news 2017


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Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
15.12.2017
Screening could catch a quarter of hip fractures before they happen
Screening could catch a quarter of hip fractures before they happen
Community screening for osteoporosis could prevent more than a quarter of hip fractures in older women - according to new research involving researchers from the Centre for Academic Primary Care, University of Bristol and local hospitals, and led by the University of East Anglia (UEA). The study, published today in The Lancet, reveals that a simple questionnaire, combined with bone mineral density measurements for some, would help identify those at risk of hip fracture.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.12.2017
Understanding the Neural Mechanisms of Sleep
Understanding the Neural Mechanisms of Sleep
Sleep is a crucial behavior for a properly functioning mind and body-just ask anyone who has experienced a sleepless night. But the complex neural mechanisms underlying sleep are only just beginning to be explored. As part of this exploration, neurobiologists like Caltech professor of biology David Prober aim to build up a catalog of genes that regulate sleep.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government
15.12.2017
Opportunities to vaccinate young women against HPV missed at alarming rate
Two-thirds of young women aged 18-26 who were eligible to receive Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine have missed at least one opportunity to receive the vaccine during a visit to an obstetrics and gynecology clinic, Yale researchers report. This study also confirms previous research showing racial disparities in vaccination for HPV: Women who identify as black are 61% more likely have had a missed opportunity than women who identify as white.
Administration/Government
15.12.2017
Could a new app help cure loneliness?
Could a new app help cure loneliness?
Researchers from Lancaster University are exploring whether technology could be the key to tackling the UK's loneliness epidemic by better connecting older adults with their communities. Ironically, isolation and loneliness have spread rapidly as communication has become easier - particularly among older adults.
History/Archeology - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.12.2017
Ancient faeces reveal parasites described in earliest Greek medical texts
Ancient faeces reveal parasites described in earliest Greek medical texts
Earliest archaeological evidence of intestinal parasitic worms infecting the ancient inhabitants of Greece confirms descriptions found in writings associated with Hippocrates, the early physician and 'father of Western medicine'.
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences
15.12.2017
10 best Sydney science discoveries 2017
From squirtable surgical glue to gravitational waves, University of Sydney scientists have been hitting the headlines in 2017. 1. Squirtable surgical glue Biomedical engineers at the University of Sydney working with scientists in Boston, USA, developed potentially life-saving glue. Named MeTro, the revolutionary product sets in just 60 seconds once treated with UV light.
Social Sciences - Careers/Employment
15.12.2017
Gay relationships can be happier than hetero, study finds
Hot on the heels of the same-sex marriage bill, new research shows that gay and lesbian couples tend to have higher-quality relationships than their heterosexual counterparts. Professor Janeen Baxter, Director of the Life Course Centre (LCC) led by The University of Queensland, said the quality of intimate relationships of gay and lesbian people was high, if not higher than the quality of heterosexual couples' relationships.
Medicine/Pharmacology
15.12.2017
Office work can be a pain in the neck
Neck pain is a common condition among office workers, but regular workplace exercises can prevent and reduce it, a University of Queensland study has found. Newly published research by PhD graduate and physiotherapist Dr Xiaoqi Chen from UQ's School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences revealed neck and shoulder-strengthening exercises and general fitness training exercises were effective in reducing and preventing neck pain.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.12.2017
Toxic agents behind Parkinson's disease seen at work for the first time
Toxic agents behind Parkinson’s disease seen at work for the first time
Researchers get their first look at how the toxic protein clusters associated with Parkinson's disease disrupt the membranes of healthy brain cells. Parkinson's disease is a degenerative nervous system disorder that affects more than six million people worldwide and causes nearly 120,000 deaths per year.
Life Sciences
14.12.2017
Loose skin and slime protect hagfishes from sharks
Hagfishes , an ancient group of eel-like animals found on the bottom of the ocean, release a nasty slime when bitten by a predator fish. The slime sends the predator into fit as it "coughs” up the substance, trying to prevent suffocation, which usually leaves enough time for the slime eel to escape.
Psychology - Innovation/Technology
14.12.2017
Children’s screen-time guidelines too restrictive, according to new research
Digital screen use is a staple of contemporary life for adults and children, whether they are browsing on laptops and smartphones, or watching TV. Paediatricians and scientists have long expressed concerns about the impact of overusing technology on people's wellbeing. However, new Oxford University research suggests that existing guidance managing children's digital media time may not be as beneficial as first thought.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.12.2017
Womb natural killer cell discovery could lead to screening for miscarriage risk
o Previously unknown functions of natural killer cells identified o Cells remodel and 'refresh' the lining of the womb in preparation for pregnancy o Process isn't always balanced in each cycle o Could lead to screening and treatment for women at risk of miscarriage For the first time the functions of natural killer cells in the womb have been identified.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.12.2017
Gene mutation causes low sensitivity to pain
Gene mutation causes low sensitivity to pain
A UCL-led research team has identified a rare mutation that causes one family to have unusually low sensitivity to pain. The researchers hope the findings, published today in Brain , could be used to identify new treatments for chronic pain. They studied an Italian family, the Marsilis, which includes six people who have a distinctive pain response that has not been identified in any other people.
Physics/Materials Science
14.12.2017
Falling faster: The surprising leap of Felix Baumgartner
Falling faster: The surprising leap of Felix Baumgartner
Research news Five years ago the Austrian daredevil Felix Baumgartner broke the sound barrier during his free fall from an altitude of almost 39 kilometers. Now researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have analyzed the fluid dynamics of his descent. The surprising result: Baumgartner, with his irregularly shaped equipment, fell faster than a smooth, symmetrical body would have.
History/Archeology - Law/Forensics
14.12.2017
New image brings people face to face with Seventeenth Century Scottish soldier
New image brings people face to face with Seventeenth Century Scottish soldier
New image brings people face to face with Seventeenth Century Scottish soldier (14 December 2017) The face of one of the Seventeenth Century Scottish soldiers who was imprisoned and died in Durham following the Battle of Dunbar in 1650 has been revealed through a remarkable new digital reconstruction.
Innovation/Technology - Computer Science/Telecom
14.12.2017
Real-world district for digital
Real-world district for digital
For the very first time, the "Innovation Lab", a special exhibition for digital transformations in the construction industry, will be held at Swissbau 2018 from 16 to 20 January. NEST, the modular research and demonstration platform from Empa and Eawag, will be presenting with its partners (in hall 1.1, booth L88) how digital construction is implemented in reality and exactly what kind of potential for digital innovation is offered by the set of demonstrators on the Empa campus in Dübendorf.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.12.2017
The immune cells that help tumors instead of destroying them
The immune cells that help tumors instead of destroying them
EPFL scientists have discovered that neutrophils, a type of immune cell, can actually help lung tumors grow. The work is published in Cell Reports, and has enormous implications for cancer immunotherapy. Neutrophils inside lung adenocarcinoma tumors. On the left, neutrophils inside a mouse tumor are stained brown; on the right, neutrophils inside a human tumor are stained red (credit: E. Meylan/EPFL).
Medicine/Pharmacology
14.12.2017
40 years after first Ebola outbreak, survivors show signs they can stave off new infection
40 years after first Ebola outbreak, survivors show signs they can stave off new infection
UCLA-led study holds promise for development of vaccines and therapeutic drugs to fight the virus Enrique Rivero Survivors of the first known Ebola outbreak, which occurred in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1976, may be key to development of vaccines and therapeutic drugs to treat future outbreaks, according to a new study led by researchers at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics
13.12.2017
Hydraulic fracturing decreases infant health, study finds
A new study co-authored by Prof. Michael Greenstone finds infants born to mothers living up to about 2 miles from a hydraulic fracturing site suffer from poorer health. From North Dakota to Texas to Pennsylvania, hydraulic fracturing has transformed many places in America into energy powerhouses.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
13.12.2017
Protein Structure Could Unlock New Treatments for Cystic Fibrosis
Protein Structure Could Unlock New Treatments for Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a severe hereditary disease of the lung, for which there is currently no cure. The underlying cause of the disease is a malfunction of the chloride channel CFTR, which prevents the secretion of chloride in certain body cells.
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