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Health - Psychology - 20.12.2010
Sheffield report reveals recommendation to mental health services for veterans
Sheffield report reveals recommendation to mental health services for veterans Mental health services for armed forces veterans suffering from a variety of mental health conditions should be staffed by people with knowledge and understanding of the Armed Forces, a University of Sheffield report has recommended.

Psychology - Health - 16.12.2010
Emotional intelligence peaks as we enter our 60s, research suggests
BERKELEY — Older people have a hard time keeping a lid on their feelings, especially when viewing heartbreaking or disgusting scenes in movies and reality shows, psychologists have found. But they're better than their younger counterparts at seeing the positive side of a stressful situation and empathizing with the less fortunate, according to research from the University of California, Berkeley.

Psychology - Physics - 06.12.2010
Study showing that humans have some psychic powers caps Daryl Bem's career
It took eight years and nine experiments with more 1,000 participants, but the results offer evidence that humans have some ability to anticipate the future. "Of the various forms of ESP or psi, as we call it, precognition has always most intrigued me because it's the most magical," said Daryl Bem, professor of psychology emeritus, whose study will be published in the American Psychological Association's Journal of Personality and Social Psychology sometime next year.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 02.12.2010
Relationship-strengthening class improves life for new families
University Park, Pa. Expectant parents who completed a brief relationship-strengthening class around the time their child was born showed lasting effects on each family member's well being and on the family's overall relationships, according to a recent Penn State study. The team, led by Mark Feinberg, senior research associate in Penn State's Prevention Research Center for the Promotion of Human Development, analyzed the effects of the Family Foundations program for three years after a child was born.

Psychology - History / Archeology - 01.12.2010
Looking inside the minds of humans and other animals
Looking inside the minds of humans and other animals
Plants don't think - but animals do. The difference between the thoughts of humans and the thoughts of other animals - and whether we will ever be able to find out exactly what they are - will be the topic of a public lecture given this evening by a Cambridge philosopher. While scientists spend their time in laboratories, philosophers spend their time thinking.

Psychology - 30.11.2010
U of M psychologists reveal the power of 'Getting in Under the Radar'
U of M psychologists reveal the power of 'Getting in Under the Radar'
Study shows social support is most effective when provided invisibly Media Note: To see a video with Howland and Simpson discussing their research, visit http://youtu.be/gp3j1vuOrEA. MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (11/30/2010) —New research by University of Minnesota psychologists shows how social support benefits are maximized when provided "invisibly" - that is without the support recipient being aware that they are receiving it.

Psychology - 30.11.2010
Motorcycle simulator gives new clues to road safety
PA 332/10 New research using a world leading motorcycle simulator to analyse rider behaviour has proved that safer doesn't necessarily mean slower and that formal advanced training for bikers can demonstrate improved safety on our roads. The study was carried out by researchers at The University of Nottingham's Centre for Motorcycle Ergonomics & Rider Human Factors.

Health - Psychology - 24.11.2010
Jet lagged and forgetful It's no coincidence
BERKELEY — Chronic jet lag alters the brain in ways that cause memory and learning problems long after one's return to a regular 24-hour schedule, according to research by University of California, Berkeley, psychologists. Twice a week for four weeks, the researchers subjected female Syrian hamsters to six-hour time shifts - the equivalent of a New York-to-Paris airplane flight.

Environment - Psychology - 16.11.2010
Dire messages about global warming can backfire, new study shows
BERKELEY — Dire or emotionally charged warnings about the consequences of global warming can backfire if presented too negatively, making people less amenable to reducing their carbon footprint, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley. "Our study indicates that the potentially devastating consequences of global warming threaten people's fundamental tendency to see the world as safe, stable and fair.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 10.11.2010
U of M researchers find learning in the visual brain
U of M researchers find learning in the visual brain
Media Note: For a copy of the study, e-mail jfalk [a] umn (p) edu. MINNEAPOLIS / ST. PAUL (11/10/2010) —A team of researchers from the University of Minnesota's College of Liberal Arts and College of Science and Engineering have found that an early part of the brain's visual system rewires itself when people are trained to perceive patterns, and have shown for the first time that this neural learning appears to be independent of higher order conscious visual processing.

Psychology - History / Archeology - 04.11.2010
Extremism is part of being human
Extremism is part of being human
Extremism is an aspect of humanity common to all of us, and is not necessarily a negative trait, a University of Cambridge researcher will argue at a presentation of his work tomorrow. Shahzad Shafqat (pictured) worked as a psychologist in his native Pakistan and spent five years with the Pakistan Air Force, before coming to Cambridge to study for an MPhil and PhD on the Psychology of Extremism at the Department of Social and Developmental Psychology.

Health - Psychology - 02.11.2010
Gastric bypass alters sweet taste function
Hershey, Pa. Gastric bypass surgery decreases the preference for sweet-tasting substances in obese rats, a study finding that could help in developing safer treatments for the morbidly obese, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers. "Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is the most common effective treatment for morbid obesity," said Andras Hajnal, M.D. Ph.D., associate professor, Department of Neural and Behavioral Science and Surgery.

Psychology - 25.10.2010
Habit formation appears to be an innate ability, fine-tuned by experience
Habit formation appears to be an innate ability, fine-tuned by experience
CAMBRIDGE. Mass. Most people have habits that guide them through daily life - for example, their path to work in the morning, or their bedtime routine. The brain patterns that drive this behavior are not well-understood, but a new study from MIT's McGovern Institute for Brain Research shows that habit formation appears to be an innate ability that is fine-tuned by experience ' specifically, the costs and rewards of certain choices.

Psychology - 24.10.2010
Neurons work like a chain of dominos to control action sequences
Neurons work like a chain of dominos to control action sequences
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. As anyone who as ever picked up a guitar or a tennis racket knows, precise timing is often an essential part of performing complex tasks. Now, by studying the brain circuits that control bird song, MIT researchers have identified a 'chain reaction' of brain activity that appears to control the timing of song.

Health - Psychology - 20.10.2010
How does the brain work The 100-billion neuron question
"There is no scientific study more vital to man than the study of his own brain. Our entire view of the universe depends on it." Francis Crick, co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule and author of that quote, was not alone in his desire to understand the brain, which has 100 billion neurons.

Health - Psychology - 19.10.2010
Research brings cure for Parkinson´s disease a step closer
Research brings cure for Parkinson´s disease a step closer
19 October 2010 Research brings cure for Parkinson´s disease a step closer An international collaboration led by academics at the University of Sheffield, has shed new light into Parkinson´s disease, which could help with the development of cures or treatments in the future.

Psychology - 14.10.2010
Researchers shed light on children´s perception
14 October 2010 Researchers shed light on children´s perception Research at the University of Sheffield has demonstrated how a child´s perception of shaded pictures becomes increasingly more rigid as they mature, due to changes in the way their brains interpret light on an image. The research looked at how perception in children changes as they develop, based on the idea that although perception of a shaded picture is inherently ambiguous, this ambiguity can be resolved if the brain assumes that light comes from a specific direction.

Health - Psychology - 12.10.2010
Bad jobs will make you miserable: Study
Bad jobs will make you miserable: Study
If you want to have good mental health, it's not enough to just have a job, you should also have a job that satisfies you, according to new research from The Australian National University. The research, led by Dr Liana Leach of the Centre for Mental Health Research at ANU, found that employment isn't always linked to better mental health.

Health - Psychology - 12.10.2010
Educating older Australians to prevent depression
Educating older Australians to prevent depression
Education is the key to reducing depression in older Australians according to a study from The Australian National University. The research, by Professor Helen Christensen and Dr Janine Walker from the ANU Centre for Mental Health Research (CMHR) contributes to the Beyond Ageing Project. The large randomised controlled trial examines the effectiveness of psychological and lifestyle approaches in preventing depression in older adults at risk.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 11.10.2010
Dogs may be pessimistic too
Dogs may be pessimistic too
A study has gained new insight into the minds of dogs, discovering that those that are anxious when left alone also tend to show 'pessimistic' like behaviour. The research by academics at the University of Bristol, and funded by the RSPCA is published in Current Biology tomorrow (12 October). The study provides an important insight into dogs? emotions, and enhances our understanding of why behavioural responses to separation occur.
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