We asked SBE researchers Jermain Kaminski, Emir Efendic, and Marc Becker to share their thoughts on how AI systems, like those of OpenAI, are impacting the labour market.
AI’s impact on the Labour MarketTo Emir Efendic, Assistant Professor at SBE, it seems too early to tell just how AI is impacting the labour market. "The AI systems can produce content, but it is unclear to what extent they can manage existing content or generate new content. The way we work will certainly change, but whether work itself will change? I’m less inclined to say. As with all new things, it remains to be seen," he adds.
Jermain Kaminski, Assistant Professor at SBE, seems to agree with Emir’s sentiment on new content: "New and original thoughts will still require human touch for some time to come. In fact, I would expect ’written by a human’ to become a differentiating label in a world where computer-generated content is more ubiquitous."
The Autopilot of White-Collar WorkJermain also stresses that a key competency of the future will not only be the intelligent use of Large Language Models (LLMs) like ChatGPT but even more to debug the output and verify information. A skill that he plans on teaching his students for future assessments.
"The use of Large Language Models like ChatGPT is similar to autopilot in commercial aeroplanes. Just like how a pilot cannot close their eyes during the autopilot, we cannot blindly accept what ChatGPT and other LLMs generate." - Jermain Kaminski
A Blessing or a Curse?Jermain also mentions how his research colleagues at RWTH Aachen University recently found that LLMs lead to significant productivity advancements in business operations. They augment human judgement rather than replace it.
Marc Becker, PhD at SBE, adds to this sentiment that programmes like ChatGPT have the potential improve work efficiency and help with creativity blocks. However, Marc remarks that integrating AI in business can have negative impacts as well: "If people can do the same amount of work in less time, management might eventually decide to reduce team sizes to increase profitability."