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Physics/Materials Science



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Physics/Materials Science
15.12.2017
A shoe-box-sized chemical detector
ANN ARBOR-A chemical sensor prototype developed at the University of Michigan will be able to detect "single-fingerprint quantities" of substances from a distance of more than 100 feet away, and its developers are working to shrink it to the size of a shoebox. It could potentially be used to identify traces of drugs and explosives, as well as speeding the analysis of certain medical samples.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
14.12.2017
Drug discovery could accelerate hugely with Machine Learning
Drug discovery could be significantly accelerated thanks to a new high precision machine-learning model, developed by an international collaboration of researchers, including the University of Warwick.
Physics/Materials Science - Innovation/Technology
14.12.2017
Solid start in the quest for an elusive particle
Solid start in the quest for an elusive particle
New experiment begins the hunt for a hypothetical particle that could give insights into dark matter and the presence of matter in the universe. A collaboration of Belgian, French and British scientists, including researchers from Imperial College London, have developed a technology to detect a new kind of elementary particle: the sterile neutrino.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
13.12.2017
Astronomers create best map of the southern sky
The map of the southern sky we've released to the world today is the best ever created, but this is only the beginning of a five-year program to capture it in all its splendour.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
13.12.2017
Outstanding research - from nanowires to supernovae
Outstanding research - from nanowires to supernovae
Research news Five new research projects proposed by scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) were impressive enough to be awarded Consolidator Grants by the European Research Council (ERC) this year.
Physics/Materials Science
13.12.2017
Reading ancient sealed documents
Scientists see inside a sealed testament from the State Archives of Venice using EPFL technology - without breaking the wax seal­­ - and reveal the last wishes of a Venetian lady from the year 1351. EPFL physicists reveal the last wishes of a Venetian woman from the year 1351 contained in a wax-sealed document, without breaking the seal.
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
13.12.2017
Santa has never been stuck up the chimney says Warwick quantum physicist
Father Christmas may use 'quantum tunnelling' to get in and out of our homes at Christmas He may also have mastered quantum interference and be employing quantum computing to help him meet his annual global delivery target A researcher at the University of Warwick is challenging the theory that 'Santa got stuck up the chimney' by suggesting that he uses 'quantum tunnelling' to get himself in and out of our homes.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
12.12.2017
Australia needs a nanosafety authority
New nanomaterials that benefit humanity are being synthesised every day. Researchers want to work with regulators to make sure they are safe.
Physics/Materials Science
11.12.2017
Two Holograms in One Surface
Two Holograms in One Surface
A team at Caltech has figured out a way to encode more than one holographic image in a single surface without any loss of resolution.
Physics/Materials Science - Environment/Sustainable Development
11.12.2017
Physics/Materials Science - Mathematics
08.12.2017
Stripes May Help Solve Riddle of Superconductivity
Stripes May Help Solve Riddle of Superconductivity
Imagine phones and laptops that never heat up or power grids that never lose energy. This is the dream of scientists working with so-called high-temperature superconductors, which can effortlessly carry electrical currents with no resistance. The first high-temperature superconducting materials, called cuprates, were discovered in the 1980s and would later be the subject of a Nobel Prize.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
07.12.2017
Eminent bioengineering scholar to lead UChicago’s Center for Physics of Evolving Systems
The University of Chicago is launching the Center for Physics of Evolving Systems to study the secrets behind the extraordinary efficiency, flexibility and robustness of biological systems designed via evolution.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
07.12.2017
UCLA chemists synthesize narrow ribbons of graphene using only light and heat
UCLA chemists synthesize narrow ribbons of graphene using only light and heat
Silicon — the shiny, brittle metal commonly used to make semiconductors — is an essential ingredient of modern-day electronics.
Physics/Materials Science - Environment/Sustainable Development
07.12.2017
Solar power advances possible with new ’double-glazing’ device
New 'double-glazed' solar power device opens up fresh opportunities to develop more advanced photovoltaics - invented by University of Warwick researchers Totally new way of collecting solar energy - using gas rather than vacuum to collect electricity - inspired by early 20 th century ideas Researchers currently seeking optimal material for device - one possibility is diamond film A new 'double-glazing' solar power device - which is unlike any existing solar panel and opens up fresh opportunities to develop more advanced photovoltaics - has been invented by University of Warwick researchers.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
06.12.2017
Nanomaterials: How to separate linear and ring-shaped molecules
Nanomaterials: How to separate linear and ring-shaped molecules
Physicists have developed a reliable strategy to separate chemically identical macromolecules that differ only in their shape What is the difference between linear chains and rings composed of the same material?
Physics/Materials Science - Event
06.12.2017
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
06.12.2017
Device makes power conversion more efficient
Device makes power conversion more efficient
Power electronics, which do things like modify voltages or convert between direct and alternating current, are everywhere.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
05.12.2017
Doctors develop new way to use MRI to predict pregnancy complications
Doctors develop new way to use MRI to predict pregnancy complications
FINDINGS UCLA scientists have developed a new way to use magnetic resonance imaging , or MRI, to scan the placenta.
Physics/Materials Science - Innovation/Technology
05.12.2017
Making humanity's challenges smaller and smaller: UW launches Institute for Nano-Engineered Systems
Making humanity’s challenges smaller and smaller: UW launches Institute for Nano-Engineered Systems
The University of Washington has launched a new institute aimed at accelerating research at the nanoscale: the Institute for Nano-Engineered Systems , or NanoES.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
05.12.2017
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
05.12.2017
Nanodiscs catch misfolding proteins red-handed
U-M researchers have mapped the proteins that cause cell death in type 2 diabetes ANN ARBOR-When proteins misfold, accumulate and clump around insulin-producing cells in the pancreas, they kill cells. Now, researchers, including University of Michigan biophysicists, have obtained a structural snapshot of these proteins when they are most toxic, detailing them down to the atomic level.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
04.12.2017
MACHOs are dead. WIMPs are a no-show. Say hello to SIMPs
MACHOs are dead. WIMPs are a no-show. Say hello to SIMPs
The intensive, worldwide search for dark matter, the missing mass in the universe, has so far failed to find an abundance of dark, massive stars or scads of strange new weakly interacting particles, but a new candidate is slowly gaining followers and observational support.
Physics/Materials Science - Mathematics
04.12.2017
Penn Physicists Shed Light on How Wetness Affects a Phenomenon in Foams
Penn Physicists Shed Light on How Wetness Affects a Phenomenon in Foams
Whether drinking beer, eating ice cream or washing the dishes, it's fair to say that many people come across foam on a day-to-day basis. It's in everything from detergents to beverages to cosmetics. Outside of everyday life, it has applications in areas such as firefighting, isolating toxic materials and distributing chemicals.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
04.12.2017
New nanowires are just a few atoms thick
New nanowires are just a few atoms thick
"Two-dimensional materials" - materials deposited in layers that are only a few atoms thick - are promising for both high-performance electronics and flexible, transparent electronics that could be layered onto physical surfaces to make computing ubiquitous. The best-known 2-D material is graphene, which is a form of carbon, but recently researchers have been investigating other 2-D materials, such as molybdenum disulfide, which have their own, distinct advantages.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
04.12.2017
Five ETH projects funded
Five ETH Zurich researchers receive one of the coveted ERC Con-solidator Grants from the European Research Council (ERC).
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
04.12.2017
Douglas Stanford wins Breakthrough New Horizons Prize
Theoretical physicist Douglas Stanford uses chaos as a lens through which to study the links between black holes and quantum physics.
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government
02.12.2017
Former U.S. Energy Secretary Moniz caps first day of nuclear reaction commemoration
Ernest Moniz, former U.S. Secretary of Energy, speaks Dec. 1 in Mandel Hall. His keynote address capped the first of a two-day UChicago symposium commemorating the 75th anniversary of the first chain reaction.
Physics/Materials Science - Arts and Design
02.12.2017
Pyrotechnic artwork commemorates 75th anniversary of first nuclear reaction
Cai Guo-Qiang (b. 1957, Quanzhou, China; lives in New York), Color Mushroom Cloud. Dec. 2 2017, 3:25 p.m. CST.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
01.12.2017
Scientists craft world’s tiniest interlinking chains
Scientists discovered a way to manufacture tiny interlocking chains (right, with chemical formulas at left) with loops each just a nanometer across.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
30.11.2017
Treatment cuts migraine days by half
A new King's College London study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), shows treatment with a drug called erenumab cut the number of days with migraine symptoms for 50 per cent of patients. Across the UK, an estimated 8.5 million people live with migraine and research suggests the condition is likely to impact the lives of almost 200,000 people every day.
Physics/Materials Science - Innovation/Technology
30.11.2017
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
29.11.2017
One of largest quantum simulators yet, with 51 atoms
One of largest quantum simulators yet, with 51 atoms
Physicists at MIT and Harvard University have demonstrated a new way to manipulate quantum bits of matter.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
29.11.2017
’Magnetoelectric’ material shows promise as memory for electronics
For News Media FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE 11/29/17 Devices tend to store that information in two ways: through electric fields (think of a flash drive) or through magnetic fields (like a computer's spinning hard disk). Each method has advantages and disadvantages. However, in the future, our electronics could benefit from the best of each.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
29.11.2017
A transistor of graphene nanoribbons
A transistor of graphene nanoribbons
Transistors based on carbon nanostructures: what sounds like a futuristic dream could be reality in just a few years' time.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
29.11.2017
Physics/Materials Science
29.11.2017
Watching a Quantum Material Lose Its Stripes
Watching a Quantum Material Lose Its Stripes
Stripes can be found everywhere, from zebras roaming in the wild to the latest fashion statement. In the world of microscopic physics, periodic stripe patterns can be formed by electrons within so-called quantum materials. Scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have now disentangled the intriguing dynamics of how such atomic-scale stripes melt and form, providing fundamental insights that could be useful in the development of novel energy materials.
Physics/Materials Science - Innovation/Technology
29.11.2017
Growing artificial tissue using a 3D printer
Growing artificial tissue using a 3D printer
Aleksandr Ovsianikov from TU Wien has been awarded his second ERC grant. He is developing methods for artificially creating biological tissue.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
29.11.2017
Novartis announces Phase III STRIVE data published in NEJM demonstrating significant and sustained efficacy of erenumab in migraine prevention
Novartis announces Phase III STRIVE data published in NEJM demonstrating significant and sustained efficacy of erenumab in migraine prevention Patients with episodic migraine taking erenumab reported
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
29.11.2017
New Technique Reduces Side Effects, Improves Delivery of Chemotherapy Nanodrugs
Carnegie Mellon University researchers have developed a new method for delivering chemotherapy nanodrugs that increases their bioavailability and reduces side effects.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Physics/Materials Science
29.11.2017
New 3-D printer is 10 times faster than commercial counterparts
New 3-D printer is 10 times faster than commercial counterparts
MIT engineers have developed a new desktop 3-D printer that performs up to 10 times faster than existing commercial counterparts.
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom
28.11.2017
Key component to scale up quantum computing invented
Invention of the microwave circulator is part of a revolution in device engineering needed to build a large-scale quantum computer.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
28.11.2017
Astronomers create most detailed radio image of nearby dwarf galaxy
The new image captured by CSIRO's Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder telescope reveals more gas around the edges of the galaxy, indicating a very dynamic past for the Small Magellanic Cloud.
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government
27.11.2017
Spintronics: German Research Foundation Grants Funding for Collaborative Research Center at Freie Universität Berlin and Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg
Spintronics: German Research Foundation Grants Funding for Collaborative Research Center at Freie Universität Berlin and Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg New opportunities for cutting-edge r
Physics/Materials Science - Innovation/Technology
27.11.2017
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
24.11.2017
Cooking fats could be affecting cloud formation
Cooking fats could be affecting cloud formation
Fats released into the atmosphere from cookers such as deep fat fryers may be enhancing the formation of clouds, which have a major cooling effect on the planet. In a Nature Communications paper, scientists demonstrated for the first time that fatty acid molecules emitted during cooking can spontaneously form complex 3D structures in atmospheric aerosol droplets.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
23.11.2017
Highly charged molecules behave paradoxically
Highly charged molecules behave paradoxically
Chemistry researchers have now discovered how certain small biomolecules attach to one another. The researchers' study also overturns the standard picture - particles with the same electrical charge appear to be drawn together and not vice versa.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
23.11.2017
Batteries with better performance and
Batteries with better performance and
Researchers from Empa and the University of Geneva have developed a prototype of a novel solid sodium battery with the potential to store extra energy. Phones, laptops, electric cars - batteries are everywhere. And to meet the expectations of today's consumers, these batteries are increasin­gly lighter, more powerful and designed to last longer.
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government
22.11.2017
’The Big Bang of Big Science:’ How the Manhattan Project transformed the field
Eric D. Isaacs gives lecture on how the Manhattan Project affected funding streams, collaboration and even perceptions about scientists in society. As the University of Chicago considers the legacy of the first Manhattan Project experiment, performed 75 years ago under its abandoned football stands, it has examined topics this fall ranging from international policy in the nuclear age to the future of energy.
Physics/Materials Science
22.11.2017
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