.2010
Cassini Returning Enceladus Gravity Data
Cassini Returning Enceladus Gravity Data
NASA's Cassini spacecraft successfully completed its 26-hour gravity observation at Saturn's moon Enceladus this week, sending back data scientists will use to understand the moon's interior composition and structure. The flyby took Cassini through the water-rich plume flaring out from Enceladus' south polar region, with a closest approach of about 100 kilometers (60 miles) occurring in the late afternoon of April 27, 2010, Pacific Time, or just after midnight April 28 UTC.

Physics - Life Sciences - 29.04.2010
Five faculty elected to National Academy of Sciences
Five Stanford professors have been elected to the prestigious National Academy of Sciences, a private organization of scientists and engineers dedicated to the furtherance of science and its use for the general welfare.

Physics - 29.04.2010
Cassini and Amateurs Chase Storm on Saturn
Cassini and Amateurs Chase Storm on Saturn
With the help of amateur astronomers, the composite infrared spectrometer instrument aboard NASA's Cassini spacecraft has taken its first look at a massive blizzard in Saturn's atmosphere.

Physics - Computer Science - 28.04.2010
Princeton-led center focuses on the future of computer system design
Princeton-led center focuses on the future of computer system design
Princeton engineers are leading a research center that brings together scientists and engineers from multiple universities to determine how to improve the speed, reliability and energy-efficiency of tomorrow's computer systems while reducing their cost.

Physics - 27.04.2010
UC San Diego Physicists Locate Long Lost Soviet Reflector on Moon
(Rover Parking Spot): The Lunokhod 1 rover in its final parking spot on the moon. Credit: NASA/GSFC/Arizona State U. A team of physicists led by a professor at UC San Diego has pinpointed the location of a long lost light reflector left on the lunar surface by the Soviet Union nearly 40 years ago that many scientists had unsuccessfully searched for and never expected would be found.

Economics / Business - Physics - 26.04.2010
School children on course for NASA following space race at Imperial College London
School children on course for NASA following space race at Imperial College London
School children on course for NASA following space race at Imperial College London 12 school pupils win trip to NASA Space Centre, following national competition at Imperial this weekend News A desig

Physics - 26.04.2010
Planck Sees a Cold and Stormy Orion
Planck Sees a Cold and Stormy Orion
The big hunter in the sky is seen in a new light by Planck, a European Space Agency mission with significant NASA participation.

Physics - 23.04.2010
Hubble's 20th birthday treat
Hubble's 20th birthday treat
The Hubble Space Telescope is 20 years old this week and, to mark this anniversary, astronomers are asking volunteers to help classify thousands of new images of galaxies.

Physics - 22.04.2010
Link up will shed more light on extreme stars
Link up will shed more light on extreme stars
An International team of astronomers used the new European LOFAR telescope combined with two of the world's largest radio telescopes, the Lovell telescope at Jodrell Bank-part of The University of Ma

Health - Physics - 22.04.2010
Engineer invents world's smallest, lightest telemedicine microscope
Engineer invents world’s smallest, lightest telemedicine microscope
Aydogan Ozcan, whose invention of a novel lensless imaging technology for use in telemedicine could radically transform global health care, has now taken his work a step further ?

Physics - 22.04.2010
Keeping tabs on ash
Keeping tabs on ash
As part of efforts to understand the impact of the ash cloud from Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano an Oxford team have been using LIDAR to search for airborne ash over southern England.

Physics - Chemistry - 22.04.2010
IBM Research creates world’s smallest 3D map; brings low cost and ease of use to the fabrication of nanoscale objects
Made in IBM Labs: IBM Research creates world's smallest 3D map; brings low cost and ease of use to the fabrication of nanoscale objects Zurich, Switzerland, and San Jose, CA, 22 April 2010—IBM (NYSE: IBM) scientists have created a 3D map of the earth so small that 1,000 of them could fit on one grain of salt.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 21.04.2010
Stanford's solar observer sees the sun in high definition
Stanford’s solar observer sees the sun in high definition
Stanford's Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI), launched into space in February aboard the most advanced solar-observing satellite ever designed, is up and running. For at least five years, HMI, along with two other instruments, will send back high-definition images of the sun that will help forecast solar activity.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 21.04.2010
Volcano's danger to airliners is hard to assess, Stanford expert says
Volcano’s danger to airliners is hard to assess, Stanford expert says
Ash from the Icelandic volcano is difficult to track from satellites, making safety predictions for airliners difficult.

Physics - Chemistry - 21.04.2010
Caltech-Led Team Designs Novel Negative-Index Metamaterial that Responds to Visible Light
Caltech-Led Team Designs Novel Negative-Index Metamaterial that Responds to Visible Light
PASADENA, Calif.—A group of scientists led by researchers from the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) has engineered a type of artificial optical material—a metamaterial—with a particular three-dimensional structure such that light exhibits a negative index of refraction upon entering the material.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 21.04.2010
’This Planet Tastes Funny,’ According to Spitzer
’This Planet Tastes Funny,’ According to Spitzer
PASADENA, Calif. NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope has discovered something odd about a distant planet - it lacks methane, an ingredient common to many of the planets in our solar system. "It's a big puzzle," said Kevin Stevenson, a planetary sciences graduate student at the University of Central Florida in Orlando, lead author of a study appearing tomorrow, April 22.

Health - Physics - 20.04.2010
Researchers Create
Researchers Create "Sound Bullets"
PASADENA, Calif.—Taking inspiration from a popular executive toy ("Newton's cradle"), researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have built a device—called a nonlinea

Physics - 20.04.2010
Video: Robert Cousins on the Large Hadron Collider, world’s largest science experiment
The largest science experiment in history is taking place at the CERN laboratory outside Geneva, where the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, is poised to unlock secrets of the universe.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 20.04.2010
Collaborative engineering paper a Nanotechnology ’highlight’
Collaborative engineering paper a Nanotechnology ’highlight’
A collaborative research paper including work by Dr Fabrizio Scarpa from the University of Bristol's Department of Aerospace Engineering has been named as one of the highlights of 2009 by leading journal Nanotechnology.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 19.04.2010
The mass concentration of volcanic ash from Iceland in European airspace
The mass concentration of volcanic ash from Iceland in European airspace
Data of the Paul Scherrer Institute from the High-Alpine Research Station Jungfraujoch yield important information. The eruption of the volcano Eyjafjallajokull in Iceland has stalled flight traffic in large regions of Europe. Decision makers had to base their decisions mainly on model calculations for the volcanic plume dispersion.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 18.04.2010
NASA Satellite Eyes Iceland Volcano Cauldron
NASA Satellite Eyes Iceland Volcano Cauldron
On Saturday, April 17, 2010, the Hyperion instrument onboard NASA's Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) spacecraft obtained this pair of images of the continuing eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull volcano.

Environment - Physics - 16.04.2010

Physics - Earth Sciences - 16.04.2010
NASA Satellite Images Dissect Iceland Volcanic Plume
NASA Satellite Images Dissect Iceland Volcanic Plume
On April 15, 2010, the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument on NASA‘s Terra spacecraft captured these images of the ongoing eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajökull Volcano, which continues to spew ash into the atmosphere and impact air travel worldwide. The left-hand, natural-color visible image shows a brownish, ash-laden plume streaming across the North Atlantic toward the United Kingdom.

Physics - 15.04.2010
Diagnosis murder
Diagnosis murder
PA89/10 Black holes have long been beloved of science fiction writers for their destructive capabilities and peculiar ability to warp space time.

Physics - 15.04.2010
Wisconsin Fireball Caught On Tape
Wisconsin Fireball Caught On Tape
A rooftop webcam at the University of Wisconsin-Madison captured the final seconds of a fireball's Wednesday, April 14 descent into the atmosphere. A fireball is a meteor, or "shooting star," that emits a brilliant light as it enters Earth's atmosphere. News reports in the area indicated that 911 call centers in at least six states began to light up with calls reporting the celestial visitor a little after 10 p.m. local time.

Health - Physics - 15.04.2010
Professor Michael Horton: medic, scientist and entrepreneur
Professor Michael Horton: medic, scientist and entrepreneur
A world-leading clinical expert in bone research and a pioneer in the emerging field of nanomedicine, Professor Michael Horton has sadly died from cancer, aged 61.

Physics - 14.04.2010
Flash: NASA's Cassini Sees Lightning on Saturn
Flash: NASA’s Cassini Sees Lightning on Saturn
PASADENA, Calif. NASA's Cassini spacecraft has captured images of lightning on Saturn. The images have allowed scientists to create the first movie showing lightning flashing on another planet.

Physics - Event - 14.04.2010

Physics - Life Sciences - 13.04.2010
Printed origami offers new technique for small, complex structures
Printed origami offers new technique for small, complex structures
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Although it looks small and unassuming, the tiny origami crane sitting in a sample dish in University of Illinois professor Jennifer Lewis? lab heralds a new method for creating com

Physics - Electroengineering - 13.04.2010
Can the Newest Form of Carbon Be Made to Bend, Twist and Roll
Carbon nanoscrolls have open edges and no caps, allowing them to change their shape and diameters.

Electroengineering - Physics - 13.04.2010
Gottfried Strasser - Professor of materials engineering for nanoelectronics
Nanoelectronics specialist Gottfried Strasser bridges the gap between basic and applied research and the manufacture of components from nanomaterials.

Physics - 13.04.2010
Helicopter Helps Test Radar for 2012 Mars Landing
Helicopter Helps Test Radar for 2012 Mars Landing
(Right) This image shows April 9, 2010, testing for a radar that will serve during the next landing on Mars.

Physics - 12.04.2010
Herschel Reveals Ripening Stars Near Rosette Nebula
Herschel Reveals Ripening Stars Near Rosette Nebula
The new image can be seen online at http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/herschel/hersch20100412a.html .

Physics - 12.04.2010
Cassini Finishes Saturnian Doubleheader
Cassini Finishes Saturnian Doubleheader
NASA's Cassini spacecraft completed its double flyby this week, swinging by Saturn's moons Titan and Dione with no maneuver in between.

Physics - 12.04.2010
Space Telescope Moves on with One Detector
Space Telescope Moves on with One Detector
Mission engineers and scientists with NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer, a space telescope that has been beaming back pictures of galaxies for three times its design lifespan, are no longer planning science observations around one of its two ultraviolet detectors. "The remaining, near-ultraviolet detector is still busy probing galaxies both nearby and distant," said Kerry Erickson, the mission's project manager at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.

Physics - 12.04.2010
The secrets of Saturn's moons
The secrets of Saturn’s moons
Researchers at UCL's Mullard Space Science Laboratory led the team which designed and built the Electron Spectrometer, part of Cassini's CAPS instrument, which continues to make invaluable discoveries. In this video PhD student Sheila Kanani takes us on a journey aboard Cassini-Huygens to Saturn and its moons, and explains why space scientists regard them as the most intriguing destinations in the Solar System.

Physics - Chemistry - 11.04.2010
Researchers harness viruses to split water
Researchers harness viruses to split water
Angela Belcher, the Germeshausen Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Biological Engineering, demonstrates a virus-templated catalyst solution used in harnessing energy from water. Photo: Dominick Reuter CAMBRIDGE, Mass. ? A team of MIT researchers has found a novel way to mimic the process by which plants use the power of sunlight to split water and make chemical fuel to power their growth.

Physics - 08.04.2010
Tri-Lab Directors' statement on the nuclear posture review
Tri-Lab Directors’ statement on the nuclear posture review
The directors of the three Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Laboratories issued the following statement on the Nuclear Posture Review.

Physics - Earth Sciences - 08.04.2010
Photoshopping: The final frontier
Photoshopping: The final frontier
It's space, but is it art? Stunning images of the galaxy are fast becoming common currency thanks to technology like the Hubble Space Telescope, but a unique investigation at the University of Cambridge this week will seek to determine whether something strange is going on behind the scenes.

Environment - Physics - 07.04.2010
Blast off for UCL-led satellite mission
Blast off for UCL-led satellite mission
A UCL-led satellite mission designed to monitor changes in polar ice cover launched successfully on Thursday 8 April from the Baikonur cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

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