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Vaping: U.S. teens lured by flavors, not nicotine
ANN ARBOR?Whether their preference is Belgian waffle, kettle corn, sweet tea or endless other choices, it's the flavor'not the nicotine'that entices U.S. teens to vape, a new University of Michigan study indicated. Vaping prevalence among youth has grown exponentially in recent years, but what substances youth vape is largely unknown.
Consumer confidence in holding pattern in August
ANN ARBOR?Consumers were a bit less optimistic in August than one month or even one year ago, although consumer confidence remains at a reasonably high level, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers.
Environment/Sustainable Development
Biofuels increase, rather than decrease, heat-trapping carbon dioxide emissions
ANN ARBOR'A new study from University of Michigan researchers challenges the widely held assumption that biofuels such as ethanol and biodiesel are inherently carbon neutral. Contrary to popular belief, the heat-trapping carbon dioxide gas emitted when biofuels are burned is not fully balanced by the CO2 uptake that occurs as the plants grow, according to a study by research professor John DeCicco and co-authors at the U-M Energy Institute.
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
U-M startup Fusion Coolant raises $1.25 million
ANN ARBOR?Fusion Coolant Systems, a University of Michigan spinout based in Canton, announced it has raised $1.25 million in its first close of Series B funding.
Social Sciences
U-M study: Some black men face discrimination on a weekly basis
ANN ARBOR?Others being afraid of you as you walk by. Shopping in a store and being followed by an employee.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
Biological invasions threaten biodiversity, economy in developing countries
ANN ARBOR?Invasions from alien plants, animals and pathogens threaten the economies and livelihoods of residents in some of the world's poorest nations, according to a new study by an international research team including a University of Michigan biologist. One-sixth of the global land surface is highly vulnerable to invasion, including substantial areas in developing countries and biodiversity hotspots, according to a study published online Aug.
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
Driverless vehicle startups move into U-M incubator
ANN ARBOR'Three high-potential companies from the West Coast?Zendrive, PolySync and Civil Maps'will join TechLab at Mcity this fall, moving resources to develop their driverless vehicle technologies in Ann Arbor.
Social Sciences
Assisted housing segregation may reduce children’s chances for upward mobility
ANN ARBOR?Children might find it particularly difficult to escape poverty if they live someplace where government-assisted housing is segregated across neighborhoods.
Careers/Employment - Environment/Sustainable Development
Co-working spaces: Where everyone knows your name
ANN ARBOR'We often envy the remote or freelance worker who saves time commuting and dressing up, but rarely do we consider how many might feel isolated and socially adrift.
Event - Medicine/Pharmacology
Female scientists to sample plastics in all five Great Lakes
ANN ARBOR?Female scientists from the U.S. and Canada will set sail Aug. 20 on all five Great Lakes and connecting waterways to sample plastic debris pollution and to raise public awareness about the issue.
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Medicine/Pharmacology
Motorized prosthetics improves lives of amputees
ANN ARBOR'When asked about her chosen field, Deanna Gates, director of the Rehabilitation Biomechanics Laboratory at the University of Michigan, always joked that she wanted to make Luke Skywalker's hand.
Toyota Research Institute partners with U-M to accelerate artificial intelligence research
$22 million investment to begin research collaborations focused on autonomous vehicles and advanced robotics projects ANN ARBOR?Research focused on artificial intelligence, robotics and autonomo
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
Smoking greatly reduces life expectancy for those with serious mental illness
ANN ARBOR?Smokers with serious mental illness have their lives cut short by about 15 years, compared with people who have never smoked and who do not have serious mental illness, research from the University of Michigan shows.
Environment/Sustainable Development
Vehicle fuel economy rose last month
ANN ARBOR'Gas mileage of new vehicles sold in the U.S. during July ticked upward, say researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.
Sport Sciences - Politics
Q&A on the Olympics with Andrei Markovits: Why Rio needs the Olympics now more than ever
Andrei Markovits ANN ARBOR'For the next two weeks, the world's attention will be focused on Brazil and the Olympic Games.
Michigan life science innovators: Apply now for funds to kickstart an idea
ANN ARBOR'Many medical research teams around Michigan have ideas that hold real potential to help patients and generate jobs.
Environment/Sustainable Development
Republicans increasingly noncommittal on global warming
ANN ARBOR'The number of Americans who believe there is no evidence of global warming hit its lowest level in eight years, yet more Republicans are unsure that there is evidence of climate change even as 2016 is shaping up as the warmest year on record.
July consumer confidence: Improved finances, low interest rates support spending
ANN ARBOR?Consumers were a bit less optimistic in July than one month or one year ago, although consumer confidence remains at a reasonably high level, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
Sports protect teen athletes from abusing opioids, heroin
ANN ARBOR'Teen athletes are not as likely to abuse prescription painkillers or heroin as non-athletes, according to a new University of Michigan study published this week in the journal Pediatrics.
Companies flee audit firms who lose big clients, flock to those who win them
ANN ARBOR'Big accounting firms rely on big-name clients to make a profit and build credibility. So how bad is it when a firm loses an industry leader client in its audit business due to performance?
Social Sciences - Administration/Government
Q&A: An attempted coup in Turkey opened the door for opposition’s purge
ANN ARBOR- A failed attempt by Turkey's military to oust President Tayyip Erdogan on July 15 left more than 200 people dead and hundreds injured.
Walk this way: Low-income moms could see health benefits
ANN ARBOR'Low-income urban mothers place a low priority on walking because of their desire to focus on other daily tasks and responsibilities, according to a new University of Michigan study.
Q&A on the Olympics: Will Rio be ready?
ANN ARBOR'The 2016 Summer Olympics Games in Rio de Janeiro begin in August. But the games have been plagued by a host of unexpected problems including: A catastrophic economic crisis; political upheaval after Brazil President Dilma Rousseff was impeached; and the emergence of the Zika virus.
Politics - Media
Crucial party time: Republicans, Democrats need to unify at political conventions
ANN ARBOR'It's the televised pep rally intended to unify a political party.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
U-M to help White House, NIH advance precision medicine
ANN ARBOR'A tool that helps determine if someone with diabetes could manage it better with drugs or diet and exercise.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
U-M, international research team explore genetic architecture of type 2 diabetes
ANN ARBOR'New research from a large international team of scientists offers a more complete picture of the genes responsible for type 2 diabetes, demonstrating that previously identified common alleles shared by many in the world are the biggest culprits'not the less common variants some scientists had hypothesized might play a large role in who gets the disease.
Earth Sciences
To the breaking point: Testing ideas about the evolution of long-necked sauropod dinosaurs
ANN ARBOR? Sauropod dinosaurs were the largest land-dwelling animals of all time, with highly elongated necks and tails that were held suspended above the ground. Holding up such massive body parts would have placed huge stresses on the spine, especially at the flexible joints between the vertebrae.
Arts and Design
U-M athletes ready for the Rio Olympics
ANN ARBOR'A group of 23 competitors with University of Michigan connections punched their tickets to the 2016 Olympic Games and Paralympics that start next month in Brazil.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Administration/Government
U-M researchers, partners predict smaller harmful algal bloom for western Lake Erie in 2016
ANN ARBOR?University of Michigan researchers and their partners predict that western Lake Erie will experience a less severe harmful algal bloom in 2016 than last year's record­-setting event.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
Promise of shared patient data uncertain
ANN ARBOR'The vision for broad sharing of clinical data through Health Information Exchanges is a bit hazy, according to two University of Michigan research studies that show the number of public exch
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology
Not a ’happy’ meal: A la carte can be healthier option
ANN ARBOR?Selecting the value meal or combo option at your favorite restaurant may save a few cents, but it isn't the healthiest option compared to choosing items a la carte. A new study by researchers at the University of Michigan, York College and Virginia Tech University found that consumers make healthier decisions when they choose food items individually rather than a combination meal with pre-determined items.
Vehicle fuel economy in the U.S. slips in June
ANN ARBOR'Gas mileage of new vehicles sold in the U.S. during June dipped slightly, say researchers at the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute.
Life Sciences
Dishonesty is aggressively punished in the world of paper wasps
Dishonesty is aggressively punished in the world of paper wasps
ANN ARBOR-Is honesty really the best policy? Isn't it more beneficial to cheat, if you can get away with it? A study from the insect world provides a new perspective on honest communication by showing that paper wasps that send dishonest signals are aggressively punished, and the drubbing can have long-term impacts.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development
Grant will accelerate study of environmental impacts on health
ANN ARBOR-A $7.5 million grant renewal from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences to the University of Michigan School of Public Health will advance research on the effects of enviro
Arrival at Jupiter: U-M engineer involved in historic Juno mission
ANN ARBOR-After a five-year journey to Jupiter, the Juno spacecraft will enter orbit around the gas giant world on Monday.
Life Sciences
Powerful defense against free radicals that cause aging, disease
Powerful defense against free radicals that cause aging, disease
ANN ARBOR-Free radicals cause cell damage and death, aging and disease, and scientists have sought new ways to repel them for years.
Arts and Design - History/Archeology
National Anthem expert debunks famous myths about ’The Star-Spangled Banner’
One of the nation's foremost experts on "The Star-Spangled Banner" is Mark Clague, associate professor of musicology at the University of Michigan School of Music, Theatre & Dance.
Tap into positive energy for a better workday
ANN ARBOR-It's no secret that feeling positive vibes from people you work with makes the job more enjoyable. But a new University of Michigan study shows a leader's positive energy has a direct impact on productivity, absenteeism and commitment. People who work with positive energy leaders also do more work outside their official roles, and have more satisfying family lives.
Business/Economics - Careers/Employment
$8M DOD grant aims to address defense downsizing
ANN ARBOR-Michigan, Ohio and Indiana have lost more than 6,800 defense supply-chain positions in recent years-cuts spurred largely by the ending of two foreign wars and the current federal fiscal environment.
HathiTrust at U-M, NFB to make 14M+ books accessible to blind and print-disabled users
ANN ARBOR-More than 14 million digital books will soon be made available to blind and print-disabled users, thanks to a new collaboration involving the National Federation of the Blind and the HathiTrust Digital Library, a digital repository hosted at the University of Michigan.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Politics
Political pitfalls in handling Ebola may carry over to Zika
ANN ARBOR-If the United States responds to Zika the way it did to Ebola-and early indications are that in many ways it is-the country can expect missteps brought about by a lack of health care coordin
Women lack confidence in maternity care providers
ANN ARBOR-Every woman who has ever had a baby shower has had to sit through the gruesome war stories about labor and childbirth. A new University of Michigan study shows that women are even more afraid of childbirth than previously thought-and are as concerned about their health care providers and their place of birth as they are about pain or complications.
Heading to the hospital? Even with insurance, it may cost you at least a grand
ANN ARBOR-Even if you have what you might think of as good health insurance, your next hospital stay could cost more than $1,000 out of your pocket. And that amount has gone up sharply in recent years, rising more than 37 percent just for straightforward hospital stays for common conditions, say University of Michigan researchers.
Consumer spending keeps economy afloat in June
ANN ARBOR-Consumers were a bit less optimistic in June due to rising concerns about prospects for the economy, according to the University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom
U-M data science projects promise to transform transportation
ANN ARBOR-On-demand, driverless public buses. Data-driven accident avoidance systems. "Smart" traffic systems that dramatically reduce emissions and congestion.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
Roger Cone named director of U-M Life Sciences Institute
ANN ARBOR-Roger Cone will serve as the new Mary Sue Coleman Director of the University of Michigan Life Sciences Institute, effective Sept.
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
Hospital ERs play vital role in reducing youth violence in urban communities
ANN ARBOR-Thirty minutes of counseling during an emergency room visit can decrease a young person's involvement in future violent behaviors, researchers at the University of Michigan have found. Researchers from the Michigan Youth Violence Prevention Center and the U-M Injury Center found that a single, structured counseling session delivered to high-risk youth by a social worker-level therapist was successful in decreasing violent aggression among participants in the two-months following the study period, as well as raising their confidence that they could avoid a fight in the future.
Four paths to the end of life-one far more expensive than others-emerge in new study
ANN ARBOR-Last-ditch, high-tech heroic treatments. Days in the hospital intensive care unit. You might think this is what makes dying in America so expensive-and that it's where we should focus efforts to spend the nation's health care dollars more wisely. But a new University of Michigan study finds that for nearly half of older Americans, the pattern of high spending on health care was already in motion a full year before they died.
Careers/Employment - Business/Economics
U-M cyber security startup purchased by FICO
U-M cyber security startup purchased by FICO
ANN ARBOR-QuadMetrics, a cyber risk security startup licensed from the University of Michigan in 2015, announced it has been purchased. Financial terms were not disclosed. Analytic software company FICO of San Jose, Calif., bought QuadMetrics to help in its development of a FICO Enterprise Security Score.
Careers/Employment - Law/Forensics
’Ban the Box’ leads to increase in employer racial discrimination
ANN ARBOR-"Ban the Box" legislation seeks to open doors to employment for people with criminal records by barring employers from asking about records on employment applications.
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