science wire


University of Washington

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Computer Science - Pedagogy - 23.04.2024
Neural connection between learning a second language and learning to code
As computer programming becomes an increasingly valued skill in the workforce, there is a greater need to understand how people learn to code most effectively.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 17.04.2024
Ice age climate analysis reduces worst-case warming expected from rising CO2
As carbon dioxide accumulates in the atmosphere, the Earth will get hotter. But exactly how much warming will result from a certain increase in CO2 is under study. The relationship between CO2 and warming, known as climate sensitivity, determines what future we should expect as CO2 levels continue to climb.

Environment - 10.04.2024
New report ’braids’ Indigenous and Western knowledge for forest adaptation strategies against climate change
There are 154 national forests in the United States, covering nearly 300,000 square miles of forests, woodlands, shrublands, wetlands, meadows and prairies.

Economics - Environment - 05.04.2024
Q&A: The growing trend of environmental, social and governance assurances in corporate America
Voluntary reports that discuss environmental, social and governance issues - or ESG issues - have become a major trend in corporate America over the past decade.

Life Sciences - Environment - 04.04.2024
What four decades of canned salmon reveal about marine food webs
Alaskan waters are a critical fishery for salmon. Complex marine food webs underlie and sustain this fishery, and scientists want to know how climate change is reshaping them.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 04.04.2024
In the Field: UW researchers traveling to capture total solar eclipse

Health - Career - 03.04.2024
Q&A: UW researchers on the unseen community effects of COVID-19 stay-at-home orders
As unprecedented as the outbreak of COVID-19 felt, it was far from the first time a deadly disease has swept the globe.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 28.03.2024
Q&A: UW researcher discusses the vital role of Indigenous librarians

Computer Science - Health - 28.03.2024
Q&A: How to train AI when you don't have enough data
Q&A: How to train AI when you don’t have enough data
Artificial intelligence excels at sorting through information and detecting patterns or trends. But these machine learning algorithms need to be trained with large amounts of data first.

Computer Science - Pedagogy - 14.03.2024
UW researchers taught kids to code with cultural research and embroidery machines
Even in tech-heavy Washington state, the numbers of students with access to computer science classes aren't higher than national averages: In the 2022-2023 school year, 48% of public high schools offered foundational CS classes and 5% of middle school and high school students took such classes.

Health - Pharmacology - 13.03.2024
Q&A: UW expert on the rising rates of immunosuppression among U.S. adults
Early in the COVID-19 pandemic, as it became clear that people with suppressed immune systems were particularly vulnerable to the worst of the virus, public health officials prioritized their protection.

Environment - History / Archeology - 12.03.2024
AI analysis of historical satellite images show USSR collapse in 1990s increased methane emissions, despite lower oil and gas production
The collapse of the former Soviet Union in 1991 had social, political and economic effects worldwide. Among them was a suspected role in slowing human-generated methane emissions. Methane had been rising steadily in the atmosphere until about 1990. Atmospheric scientists theorized that economic collapse in the former USSR led to less oil and gas production, and thus a slowdown in the rise of global methane levels, which has since resumed.

Economics - Health - 28.02.2024
Vision Zero road safety projects in Seattle are unlikely to have negative impacts on local business sales, UW study finds
Seattle is routinely listed as one of the most walkable bike-friendly cities in the nation. The city government has committed to Vision Zero , which aims to completely eliminate traffic deaths and serious injuries by 2030, and embarked on a slew of infrastructure projects: expanding the city's bike network , redesigning high-crash intersections enhancing crosswalks to protect pedestrians.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 28.02.2024
80 mph speed record for glacier fracture helps reveal the physics of ice sheet collapse
There's enough water frozen in Greenland and Antarctic glaciers that if they melted, global seas would rise by many feet.

Health - Social Sciences - 27.02.2024
Q&A: Decline in condom use indicates need for further education, awareness
New research from the University of Washington shows that condom use has been trending downward among younger gay and bisexual men over the last decade, even when they aren't taking pre-exposure prophylaxis , or PrEP.

Environment - 16.02.2024
Bringing stars back to the sea 
At the Friday Harbor Laboratories , recovery is afoot. Scientists at this University of Washington facility in the San Juan Islands are working to help sunflower stars - a type of sea star - grow and thrive once again after their populations along the West Coast were devastated by a mysterious disease.

Computer Science - Innovation - 15.02.2024
Q&A: What is the best route to fairer AI systems?

Microtechnics - 07.02.2024
Q&A: Helping robots identify objects in cluttered spaces
Q&A: Helping robots identify objects in cluttered spaces
Imagine a coffee cup sitting on a table. Now, imagine a book partially obscuring the cup. As humans, we still know what the coffee cup is even though we can't see all of it. But a robot might be confused. Robots in warehouses and even around our houses struggle to identify and pick up objects if they are too close together, or if a space is cluttered.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 06.02.2024
Parents’ conversational approaches about Black Lives Matter differ by race
A study by researchers at the University of Washington and Northwestern University found 84% of Black parents and 76% of white parents spoke to their 8- to 11-year-old children about the Black Lives Matter, or BLM, movement within a year of the 2020 murder of George Floyd.

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 22.01.2024
Shallow soda lakes show promise as cradles of life on Earth
Charles Darwin proposed that life could have emerged in a " warm little pond " with the right cocktail of chemicals and energy. A study from the University of Washington, published this month in Communications Earth & Environment, reports that a shallow "soda lake" in western Canada shows promise for matching those requirements.

Environment - Health - 16.01.2024
UW research helps California forest managers assess smoke hazards from prescribed burns
Across the American West, managers of fire-prone landscapes are increasingly using a practice that seems counterintuitive: setting small fires to prevent larger, more destructive ones.

Computer Science - Innovation - 09.01.2024
Q&A: UW researchers answer common questions about language models like ChatGPT
Q&A: UW researchers answer common questions about language models like ChatGPT
Language models have, somewhat surreptitiously, dominated news for the last year. Often called "artificial intelligence," these systems underlie chatbots like ChatGPT and Google Bard.

Sport - 05.01.2024
Husky football players take their skills from the field to the classroom and beyond

Sport - Health - 05.12.2023
Sleep experts, physicians address effects of increased travel on student-athletes, offer recommendations
With several university athletic programs around the country - including the University of Washington - announcing moves to new conferences that will likely increase travel for student-athletes, a gr

Economics - Social Sciences - 28.11.2023
Authentic or ethical? UW study shows best leadership style for inclusive hiring depends on manager’s racial identity
As many companies aim to build diverse workforces, candidates from historically marginalized communities continue to report unfair recruitment practices and limited opportunities. Building an equitable organization starts during the hiring process, with potential supervisors playing a major role in making applicants feel comfortable.

Health - Pharmacology - 28.11.2023
Mailing HPV test kits directly to patients increases cervical cancer screening rates
UW research finds that mailing HPV test kits directly to patients increases cervical cancer screening rates Three years ago, the federal government set a series of targets to improve Americans' overall health. Among the dozens of goals laid out in the plan, called Healthy People 2030 , was a significant increase in the proportion of Americans who kept up to date with cervical cancer screening.

Microtechnics - 16.11.2023
Q&A: How an assistive-feeding robot went from picking up fruit salads to whole meals
According to data from 2010, around 1.8 million people in the U.S. can't eat on their own.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 16.11.2023
In the Field: Tracking seismic clues in one of the driest places on Earth
Unlike the Pacific Northwest, the Atacama Desert in Chile experiences very little rain. But the two regions are both seismically active.

Computer Science - History / Archeology - 15.11.2023
WhaleVis turns more than a century of whaling data into an interactive map
Even though they're the largest animals on earth , whales remain difficult to track. So experts often turn to historical whaling data to inform current research. A dataset maintained by the International Whaling Commission (IWC) contains detailed information on commercial whale catches - more than 2.1 million records, predominantly from 1880 until the IWC banned whaling in 1986.

Environment - Health - 14.11.2023
5th National Climate Assessment authors include UW climate experts

Innovation - Environment - 09.11.2023
New AI noise-canceling headphone technology lets wearers pick which sounds they hear
Most anyone who's used noise-canceling headphones knows that hearing the right noise at the right time can be vital. Someone might want to erase car horns when working indoors, but not when walking along busy streets. Yet people can't choose what sounds their headphones cancel. Now, a team led by researchers at the University of Washington has developed deep-learning algorithms that let users pick which sounds filter through their headphones in real time.

Career - Economics - 19.10.2023
Q&A: UW expert on rise of younger, less experienced bosses in the workplace
If you're older than your boss, you're not alone. Supervisors are traditionally associated with higher status markers such as age, education and tenure than their subordinates.

Computer Science - Sport - 17.10.2023
Q&A: Researchers aim to improve accessibility with augmented reality
Https:// Big Tech's race into augmented reality (AR) grows more competitive by the day.

Earth Sciences - 08.09.2023
UW a lead partner on new NSF-funded earthquake research center
The University of Washington is a lead partner on a new multi-institution earthquake research center based at the University of Oregon that the National Science Foundation announced Sept.

Economics - 06.09.2023
A tax on menthol cigarettes would work better than statewide bans, UW study finds
Menthol-flavored cigarettes account for more than one-third of cigarettes sold in the United States, and experts believe they are more dangerous than traditional cigarettes. More than 150 cities and counties have prohibited the sale of menthols, and Massachusetts and California both have statewide bans.

Environment - 31.08.2023
Study connects greenhouse gas emissions to polar bear population declines, enabling greater protections under Endangered Species Act
New research from the University of Washington and Polar Bears International in Bozeman, Montana, quantifies the relationship between greenhouse gas emissions and the survival of polar bear populations.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.08.2023
UW research links wildfire smoke to increased risk of emergency room visits for people of all ages
UW research links wildfire smoke to increased risk of emergency room visits for people of all ages
Alden Woods Annie Doubleday doesn't want her work to scare people. It's already unsettling when wildfire smoke descends upon a community, when eyes burn and throats scratch and people trickle into emergency rooms. She-d rather people see her research, which ties wildfire smoke to an increased risk of emergency department visits, as a step toward protecting themselves.

Environment - 21.08.2023
REBURN: A new tool to model wildfires in the Pacific Northwest and beyond
In 2006, the Tripod Complex Fire burned more than 175,000 acres in north-central Washington. The fire, which was within the Okanogan-Wenatchee National Forest, was more than three times the size of Seattle.

Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 09.08.2023
In the Field: UW team to spend six weeks visiting deep-ocean observatory

Innovation - Pedagogy - 18.07.2023
Learning from superheroes and AI: UW researchers study how a chatbot can teach kids supportive self-talk
At first, some parents were wary: An audio chatbot was supposed to teach their kids to speak positively to themselves through lessons about a superhero named Zip. In a world of Siri and Alexa, many people are skeptical that the makers of such technologies are putting children's welfare first. Researchers at the University of Washington created a new web app aimed to help children develop skills like self-awareness and emotional management.

Environment - 06.07.2023
Marine heat waves caused mass seabird die-offs, beach surveys show
Seabirds, from cormorants to puffins, spend most of their lives at sea. Beloved by birdwatchers, these animals can be hard to study because they spend so much time far from shore. New research led by the University of Washington uses data collected by coastal residents along beaches from central California to Alaska to understand how seabirds have fared in recent decades.

Environment - Health - 26.06.2023
New report, tool suggest how Washington can better protect against extreme heat
Alden Woods and Hannah Hickey In June 2021, the -heat dome- that struck the Pacific Northwest sent temperatures in Seattle to an unprecedented 107 degrees Fahrenheit and set 128 all-time high temperature records across the state.

Economics - Career - 13.06.2023
Employee approval can make or break CEOS, UW research shows
Message to CEOs: Employee opinion matters. New research from the University of Washington finds that employee approval greatly influences whether a board of directors will retain or dismiss a chief executive officer. For a CEO, that means job security could hinge on keeping workers positively engaged and appreciative of leadership.

Economics - Pedagogy - 06.06.2023
Real-world value of strategy courses for MBA students
More than 100,000 Master of Business Administration students graduate each year in the United States, and all of them take at least one strategy course.

Chemistry - 23.05.2023
Q&A: Have a favorite food memory? How technology can help take you back
Many people remember a specific food they enjoyed as children, whether it's a special pie made by a grandparent, a once-a-year tasty treat for a holiday or spring rolls from a street vendor.

Environment - Health - 01.05.2023
Prolonged power outages, often caused by weather events, hit some parts of the U.S. harder than others
Alden Woods Joan Casey lived through frequent wildfire-season power outages when she lived in northern California. While waiting for the power to return, she wondered how the multi-day blackouts affected a community's health. -For me it was an inconvenience, but for some people it could be life-threatening,- said Casey , now an assistant professor in the University of Washington's Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences.

Life Sciences - 27.04.2023
Tiny, fierce hummingbirds are also an evolutionary delight for UW, Burke researcher
Kiyomi Taguchi Many of us are familiar with the hummingbirds that visit feeders, plants and gardens around us.

Environment - 18.04.2023
Q&A: County-scale climate mapping tool helps Washington agencies prepare for the future
Many people are now aware of climate change, the need to curb greenhouse gases and to prepare for coming environmental shifts.

Health - Environment - 06.04.2023
Washington state’s 2021 heat wave contributed to 159 excess injury deaths over three weeks
Alden Woods Heat is a quiet killer. Unlike most natural disasters, which can leave visible damage across an entire region, a heat wave's effects on human health can be difficult to track.

Social Sciences - Health - 06.04.2023
Community-based prevention system linked to reduced handgun carrying among youth growing up in rural areas
Firearm injury is now the leading cause of death among U.S. children and adolescents. As its toll grows, researchers have focused on stopping violence in the moments before it happens. But new research led by the University of Washington suggests that interventions made earlier in young people's lives may reduce the chances of it happening at all.
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