Novartis delivered a strong first quarter and acted to become a more focused medicines company
Net sales grew 4% (cc , +10% USD) mainly driven by: Entresto grew to USD 200 million, +126% (cc) driven by increased uptake world wide Cosentyx was USD 580 million, +35% (cc) with strong growth in all indications and expanded access Oncology returned to growth (+6% cc) driven by Promacta/Revolade, Tafinlar + Mekinist, Jakavi and recent launches
Core operating income grew 4% (cc, +11% USD) as higher sales helped support growth and launch investments; Core EPS of USD 1.28, grew 6% (cc, +13% USD) Operating income grew 17% (cc, +27% USD), mainly due to lower net impairment charges; net income grew 12% (cc, +22% USD); free cash flow grew 15% to USD 1.9 billion Alcon continued to grow sales (+7% cc, +12% USD) and core operating income (+29% cc, +40% USD) as a result of improved operations, customer relationships and product launches 2018 Group and Division outlooks confirmed
Innovation momentum continuing:
Lutathera approved by FDA for treatment of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors Glatopa 40mg approved by FDA and biosimilar infliximab received a positive CHMP opinion 2018 expected filings on track for potential blockbusters BAF312 and RTH258
Advancing Novartis strategy to become a more focused medicines company:
OTC Joint Venture stake agreed to be sold to GSK for USD 13.0 billion to focus on strategic priorities Agreement to acquire AveXis positions Novartis for leadership in spinal muscular atrophy and gene therapy. Platform has broad applicability, including use with early Novartis pipeline assets Luxturna, a gene therapy to restore functional vision, ex-US rights licensed from Spark Therapeutics
Three positions added to the ECN to support our strategic priorities: Chief Digital Officer, Chief Ethics, Risk and Compliance Officer and Global Head of Novartis Technical Operations
Basel, April 19, 2018 - Commenting on the results, Vas Narasimhan, CEO of Novartis, said:
"We continued our transformation this quarter to become a more focused medicines company. We expect the proposed sale of the OTC JV stake, the acquisition of AAA and the proposed acquisition of AveXis to provide significant sales, return on capital, and innovative R&D platforms that will strengthen our pipeline. Operationally, we drove solid growth across all financial metrics, strong performance across our key growth brands, and continued Alcon’s strong recovery."
Net sales were USD 12.7 billion (+10%, +4% cc) in the first quarter, as volume growth of 9 percentage points (cc), including growth from Cosentyx and Entresto, was partly offset by the negative impacts of pricing (-3 percentage points) and generic competition (-2 percentage points).
Operating income was USD 2.4 billion (+27%, +17% cc) mainly driven by higher sales and lower net impairments partly offset by higher growth investments. Core adjustments amounted to USD 0.9 billion (2017: USD 1.1 billion).
Net income was USD 2.0 billion (+22%, +12% cc), driven by the strong operating income partially offset by lower income from associated companies.
EPS was USD 0.87 (+24%, +14% cc), driven by growth in net income and the lower number of shares outstanding.
Core operating income was USD 3.3 billion (+11%, +4% cc) as higher sales more than offset growth investments and Gleevec/Glivec generic erosion. Core operating income margin in constant currencies decreased 0.1 percentage points; currency had a positive impact of 0.3 percentage points, resulting in a net increase of 0.2 percentage points to 26.3% of net sales.
Core net income was USD 3.0 billion (+11%, +4% cc) driven by growth in core operating income.
Core EPS was USD 1.28 (+13%, +6% cc), driven by growth in core net income and the lower number of shares outstanding.
Free cash flow amounted to USD 1.9 billion (+15% USD) compared to USD 1.7 billion in the prior year, mainly driven by higher cash flows from operating activities, partly offset by higher investments in intangible assets.
Innovative Medicines net sales were USD 8.4 billion (+12%, +6% cc) in the first quarter. Volume contributed 11 percentage points to sales growth, including Cosentyx and Entresto. Generic competition had a negative impact of 3 percentage points largely due to Gleevec/Glivec in the US and Europe and Ophthalmology. Pricing had a negative impact of 2 percentage points.
Operating income was USD 2.1 billion (+27%, +18% cc), mainly driven by higher sales and lower net impairment charges, partly offset by growth investments mainly for Cosentyx and Kisqali as well as for China field force expansion, and Gleevec/Glivec generic erosion. Core adjustments were USD 0.5 billion (2017: USD 0.7 billion). Core operating income was USD 2.6 billion (+12%, +4% cc). Core operating income margin in constant currencies decreased by 0.3 percentage points; currency had a positive impact of 0.3 percentage points, resulting in a margin of 31.3% of net sales, in line with prior year.
Sandoz net sales were USD 2.5 billion (+4%, -4% cc) in the first quarter as 6 percentage points of price erosion, mainly in the US, was partly offset by volume growth of 2 percentage points. US sales declined 18% mainly due to continued competitive pressure. Excluding the US, net sales grew by 5% (cc). Global Biopharmaceuticals grew 13% (cc) mainly driven by Rixathon (rituximab) and Erelzi (etanercept) sales in Europe.
Operating income was USD 409 million (+19%, +8% cc) mainly driven by continued gross margin improvement and gains from the divestment of non-strategic assets partly offset by higher growth investments in ex-US markets. Core operating income was USD 499 million (+8%, +1% cc). Core operating income margin in constant currencies increased 1.0 percentage point; currency had a negative impact of 0.1 percentage points, resulting in a net increase of 0.9 percentage points to 19.8% of net sales.
Alcon net sales were USD 1.8 billion (+12%, +7% cc) in the first quarter, with growth in all product categories. Stock-in-trade movements accounted for approximately 1% (cc) of growth. Surgical grew +8% (cc), mainly driven by implantables, which include intraocular lenses (IOLs) and CyPass Micro Stent, and continued consumables growth. Vision Care grew +5% (cc) driven by continued double-digit growth of Dailies Total1.
Operating income was USD 90 million, compared to a loss of USD 2 million in the prior year, mainly driven by higher sales. Core operating income was USD 360 million (+40%, +29% cc). Core operating income margin in constant currencies increased by 3.4 percentage points; currency had a positive impact of 0.6 percentage points, resulting in a net increase of 4.0 percentage points to 20.2% of net sales.
The first quarter results continue to demonstrate the benefit from the actions taken as part of the turnaround plan, including improved operations, customer relationships and product launches. The strategic review is progressing, with potential action not likely before the first half of 2019.
Underpinning our financial results in the first quarter is a continued focus on key growth drivers, including Cosentyx, Entresto, Promacta/Revolade, Tafinlar + Mekinist, Gilenya, Jakavi, Kisqali, Tasigna and Kymriah as well as Biopharmaceuticals and Emerging Growth Markets.
Growth Drivers (Q1 performance)
Cosentyx (USD 580 million, +35% cc) showed strong volume growth across all indications and most regions. In the US, Cosentyx showed strong prescription growth, while net sales in the first quarter were impacted by destocking at the specialty pharmacy level, and rebating for enhanced access to earlier lines of therapy. Entresto (USD 200 million, +126% cc) continued to deliver strong performance driven by increased adoption by physicians both in the US and rest of the world. Promacta/Revolade (USD 257 million, +41% cc) grew at a strong double-digit rate across all regions due to increased demand and continued uptake of the thrombopoietin class for chronic immune thrombocytopenia. Tafinlar + Mekinist (USD 267 million, +33% cc) continued strong double-digit growth across all regions due to increased demand. Gilenya (USD 821 million, +8% cc), with approximately 231,000 patients treated worldwide, grew driven by stock in trade movements in the US and demand in Europe. Jakavi (USD 234 million, +30% cc) showed continued double-digit growth across all regions driven by the myelofibrosis indication, and reimbursement of the second-line polycythemia vera indication in additional countries. Kisqali (USD 44 million) continues to progress with growth in the US and launches in the EU. Tasigna (USD 466 million, +8% cc) grew strongly in most regions. Kymriah (USD 12 million) commercial launch in the US continues to progress well. Biopharmaceuticals (USD 335 million, +13% cc) grew mainly driven by launches of Rixathon (rituximab) and Erelzi (etanercept) in the EU, partly offset by competition for Glatopa 20 mg. Emerging Growth Markets, which comprise all markets except the US, Canada, Western Europe, Japan, Australia and New Zealand, grew (+13% USD, +8% cc) mainly driven by China (+18% cc) and Brazil (+11% cc).
Benefitting from our continued focus on innovation, Novartis has one of the industry’s most competitive pipelines with more than 200 projects in clinical development.
Key developments from the first quarter of 2018 include:
Lutathera (lutetium Lu 177 dotatate) was approved by FDA for treatment of patients with somatostatin receptor positive gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. This treatment was part of the Advanced Accelerator Applications acquisition.
Tasigna (nilotinib) was approved by FDA for the treatment of firstand second-line pediatric patients one year of age or older with Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myeloid leukemia in the chronic phase (Ph+ CML-CP).
Signifor LAR (pasireotide) was approved in Japan for use in Cushing’s disease.
Cosentyx (secukinumab) US label was updated to include moderate-to-severe scalp psoriasis, one of the difficult-to-treat types of psoriasis.
Sandoz Glatopa 40 mg/mL was approved by FDA. Glatopa 40 mg/mL is a three times-a-week treatment for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis that is a fully substitutable, AP-rated, generic version of Teva’s Copaxone (glatiramer acetate injection) 40 mg/mL. Building of inventory to support the launch started in the first quarter.
Sandoz proposed biosimilar infliximab (Janssen and Merck’s Remicade ) received a positive CHMP opinion.
Sandoz Generic Advair Diskus received a complete response letter (CRL) from FDA.
AveXis Inc. acquisition, if completed, would position Novartis to transform care in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) and as a leader in gene therapy and Neuroscience. AVXS-101 has the potential to be a first-ever one-time gene replacement therapy for SMA. AveXis also offers a valuable gene therapy platform, and scalable manufacturing to accelerate potential future gene therapy programs and launches. The AveXis acquisition, announced in April, is subject to the successful completion of the tender offer and customary closing conditions.
Luxturna (voretigene neparvovec-rzyl), an investigational one-time gene therapy to restore functional vision, was licensed from Spark Therapeutics. Novartis will develop and commercialize the treatment outside the US; Spark Therapeutics retains US rights.
Kymriah ELIANA trial results were published in NEJM showing longer-term durable remissions in children and young adults with r/r ALL. An analysis of 75 patients with median follow-up of more than a year demonstrated an overall remission rate of 81%. Kymriah was detected in patients up to 20 months following administration, demonstrating long-term persistence.
Cosentyx continues to build on its strong efficacy profile. The SCULPTURE study showed two thirds of patients reported no impact of skin disease on their quality of life over 5 years. The SCALP study data presented at AAD showed that a majority of patients with scalp psoriasis on Cosentyx achieved clear skin (PSSI 90) at Weeks 12 and 24 and improved quality of life.
Entresto (sacubitril/valsartan) post-hoc analysis of PARADIGM-HF published in JAMA Cardiology shows heart failure patients treated with Entresto experienced significant improvements in physical and social activities, particularly in intimate/sexual relationships and household chores, compared to those taking enalapril. Benefits were seen within eight months and persisted during the three-year follow up period.
BAF312 (siponimod) EXPAND publication in The Lancet showed typical SPMS patients taking siponimod had significant reductions in the risk of threeand six-month confirmed disability progression versus placebo and favorable outcomes in other relevant measures of MS disease activity. Novartis has initiated the submission of siponimod for US approval in SPMS and plans to launch in first half 2019. Filing for EU approval is planned to follow later in 2018.
RTH258 (brolucizumab) Phase III data were presented at the 41st Annual Macula Society Meeting. These data showed that Q12 brolucizumab was non-inferior to Q8 aflibercept in a pre-specified secondary endpoint of change in best-corrected visual acuity from baseline, averaged over weeks 36 to 48. Additional brolucizumab data from the trials will be presented at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) 2018 Annual Meeting in the second quarter.
Xolair (omalizumab) was recommended under new global urticaria guidelines, for patients unresponsive to antihistamine. Xolair is the only licensed treatment option for Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria, a subtype of this condition.
Ultibro Breezhaler showed significant improvements in cardiac and lung function in COPD patients with lung hyperinflation, compared to placebo. The CLAIM study data was published in the Lancet Respiratory Medicine.
Pear Therapeutics and Novartis entered into an agreement to collaborate on prescription software applications aimed to treat patients with schizophrenia and MS. Pear’s prescription digital therapeutics are designed to deliver clinically-proven treatments, such as cognitive behavioral therapy, to patients through mobile and desktop applications.
Science 37 and Novartis expanded an alliance to advance a virtual clinical trials program. The virtual trials model aims to make studies more accessible, opening up participation for remote or underserved communities while helping advance the development of innovative medicines.
Retaining a good balance between investment in the business, a strong capital structure and attractive shareholder returns remains a priority.
In the first quarter of 2018, 14.6 million shares (USD 0.6 billion) were delivered as a result of options exercised and share deliveries related to participation plans of associates. In the same quarter, Novartis bought back 1.3 million shares (USD 0.1 billion) from employees. Consequently, the total number of shares outstanding increased by 13.3 million versus December 31, 2017. These treasury share transactions resulted in a net cash inflow of USD 0.3 billion. Novartis aims to offset the dilutive impact from equity based participation plans of associates over the remainder of the year.
In the first quarter of 2018, Novartis issued a euro bond of USD 2.8 billion (notional amount EUR 2.25 billion) for general corporate purposes, including the acquisition of Advanced Accelerator Applications S.A.
As of March 31, 2018, the net debt increased by USD 8.7 billion to USD 27.7 billion versus December 31, 2017. The increase was mainly driven by the USD 7.0 billion annual dividend payment and M&A related net payments of USD 3.5 billion, partly offset by USD 1.9 billion free cash flow in the first quarter of 2018. The long-term credit rating for the company continues to be double-A (Moody’s Investors Service Aa3; S&P Global Ratings AA-; Fitch Ratings AA).
Barring unforeseen events
We confirm our outlook as presented at the beginning of 2018. Group net sales in 2018 are expected to grow low to mid single digit (cc).
From a divisional perspective, we expect net sales performance (cc) in 2018 to be as follows:
Innovative Medicines: grow mid single digit Sandoz: broadly in line to a slight decline Alcon: grow low to mid single digit
Group core operating income in 2018 is expected to grow mid to high single digit (cc).
If mid-April exchange rates prevail for the remainder of 2018, the currency impact for the year would be positive 4 percentage points on net sales and positive 4 percentage points on core operating income. The estimated impact of exchange rates on our results is provided monthly on our website.
The OTC JV stake is classified as an asset held for sale as of March 31, 2018. As a result, in accordance with IFRS, no income from associated companies will be recorded from the OTC JV from April 1, 2018 up to the closure of the divestment. Upon closure of the OTC JV divestiture, which is expected in the second quarter of 2018, Novartis expects to record a substantial one-time net income gain.
Restated to reflect the product transfers between Innovative Medicines and Alcon divisions, announced on October 24, 2017 and January 24, 2018.
A condensed interim financial report with the information listed in the index below can be found on our website at hugin.info/134323/R/2185317/844468.pdf