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Computer Science - Economics - 20.12.2010
Analysis of phone calls shows how political boundaries could be ideally drawn
Analysis of phone calls shows how political boundaries could be ideally drawn
In an ideal world, political boundaries would enclose groups of people who are connected to each other more than they are connected to outsiders. A new study using a computer algorithm developed at Cornell shows that Great Britain is - almost - already organized that way. Analyzing a database of British telephone calls, which they call "the largest non-Internet human network," researchers at Cornell, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and in the United Kingdom found that connections coincided remarkably well with administrative boundaries.

Economics - Environment - 17.12.2010
You only live once: our flawed understanding of risk helps drive financial market instability
You only live once: our flawed understanding of risk helps drive financial market instability
You only live once: our flawed understanding of risk helps drive financial market instability Our flawed understanding of how decisions in the present restrict options in the future means that we may underestimate the risk associated with investment decisions, according to new research - News release Our flawed understanding of how decisions in the present restrict our options in the future means that we may underestimate the risk associated with investment decisions, according to new research by Dr Ole Peters from Imperial College London.

Earth Sciences - Economics - 16.12.2010
Mexico Quake Studies Uncover Surprises for California
Mexico Quake Studies Uncover Surprises for California
PASADENA, Calif. New technologies developed by NASA and other agencies are revealing surprising insights into a major earthquake that rocked parts of the American Southwest and Mexico in April, including increased potential for more large earthquakes in Southern California. At the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco, scientists from NASA and other agencies presented the latest research on the magnitude 7.

Health - Economics - 13.12.2010
New research centre will bridge the gap between academia and health policy
New research centre will bridge the gap between academia and health policy
New research centre will bridge the gap between academia and health policy The Centre for Health Policy, which aims to turn high quality research into evidence-based policy innovations, has been launched at Imperial College London. Monday 13 December 2010 A new centre that aims to turn high quality research into evidence-based policy innovations has been launched at Imperial College London today.

Earth Sciences - Economics - 10.12.2010
Iron legacy leaves soil high in manganese
Iron legacy leaves soil high in manganese
Iron furnaces that once dotted central Pennsylvania may have left a legacy of manganese enriched soils, according to Penn State geoscientists. This manganese can be toxic to trees, especially sugar maples, and other vegetation. The research, which quantified the amounts of manganese in soil core samples, was part of work done at the Shale Hills Critical Zone Observatory, located in Huntingdon County, Pennsylvania.

Economics - 01.12.2010
Minimum wage hikes don't eliminate jobs, study finds
Minimum wage hikes don't eliminate jobs, study finds
BERKELEY — Increasing the minimum wage does not lead to the short- or long-term loss of low-paying jobs, according to a new study co-authored by University of California, Berkeley, economics professor Michael Reich and published in the November issue of the journal The Review of Economics and Statistics .

Environment - Economics - 01.12.2010
Developed world at risk of forgetting about AIDS pandemic
Developed world at risk of forgetting about AIDS pandemic
While in the early 1990s, an average of 1.5 articles linked to HIV/AIDS could be found in every issue of the main broadsheet newspapers, levels of coverage have dropped to below 0.5 articles per newspaper issue since 2008. Coverage in French and US-based newspapers has decreased particularly dramatically during this period.

Health - Economics - 30.11.2010
Researchers Report Surprising AIDS-Treatment Benefits, Prevention Strategy in Epidemic Regions of Africa
Joshua Graff-Zivin Craig McIntosh SEXUAL BEHAVIOR AIDS treatment December 01, 2010 By Rex Graham Two teams of researchers at UC San Diego and other U.S. and African universities and the World Bank have documented significant spillover benefits of a drug therapy to combat AIDS symptoms and a novel prevention strategy that focuses on girls in Sub-Saharan Africa, an area with two-thirds of the world's HIV infections.

Chemistry - Economics - 29.11.2010
Breakthrough in the search for high quality fuels from inexpensive biomass
PA 331/10 Chemical engineering experts at The University of Nottingham have helped a team of international researchers find a way of producing inexpensive renewable liquid fuel out of low grade oils made from renewable products such as farm waste and wood chips. The process, using a unique integrated catalytic process, could open the door to a chemical industry based on renewable biomass feedstock.

Linguistics / Literature - Economics - 25.11.2010
Plurilingual Switzerland
Plurilingual Switzerland
Switzerland deals flexibly and pragmatically with plurilingualism. It does this successfully. Nevertheless, immigration and increasing international integration are posing new challenges to schools, economy and administration.

Economics - 24.11.2010
Stroke survivors survey published
A study led by King's College London, commissioned by The Stroke Association, reveals for the first time the extent of the financial impact of having a stroke, making stroke survivors amongst the most vulnerable in society. The UK Stroke Survivor Needs Survey, carried out by the Division of Health and Social Care Research at King's, shows that more than half of the people employed at the time of their stroke (52 per cent) said it had a negative impact on their work, meaning they had to reduce their hours or give up work entirely.

Economics - Law - 23.11.2010
Tobacco: Out of sight, out of mind?
PA 323/10 Putting tobacco out of sight in shops can change the attitude of young people to smoking, while not hitting retailers in the pocket, researchers at The University of Nottingham have discovered. Academics from the University's UK Centre for Tobacco Control Studies looked at the effect of the removal of tobacco displays in the Republic of Ireland, ahead of similar legislation which is due to come into force in the UK.

Economics - 22.11.2010
Delphi: The bellybutton of the ancient world
Delphi: The bellybutton of the ancient world
Look beyond simply the famed oracular priestess breathing in hallucinogenic gases and you find a place whose past speaks directly to the 21st century. That is the argument of Cambridge University's Dr Michael Scott who is researching how and why Delphi, a small Greek town and religious sanctuary perched on a difficult to reach mountainside, was for 1,000 years the proclaimed 'omphalos', the 'bellybutton', the very centre of the ancient world.

Economics - 12.11.2010
Britons pessimistic about financial future
Britons pessimistic about financial future
Press release issued 12 November 2010 The economic climate has made Britons more pessimistic about their future financial situation than they were a year ago, reflecting a general international trend towards increased financial anxiety, according to the latest research from the University's Personal Finance Research Centre (PFRC).

Economics - 04.11.2010
Pigs reveal secrets: New research shines light on Quebec industry
McGill scientists develop technique to evaluate meat cuts by the light waves they emit Which are the best pieces of pork, what their texture is, how moist they are - the secrets pigs keep from even the most skilled butchers - are about to be revealed, thanks to a sophisticated new technique that has been developed by McGill University researchers in conjunction with Agriculture Canada and the pork industry.

Physics - Economics - 31.10.2010
Smashing fluids the physics of flow
PA330/10 Hit it hard and it will fracture like a solid.. but tilt it slowly and it will flow like a fluid. This is the intriguing property of a type of 'complex fluid' which has revealed 'new physics' in research by scientists at The University of Nottingham. The new findings will be highly useful to the manufacturing industry because the processing and dispensing of everyday products like toothpaste, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and foodstuffs depends on an understanding of the physical properties and behaviours of these fluids.

Economics - Health - 27.10.2010
Scientists call for tighter regulations on food adverts during children's TV viewing
Scientists call for tighter regulations on food adverts during children’s TV viewing
Liverpool, UK - 28 October 2010: Psychologists at the University of Liverpool have called for tighter advertising regulations after a study revealed unhealthy foods are more likely to be advertised during children┬┐s peak viewing times than at any other point in the broadcasting schedule. The researchers, in partnership with the Cancer Council, Australia, studied 12,618 food advertisements from 11 countries and found that 67 per cent endorsed unhealthy food.

Economics - 26.10.2010
Restaurant customers willing to pay more for local food
Restaurant customers willing to pay more for local food
University Park, Pa. Not only are restaurant patrons willing to pay more for meals prepared with produce and meat from local providers, the proportion of customers preferring local meals actually increases when the price increases, according to a team of international researchers. A recent study of how customers perceive and value local food shows that restaurant patrons prefer meals made with local ingredients when they are priced slightly higher than meals made with non-local ingredients, said Amit Sharma, assistant professor, School of Hospitality Management, Penn State.

Health - Economics - 22.10.2010
England’s over 50s spending more on basics?
The amount that people over 50 in England spend on life's basics ' food, fuel and clothing - has increased significantly in the last 4-5 years, with the poorest being the most affected, according to the latest results from the English Longitudinal Study of Aging (ELSA). A quarter of households experienced a 10 percentage point or more increase in the share of their income devoted to basics between 2004/5 and 2008/9, and spending on domestic fuel alone rose by over a third in real terms over this period.

Economics - 19.10.2010
Did Neanderthals make jewellery after all?
Did Neanderthals make jewellery after all?
Science 19 Oct 10 The theory that later Neanderthals might have been sufficiently advanced to fashion jewellery and tools similar to those of incoming modern humans has suffered a setback. A new radiocarbon dating study, led by Oxford University, has found that an archaeological site that uniquely links Neanderthal remains to sophisticated tools and jewellery may be partially mixed.
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