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Consumer sentiment remains on high plateau in April
ANN ARBOR?Consumer sentiment in April continued to travel on the high plateau established following Donald Trump's election, with only minor deviations from its five-month average of 97.4, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers. There is widespread agreement among consumers on their very positive assessments of the current state of the economy, as well as widespread disagreement on future economic prospects, according to U-M economist Richard Curtin, who directs the surveys.
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
Oakland County’s economy hits cruising altitude
ANN ARBOR‘Oakland County roared out of the recession with a job growth rate of 2.4 percent per year from 2009 to 2016'outpacing both the nation's and Michigan's job growth in the same period.
All the news that’s fit to paywall
ANN ARBOR?Newspapers have tried various ways to monetize online content, with many turning to paywalls as a new source of income.
For many women, body image and sex life may suffer after episiotomy
ANN ARBOR'Women who have episiotomies after childbirth reported having poorer body image and less satisfying sex lives than women who tear and heal naturally. The University of Michigan study challenges the conventional thinking that an episiotomy yields a more aesthetically and visually pleasing repair than tearing naturally during childbirth.
U-M's new Orson Welles acquisition from his daughter reveals never-before-seen work
U-M’s new Orson Welles acquisition from his daughter reveals never-before-seen work
ANN ARBOR'A new set of materials from Beatrice Welles will make the University of Michigan Library's Orson Welles collection the world's most comprehensive resource for Welles scholars and fans.
Why drivers own light trucks over cars
ANN ARBOR'A new national survey from the University of Michigan explores why consumers choose to drive SUVs, pick-ups, vans and minivans over cars, even though these so-called "light trucks" generally demonstrate lower fuel economy than passenger cars.
Meet George Jetson: Most Americans favor flying cars
ANN ARBOR?Despite considerable concerns about the safety of flying cars, two-thirds of Americans say they would like to ride in or operate their own airborne vehicle.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
Incarceration creates more mental health concerns for African-American men
ANN ARBOR?African-American men who have spent time behind bars show worse mental health conditions compared with men of the same race with no history of incarceration, according to a new U-M study. Researchers from U-M, Rutgers University and Texas A&M University found an association between African-American men with a history of incarceration and mental health, with mental health being defined as psychological distress and depressive symptoms.
Administration/Government - Business/Economics
Will paying income taxes make you work harder?
ANN ARBOR‘Filing the annual income tax return is never a pleasant chore, but do taxes affect your motivation to work' The findings from economic research have been mixed.
Religions - Media
Islamophobia is Racism: Syllabus to initiate discussion, learning
FACULTY Q&A Evelyn Alsultany In response to anti-Muslim racism, a group of interdisciplinary scholars across the country have come together to create the #IslamophobiaIsRacism syllabus to provide resources for teaching and learning.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
Voluntary value-based health programs dramatically reduce hospital readmissions
ANN ARBOR'When it comes to programs that improve quality and cost in hospitals new research from the University of Michigan finds a carrot is indeed better than a stick. Participation in one or more voluntary value-based health care programs had a greater impact on keeping patients from returning to the hospital within 30 days for three common diagnoses than the government's mandatory program that penalizes acute care facilities for high readmission rates, U-M researchers found.
Life Sciences
What makes memories tick
ANN ARBOR?Scientists have known that a lack of sleep can interfere with the ability to learn and make memories. Now, a group of University of Michigan researchers have found how sleep deprivation affects memory-making in the brain. Previously, researchers knew that depriving mice of sleep after the mice performed a task resulted in the mice forgetting aspects of that task.
’Feminist’ platform can be electorally risky
ANN ARBOR'The outcome of the contentious 2016 presidential election still baffles many political pundits, scholars and voters.
Environment/Sustainable Development
Vehicle fuel economy up slightly
ANN ARBOR'Gas mileage of new vehicles sold in the U.S. ticked upward in March, say researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
Attention to common risk factors can impact disability rates
ANN ARBOR?Reducing or eliminating five common risk factors could decrease the prevalence of disability across the United States, according to research led by the University of Michigan. The percentage of people with disabilities in the U.S. declined steadily during the 1980s and '90s but has since plateaued.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Business/Economics
Diversity dividends: The economic value of grassland species for carbon storage
Diversity dividends: The economic value of grassland species for carbon storage
ANN ARBOR'A collaboration of scientists has developed one of the first models to assign a dollar value to the loss or gain of species in an ecosystem.
Social Sciences
American National Election Studies data available
ANN ARBOR'With public responses on polarizing political issues, such as immigration and trade, the latest data from the American National Election Studies at the University of Michigan is now available. Since 1948, ANES has provided elections data about voting, public opinion and political participation to social scientists, teachers, students, policymakers and journalists.
Physics/Materials Science - Business/Economics
Renovated nuclear reactor building opens as world-class labs
Renovated nuclear reactor building opens as world-class labs
ANN ARBOR'More than a decade after the Ford Nuclear Reactor shut down for the last time, the building comes back to life today as the Nuclear Engineering Laboratory.
Psychology - Careers/Employment
Juggling act: Dads seek work-family balance after second child
ANN ARBOR'There's a tug-of-war in many households after the second child is born, but don't blame the siblings. The struggle involves dads, who feel increased pressure to balance work and family in the new two-child home. In fact, work-family conflict inhibits men from being involved in infant care after the birth of a second child in both dual and single-earner families, according to a new University of Michigan study.
Partisanship rules consumer sentiment in March
ANN ARBOR'The continued strength in consumer sentiment has been due to optimistic views on three critical components: higher incomes and wealth, more favorable job prospects, and low inflation expectations. All of these factors, however, have been influenced by partisanship, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers.
History/Archeology - Literature/Linguistics
Bentley Historical Library digitizes 12 decades of Michigan Daily history
ANN ARBOR'The University of Michigan Bentley Historical Library will unveil 12 decades of the Michigan Daily history through a new online database that will contain searchable digital copies of the historic paper.
Computer Science/Telecom
Who gains most from high-skilled foreign workers?
ANN ARBOR?Foreign computer scientists granted H-1B visas to work in the United States during the IT boom of the 1990s had a significant impact on workers, consumers and tech companies.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences
Dust plays prominent role in nutrients of mountain forest ecosystems, researchers conclude
Dust plays prominent role in nutrients of mountain forest ecosystems, researchers conclude
ANN ARBOR?Scientists have known for decades that tropical places like Hawaii, with lush landscapes and vegetation, nutritionally benefit from the dust that blows from Asia. Now, a team led by University of Michigan and University of Wyoming researchers demonstrates that airborne dust can also drive the evolution of nutrient budgets in mountainous forest ecosystems.
Business/Economics - History/Archeology
Battle for ’Mobile India’
India's ultra-competitive mobile market is in the midst of a major shake-up. Telecommunications companies are scrambling to either consolidate or cut their losses and run.
It’s really about me, not ’you’
ANN ARBOR'To cope with negative experiences or to share an insight, people often use the word "you" rather than "I." "You" is an overlooked word that people use to express norms and rules, new University of Michigan research found. Researchers conducted nine experiments with nearly 2,500 people to understand why people curiously use "you" not only to refer to specific others, but also to reflect on their own experiences.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
Researchers focus on cell membranes to develop Alzheimer’s treatments
ANN ARBOR'Thin parts of the cell membranes of neurons turn out to be particularly vulnerable to a protein that collects in the brain of people with Alzheimer's disease, according to a University of Michigan researcher. The discovery could open an avenue for developing treatments for Alzheimer's disease that work within the cell's membrane.
Pedagogy/Education Science - Psychology
Boys secure in their racial identity seek more diverse friendships
ANN ARBOR'Kids often seek answers from parents, friends and media to better understand their racial identity.
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
Transparent silver: Tarnish-proof films for flexible displays, touch screens, metamaterials
Transparent silver: Tarnish-proof films for flexible displays, touch screens, metamaterials
ANN ARBOR'The thinnest, smoothest layer of silver that can survive air exposure has been laid down at the University of Michigan, and it could change the way touchscreens and flat or flexible displays are made.
Environment/Sustainable Development
U-M Central Power Plant expansion expected to reduce emissions
ANN ARBOR'A new combustion turbine at the University of Michigan's Central Power Plant is expected to reduce greenhouse gas emissions significantly, lowering emission levels halfway toward the university's 2025 sustainability goal.
History/Archeology - Architecture
Readers can virtually explore Italian archeology dig in new U-M publication
ANN ARBOR'A team of archeologists has published its first volume about the Gabii Project, a large-scale dig of an ancient city in Italy, in a first-of-its-kind online format.
Overnight stock trades capture investor sentiment
ANN ARBOR?Market watchers know investor sentiment-decisions based more on gut feelings than fundamentals'moves prices. While there are marketwide measures of sentiment, finding one for individual companies has been elusive. But new research by Reuven Lehavy of the University of Michigan Ross School of Business and colleagues shows overnight stock trades capture investor sentiment at the company level.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment
U-M startup HistoSonics raises $8.3 million
ANN ARBOR'A University of Michigan startup that's developing a non-invasive way to remove diseased tissue from cancer patients using high-intensity ultrasound has attracted $8.3 million in Series B financing.
U-M to help improve communications technology, data in underserved communities
U-M to help improve communications technology, data in underserved communities
ANN ARBOR'The University of Michigan School of Information has announced the future establishment of two new information centers to improve communications infrastructure in underserved communities and advance data usage by organizations that serve populations in those areas.
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering
Ultrashort light pulses for fast 'lightwave' computers
Ultrashort light pulses for fast ’lightwave’ computers
ANN ARBOR?Extremely short, configurable "femtosecond" pulses of light demonstrated by an international team could lead to future computers that run up to 100,000 times faster than today's electronics.
Business/Economics - Law/Forensics
Election results in largest Indian state: U-M experts can comment
EXPERTS ADVISORY The victory by the ruling Bhartiya Janata Party in Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state in India with more than 220 million people, is seen as a referendum on Prime Minister Narendra Modi's demonetization move last year.
US manufacturing plants cleaner as overseas suppliers do dirty work
ANN ARBOR'Toxic emissions from manufacturing plants in the United States have dropped as the production of more pollution-intensive goods shifted to low-wage countries, says a University of Michigan researcher. "We found that domestic plants pollute less on American soil as their parent firm imports more from low-wage countries.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
Medicaid expansion boosts access, reduces cost for poor
ANN ARBOR?States that participated in Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act saw increased insurance rates and access to care, less worry about paying medical bills, but also longer wait times among low-income residents, according to new research. In a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Sarah Miller of the University of Michigan and Laura Wherry of the University of California, Los Angeles, analyze survey data from states that participated in the Medicaid expansion and states that declined.
Social Sciences - Business/Economics
Private companies more likely to embrace corporate responsibility
ANN ARBOR'When companies make public declarations of social responsibility, it can be hard to tell whether they actually change practices or if they exaggerate the impact'a practice known as greenwashing.
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry
Lasers can detect weapons-grade uranium from afar
Lasers can detect weapons-grade uranium from afar
ANN ARBOR'A technique for detecting enriched uranium with lasers could help regulators sniff out illicit nuclear activities from as far as a couple of miles away. It's hard enough to identify nuclear materials when you can directly scan a suspicious suitcase or shipping container. But if you can‘t get close' Now, the researchers have shown that a technique often used to identify chemicals at a distance can also distinguish between ordinary uranium-238 and the fission-prone uranium-235.
Treating high-needs patients: Some health care practices have edge
ANN ARBOR?Primary health care practices that treat a higher proportion of high-needs patients perform better on a range of spending and utilization measures, say researchers at the University of Michigan. At the same time, smaller practices do a better job of caring for the high-needs patients, defined as those with two or more physical, mental or behavioral health concerns, they say.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
U-M leads major new regenerative medicine center funded by NIH
ANN ARBOR'A new interdisciplinary health sciences resource center at the University of Michigan has received an $11.7 million award from the National Institutes of Health to advance regenerative medicine.
Agronomy/Food Science - Life Sciences
Mom’s weight in early pregnancy associated with child’s cerebral palsy
ANN ARBOR'Being overweight or obese during pregnancy increases the chance of having a child with cerebral palsy, according to new research led by the University of Michigan School of Public Health and the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.
Astronomy - Life Sciences
Time capsule satellite will carry stories to space
Time capsule satellite will carry stories to space
ANN ARBOR'They're calling it the first space time capsule.
Environment/Sustainable Development
Vehicle fuel economy remains unchanged
ANN ARBOR'Gas mileage of new vehicles sold in the U.S. held steady in February, say researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.
Computer Science/Telecom - Sport Sciences
Game theory could improve cyberwarfare strategy
ANN ARBOR?Whether a nation should retaliate against a cyber attack is a complicated decision, and a new framework guided by game theory could help policymakers determine the best strategy.
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science
Synthetic tooth enamel may lead to more resilient structures
Synthetic tooth enamel may lead to more resilient structures
ANN ARBOR‘Unavoidable vibrations, such as those on airplanes, cause rigid structures to age and crack, but researchers at the University of Michigan may have an answer for that'design them more like tooth enamel, which could lead to more resilient flight computers, for instance.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
Gas mileage up a gallon since early ’90s
ANN ARBOR?Despite advancements in fuel-saving technologies over the last 25 years, on-road fuel economy for all vehicles is up only one mile per gallon during that time.
Partisanship dominates consumer optimism in February
ANN ARBOR?Although consumer confidence edged downward in February, the overall average in the past three months was the highest in more than a decade, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers. Normally, the implication would be that consumers expected Trump's election to have a positive economic impact, according to U-M economist Richard Curtin, who directs the surveys.
Sport Sciences - Business/Economics
What video gamers can teach us about customer engagement
ANN ARBOR?Customer engagement is one of those buzzwords that's often talked about, difficult to define and even harder to measure. But it's critical to figure out for makers of video games, who operate in a noisy, crowded and competitive industry. Researchers at the University of Michigan's Ross School of Business obtained player data for a popular first-person shooter game and built a model that measured customer engagement based on game play.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
Unintended pregnancy: A new conversation is needed
ANN ARBOR?Contrary to prevailing thought, first-time mothers who receive more educational advantages at an early age are more likely to have their first birth result from an unintended pregnancy, a new University of Michigan study found.
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