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Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
16.08.2017
ANU-led study solves mystery of how first animals appeared on Earth
These large and nutritious organisms at the base of the food web provided the burst of energy required for the evolution of complex ecosystems, where increasingly large and complex animals, including humans, could thrive on Earth. Research led by ANU has solved the mystery of how the first animals appeared on Earth, a pivotal moment for the planet without which humans would not exist.
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
16.08.2017
Supervolcanoes: A key to America‘s electric future’ | Stanford News
Stanford researchers detail a new method for locating lithium in lake deposits from ancient supervolcanoes, which appear as large holes in the ground that often fill with water to form a lake, such as Crater Lake in Oregon, pictured here. (Image credit: Lindsay Snow / Shutterstock) Stanford researchers show that lake sediments preserved within ancient supervolcanoes can host large lithium-rich clay deposits.
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
16.08.2017
How future volcanic eruptions will impact Earth’s ozone layer
CFCs, greenhouse gases, and naturally occurring emissions of halogens will shape how volcanoes impact the ozone layer into the next century  The next major volcanic eruption could kick-start chemical reactions that would seriously damage the planet's already besieged ozone layer.
Earth Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
15.08.2017
How Friction Evolves During an Earthquake
How Friction Evolves During an Earthquake
By simulating earthquakes in a lab, engineers at Caltech have documented the evolution of friction during an earthquake-measuring what could once only be inferred, and shedding light on one of the biggest unknowns in earthquake modeling. Before an earthquake, static friction helps hold the two sides of a fault immobile and pressed against each other.
Earth Sciences
15.08.2017
Evans School's Scott Allard notes poverty's changing landscape in 'Places in Need'
Evans School’s Scott Allard notes poverty’s changing landscape in ’Places in Need’
Scott W. Allard is a professor in the Evans School of Public Policy & Governance and the author of the 2017 book " Places in Need: The Changing Geography of Poverty ,” published by the Russell Sage Foundation.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
15.08.2017
Unique imaging of a dinosaur's skull tells evolutionary tale
Unique imaging of a dinosaur’s skull tells evolutionary tale
Researchers have exposed the inner structures of the fossil skull of a 74-million-year-old tyrannosauroid dinosaur nicknamed the Bisti Beast.
Earth Sciences
13.08.2017
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Meadow of dancing brittle stars shows evolution at work | University of Cambridge
Newly-described fossil shows how brittle stars evolved in response to pressure from predators, and how an 'evolutionary hangover' managed to escape them.
Earth Sciences
10.08.2017
Public has rare opportunity to view work on T. rex skull
Public has rare opportunity to view work on T. rex skull
Starting Aug. 12, the public can watch fossil preparation of the University of Washington Burke Museum 's Tyrannosaurus rex skull "live.” Over the next several months, Burke paleontologists will carefully remove the rock surrounding the skull, slowly exposing the 66-million-year-old specimen.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
10.08.2017
Preserving the stress of volcanic uprise on Mars / Mars Express / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
Preserving the stress of volcanic uprise on Mars / Mars Express / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
An ancient mountain range on Mars preserves a complex volcanic and tectonic past imprinted with signs of water and ice interactions.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
04.08.2017
TESS mission to discover new planets moves toward launch
TESS mission to discover new planets moves toward launch
A NASA mission designed to explore the stars in search of planets outside of our solar system is a step closer to launch, now that its four cameras have been completed by researchers at MIT. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS), due to launch in 2018, will travel through space, identifying more than 20,000 extrasolar planets.
Earth Sciences
03.08.2017
August: dinosaur skin | News | University of Bristol
August: dinosaur skin | News | University of Bristol
Detailed analysis of the fossilised skin of a newly discovered species of dinosaur has revealed that despite being the size of a tank and heavily protected with armour, it was still hunted by savage predators. Palaeobiologist and expert on fossil pigments Dr Jakob Vinther , from the University of Bristol's School of Earth Sciences worked with researchers from the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology in Alberta, Canada to study the 18-foot long specimen's exquisitely well-preserved form.
Earth Sciences
02.08.2017
Shake it up: Human-induced and natural earthquakes in central U.S. are 'inherently similar'
Shake it up: Human-induced and natural earthquakes in central U.S. are ’inherently similar’
ANN ARBOR-The stresses released by human-induced and naturally occurring earthquakes in the central United States are in many cases indistinguishable, meaning that existing tools to predict shaking damage can be applied to both types. That's the main conclusion of a study by a University of Michigan seismologist and two Stanford University colleagues, published online Aug.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
31.07.2017
Bold new approaches needed to shrink Gulf of Mexico dead zone and meet elusive goals
ANN ARBOR-Shrinking the annual Gulf of Mexico "dead zone" down to the size of Delaware will require a 59-percent reduction in the amount of nitrogen runoff that flows down the Mississippi River from as far away as the Corn Belt. That's the primary finding of a new study that used four computer models to see what it would take to reach the longstanding but elusive goal of cutting by about two-thirds the size of the Gulf of Mexico summer hypoxic zone, an area of low-to-no oxygen that can kill fish and other marine life.
Earth Sciences
31.07.2017
Wettest Summer on Record in Berlin
Berliner Wetterkarte at Freie Universität: Record Set after Only Two Months No 208/2017 from Jul 31, 2017 According to calculations by the Berliner Wetterkarte association at Freie Universität Berlin
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
31.07.2017
Underground magma pulse triggered end-Permian extinction
Underground magma pulse triggered end-Permian extinction
Geologists from the U.S. Geological Survey and MIT have homed in on the precise event that set off the end-Permian extinction, Earth's most devastating mass extinction, which killed off 90 percent of marine organisms and 75 percent of life on land approximately 252 million years ago.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
28.07.2017
Measuring the earth's rotational movement from the Bavarian countryside
Measuring the earth’s rotational movement from the Bavarian countryside
Research news A new ring laser will make it possible for scientists to measure the rotational movements of the earth with far greater precision and detail than in the past.
Earth Sciences
28.07.2017
Expedition to help solve mystery of underwater continent near Australia
Zealandia, including today's Lord Howe Rise, was largely part of Australia until 75 million years ago, when it started to break away and move to the northeast.
Earth Sciences
26.07.2017
Large-Mouthed Fish Was Top Predator After Mass Extinction
Possible look of the newly discovered predatory fish species Birgeria americana with the fossil oft he skull shown at bottom right (Artwork: Nadine Bösch) The most catastrophic mass extinction on Earth took place about 252 million years ago - at the boundary between the Permian and Triassic geological periods.
Earth Sciences - History/Archeology
25.07.2017
Discovering the sunken pirate city
Research uncovering the secrets of the 17 th century pirate town of Port Royal in Jamaica, which was destroyed by a massive earthquake in 1692, will be showcased in a new documentary. ‘Drain the Sunken Pirate City' will premiere on the National Geographic Channel on Wednesday 26 July at 9pm, and will show how experts have used new state-of-the-art technology to uncover the secrets hidden beneath the waters of Jamaica's Kingston Harbour.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Earth Sciences
25.07.2017
Small drop in measles vaccinations would have outsized effect
A 5 percent drop in childhood measles vaccination levels would cause annual measles cases to triple, according to researchers at Stanford and Baylor.
Earth Sciences
21.07.2017
Warm soils across Illinois in July
Soil temperatures are above normal in mid-July, according to Jennie Atkins, the Water and Atmospheric Resources Monitoring program manager at the Illinois State Water Survey, part of the Prairie Research Institute at Illinois.
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
20.07.2017
Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution
Link identified between continental breakup, volcanic carbon emissions and evolution
Researchers have found that the formation and breakup of supercontinents over hundreds of millions of years controls volcanic carbon emissions. The results , reported , could lead to a reinterpretation of how the carbon cycle has evolved over Earth's history, and how this has impacted the evolution of Earth's habitability.  The link between oxygen levels and the burial of organic material allowed life on Earth as we know it to evolve, but our geological record of this link needs to be re-evaluated.
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
20.07.2017
Berkeley Lab to Lead Multimillion-Dollar Geothermal Energy Project
Berkeley Lab to Lead Multimillion-Dollar Geothermal Energy Project
The Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) will lead a new $9 million project aimed at removing technical barriers to commercialization of enhanced geothermal systems (EGS), a clean energy technology with the potential to power 100 million American homes. Berkeley Lab will partner with seven other DOE national labs and six universities to develop field experiments focused on understanding and modeling rock fractures, an essential element of geothermal systems.
Computer Science/Telecom - Earth Sciences
20.07.2017
Second PhD a labour of love for Dr White
Second PhD a labour of love for Dr White
A retired Sunshine Coast academic has his wife to thank for prompting him to get his second University of Queensland PhD, in a totally different field to the first, at the age of 81.
Earth Sciences
19.07.2017
'Shadow network' keeps communities safe from deadly volcano
’Shadow network’ keeps communities safe from deadly volcano
New research by the University of East Anglia (UEA), and co-authored by the University of Bristol, shows that 'shadow networks' linking volunteers with authorities can help keep some of the millions of people living near dangerous volcanoes safer. These informal networks see community members working in close collaboration with scientists and government officials on monitoring, communications, training and evacuation processes.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
18.07.2017
Climate scientists create Caribbean drought atlas
Acres of parched grazing fields cover the Dominican Republic landscape near San Juan in August 2016.
Earth Sciences - Sport Sciences
14.07.2017
Earth Sciences
13.07.2017
Vesuvius on fire
ESA Space in Images With Italy suffering high temperatures and drought, wildfires have broken out including blazes that are ravaging the slopes of Mount Vesuvius near Naples.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
13.07.2017
Tributes to wetter times on Mars
Tributes to wetter times on Mars
A dried-out river valley with numerous tributaries is seen in this recent view of the Red Planet captured by ESA's Mars Express.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
13.07.2017
Mercury in the Arctic Ocean: Stopover in the tundra
Mercury in the Arctic Ocean: Stopover in the tundra
The Arctic Ocean and its fauna are far from major sources of pollution. So why are they so contaminated with mercury? This mystery has just been solved by an international team including researchers from the CNRS, the Desert Research Institute, and the University of Colorado.
Earth Sciences - Astronomy
06.07.2017
First real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during major earthquake
First real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during major earthquake
First real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during major earthquake (6 July 2017) A team of researchers led by the Department of Earth Sciences has collected the first real-time measurements of Earth's surface displacement during a major earthquake, as published in the journal Scientific Reports.
Earth Sciences - History/Archeology
06.07.2017
Out of the blue: Medieval fragments yield surprises
Analyzing pigments in medieval illuminated manuscript pages at the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS) is opening up some new areas of research bridging the arts and sciences. Louisa Smieska and Ruth Mullett studied manuscript pages from Cornell University Library's Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections (RMC), dating from the 13th to the 16th centuries, using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and spectral imaging analysis.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
05.07.2017
Way to evaluate green roofs
Way to evaluate green roofs
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Green infrastructure is an attractive concept, but there is concern surrounding its effectiveness.
Earth Sciences
04.07.2017
Exploring geothermal energy potential
Exploring geothermal energy potential
Researchers at the University's Durham Energy Institute (DEI) are exploring the Earth's geothermal energy potential.
Earth Sciences
02.07.2017
Studying lists of last names reveal hiring practices in higher education
Using lists of names collected from publicly available websites, two University of Chicago researchers have revealed distinctive patterns in higher education systems, ranging from ethnic representati
Earth Sciences - Chemistry
30.06.2017
Scientists converge to study ozone, an atmospheric mystery near Lake Michigan
Lake Michigan shoreline as seen from Sheboygan, Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin-Madison Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC) researchers have joined an atmospheric study over Sheboygan and other cities along the lake's coast. SSEC For several years, air quality managers have identified elevated levels of ozone in the Sheboygan, Wisconsin, area.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
30.06.2017
Ambrym
Ambrym
ESA Space in Images Sentinel-2A takes us to the Vanuatu archipelago in the South Pacific Ocean, roughly 1700 km east of Australia.
Administration/Government - Earth Sciences
30.06.2017
Earth Sciences
29.06.2017
UW oceanography senior finds plastic microfibers are common on Puget Sound beaches
UW oceanography senior finds plastic microfibers are common on Puget Sound beaches
As the infamous floating " garbage patch ” churns up bits of plastic in the tropical Pacific Ocean, a University of Washington undergraduate has discovered a related problem much closer to home: nearly invisible bits of plastic on Puget Sound beaches. As a year-long project toward a UW bachelor's degree, the oceanography major visited 12 beaches around Puget Sound to tally the number of microplastics, generally classified as fragments between 0.3 and 5 millimeters (1/100 to 1/5 of an inch) or smaller than a grain of rice.
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Earth Sciences
29.06.2017
As metro areas grow, whites move farther from the city center
As metro areas grow, whites move farther from the city center
In the middle of the 20 th century, cities began to change.
Life Sciences - Earth Sciences
28.06.2017
18O-derived incubation temperatures of oviraptorosaur eggs
18O-derived incubation temperatures of oviraptorosaur eggs
Abstract In order to determine the incubation temperature of eggs laid by non-avian dinosaurs, we analysed the oxygen isotope compositions of both eggshell carbonate (‘18Oc) and embryo bone phosphate ('18Op) from seven oviraptorosaur eggs with preserved in ovo embryo bones.
Chemistry - Earth Sciences
27.06.2017
Ozone recovery may be delayed by unregulated chemicals
Ozone recovery may be delayed by unregulated chemicals
Recent increases in an unregulated ozone-depleting substance, could delay recovery of Antarctic ozone levels by 5-30 years, depending on emissions scenarios.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
26.06.2017
Expedition aims to discover how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients in the sea
Expedition aims to discover how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients in the sea
A team of scientists, led by the University of Bristol, is preparing to take part in research expedition to coastal Greenland where they will examining, for the first time, how melting ice is affecting supplies of nutrients to the oceans. One of the big unknowns about future supplies of nutrients to the oceans is the impact of melting glaciers and ice sheets.
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
21.06.2017
Roscoe Braham Jr., pioneering meteorologist, 1921-2017
Prof. Emeritus Roscoe Braham Jr., a noted expert in cloud precipitation physics who furthered weather research by combining the use of aircraft with ground-based instruments, died May 28 at the Glenaire Retirement Community in Cary, N.C. He was 96.
Earth Sciences
21.06.2017
Warmer, drier soils in Illinois
Soil temperatures have been rising throughout the first half of June, according to Jennie Atkins, Water and Atmospheric Resources Monitoring program manager at the Illinois State Water Survey, part of the Prairie Research Institute at Illinois.
Astronomy - Earth Sciences
20.06.2017
Mission to discover habitable Earths given green light
Mission to discover Earth-sized planets and super-Earths in the habitable zone of the solar system - scientifically led by the University of Warwick - given the go-ahead by European Space Agency PLATO will be launched 1.5 million km into space - and will monitor thousands of bright stars over a large area of the sky, looking for regular dips in brightness as planets pass by them It will investigate seismic activity in some of the host sta
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
20.06.2017
U-Michigan, partners predict third-largest Gulf of Mexico summer 'dead zone' ever
U-Michigan, partners predict third-largest Gulf of Mexico summer ’dead zone’ ever
ANN ARBOR'A University of Michigan researcher and colleagues from several institutions forecast that this summer's Gulf of Mexico "dead zone," an area of low to no oxygen that can kill fish and other marine life, will be approximately 8,185 square miles, or about the size of New Jersey.
History/Archeology - Earth Sciences
20.06.2017
A Wooden Toe: Swiss Egyptologists Study 3000-Year-Old Prosthesis
A Wooden Toe: Swiss Egyptologists Study 3000-Year-Old Prosthesis
It is likely to be one of the oldest prosthetic devices in human history: Together with other experts, Egyptologists from the University of Basel have reexamined an artificial wooden big toe. The find is almost 3000 years old and was discovered in a female burial from the necropolis of Sheikh ´Abd el-Qurna close to Luxor.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
19.06.2017
Rising seas could result in 2 billion refugees by 2100
In the year 2100, 2 billion people - about one-fifth of the world's population - could become climate change refugees due to rising ocean levels.
Earth Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
19.06.2017
Volcanic eruptions triggered dawn of the dinosaurs
Huge pulses of volcanic activity are likely to have played a key role in triggering the end Triassic mass extinction, which set the scene for the rise and age of the dinosaurs, new Oxford University research has found. Researchers from the Oxford University Department of Earth Science worked in collaboration with the Universities of Exeter and Southampton to trace the global impact of major volcanic gas emissions and their link to the end of the Triassic period.
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