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Physics/Materials Science
17.08.2017
Lasers used to detect risk of heart attack and stroke
Patients at risk of heart attacks and strokes may be spotted earlier thanks to a diagnosis tool that uses near-infrared light to identify high-risk arterial plaques, according to research carried out at WMG, University of Warwick, the Baker Institute and Monash University. The scientists observed that when they increased the wavelength of the light currently used to visualise the fatty build-up found in arteries (atherosclerotic plaques) they could selectively identify the rupture-prone deposits, which commonly lead to blood clots, heart attacks and strokes.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
16.08.2017
Unmanned flying wing successfully tested - TUM
Unmanned flying wing successfully tested - TUM
Research news The unmanned aircraft Sagitta has successfully completed its first two test flights at the Overberg test range in South Africa.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
16.08.2017
Researchers Explore Graphene’s Potential Use in Nanotechnology - News - Carnegie Mellon University
Carnegie Mellon University's Ge Yang, associate professor of biomedical engineering (BME) and computational biology , and Tzahi Cohen-Karni, assistant professor of BME and materials science and engineering, have determined that graphene is safe for neurons and non-neuronal cells and has long-term biocompatibility - making it an excellent material to use in devices that interface with the nervous system.
Earth Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
16.08.2017
Supervolcanoes: A key to America‘s electric future’ | Stanford News
Stanford researchers detail a new method for locating lithium in lake deposits from ancient supervolcanoes, which appear as large holes in the ground that often fill with water to form a lake, such as Crater Lake in Oregon, pictured here. (Image credit: Lindsay Snow / Shutterstock) Stanford researchers show that lake sediments preserved within ancient supervolcanoes can host large lithium-rich clay deposits.
Physics/Materials Science - Education/Continuing Education
15.08.2017
Wiesner team images tiny quasicrystals as they form
Pictured is a transmission electron microscope image of a mesoporous silica nanoparticle, showing the tiling with triangles and squares, and the Fourier analysis (inset) showing 12-fold symmetry. When Israeli scientist Daniel Shechtman first saw a quasicrystal through his microscope in 1982, he reportedly thought to himself, "Eyn chaya kazo" - Hebrew for, "There can be no such creature." But there is, and the quasicrystal has become a subject of much research in the 35 years since Shechtman's Nobel Prize-winning discovery.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
15.08.2017
Unique imaging of a dinosaur's skull tells evolutionary tale
Unique imaging of a dinosaur’s skull tells evolutionary tale
Researchers have exposed the inner structures of the fossil skull of a 74-million-year-old tyrannosauroid dinosaur nicknamed the Bisti Beast.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
15.08.2017
Scott Dodelson Appointed Head of Carnegie Mellon’s Department of Physics - News - Carnegie Mellon University
Renowned physicist Scott Dodelson has been named head of the Department of Physics in Carnegie Mellon University's Mellon College of Science.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
15.08.2017
Tracking a solar eruption through the Solar System / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
Tracking a solar eruption through the Solar System / Space Science / Our Activities / ESA
Ten spacecraft, from ESA's Venus Express to NASA's Voyager-2, felt the effect of a solar eruption as it washed through the Solar System while three other satellites watched, providing a unique perspective on this space weather event.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
14.08.2017
Early career scientists named Mong Fellows in Cornell Neurotech
Ten new Mong Family Foundation Fellows in Neurotech will work under the mentorship of faculty across Cornell to advance technologies that promise to provide insight into how brains work, as well as strategies to fix them when they don't.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
14.08.2017
Researchers develop tough, self-healing rubber
Imagine a tire that could heal after being punctured or a rubber band that never snapped. Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have developed a new type of rubber that is as tough as natural rubber but can also self-heal.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
14.08.2017
3-D Space Simulations Show How Galactic Centers Cool Their Jets | Berkeley Lab
3-D Space Simulations Show How Galactic Centers Cool Their Jets | Berkeley Lab
Theories and models by Berkeley Lab and Purdue University scientists show how instabilities develop in extreme energy releases from black holes Some of the most extreme outbursts observed in the universe are the mysterious jets of energy and matter beaming from the center of galaxies at nearly the speed of light.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
11.08.2017
New ultrathin semiconductor materials exceed some of silicon’s ’secret’ powers | Stanford News
Chip makers appreciate what most consumers never knew: silicon's virtues include the fact that it "rusts" in a way that insulates its tiny circuitry.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
11.08.2017
Chemists of the University of Münster develope a new method for the formation of fluorinated molecular rings
Chemists of the University of Münster develope a new method for the formation of fluorinated molecular rings
Dyes, pharmaceuticals, and functional materials - all of these products are generally based on innovative molecules made by chemists.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
11.08.2017
Mimicking Nature with Designer Molecules | Berkeley Lab
Mimicking Nature with Designer Molecules | Berkeley Lab
Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry is hosting the 10th Peptoid Summit , a gathering of students, postdocs, and other researchers who are investigating new directions in biologically inspired polymer research, focusing on synthetic chains of molecules termed "peptoids." The conference began Thursday and ends today.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
10.08.2017
NASA Selects the Arcus X-Ray Mission for Phase A Study
NASA Selects the Arcus X-Ray Mission for Phase A Study
NASA has announced that the Arcus X-ray mission concept has been selected for a "Phase A" study as part of the $250 million Medium-Class Explorer (MIDEX) program.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
10.08.2017
’Retraining’ the immune system
It may be possible to ‘retrain' the immune system to slow the progression of type 1 diabetes, according to a study by Cardiff University and King's College London. Researchers leading the MonoPepT1De trial observed noticeable changes in the behaviour of the immune systems of type 1 diabetes patients that had been injected with peptides - small fragments of the protein molecules found in the beta cells of the pancreas.
Physics/Materials Science
09.08.2017
FSI | CISAC - Perry urges deterrence on North Korea crisis
CISAC's William J. Perry issued the following statement today (Aug. 9) on the North Korea crisis that urged a return to deterrence on the part of the U.S.:  On Aug.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
09.08.2017
Why abseiling spiders don't spin out of control - new research
Why abseiling spiders don’t spin out of control - new research
Seeing an abseiling spider descend gracefully using its dragline silk instead of spinning unpredictably and uncontrollably is a magnificent sight.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
09.08.2017
Lunar dynamo's lifetime extended by at least 1 billion years
Lunar dynamo’s lifetime extended by at least 1 billion years
New evidence from ancient lunar rocks suggests that an active dynamo once churned within the molten metallic core of the moon, generating a magnetic field that lasted at least 1 billion years longer than previously thought. Dynamos are natural generators of magnetic fields around terrestrial bodies, and are powered by the churning of conducting fluids within many stars and planets.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
09.08.2017
Pioneering immunotherapy shows promise in type 1 diabetes
It may be possible to ‘retrain' the immune system to slow the progression of type 1 diabetes, according to results of a clinical trial published today in the journal Science Translational Medicine . Researchers leading the MonoPepT1De trial at King's College London and Cardiff University observed noticeable changes in the behaviour of the immune systems of type 1 diabetes patients that had been injected with peptides, small fragments of the protein molecules found in the beta cells of the pancreas.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Physics/Materials Science
08.08.2017
Illuminating solar energy
While solar cells generate just 1 percent of the world's electricity today, the International Energy Agency estimates that photovoltaic use will grow by 33 percent annually and, by 2050, solar energy could meet 16 percent of global electricity demand.
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science
08.08.2017
Tiny terahertz laser could be used for imaging, chemical detection
Tiny terahertz laser could be used for imaging, chemical detection
Terahertz radiation - the band of the electromagnetic spectrum between microwaves and visible light - has promising applications in medical and industrial imaging and chemical detection, among other uses.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
08.08.2017
Megamovie app makes photographing total eclipse a snap
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Physics/Materials Science
08.08.2017
Americans weigh in on nuclear war | Stanford News
Stanford scholar Scott Sagan found that a majority of Americans prioritize protecting U.S. troops and achieving American war aims, even when doing so would result in the use of nuclear weapons and the deaths of millions of civilians in another country.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
07.08.2017
August: protein cages | News | University of Bristol
August: protein cages | News | University of Bristol
A multidisciplinary team from the Bristol BioDesign Institute has come together to study the self-assembly of protein building into protein cages, leading to new research which has potential applications in nanotechnology and synthetic biology.
Physics/Materials Science
04.08.2017
Bird-safe streamers in place, peregrine falcon Fiat to leave any day
Bird-safe streamers in place, peregrine falcon Fiat to leave any day
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Physics/Materials Science - History/Archeology
04.08.2017
Physicists shed light on rarely seen 16th Century metal-working technique
Physicists shed light on rarely seen 16th Century metal-working technique
Imperial researchers have tested a 'blued' gauntlet from a 16th-century suit of armour with a method usually used to study solar panels. Metalworkers have used various techniques to prevent steel from rusting, some of which turn the metal black-blue. This ‘blueing' effect can be created in several different ways, including by applying heat or (in later years) chemicals.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
04.08.2017
Building a graphene-based nanotube biosensor
Building a graphene-based nanotube biosensor
Summer Series: Edward Honein has joined EPFL's Laboratory of Nanobiotechnology from the American University of Beirut.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
04.08.2017
Animals have it all over us when it comes to colour
Animals have it all over us when it comes to colour
University of Queensland researchers have developed new knowledge on how animals see and use colour, and how their colour vision has evolved. The Queensland Brain Institute's Professor Justin Marshall , co-author of a study undertaken with international colleagues, said colour had an important role in reproduction and prey-predator interactions, although it served diverse functions in various animals.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
03.08.2017
Carbon Conversion
Carbon Conversion
Chemists have figured out a new, more efficient way to create carbon-based fuels from carbon dioxide (CO 2 ). In chemical reactions performed in the lab, a Caltech team has identified a new additive that helps selectively convert CO 2 into fuels containing multiple carbon atoms-a step toward ultimately making renewable liquid fuels that are not derived from coal or oil.
Physics/Materials Science - Event
03.08.2017
Yale appoints first vice provost for research: physicist Peter Schiffer | YaleNews
Peter Schiffer, an experimental physicist currently at the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, has been named the university's inaugural vice provost for research - a post created to bring a
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
03.08.2017
New clue to solving the mystery of the sun’s hot atmosphere
The elemental composition of the Sun's hot atmosphere known as the 'corona' is strongly linked to the 11-year solar magnetic activity cycle, a team of scientists from UCL, George Mason University and Naval Research Laboratory has revealed for the first time.  The study, published and funded by the NASA Hinode program, shows that an increase in magnetic activity goes hand in hand with an increase of certain elements, such as Iron, in the solar corona.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science
03.08.2017
Testing the Limits for the Patients’ Benefit
Radiation therapy using protons is a success story at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI. For several decades now, doctors have been administering a gentle form of radiation treatment to patients with ocular tumours or those located deep inside the body.
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy
03.08.2017
World’s smallest neutrino detector observes elusive interactions of particles | UChicago News
In 1974, a Fermilab physicist predicted a new way for ghostly particles called neutrinos to interact with matter. More than four decades later, a UChicago-led team of physicists built the world's smallest neutrino detector to observe the elusive interaction for the first time. Neutrinos are a challenge to study because their interactions with matter are so rare.
Computer Science/Telecom - Physics/Materials Science
03.08.2017
Designing the microstructure of printed objects
Designing the microstructure of printed objects
Today's 3-D printers have a resolution of 600 dots per inch, which means that they could pack a billion tiny cubes of different materials into a volume that measures just 1.67 cubic inches.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
02.08.2017
Scientists Watch ’Artificial Atoms’ Assemble into Perfect Lattices with Many Uses |
A serendipitous discovery lets researchers spy on this self-assembly process for the first time with SLAC's X-ray synchrotron. What they learn will help them fine-tune precision materials for electronics, catalysis and more. Menlo Park, Calif. Some of the world's tiniest crystals are known as "artificial atoms" because they can organize themselves into structures that look like molecules, including "superlattices" that are potential building blocks for novel materials.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
02.08.2017
Heat-conducting plastic could lead to lighter electronics, cars
Heat-conducting plastic could lead to lighter electronics, cars
ANN ARBOR-Advanced plastics could usher in lighter, cheaper, more energy-efficient product components, including those used in vehicles, LEDs and computers-if only they were better at dissipating heat.
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science
02.08.2017
New Simulations Could Help in Hunt for Massive Mergers of Neutron Stars, Black Holes
New Simulations Could Help in Hunt for Massive Mergers of Neutron Stars, Black Holes
Now that scientists can detect the wiggly distortions in space-time created by the merger of massive black holes, they are setting their sights on the dynamics and aftermath of other cosmic duos that unify in catastrophic collisions. Working with an international team, scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed new computer models to explore what happens when a black hole joins with a neutron star - the superdense remnant of an exploded star.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
01.08.2017
Structure of newly discovered antibiotics finally pinned down
Structure of newly discovered antibiotics finally pinned down
Chemists from the University of Bristol have revised the structure of baulamycins A and B by combining chemical synthesis, computational modelling and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In 2014, a team from Michigan University discovered two molecules, baulamycins A and B, from the coast of Costa Rica that were very active against anthrax and superbug MRSA.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
01.08.2017
Safely releasing genetically modified genes into the wild
So, you've genetically engineered a malaria-resistant mosquito, now what? How many mosquitos would you need to replace the disease-carrying wild type? What is the most effective distribution pattern? How could you stop a premature release of the engineered mosquitos? Releasing genetically engineered organisms into an environment without knowing the answers to these questions could cause irreversible damage to the ecosystem.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
01.08.2017
$9M grant will create neurotech research hub at Cornell
Principal investigators for the Cornell Neurotechnology NeuroNex Hub.
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government
01.08.2017
Trump, Kim Jong Un: 2 scorpions in a bottle
Trump, Kim Jong Un: 2 scorpions in a bottle
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Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
31.07.2017
Single-photon emitter has promise for quantum info-processing
Single-photon emitter has promise for quantum info-processing
The Laboratory has produced the first known material capable of single-photon emission at room temperature and at telecommunications wavelengths. "By chemically modifying the nanotube surface to controllably introduce light-emitting defects, we have developed carbon nanotubes as a single photon source, working toward implementing defect-state quantum emitters operating at room temperature and demonstrating their function in technologically useful wavelengths," said Stephen Doorn.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
31.07.2017
Cognitive scientist calls for integration in language sciences
In a new opinion piece in a major publication, Morten Christiansen , professor of psychology, describes how the study of language has fragmented into many highly-specialized areas of study that tend not to talk to each other.
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
31.07.2017
InSitu@CHESS offers material-testing help to industry, academia
Graduate student Mark Obstalecki, left, prepares a sample for the Rotational and Axial Motion System (RAMS) in the F2 hutch at CHESS under the watchful eye of Matthew Miller, professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and director of InSitµ@CHESS.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
31.07.2017
Regular road closures help children get active
Regular road closures help children get active
New research from the University of Bristol shows that playing outside, aided by regular road closures, helps to increase children's physical activity.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
28.07.2017
From Zurich to Berlin in 35 minutes
From Zurich to Berlin in 35 minutes
Fifty students from ETH Zurich and other Swiss universities want to revolutionise transport. For a race set up by Elon Musk, they have developed a zero emission capsule that could in future transport people and goods through a vacuum tube at almost the speed of sound.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
28.07.2017
Lights! Action! Photo-Activated Catalyst Grabs CO2 to Make Ingredients for Fuel
Lights! Action! Photo-Activated Catalyst Grabs CO2 to Make Ingredients for Fuel
Berkeley Lab-led study shows potential for new crystalline material to advance clean fuel technology while reducing a greenhouse gas Scientists have developed a light-activated material that can chemically convert carbon dioxide into carbon monoxide without generating unwanted byproducts. The achievement marks a significant step forward in developing technology that could help generate fuel and other energy-rich products using a solar-powered catalyst while mitigating levels of a potent greenhouse gas.
Physics/Materials Science
27.07.2017
Atomic movies may help explain why perovskite solar cells are more efficient
SLAC's ultrafast 'electron camera' reveals unusual atomic motions that could be crucial for the efficiency of next-generation perovskite solar cells.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
27.07.2017
Ultracold molecules hold promise for quantum computing
Ultracold molecules hold promise for quantum computing
Researchers have taken an important step toward the long-sought goal of a quantum computer, which in theory should be capable of vastly faster computations than conventional computers, for certain kinds of problems. The new work shows that collections of ultracold molecules can retain the information stored in them, for hundreds of times longer than researchers have previously achieved in these materials.
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