news 2009


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Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
24.12.2009
UCLA scientists find molecular switch to prevent Huntington’s disease in mice
UCLA scientists have identified a molecular switch that prevents Huntington's disease from developing in mice. Published in the Dec. 24 edition of the journal Neuron, the discovery suggests a new approach to treating the genetic disorder, which ultimately leads to death in as little as 10 years. Affecting one out of every 10,000 Americans, Huntington's progressively deprives patients of their ability to walk, speak, think clearly and swallow.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
23.12.2009
Risk with obesity may be greater than previously thought
Risk with obesity may be greater than previously thought
The link between obesity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, diabetes and certain forms of cancer may be substantially underestimated, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet. The study, which is published in the scientific journal BMJ, also suggests that some of the adverse consequences of being underweight may be overstated.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
22.12.2009
New human reproductive hormone could lead to novel contraceptives
New human reproductive hormone could lead to novel contraceptives
BERKELEY — Nearly 10 years after the discovery that birds make a hormone that suppresses reproduction, University of California, Berkeley, neuroscientists have established that humans make it too, opening the door to the development of a new class of contraceptive and possible treatments for cancer or other diseases.
Life Sciences - Business/Economics
21.12.2009
Seven European Research Council Advanced Grants for UCL
Seven European Research Council Advanced Grants for UCL
Michael Browne, Head of European Research and Development at UCL said: ?These grants are designed to allow exceptional established research leaders in any field of science, engineering and scholarship to pursue risk-taking, interdisciplinary and pioneering research. The Advanced Grant scheme, in particular, is highly competitive (with an overall success rate of seven percent) and highly prestigious.? MECHANICITY (Morphology, Energy and Climate cHANge In the CITY) led by Professor Michael Batty (UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis).
History/Archeology
21.12.2009
High Score for ’Social’ Video Games, Study Finds
As the Beatles Rock Band and Wii Fit top the Christmas charts, new research from the University of Birmingham reveals that social interactions are key to designing a hit video game. Findings suggest the most important elements of good game design include variety, cohesion, a good social aspect and good user interaction, while bad pricing should be avoided.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
21.12.2009
SEK 100 million for Swedish Brain Power
The national research network Swedish Brain Power, which is led and coordinated from Karolinska Institutet, is to receive SEK 100 million from the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation. Its research focuses on early diagnosis and treatment and improved care for patients with Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and ALS.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
20.12.2009
UN report highlights Plymouth's climate change research
The University of Plymouth's world-leading ocean acidification research has been highlighted in a United Nations report launched at the end of the Copenhagen Climate Change summit. 'Scientific Synthesis of the Impacts of Ocean Acidification on Marine Biodiversity', compiled by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity is the most comprehensive overview to date of all existing scientific evidence on ocean acidification - including breakthrough research led by the University of Plymouth’s Jason Hall-Spencer.
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences
17.12.2009
Astronomers find world with inhospitable atmosphere
Astronomers find world with inhospitable atmosphere
Astronomers have discovered the second super-Earth exoplanet for which they have determined the mass and radius, giving vital clues about its structure.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
17.12.2009
Marking of tissue-specific genes in embryonic stem cells crucial to ensure proper cell function
Tissue-specific genes, long thought to be dormant or unmarked for activation in embryonic stem cells, are indeed marked by transcription factors, and this marking may be crucial for the function of tissues derived from stem cells, UCLA Broad Stem Cell Center researchers have discovered. The findings, published in the Dec.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
17.12.2009
Gene variant connected with lung function and risk of COPD
A variant of the gene encoding the MMP12 protein is associated with increased lung function in children with asthma and in adult smokers. It is also associated with a decreased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by 35 percent in adult smokers, according to an international study published in New England Journal of Medicine.
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science
17.12.2009
Scientists Use Light to Map Neurons’ Effects on One Another
Cambridge, Mass. December 17, 2009 - Scientists at Harvard University have used light and genetic trickery to trace out neurons' ability to excite or inhibit one another, literally shedding new light on the question of how neurons interact with one another in live animals. The work is described in the current issue of the journal Nature Methods.
Life Sciences
17.12.2009
Discovery of 4.4 million-year-old "Ardi" named Breakthrough of the Year
The discovery, reported in the journal's Oct. 2 issue by an international team co-led by Tim White, a University of California, Berkeley, professor of integrative biology, surprised scientists because Ardi doesn't look like a human or our presumed relative, the chimpanzee. Short for Ardipithecus ramidus, Ardi was a female who lived 4.4 million years ago in what is now the Afar region of Ethiopia.
Medicine/Pharmacology - History/Archeology
16.12.2009
Predicting Insurgent Attacks with a Mathematical Model
December 17, 2009 — When bombs and bullets left 37 dead during Friday prayers at a mosque in Pakistan, earlier this month, the insurgency was using the element of surprise. Unpredictability is the hallmark of modern insurgent attacks such as this one. However, the likelihood of such events, their timing and strength can now be estimated and managed before occurring, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Miami.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry
15.12.2009
Oldest case of leprosy found in 1st century tomb
Analysis of human remains buried in the 1st century 'Tomb of the Shroud? in Jerusalem has revealed evidence of ancient leprosy and tuberculosis. The new research, involving UCL researchers, is published in the journal PLoS One today. This is the first time that a 1st century tomb from Jerusalem has been investigated by molecular methods.
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.12.2009
Informal social networks better at encouraging Hispanics to prepare for disasters, study finds
Historically, authorities have used broad media campaigns to encourage the public to prepare for disasters — an approach that has proven largely ineffective. For this new study, UCLA researchers sought to test novel, culturally tailored, informal social networking approaches to improve disaster preparedness, using data on 231 Hispanics in Los Angeles County.
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.12.2009
Mastery of physical goals lessens disease-related depression
Physically active individuals have an increased sense of accomplishment, or situation-specific self-confidence, which in turn results in reduced depression and reduced fatigue, said Edward McAuley, a professor of kinesiology and community health at Illinois and lead author on the study. Photo by L. Brian Stauffer CHAMPAIGN, lll.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences
15.12.2009
Cancer diagnosis increases the risk of suicide and cardiovascular disease
Cancer diagnosis increases the risk of suicide and cardiovascular disease
Men who have recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer are at greater risk of committing suicide and developing and dying from cardiovascular disease, reveals a study from Karolinska Institutet published in the open scientific journal PLoS Medicine. "Cardiovascular disease and suicide can be viewed as a manifestation of exceptional psychological stress," says Katja Fall, one of the researchers behind the study.
Computer Science/Telecom - Physics/Materials Science
14.12.2009
More Powerful and Environmentally-Friendly Computers
More Powerful and Environmentally-Friendly Computers
Not so long ago, our computers had a single core which had to be boosted for performance - making each machine into a great central heating system.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.12.2009
New genes for lung disease discovered
New genes for lung disease discovered
PA321/09 Scientists have discovered five genetic variants that are associated with the health of the human lung. The research by an international consortium of 96 scientists from 63 centres in Europe and Australia sheds new light on the molecular basis of lung diseases. The new findings provide hope for better treatment for lung diseases like Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and asthma.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
10.12.2009
Thirsty plants send emergency calls
Thirsty plants send emergency calls
Independent whether we consider grapevines in the vineyard or tomatoes in the greenhouse: how well plants are being supplied with water can be viewed by an innovative magnetic probe that is simply clamped to the leaves.
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