Professor Neville is Director of the School of Mechanical Engineering's Institute of Engineering Thermofluids, Surfaces and Interfaces. Her work concerns what happens at surfaces and the interfaces between them. She has particular expertise in corrosion, tribology (or 'wear and tear') and fouling.
Over the past five years Professor Neville has been looking to Nature and biological systems to solve engineering problems - something often referred to as 'biomimetics' or 'bioinspiration'.
The Royal Academy of Engineering is one of the most prestigious engineering academies in the world. Professor Neville joins some of the country's most eminent engineers who make up the Academy's fellowship, including Lord Alex Broers and Professor Dame Julia Higgins.
Professor Anne Neville said: "This is a great honour for me and one that has only been possible because of the work of my research team (past and present) over the last 15 years. Leading and interacting with dedicated and extremely talented research students, post-doctoral researchers, and support staff makes my research career so rewarding and enjoyable.
"Surfaces and interfaces are key to any engineering system. I am looking forward to being able to develop our research skills to address new challenges in our existing areas of research and also developing our expertise in emerging areas such as surgical technologies."
Professor Roger Pollard, Dean of the Faculty of Engineering at the University of Leeds said: "To be elected a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering is the highest accolade for an engineer in the UK. I am delighted that Anne's standing and achievements have been recognised with this honour. She brings great credit to the University and the profession."
This is the second time that Professor Neville has been honoured by the Academy. Last year, she was awarded a 10-year research chair in emerging technologies- the first of its kind to be awarded by the Academy. She pledged to use this appointment to spend some time promoting a career in engineering as being more than 'dirty overalls and car engines.'
Academy President Lord Browne of Madingley said: "The expertise of our Fellows is a unique national resource. We want to see that expertise brought to bear to bear at a much earlier stage of policy development - to ensure that policy is workable, sustainable and affordable.
"While business itself remains the prime vehicle for wealth creation, government can and must do a lot more to foster the right climate for success. Thanks to our network of Fellows with their unrivalled experience in engineering business and research, we are uniquely well placed to help government understand the needs of business."