news 2016


Category
Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology - 29.12.2016
Languages still a major barrier to global science, new research finds
Languages still a major barrier to global science, new research finds
Over a third of new conservation science documents published annually are in non-English languages, despite assumption of English as scientific ‘lingua franca'. Researchers find examples of important science missed at international level, and practitioners struggling to access new knowledge, as a result of language barriers.

Earth Sciences - Chemistry - 29.12.2016
Hidden Rivers Form Deep Down in the Earth’s Subsurface Layers
Findings of Study by Scientists from Freie Universität Berlin and Utrecht University Published in "Nature Geoscience" ‘ 444/2016 from Dec 29, 2016 Earth scientists from among others Utrecht University and Freie Universität Berlin have found new clues how water moves inside the Earth's deep subsurface layers and ultimately back to the surface through volcanic activity.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 29.12.2016
Can paint strokes help identify Alzheimer’s?
Can paint strokes help identify Alzheimer's?
A new University of Liverpool study published in ‘Neuropsychology!' shows that it may be possible to detect neurodegenerative disorders in artists before they are diagnosed. Psychologist Dr Alex Forsythe from the University's School of Psychology and her team, working with Dr Tamsin Williams of Tees, Esk, and Wear Valleys NHS Trust, Vale of York and Maynooth University, Ireland, examined 2092 paintings from the careers of seven famous artists who experienced both normal ageing and neurodegenerative disorders.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development - 26.12.2016
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity enhances the sustainability of their resistance
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity enhances the sustainability of their res
In the Yuanyang region of China where rice cultivation is a tradition, scientists from INRA and CIRAD, working in collaboration with a Chinese team, have focused on the defence mechanisms of rice against its pathogenic agents.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development - 26.12.2016
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity increases the sustainability of their resistance
Divide and rule, or how plant diversity increases the sustainability of their re
In the Yuanyang region of China where rice cultivation is a tradition, scientists from INRA and CIRAD, working in collaboration with a Chinese team, have focused on the defence mechanisms of rice against its pathogenic agents.

Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 23.12.2016
First movie of energy transfer in photosynthesis solves decades-old debate
First movie of energy transfer in photosynthesis solves decades-old debate
Using ultrafast imaging of moving energy in photosynthesis, scientists have determined the speed of crucial processes for the first time. This should help scientists understand how nature has perfected the process of photosynthesis, and how this might be copied to produce fuels by artificial photosynthesis.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.12.2016
Christmas holidays linked to rise in heart attacks
University of Melbourne researchers have found an increase in heart attacks around the festive period may be due more difficult access to hospitals, combined with stress, an excess of alcohol and a fatty diet.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.12.2016
Christmas holidays linked to rise in heart attacks
University of Melbourne researchers have found an increase in heart attacks around the festive period may be due more difficult access to hospitals, combined with stress, an excess of alcohol and a fatty diet.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.12.2016
Study named as People’s Choice for Science magazine’s ‘Breakthrough of the Year 2016’
Cambridge research that will enable scientists to grow and study embryos in the lab for almost two weeks has been named as the People's Choice for Science magazine's ‘Breakthrough of the Year 2016' It's a natural human instinct to be curious about where we come from, but until now, technical hurdles have meant there's been a huge gap in our understanding of how embryos develop - Magdalena Ze

Physics/Materials Science - 22.12.2016
Tapping into long-lived sound waves in glass
Tapping into long-lived sound waves in glass
Yale scientists have shown how to enhance the lifetime of sound waves traveling through glass - the material at the heart of fiber optic technologies. The discovery will be described in the January edition of.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.12.2016
Protein that activates immune response harms body’s ability to fight HIV
UCLA-led researchers suggest that blocking type I interferon may help combat the virus that causes AIDS. Enrique Rivero - In findings they call counterintuitive, a team of UCLA-led researchers suggests that blocking a protein, which is crucial to initiating the immune response against viral infections, may actually help combat HIV.

Business/Economics - 22.12.2016
Study suggests hydraulic fracturing boosts local economies
The first nationwide study of the comprehensive local impacts of hydraulic fracturing finds that when costs and benefits are added up, communities on average benefit from allowing it. In studying the economic impacts of the technology that's become critical to U.S.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics - 22.12.2016
Healthy behaviors determine weight-loss surgery success
Bariatric surgery can slim your body, but attitude and behavior also play key roles in long-term weight loss, according to new research from the Cornell Food and Brand Lab. ‘Although very effective, bariatric surgery is a not a low-effort means of losing weight,' said lead author Anna-Leena Vuorinen of VTT Technical Research Center of Finland, who performed the research as a visiting scholar at the Food and Brand Lab.

Life Sciences - 22.12.2016
Predictive kinetic model paves the way for designing microbial factories
A representation of k-ecoli457 model of E. coli metabolism. Red X's denote the location of reaction deletions in the mutant data sets. Reactions in the previously developed core model15 are shown in grey (no flux data) and blue (with flux data) while the additional reactions in k-ecoli457 are shown in green (no flux data).

Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 22.12.2016
The fight against creeping cables
The fight against creeping cables
Switzerland's overhead power lines are showing signs of old age and can be damaged by power surges. But how long will they actually last? Empa researchers have developed a tool to keep tabs on the aging process.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.12.2016
Study provides roadmap to more personalized cancer treatment
FINDINGS Researchers have found that people with advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and the KRAS-variant inherited genetic mutation have significantly improved survival when given a short course of the drug cetuximab in combination with standard chemotherapy and radiation.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 22.12.2016
How Social Factors Can Influence Hunting
How Social Factors Can Influence Hunting
Due to a shortage of natural predators, wild animal populations are often controlled through hunting. Whether a hunter shoots at an animal depends not only on specific hunting criteria, but is also significantly influenced by social factors - such as competition with other hunters.

Astronomy - 22.12.2016
New record set for world’s most heat resistant material
New record set for world's most heat resistant material
Researchers have discovered that tantalum carbide and hafnium carbide materials can withstand scorching temperatures of nearly 4000 degrees Celsius. These materials may enable spacecraft to withstand the extreme heat generated from leaving and re-entering the atmosphere.

Life Sciences - 22.12.2016
Solved: mystery that was holding back development of next-generation solar cells
Solved: mystery that was holding back development of next-generation solar cells
Scientists have identified an unexpected cause of poor performance in a new class of flexible and cheap solar cells, bringing them closer to market. Solar cells are the building blocks of photovoltaic solar panels.

Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 22.12.2016
Bigger brains outsmart harsh climates
Bigger brains outsmart harsh climates
It helps to have a larger brain if you're living in an extreme climate, according to a study of birds published in Nature Communications . The research suggests that birds have evolved larger brains to cope in harsh environments where the tasks of finding food, evading predators and finding shelter are more demanding.

Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 22.12.2016
Global warming disrupts fish stocks
Global warming disrupts fish stocks
The global catches of fishes would largely benefit from achieving the 1.5°C global warming target. This is the conclusion of In the last twelve months, a large number of countries signed the Paris Agreement with the aim to limit global warming to no more than 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.12.2016
Forces at play: A new infection route for bacteria
Forces at play: A new infection route for bacteria
Snapshots from a Molecular Dynamics simulation of a single shigella toxin particle binding to its lipid partners in the vesicle membrane (side and top views). © Julian Shillcock/EPFL 22.12.16 - The bacteria that cause the shigella intestinal disease use a toxin that exploits a physical force in the membrane of cells.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
New disease could signal hope for sufferers of brain ageing conditions
New disease could signal hope for sufferers of brain ageing conditions
New disease could signal hope for sufferers of brain ageing conditions. A new genetic disease which results in neurodegeneration has been discovered by experts at the University of Sussex. In a study published today, Wednesday 21 December, in the top scientific journal Nature, the team from the University of Sussex's Genome Damage and Stability Centre (GDSC) reveal they have discovered the disease, ataxia oculomotor apraxia type XRCC1 , which is caused by a genetic mutation that disrupts the repair of our DNA.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 21.12.2016
Light-induced vesicle explosions to mimic cellular reactions
Light-induced vesicle explosions to mimic cellular reactions
Cells are the site of a multitude of chemical reactions, the precision of which is envied by scientists. A team of researchers from the CNRS and Bordeaux INP have neared this level of control by controlling the explosion of polymersomes through laser irradiation.

Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 21.12.2016
Materials: when defects turn into qualities
Materials: when defects turn into qualities
Hybrid organic-inorganic materials, which were developed approximately twenty years ago – notably by Gérard Férey, laureate of the CNRS 2010 Gold Medal, and his team – are known firstly for their extreme porosity.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
Optical control of a neuroreceptor alleviates chronic pain
Optical control of a neuroreceptor alleviates chronic pain
Pain serves as a valuable warning signal, but when it becomes chronic, pain should be considered as a real disease. An international team including research scientists from the CNRS and INSERM 1 has identified and controlled one of the centers associated with chronic pain.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
Stressed snakes strike first
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Whether a wild cottonmouth snake will attempt to strike in an encounter depends on its baseline stress level, according to a team of scientists led by undergraduate researcher Mark Herr.

Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
NHS hospitals that outsource cleaning ‘linked with higher rates of MRSA’
New research shows that NHS hospitals that employ private cleaners are associated with a higher incidence of MRSA, a ‘superbug' that causes life-threatening infection and has previously been linked with a lack of cleanliness.

Agronomy/Food Science - 21.12.2016
Turn an ear to hear
Listeners in a noisy situation benefit from facing slightly away from the person they are listening to, turning one ear towards the speech, concludes a study by Cardiff University, funded by UK charity Action on Hearing Loss (RNID).

Social Sciences - 21.12.2016
Children can ‘catch’ social bias through nonverbal signals expressed by adults
Children can ‘catch' social bias through nonverbal signals expressed by ad
Most conscientious adults tend to avoid making biased or discriminatory comments in the presence of children. But new research from the University of Washington suggests that preschool-aged children can learn bias even through nonverbal signals displayed by adults, such as a condescending tone of voice or a disapproving look.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
Distinctive brain pattern may underlie dyslexia
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry - 21.12.2016
One more piece in the puzzle of liver cancer identified
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 21.12.2016
The blob can learn—and teach!
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.12.2016
Aging & cancer: An enzyme protects chromosomes from oxidative damage
Life Sciences - Administration/Government - 21.12.2016
Jaws open long-term shark population information
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 20.12.2016
Gene discovery helps children with movement disorder walk again
Life Sciences - 20.12.2016
A double agent to fight hepatitis C
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 20.12.2016
Brain begins repairs after ‘silent strokes’
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 20.12.2016
Scientists detect a quantum crystal of electrons and ‘watch’ it melt
Medicine/Pharmacology - Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - 20.12.2016
New research helps harness healing
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.12.2016
An inhibitor’s inhibitor
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 19.12.2016
Physicists shine light on antimatter
Earth Sciences - 19.12.2016
Megathrust earthquakes
Physics/Materials Science - 19.12.2016
Building Better Batteries
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.12.2016
DNA markers distinguish between harmless, deadly bacteria
Agronomy/Food Science - Environment/Sustainable Development - 19.12.2016
Dust Bowl would devastate today’s crops, study finds
Physics/Materials Science - 19.12.2016
Stretching time to improve extreme event prediction
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.12.2016
How complex cells originated
Environment/Sustainable Development - Computer Science/Telecom - 19.12.2016
New Leaf Study Sheds Light on ‘Shady’ Past
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development - 19.12.2016
El Niño fuelled Zika outbreak, new study suggests
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 19.12.2016
Further evidence found for causal links between cannabis and schizophrenia
Administration/Government - 19.12.2016
Power tool study investigates DIY disasters
Medicine/Pharmacology - Philosophy - 16.12.2016
From knowledge to certainty
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 16.12.2016
New key players found in fighting fungi
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 16.12.2016
Bacteria control levels of dangerous pollutant in seabirds
Environment/Sustainable Development - Physics/Materials Science - 16.12.2016
Ocean temperatures faithfully recorded in mother-of-pearl
Social Sciences - 16.12.2016
My Marriage My Choice
Literature/Linguistics - Environment/Sustainable Development - 16.12.2016
What makes influential science? Telling a good story
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 16.12.2016
Towards energy-saving data storage
Life Sciences - History/Archeology - 16.12.2016
Battlefield of the sexes
Life Sciences - Business/Economics - 16.12.2016
Conflicts of interest and publications on GM Bt crops
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 15.12.2016
Method to stabilize X chromosomes in human embryonic stem cells
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.12.2016
The needle in the haystack
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 15.12.2016
Brain technique improves cognitive control
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Does omega-3 algal oil improve osteoarthritis in dogs?
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Can a cancer drug treat a rare cardiac disease?
Politics - Law/Forensics - 14.12.2016
Thomas Muir - new evidence unearthed
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Testosterone for nerve fibre repair
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Early signs in cerebrospinal fluid
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
Studies probe value, impact of direct-to-consumer genetic testing
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2016
UQ confirms Vitamin D’link to autism traits
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.12.2016
GPs can and must do more to tackle obesity crisis
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.12.2016
Subtype of triple negative breast cancer responds better to chemotherapy
Careers/Employment - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.12.2016
Registration of human tissue banks could stop millions of samples going to waste
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.12.2016
Television volume can be festive flashpoint for Christmas viewers
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 13.12.2016
Topical cream is potential alternative to surgery for common type of skin cancer, study finds
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 13.12.2016
Study links nutrition to brain health and intelligence in older adults
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.12.2016
New epilepsy gene network identified by scientists
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 13.12.2016
Measuring radiation damage on the fly
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 13.12.2016
Conservationists widen toolkit for predator management
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 12.12.2016
Neurons paralyze us during REM sleep
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 12.12.2016
8,000-year record of climate change
Arts and Design - Medicine/Pharmacology - 12.12.2016
Men should avoid rock music when playing board games, say scientists
Administration/Government - Medicine/Pharmacology - 12.12.2016
Home-based rehabilitation improves daily life of people with low vision
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - 12.12.2016
New laser scanning test to assess fire-damaged concrete
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 12.12.2016
Extent of human threat to lion populations
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 12.12.2016
Atmospheric methane concentrations are rising faster since 2007
Mathematics - Event - 10.12.2016
From chance to order
Physics/Materials Science - Earth Sciences - 9.12.2016
Understanding how ice crystals form in clouds
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 9.12.2016
New test to identify risk of diabetes in pregnancy
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 9.12.2016
How Complex Life Arose
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 9.12.2016
How Complex Life Arose
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 8.12.2016
New weapon against Diabetes
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences - 8.12.2016
Amber specimen offers rare glimpse of feathered dinosaur tail
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 8.12.2016
7 Imaging Tools Pushing Science Forward
Chemistry - Environment/Sustainable Development - 8.12.2016
Hydraulic fracturing fluids affect water chemistry from gas wells
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 8.12.2016
Study tracks stroke victim’s restored communication ability
Life Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science - 7.12.2016
Common insecticides are riskier than thought to predatory insects
Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.12.2016
"Pulling" bacteria out of blood
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.12.2016
Miraculous proliferation
Business/Economics - Careers/Employment - 6.12.2016
The Work Foundation launches Commission on Good Work
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 6.12.2016
Longest-living animal gives up ocean secrets
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 6.12.2016
New discovery at heart of healthy cereals
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 5.12.2016
Neuroimaging categorizes four depression subtypes
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 5.12.2016
Climate change will drive stronger, smaller storms in U.S
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 5.12.2016
Women with dementia receive less medical attention
Life Sciences - Chemistry - 5.12.2016
Here comes ‘NoBody,’ a microprotein on a mission
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science - 5.12.2016
A new memory technology may be more energy efficient than previously thought
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 5.12.2016
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
Life Sciences - Chemistry - 4.12.2016
When protein crystals grow
Law/Forensics - Medicine/Pharmacology - 2.12.2016
What are the health effects of legalizing marijuana?
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 2.12.2016
High-precision magnetic field sensing
Astronomy - Life Sciences - 2.12.2016
Minimum effort for maximum effect
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 1.12.2016
A watershed moment in understanding how H2O conducts electricity
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 1.12.2016
Parkinson’s Disease Linked to Microbiome
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 1.12.2016
Intensification of Land Use Leads to the Same Species Everywhere
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 1.12.2016
Komodo dragons provide insights into microbial health in captive animals
Politics - Environment/Sustainable Development - 1.12.2016
Negotiating the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 1.12.2016
Fairy-wrens vary egg size to increase survival rates
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 1.12.2016
Institutional collapse, not guns and bombs, is most-cited cause of wildlife declines from war
Physics/Materials Science - 1.12.2016
ANU demonstrates ’ghost imaging’ with atoms
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 30.11.2016
Losses of soil carbon under global warming might equal U.S. emissions
Environment/Sustainable Development - 30.11.2016
Many lakes getting murkier, but gives hope for improvement