Results 1 - 20 of 61.
Economics - 20.12.2013
Underage youth exposed to alcohol advertising through social media
Researchers investigating whether children and young adults are exposed to advertising from major alcohol brands on the three most popular social networks - Facebook, YouTube and Twitter - find that some channels and brands don't have, or use, age restrictions.
Economics - Social Sciences - 18.12.2013
Speaking languages has ‘positive effect’ on children
18 Dec 2013 New research on schoolchildren shows the more languages they speak, the better they can speak them. The School Language Survey, a new method developed at the University of Manchester, was carried out by the University's Multilingual Manchester project, led by Professor Yaron Matras. According to Professor Matras, the survey has a powerful potential to change our understanding of the role of heritage languages in schools and communities.
Economics - Social Sciences - 16.12.2013
Study urges more accurate estimates of financial fraud
A Stanford study describes the roadblocks to obtaining accurate financial fraud estimates – victims are often reluctant to speak up – and suggests ways to improve the national tracking of such incidents. If you're visiting your elderly mom or dad and see an excessive amount of junk mail or hear a lot of telemarketing calls, take note: Your elderly parent might be a prime target for fraud.
Economics - 06.12.2013
Why shoppers bother to give feedback on eBay traders
Researchers have looked at why anonymous traders using eBay auction sites bother to give feedback on one another, given such transactions are usually one-offs. The study examined hundreds of thousands of online transactions and found that in over 60% of them, buyers and sellers provided feedback even though they had little to gain from it as individuals.
Economics - Mechanical Engineering - 02.12.2013
Innovative founders give tech start-ups an edge, Stanford research shows
A Stanford study highlights the critical importance of strong technical skills in launching tech ventures, casting doubt on the conventional wisdom that a founding team with diverse business skills is the best approach. New research on entrepreneurship shows that diverse business skills are not always the secret to success in the world of tech start-ups.
Economics - 21.11.2013
Twenty top tips for interpreting scientific claims
Aiming to improve policy-makers' understanding of the imperfect nature of science, academics from the Universities of Cambridge and Melbourne have created a list of concepts that they believe should be part of the education of civil servants, politicians, policy advisers and journalists Science is not just a body of facts - it's important to have a grasp of the process by which conclusions are drawn, and the possible pitfalls on that path Profess
Civil Engineering - Economics - 12.11.2013
Cycling safety - what Copenhagen can teach global cities
A study from Lund University in Sweden has compared the role of urban cycling and transport planning in Copenhagen, Denmark, and Stockholm, Sweden, and the results could serve as a guide for other cities struggling with cycling safety.
Social Sciences - Economics - 06.11.2013
Put a face on it: humanizing a cause increases support, research shows
Companies often put a personal face on products in an attempt to reach a deeper connection with consumers. Now new research in the upcoming edition of Psychological Science shows the same idea can be applied to social causes. Putting a human face on the campaign for a social cause actually increases support for it, according to the study from a team of researchers including University of Toronto Scarborough and Rotman School of Management professor Pankaj Aggarwal .
Economics - 22.10.2013
New economics book uses field experiments to reveal hidden motives
Inequality has many causes, but sometimes it stems from a lack of incentives that foster fair outcomes. That's a key finding of a new book by two economists who used a series of imaginative field experiments to show how incentives shape behavior in real-world settings. Prof. John List, chair of economics at the University of Chicago, and Uri Gneezy, professor at the University of California, San Diego, applied experimental tools to everything from workplace inequality to the pricing of wine.
Social Sciences - Economics - 21.10.2013
Research examines impact of prestige on corporate board dynamics
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Adding prestige in the boardroom can come at a cost, according to researchers at the Penn State Smeal College of Business. Although prestigious directors are often seen as indicative of a firm's quality, Tim Pollock, Farrell Professor of Entrepreneurship, and Abhijith Acharya, recent doctoral graduate and now assistant professor at Singapore Management University, found that adding more prestigious directors wasn't always desirable.
Social Sciences - Economics - 18.10.2013
Scientists making good use of those vacation photos you posted online
Scientists use social media – vacation photos from Flickr – to study how people use natural areas for tourism and recreation. Scientists affiliated with the Natural Capital Project at Stanford University have found a way to use photo-sharing site Flickr to measure where and when people are using natural areas for recreation and tourism.
Economics - Law - 09.10.2013
An experiment puts auditing under scrutiny
Unique study reduces pollution in India while calling conventional auditing markets into question. The structure of the auditing business appears problematic: Typically, major companies pay auditors to examine their books under the so-called "third-party" audit system. But when an auditing firm's revenues come directly from its clients, the auditors have an incentive not to deliver bad news to them.
Health - Economics - 01.10.2013
Ageing impacts rational decision-making
1 October 2013 Older adults are more likely to make poor financial decisions and inconsistent choices than any other age group, a new study by researchers at University of Sydney, New York University and Yale's School of Medicine has found. The results, published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , indicate for the first time that decision-making abilities, alongside other cognitive abilities such as motor skills and memory, might also decline with age.
Economics - Life Sciences - 18.09.2013
What Causes Some to Participate in Bubble Markets?
During financial bubbles, such as the one that centered around the U.S. housing market and triggered the Great Recession, some investors react differently than others. Some rush in, trying to "time" the market's rise and fall, while others play it safe and bow out. Ever wonder what accounts for such differences?
Life Sciences - Economics - 10.09.2013
Primitive forms of wealth
Comparisons between the stock market floor and a zoo are not far from the mark, according to a new study published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). A team of researchers, including Dr Agnieszka Tymula from the University of Sydney's School of Economics , has found evidence of increased risk-taking amongst the 'wealthier' of our primate relatives, suggesting an evolutionary link to human sensitivities around affluence levels.
Economics - Social Sciences - 03.09.2013
Violent crime is having direct impact on the amount people are walking
Violent crime in England is having a direct impact on the amount people are walking. These are the findings of a new study , led jointly by researchers at the Universities of Bristol, Imperial College Business School and Monash , that examined the effects of violent crime on the physical activities of nearly a million adults.
Environment - Economics - 03.09.2013
Developed countries use resources at greater rate than reported
3 September 2013 The amount of raw material needed to sustain developed countries' economies is significantly greater than current indicators suggest, a new Australian study has revealed. Published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the findings demonstrate the need for policy makers to consider new accounting methods that more accurately track resource consumption.
Economics - Life Sciences - 02.09.2013
Genetic discrimination in life insurance
A case study presented by health and legal experts from the University of Melbourne and University of Tasmania revealed an example of life insurance companies discriminating due to genetic test results for cancer pre-disposition.
Social Sciences - Economics - 08.08.2013
Views you can use? How online ratings affect your judgment
Study: Positive comments create an illusory snowball effect, while negative responses get cancelled out. Are you influenced by the opinions of other people - say, in the comments sections of websites? If your answer is no, here's another question: Are you sure? A new study co-authored by an MIT professor suggests that many people are, in fact, heavily influenced by the positive opinions other people express online - but are much less swayed by negative opinions posted in the same venues.
Health - Economics - 01.08.2013
Grant Issued to Research Traffic-Cancer Correlation
August 01, 2013 — A professor from the University of Miami School of Business Administration , along with collaborators from the Yale School of Public Health , has received a $453,000 grant from the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to identify potential links between cancer risk and the proximity of homes to heavy automobile traffic.