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Astronomy - Earth Sciences
20.10.2017
Mountain glaciers shrinking across the West
Mountain glaciers shrinking across the West
Until recently, glaciers in the United States have been measured in two ways: placing stakes in the snow, as federal scientists have done each year since 1957 at South Cascade Glacier in Washington state; or tracking glacier area using photographs from airplanes and satellites.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
20.10.2017
Mine Craft for Mars
Mine Craft for Mars
If there are habitable conditions on Mars, they may be underground. Scientists from around the world are now testing how to live on other planets by venturing a kilometre beneath the surface in a UK mine.
Computer Science/Telecom - Earth Sciences
20.10.2017
First university in Australia to offer code development software
Sydney Informatics Hub provides free repository service for code development and management.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
19.10.2017
The search for the southern Californian rubber boa
The search for the southern Californian rubber boa
High in the San Jacinto Mountains about 100 miles east of Los Angeles, a secret slithers. Uncovering it takes watchful eyes, long nights and perseverance.
Earth Sciences
19.10.2017
Building ’billion sensors’ quake monitor with optical fibers
The same optical fibers that deliver high-speed internet and HD video to our homes could one day double as seismic sensors for monitoring and studying earthquakes.
Earth Sciences
18.10.2017
Making sense of bridges loaded with sensors
Hundreds of UW-Madison students and staff cross the pedestrian bridge over North Park Street every day. Photo: Bryce Richter The University of Wisconsin-Madison has a few iconic landmarks: the statue of Abraham Lincoln in front of Bascom Hall, the Carillon Tower, and the colorful Union Terrace chairs on the shore of Lake Mendota.
Earth Sciences - Business/Economics
11.10.2017
Will metal supplies limit battery expansion?
Will metal supplies limit battery expansion?
The dramatic rise in production of electric vehicles, coupled with expected growth in the use of grid-connected battery systems for storing electricity from renewable sources, raises a crucial questi
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
11.10.2017
Space in Images - 2017 - 10 - Clouds over lava flows on Mars
Space in Images - 2017 - 10 - Clouds over lava flows on Mars
ESA Space in Images Diffuse, water-ice clouds, a hazy sky and a light breeze. Such might have read a weather forecast for the Tharsis volcanic region on Mars on 22 November 2016, when this image was taken by the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
11.10.2017
Support for new wave of mineral discoveries in North West Queensland
Support for new wave of mineral discoveries in North West Queensland
The University of Queensland has been invited to take a leadership role in the design and management of the new $27.125 million Strategic Resources Exploration Program. Announced by the Queensland Department of Natural Resources and Mines , the program will focus on providing the tools, datasets and knowledge needed by explorers in North West Queensland to drive a new wave of mineral discoveries in the region.
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
10.10.2017
New ichthyosaur species, long gone, found in a storeroom
A new species of ichthyosaur has been identified from a fossil that has been in the University of Nottingham's engineering collection for over half a century. The University's specimen, announced today as Protoichthyosaurus applebyi, is a holotype - the valuable original specimen that describes a new species.
Earth Sciences - Careers/Employment
09.10.2017
Paul Bodin named interim director of Pacific Northwest Seismic Network
Paul Bodin named interim director of Pacific Northwest Seismic Network
Paul Bodin , a research professor in the UW's Department of Earth and Space Sciences, has been named the interim director of the UW-based Pacific Northwest Seismic Network.  PNSN is a collaboration
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
09.10.2017
Patchwork geology
Patchwork geology
ESA Space in Images Mercury, the innermost planet of our Solar System is a grey, barren world to our human eyes.
Earth Sciences
06.10.2017
New study analyses volcanic fatalities in more detail than ever before
New study analyses volcanic fatalities in more detail than ever before
Building on existing information and databases relating to volcanic fatalities, scientists from the University of Bristol have, for the first time, been able to classify victims by activity or occupation and look at the distance of their death from the volcano. It is hoped the findings, published recently in the Journal of Applied Volcanology , will help increase our understanding of volcanic hazards and the subsequent threat to life.
Earth Sciences
05.10.2017
Earth Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom
04.10.2017
Assessing Regional Earthquake Risk and Hazards in the Age of Exascale
Assessing Regional Earthquake Risk and Hazards in the Age of Exascale
Berkeley Lab Researchers Lead Development of a Workflow to Accurately Predict Ground Movement and Its Impact on Structures With emerging exascale supercomputers, researchers will soon be able to accu
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
03.10.2017
Melbourne and Sydney should prepare for 50 degree days - study
Major Australian cities, such as Sydney and Melbourne, may experience unprecedented temperatures of 50 degrees Celsius under 2 degrees of global warming.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Earth Sciences
03.10.2017
Swiss people may be ready to live car-free
Swiss people may be ready to live car-free
Swiss people may be ready to live car-free under certain conditions. The findings of PostCarWorld, a cross-disciplinary study into Swiss people's contradictory relationship with cars, will be presented at EPFL on 3 October.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
27.09.2017
Preservation of floodplains is flood protection
Preservation of floodplains is flood protection
Research news The silting of rivers and streams leads to problems for fish, mussels, and other aquatic organisms because their habitats disappear.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Earth Sciences
25.09.2017
Study identifies likely scenarios for global spread of devastating crop disease
Study identifies likely scenarios for global spread of devastating crop disease
New research reveals for the first time the most likely months and routes for the spread of new strains of airborne 'wheat stem rust' that may endanger global food security by ravaging wheat production across Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the wider world.  New races of wheat rust are threatening wheat worldwide, and we need to know which areas are at risk Chris Gilligan Stem rust, named for the blackening pustules that infect plant stems, caused devastating crop epidemics and famine for centuries before being tamed by fungicides and resistance genes.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
25.09.2017
New type of supercomputer could be based on 'magic dust' combination of light and matter
New type of supercomputer could be based on ’magic dust’ combination of light and matter
A team of researchers from the UK and Russia have successfully demonstrated that a type of 'magic dust' which combines light and matter can be used to solve complex problems and could eventually surpass the capabilities of even the most powerful supercomputers.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
21.09.2017
Kerry Emanuel: This year's hurricanes are a taste of the future
Kerry Emanuel: This year’s hurricanes are a taste of the future
In a detailed talk about the history and the underlying physics of hurricanes and tropical cyclones, MIT Professor Kerry Emanuel yesterday explained why climate change will cause such storms to becom
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
21.09.2017
Hacking a pressure sensor to track gradual motion along marine faults
Hacking a pressure sensor to track gradual motion along marine faults
Deep below the ocean's surface, shielded from satellite signals, the gradual movement of the seafloor - including along faults that can unleash deadly earthquakes and tsunamis - goes largely undetected. As a result, we know distressingly little about motion along the fault that lies just off the Pacific Northwest coast.
Earth Sciences - Mathematics
20.09.2017
Mathematics predicts a sixth mass extinction
Mathematics predicts a sixth mass extinction
In the past 540 million years, the Earth has endured five mass extinction events, each involving processes that upended the normal cycling of carbon through the atmosphere and oceans.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
20.09.2017
Geological investigation
Geological investigation
ESA Space in Images ESA astronaut Samantha Cristoforetti on a planetary geology course last week with a field trip to the Italian Dolomites.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
20.09.2017
New Forecast Model to Help Severe Weather Preparation
The two year project looks to improve forecast predictions that would look three to four weeks out, considered the "new frontier" in forecasting. Predicting the weather three to four weeks in advance is extremely challenging, yet many critical decisions affecting communities and economies must be made that far in advance.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
18.09.2017
Urgent emission reductions needed to achieve 1.5°C warming limit
Significant emission reductions are required if we are to achieve one of the key goals of the Paris Agreement, and limit the increase in global average temperatures to 1.5°C; a new Oxford University partnership warns.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
18.09.2017
Changes in nonextreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences
Changes in nonextreme precipitation may have not-so-subtle consequences
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Major floods and droughts receive a lot of attention in the context of climate change, but University of Illinois researchers analyzed over five decades of precipitation data from North America to find that changes in nonextreme precipitation are more significant than previously realized and larger than those in extreme precipitation.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
15.09.2017
Celebrity fossil reveals all for science
Celebrity fossil reveals all for science
With the help of an artist, a geology professor at Lund University in Sweden has figuratively speaking breathed life into one of science's most well-known fossil species; Agnostus pisiformis. The trilobite-like arthropod lived in huge numbers in Scandinavia a half-billion years ago. Today, this extinct species provides important clues for science in several ways.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
13.09.2017
Rock recognition
Rock recognition
ESA Space in Images Training astronauts and engineers for missions to other planets includes field trips to places that resemble outer space.
Earth Sciences - Administration/Government
11.09.2017
Track Tremors Across Texas With New Website
TexNet stations like this one near Post in West Texas are providing Texans a comprehensive look at seismic activity across the state.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Earth Sciences
08.09.2017
Roche provides update on first lampalizumab phase III study for geographic atrophy, an advanced form of age-related macular degeneration
Roche provides update on first lampalizumab phase III study for geographic atrophy, an advanced form of age-related macular degeneration Spectri study did not meet its primary endpoint of reducing mean change in geographic atrophy lesion area in patients treated with lampalizumab compared with sham treatment Safety profile was in line with previous lampalizumab trials and other intravitreal therapies Results from the second phase III study, Chro
Politics - Earth Sciences
08.09.2017
Stanford scholar’s new book explores limited electoral power of low-income Americans
Stanford professor Karen Jusko's new book investigates the lack of electoral power low-income Americans possess.
Earth Sciences
07.09.2017
Land-sea experiment will track earthquakes, volcanoes along Alaska Peninsula
Land-sea experiment will track earthquakes, volcanoes along Alaska Peninsula
The National Science Foundation is funding the largest marine seismic-monitoring effort yet along the Alaska Peninsula, a region with frequent and diverse earthquake and volcanic activity.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
04.09.2017
Diverse Landscapes Are More Productive and Adapt better to Climate Change
Diverse Landscapes Are More Productive and Adapt better to Climate Change
The dramatic, worldwide loss of biodiversity is one of today's greatest environmental problems. The loss of species diversity affects important ecosystems on which humans depend. Previous research predominantly addressed short-term effects of biodiversity in small experimental plots planted with few randomly selected plant species.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
31.08.2017
Q&A: How Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and Yellowstone National Park are confronting climate change
Q&A: How Idaho, Montana, North Dakota and Yellowstone National Park are confronting climate change
The Northern Rocky Mountain ecosystem includes huge swaths of federal lands, two national parks and some of the most spectacular wild spaces in the country.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
31.08.2017
Record-low 2016 Antarctic sea ice due to 'perfect storm' of tropical, polar conditions
Record-low 2016 Antarctic sea ice due to ’perfect storm’ of tropical, polar conditions
While winter sea ice in the Arctic is declining so dramatically that ships can now navigate those waters without any icebreaker escort, the scene in the Southern Hemisphere is very different. Sea ice area around Antarctica has actually increased slightly in winter - that is, until last year. A dramatic drop in Antarctic sea ice almost a year ago, during the Southern Hemisphere spring, brought its maximum area down to its lowest level in 40 years of record keeping.
Computer Science/Telecom - Earth Sciences
30.08.2017
Machine-learning earthquake prediction in lab shows promise
Machine-learning earthquake prediction in lab shows promise
A computer science approach using machine learning can predict the time remaining before the fault fails. "At any given instant, the noise coming from the lab fault zone provides quantitative information on when the fault will slip," said Paul Johnson. Listening to faultline's grumbling gives countdown to future quakes LOS ALAMOS, N.M., Aug.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
22.08.2017
Ancient Earth's hot interior created
Ancient Earth’s hot interior created "graveyard" of continental slabs
Plate tectonics has shaped the Earth's surface for billions of years: Continents and oceanic crust have pushed and pulled on each other, continually rearranging the planet's façade. As two massive plates collide, one can give way and slide under the other in a process called subduction. The subducted slab then slips down through the Earth's viscous mantle, like a flat stone through a pool of honey.
Earth Sciences
21.08.2017
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
16.08.2017
ANU-led study solves mystery of how first animals appeared on Earth
These large and nutritious organisms at the base of the food web provided the burst of energy required for the evolution of complex ecosystems, where increasingly large and complex animals, including humans, could thrive on Earth. Research led by ANU has solved the mystery of how the first animals appeared on Earth, a pivotal moment for the planet without which humans would not exist.
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
16.08.2017
Supervolcanoes: A key to America‘s electric future’ | Stanford News
Stanford researchers detail a new method for locating lithium in lake deposits from ancient supervolcanoes, which appear as large holes in the ground that often fill with water to form a lake, such as Crater Lake in Oregon, pictured here. (Image credit: Lindsay Snow / Shutterstock) Stanford researchers show that lake sediments preserved within ancient supervolcanoes can host large lithium-rich clay deposits.
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
16.08.2017
How future volcanic eruptions will impact Earth’s ozone layer
CFCs, greenhouse gases, and naturally occurring emissions of halogens will shape how volcanoes impact the ozone layer into the next century  The next major volcanic eruption could kick-start chemical reactions that would seriously damage the planet's already besieged ozone layer.
Earth Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
15.08.2017
How Friction Evolves During an Earthquake
How Friction Evolves During an Earthquake
By simulating earthquakes in a lab, engineers at Caltech have documented the evolution of friction during an earthquake-measuring what could once only be inferred, and shedding light on one of the biggest unknowns in earthquake modeling. Before an earthquake, static friction helps hold the two sides of a fault immobile and pressed against each other.
Earth Sciences
15.08.2017
Evans School's Scott Allard notes poverty's changing landscape in 'Places in Need'
Evans School’s Scott Allard notes poverty’s changing landscape in ’Places in Need’
Scott W. Allard is a professor in the Evans School of Public Policy & Governance and the author of the 2017 book " Places in Need: The Changing Geography of Poverty ,” published by the Russell Sage Foundation.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
15.08.2017
Unique imaging of a dinosaur's skull tells evolutionary tale
Unique imaging of a dinosaur’s skull tells evolutionary tale
Researchers have exposed the inner structures of the fossil skull of a 74-million-year-old tyrannosauroid dinosaur nicknamed the Bisti Beast.
Earth Sciences
13.08.2017
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Newly-described fossil shows how brittle stars evolved in response to pressure from predators, and how an 'evolutionary hangover' managed to escape them.
Earth Sciences
10.08.2017
Public has rare opportunity to view work on T. rex skull
Public has rare opportunity to view work on T. rex skull
Starting Aug. 12, the public can watch fossil preparation of the University of Washington Burke Museum 's Tyrannosaurus rex skull "live.” Over the next several months, Burke paleontologists will carefully remove the rock surrounding the skull, slowly exposing the 66-million-year-old specimen.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
10.08.2017
Preserving the stress of volcanic uprise on Mars / Mars Express / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
Preserving the stress of volcanic uprise on Mars / Mars Express / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
An ancient mountain range on Mars preserves a complex volcanic and tectonic past imprinted with signs of water and ice interactions.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
04.08.2017
TESS mission to discover new planets moves toward launch
TESS mission to discover new planets moves toward launch
A NASA mission designed to explore the stars in search of planets outside of our solar system is a step closer to launch, now that its four cameras have been completed by researchers at MIT. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), due to launch in 2018, will travel through space, identifying more than 20,000 extrasolar planets.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
04.08.2017
Week in Images / Highlights / ESA
Sagaing Division, Myanmar The Copernicus Sentinel-1A satellite brings us over part of the Sagaing Division in northwest Myanmar, and along the border with India.
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