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Agronomy / Food Science - 21.12.2016
Turn an ear to hear
Listeners in a noisy situation benefit from facing slightly away from the person they are listening to, turning one ear towards the speech, concludes a study by Cardiff University, funded by UK charity Action on Hearing Loss (RNID). This listening tactic was found to be especially beneficial for cochlear implant users who typically struggle in noisy social settings such as restaurants.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 19.12.2016
Dust Bowl would devastate today’s crops, study finds
A drought on the scale of the legendary Dust Bowl crisis of the 1930s would have similarly destructive effects on U.S. agriculture today, despite technological and agricultural advances, a new study finds. Additionally, warming temperatures could lead to crop losses at the scale of the Dust Bowl, even in normal precipitation years by the mid-21st century, UChicago scientists conclude.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 14.12.2016
GPs can and must do more to tackle obesity crisis
More and more patients are coming to GPs with obesity problems, and we want to give GPs the tools to assist their patients. General practitioners (GPs) can and should do more to tackle the obesity epidemic in Australia, a new study from The Australian National University (ANU) has found. Two in three Australians are overweight or obese but half of patients in obesity programs drop out before achieving any results.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.12.2016
New test to identify risk of diabetes in pregnancy
New test developed to identify obese women at high risk of developing diabetes in pregnancy In a new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE , a team of researchers led by King's College London have successfully developed a method that more accurately identifies those obese women at high risk of gestational diabetes, than what is currently being used.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 07.12.2016
Common insecticides are riskier than thought to predatory insects
Neonicotinoid coatings on corn and soybean seeds reduce populations of predatory insects, like this tiger beetle (Cicindela sexguttata), as much as broadcast applications of commonly used pyrethroid insecticides. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Neonicotinoids - the most widely used class of insecticides - significantly reduce populations of predatory insects when used as seed coatings, according to researchers at Penn State.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 06.12.2016
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Honey bee teenagers speed up the ageing process of their elders
Bern, 06.12.2016 - Honey bee (Apis mellifera) colonies are complex societies, in which work is not distributed by a central power. How tasks are allocated among workers is still poorly understood. A research team from the Swiss Bee Research Center at Agroscope and the Institute of Bee Health at the University of Bern (both Switzerland), discovered that young adults influence this process by promoting older individuals to perform duties outside the hive, which shortens their life expectancy.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 06.12.2016
New discovery at heart of healthy cereals
New discovery at heart of healthy cereals
A new discovery at the University of Queensland could help reduce heart disease and boost nutrition security - the access to balanced nourishment - globally. Researchers in UQ's Centre for Nutrition and Food Sciences have identified a new mechanism for how healthy cereals such as oats reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood stream, thereby lowering the risk of heart disease.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.12.2016
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
A handful of nuts a day cuts the risk of a wide range of diseases
An analysis of current research shows that people who eat at least 20g of nuts a day have a lower risk of heart disease, cancer and other diseases. The analysis of all current studies on nut consumption and disease risk has revealed that 20g a day - equivalent to a handful - can cut people's risk of coronary heart disease by nearly 30 percent, their risk of cancer by 15 percent, and their risk of premature death by 22 percent.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.11.2016
Shifts in mating strategies help herbicide-resistant 'superweeds' persist
Shifts in mating strategies help herbicide-resistant ’superweeds’ persist
ANN ARBOR?Herbicide-resistant "superweeds" change their mating strategies over time, an evolutionary shift that helps them hold onto valuable genes and outcompete other plants, according to a new study from University of Michigan researchers. The study examined the relationships between plant mating systems and herbicide resistance in the common agricultural weed morning glory.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 25.11.2016
New target receptor discovered in the fight against obesity
New research highlighted today has discovered the essential role that the receptor FFAR2 plays in the success of fermentable carbohydrates - found in foods such as vegetables, fruit, breads, cereals and pasta - in suppressing appetite and preventing obesity. The team of scientists from King's College London and Imperial College London tested a high-fat diet, containing a fermentable carbohydrate, and a control diet on mice and looked at the effect on food intake of those with and without the FFAR2 receptor.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.11.2016
Nutritional prevention a possible method to limit risk of cancers linked to iron in meat products
Nutritional prevention a possible method to limit risk of cancers linked to iron in meat products
Recent data suggests that the consumption of nutritional iron could be linked to a high risk of breast cancer, and a diet rich in antioxidants appears to be effective at limiting this risk. Such are the findings of a study led by INRA and INSERM 1 researchers, published in the journal Oncotarget . These new results confirm those found in animals AND findings on colon cancer.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 15.11.2016
High blood pressure affects 1.13 billion people, says new study
High blood pressure affects 1.13 billion people, says new study
The number of people in the world with high blood pressure has reached 1.13 billion, according to new research. The study, led by scientists at Imperial College London , reveals the number of people with high blood pressure has nearly doubled in 40 years. The team studied changes in blood pressure in every country in the world between 1975 and 2015.

Agronomy / Food Science - Veterinary - 14.11.2016
Farm vets can help farmers minimise damage to meat
A new investigation into how meat can be damaged by farm injections has found that 4 per cent of cattle slaughtered in abattoirs in England had injection site lesions in the carcasses. The study by researchers at the Universities of Nottingham and Bristol shows that compliance with recommended injection protocols could be improved to reduce this damage.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 11.11.2016
Skipping breakfast and not enough sleep can make children overweight
Skipping breakfast and not enough sleep can make children overweight
Mothers smoking in pregnancy, children skipping breakfast and not having a regular bedtime or sufficient sleep all appear to be important factors in predicting whether a child will become overweight or obese, according to new research led by UCL. All three are early life factors which can be modified and the research highlights the possibility that prompt intervention could have an impact in curbing the growth in childhood overweight and obesity.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.11.2016
Association between sugary diet and coronary artery disease
What connection is there between food and drink with added sugar and coronary artery disease? Until recently, the question had been inadequately answered by research, but an extensive study from Lund University in Sweden has now contributed important clues. The study in question focuses on sucrose. Sucrose occurs naturally in fruit and vegetables, but the majority of our consumption is through added sucrose.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.11.2016
Birds maintain rare plant species, study finds
Fruit-eating birds play an important role in maintaining rare plant species, say researchers from Penn State and Universidad Nacional del Comahue, Argentina. UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Outside of human influences, why do rare plant species persist instead of dwindling away to extinction? It's a question that has plagued ecologists for centuries.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.11.2016
Sleep deprivation may cause people to eat more calories
Sleep deprivation may result in people consuming more calories during the following day, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis led by researchers at King's College London. The meta‑analysis combined the results of many previous small intervention studies to produce a more robust answer and found that sleep-deprived people consumed an average of 385 kcal per day extra, which is equivalent to the calories of about four and a half slices of bread.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.11.2016
New study provides food carbon footprint pecking order
New study provides food carbon footprint pecking order
Researchers have compiled the first comprehensive carbon footprint league table for fresh food so chefs, caterers and everyday foodies can cook meals without cooking the planet. The greenhouse gas emissions dataset by researchers at Lancaster University and RMIT University and will help consumers and catering firms calculate the environmental impact of the fresh food they eat and the menus they serve.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.11.2016
U-M study bodes well for low-carb eaters
ANN ARBOR'Three low-carb meals within 24 hours lowers post-meal insulin resistance by more than 30 percent, but high-carb meals sustain insulin resistance, a condition that leads to high blood pressure, prediabetes and diabetes, according to a University of Michigan study. The study also found that two hours of moderate-intensity exercise, which is supposed to lower insulin resistance and blood sugar levels, has no impact on these results.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 26.10.2016
Yale investigators join alliance to advance research on obesity and diabetes
Yale researchers have partnered with investigators at leading research institutions in Connecticut, and with a prestigious counterpart in Israel, to fill a research void in the field of metabolic diseases, which affect billions of people worldwide. The goal of the Metabolic Research Alliance is to leverage expertise at Yale, University of Connecticut, and The Jackson Laboratory in Farmington, and Israel's Weizmann Institute of Science to advance research projects that will swiftly move investigations into clinical application and commercialization.
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