Rapid melting of glaciers in Greenland is causing major concern but we know from many years of research that the problem is much more widespread.
On the opposite side of the world, Antarctica stores enough frozen water to raise global sea levels by 58 metres. Our researchers have been working with an international team of scientists to build up the most complete picture to date of ice melting.
Ice loss is accelerating
A satellite survey found that, prior to 2012, Antarctica lost ice at a steady rate of 76 billion tonnes per year, a 0.2mm contribution to sea level rise annually. This accelerated to 219 billion tonnes per year between 2012-17, contributing 0.6mm to sea level rise each year.
Coastal areas around the world, including major cities, are vulnerable to rising sea level. Understanding the connection between climate change and ice loss is important because it may influence decisions on emissions targets and flood defences.
Evidence from sea bed
Another area of research involves drilling cores from the sea bed to see what sediments and fossil plankton can tell us about previous climate change events and how ice sheets have responded, so that we can better predict the future.
Currently a Durham team is working with the British Antarctic Survey on a study of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet, which has been thinning where it borders the Amundsen Sea. Some scientists believe that a total collapse is now underway but we don’t yet know if this is correct.
Other researchers are working internationally on projects aimed at limiting the impacts of sea level rise and other effects of climate change.