Teeter totters as activism: How the border wall became a playground

When UC Berkeley architect Ronald Rael took his bright pink teeter totters to the U.S.-Mexico border wall, he didn’t know what he and his team did next would go viral. He just wanted to create a moment where people on both sides of the wall felt connected to each other. "Women and children completely disempowered this wall for a moment, for 40 minutes,” says Rael. "There was a kind of sanctuary hovering over this event.”

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On July 29, 2019, UC Berkeley architect Ronald Rael and a team of collaborators took three bright pink teeter totters to the U.S.-Mexico border wall. (Photo by Chris Gauthier)

Following is written version of Fiat Vox episode #59: "Teeter totters as activism: How the border wall became a playground”:

As UC Berkeley architect Ronald Rael was driving to the U.S.-Mexico border wall, his heart was pounding. It was July 29, 2019, and he had a plan.

[Music: "Arizona Moon” by Blue Dot Sessions]

Rael, the acting chair of the Department of Architecture in the College of Environmental Design, had just visited a metal fabrication shop in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico, where he picked up three neon pink teeter totters with sparkly, striped banana seats.

The teeter totters were built in a metal fabrication shop in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. In Juárez, pink is used to memorialize the women who were killed during the femicide in the 1990s, says Rael, which is the main reason they painted the teeter totters pink. (Photo by Chris Gauthier)

Over the course of about a month, Mexican metal artisans worked with Rael and his partner, Virginia San Fratello, and Omar Rios, a member of the artist collective Colectivo Chopeke, to build the teeter totters.

"And so, those were sitting in a metal fabrication shop in Juárez for nearly six months,” says Rael. "Then, one day, Virginia and I thought, ’We should just this.’”

Rael, Rios, metal artisan Saul Cordero and Juárez-based graffiti artist Waka Waffles had loaded them into a truck. Together, they were making the 40-minute drive to the border.

When they got to the neighborhood, Puerto de Anapra, people who lived nearby came out to see what was happening.

On the U.S. side, in Sunland Park, New Mexico, San Fratello, along with friends, artists and onlookers, stood by, ready and waiting.

It was go time.

[Music: "Awaiting an Arrival” by Blue Dot Sessions]

Rael, Rios and Waffles pulled the teeter totters out and quickly slid them through the slats in the border wall. San Fratello clicked on the seats and handlebars, and in a matter of seconds, people from both sides climbed onto the teeter totters and began to ride them.



One of the most incredible experiences of my and @vasfsf’s career bringing to life the conceptual drawings of the Teetertotter Wall from 2009 in an event filled with joy, excitement, and togetherness at the borderwall. The wall became a literal fulcrum for U.S. – Mexico relations and children and adults were connected in meaningful ways on both sides with the recognition that the actions that take place on one side have a direct consequence on the other side. Amazing thanks to everyone who made this event possible like Omar Rios @colectivo.chopeke for collaborating with us, the guys at Taller Herrería in #CiudadJuarez for their fine craftsmanship, @anateresafernandez for encouragement and support, and everyone who showed up on both sides including the beautiful families from Colonia Anapra, and @kerrydoyle2010, @kateggreen , @ersela_kripa , @stphn_mllr , @wakawaffles, @chris_inabox and many others (you know who you are). #raelsanfratello #borderwallasarchitecture #teetertotterwall #seesaw #subibaja

A post shared by Ronald Rael (@rrael) on



"In many ways, I don’t remember the event itself, because my adrenaline was so high," says Rael. "We were flying drones. Children in the village were coming and playing, and you couldn’t really see well to the other side unless you’re looking straight through the slats, so there were people yelling and trying to communicate on one side, going back and forth in two languages."

Soon, U.S. Customs and Border Protection showed up.

"And I thought, ’Oh, what’s going to happen now?’"

The officers asked what was happening, and Rael’s team explained that they were having an event with the kids. And they said, "OK," and pulled over to watch.

Then, about five minutes later, members of Mexico’s National Guard showed up with giant guns.

"And I thought, ’Oh, man, what’s going to happen now?’"

But after asking if everyone was a Mexican citizen, which they weren’t, the soldiers started taking photos and smiling, and then just walked away.

[Music: "Blue Jay” by Blue Dot Sessions]

When Rael posted a video of the teeter totter event to Instagram, he couldn’t believe what happened next. Dozens of reporters started calling - some even called his mother’s house, and he got hundreds of emails, some of which he still hasn’t gotten to yet. "We never expected it to have this kind of impact.” (Photo by Ron Rael)

Some people on social media called the event a stunt, but Rael says it was just the opposite. He and his team hadn’t told any reporters about their plans, although somehow one from the Associated Press found out about it and showed up, so they let him cover it. Other than that, it was just a documentarian, Chris Gauthier, whom Rael had invited to take photos. (Photo by Chris Gauthier)

"Women and children completely disempowered this wall for a moment, for 40 minutes. There was a kind of sanctuary hovering over this event.”

The wall, a place Rael says is normally a site of violence and oppression, had been transformed - even if just for a moment.

It was just as he had imagined when he first drew up his ideas for his 2017 book, Borderwall as Architecture. In the book, he conceives of ways to conceptually dismantle the wall, to disempower it, by imagining places where people can share books, play volleyball, ride bikes or play on teeter totters, as the first step towards its actual dismantling.

Rael first conceived of the teeter totter wall in his 2017 book, Borderwall as Architecture. (UC Berkeley photo by Brittany Hosea-Small)

"And so, we thought that this would be a moment to show to the world a very important reality of the border, which is that the border isn’t a desolate place where no one lives. This is a world where women live and children live, and that we can use play as a kind of vehicle for activism."

After more than a half hour, the kids got tired of playing on the teeter totters, and the event naturally came to an end. (Photo by Chris Gauthier)

Rael imagines a time when the more than 700 miles of border wall that divides the U.S. and Mexico finally comes down.

And, he says, it’ll be partly the responsibility of architects to figure out how to stitch the two sides back together, and to heal the scars that’ll remain.

Listen to a 2017 podcast about Rael’s book, Borderwall as Architecture. Read the story and see photos on Berkeley News.


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