Computer Science Jul 22
Judea Pearl and Elias Bareinboim - Bareinboim and Pearl discovered how to estimate the effect of one variable, X, on another, Y, when data come from disparate sources that differ in another variable, Z. As the field of “big data” has emerged as a tool for solving all sorts of scientific and societal questions, one of the main
Environment Jul 22

Naturally occurring carbon dioxide in the atmosphere provided a buffer and delayed the start of global climate change, according to a new UChicago study. Climate change could have happened much sooner, if not for naturally high concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

Microtechnics Jul 22

Munich physicists have developed a novel electron microscope that can visualize electromagnetic fields oscillating at frequencies of billions of cycles per second.