news 2017


Category
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.06
An active sex life improves brain power in older adults
Older adults who lead an active sex life are more likely to have increased cognitive function, according to a new Oxford University research collaboration. The study which was conducted in partnership with the University of Coventry, found that people over the age of fifty, who engaged in above average levels of sexual activity, scored higher in a series of tests than others.

Psychology - 23.06
World War II bombing associated with resilience, not ‘German Angst’
World War II bombing associated with resilience, not ‘German Angst'
Experiencing traumatic events may be associated with greater mental resilience among residents rather than causing widespread angst, suggests a study published this week that investigated the effect of World War II bombing on the mental health of citizens in German cities.

Life Sciences - 23.06
Simulated honeybees can use simple brain circuits for complex learning
Simulated honeybees can use simple brain circuits for complex learning
Bees lacking the insect equivalent of the cerebral cortex may still be able to learn smells, according to research from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL).† - Honeybees may not need key brain structures known as mushroom bodies in order to learn complex associations between odours and rewards, according to new research published in journal PLOS Computational Biology .

Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 23.06
A 100-year-old physics problem has been solved at EPFL
A 100-year-old physics problem has been solved at EPFL
EPFL researchers have found a way around what was considered a fundamental limitation of physics for over 100 years. They were able to conceive resonant systems that can store electromagnetic waves over a long period of time while maintaining a broad bandwidth.

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 22.06
Cracking the mystery of avian egg shape
Cracking the mystery of avian egg shape
A team of international scientists - including an archaeologist from the University of Bristol - have cracked the mystery of why bird eggs are shaped the way they are. According to the new research published today , egg shape in birds is related to adaptations for efficient flight and a mechanistic model reveals how different egg shapes may be formed.

Mathematics - Life Sciences - 22.06
How birds fly determines the shape of their eggs
How birds fly determines the shape of their eggs
Sleek bird species adapted to flight lay more elliptical and asymmetric eggs, according to new research that overturns classic theories. Bird eggs can be squat spheres or elongated ovals, and can also have one pointy end or be perfectly symmetrical.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.06
HPV testing leads to earlier detection and treatment of cervical pre-cancer
HPV testing leads to earlier detection and treatment of cervical pre-cancer
Women who receive human papillomavirus (HPV) testing, in addition to a pap smear, receive a faster, more complete diagnosis of possible cervical precancer, according to a study of over 450,000 women by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and the University of New Mexico (UNM) Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 22.06
Iconic river red gums threatened by rising CO2 levels
The future of the iconic river red gum is unclear even without taking the further effects of climate change into account. Australia's iconic and most widespread tree species the river red gum is under serious threat by rising CO2 levels and their survival may depend on curbing carbon emissions, a study led by The Australian National University (ANU) has found.

Life Sciences - 22.06
Having kids really can break your heart
Genes that aid in reproductive success also make people more prone to heart attacks, say scientists - a finding that will surprise few parents. Authors from several schools, including Yale, say their genomic analysis suggests natural selection has relatively recently preserved genes that contribute to risk of coronary artery disease because they also contribute to better chances of having kids.

Business/Economics - 22.06
Research suggests sexual appeals in ads don’t sell brands, products
Research suggests sexual appeals in ads don't sell brands, products
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — Could it be that sex actually does not sell? An analysis of nearly 80 advertising studies published over more than three decades suggests that's the case. “We found that people remember ads with sexual appeals more than those without, but that effect doesn't extend to the brands or products that are featured in the ads,” says University of Illinois advertising professor John Wirtz , the lead author of the research.

Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 22.06
How Proteins Find and Bind Each Other
Scientists from Freie Universitšt Berlin and University Pompeu Fabra Barcelona reveal the dynamical mechanism of protein association in atomic detail. ‘ 167/2017 from Jun 22, 2017 Scientists from Freie Universitšt Berlin and University Pompeu Fabra (UPF) Barcelona, have for the first time, simulated the association and dissociation of protein molecules in atomic detail, and validated their results with experimental data.

Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 22.06
UChicago physicists settle debate over how exotic quantum particles form
New research by physicists at the University of Chicago settles a longstanding disagreement over the formation of exotic quantum particles known as Efimov molecules. The findings , published last month , address differences between how theorists say Efimov molecules should form and the way researchers say they did form in experiments.

Business/Economics - 22.06
Adulthood wellbeing lower for single-parent kids – new research
People who grew up in single-parent families have lower levels of wellbeing and life satisfaction in adulthood, new University of Warwick research shows Individuals brought up by a single parent earn 30% less, are 9% less likely to be in a romantic relationship and have fewer friends , researchers find 20% of children in Germany and 24% in the UK currently being raised in single-parent households People who grew up in single-parent families have lower levels of wellbeing and life satisfaction in adulthood, according to new research by the University of Warwick.

Psychology - Careers/Employment - 22.06
Authenticity key to landing a new job
Authenticity key to landing a new job
At job interviews, relax and be yourself - if you're good, being yourself may be the best way to secure a job offer, according to a new study involving UCL researchers. Published today in the Journal of Applied Psychology , the study by UCL, Bocconi University, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, and London Business School, found that high-quality candidates who strive to present themselves accurately during the interview process significantly increase the likelihood of receiving a job offer.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.06
Binge-watching has long-term impact
Older Game of Thrones fans planning a marathon recap before the new TV season premieres might want to reconsider binge-watching their favourite show. Research from The University of Queensland has found the amount of time older adults spend watching TV now could have an impact on their health in years to come.

Life Sciences - 22.06
The Neural Relationship between Light and Sleep
The Neural Relationship between Light and Sleep
Humans are diurnal animals, meaning that we usually sleep at night and are awake during the day, due at least in part to light or the lack thereof. Light is known to affect sleep indirectly by entraining-modifying the length of'our circadian rhythms and also rapidly and directly due to a phenomenon known as masking.

Life Sciences - Sport Sciences - 21.06
Neuroscientist offers game plan to better understand sports concussions
Neuroscientist offers game plan to better understand sports concussions
Hospital emergency rooms treat more than 170,000 children each year for sports-related traumatic brain injuries, including concussions, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.06
Injector 2: a pre-accelerator for protons
Injector 2: a pre-accelerator for protons
As fundamental building blocks of matter, protons are a part of all things that surround us. At the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, however, they step out of their usual role and are deployed to generate other particles, namely neutrons and muons, which are subsequently used to study materials.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.06
HIV-positive women with cytomegalovirus likelier to pass virus that causes AIDS to infant
HIV-positive women with cytomegalovirus likelier to pass virus that causes AIDS
HIV-positive women with cytomegalovirus, or CMV, in their urine at the time of labor and delivery are more than five times likelier than HIV-positive women without CMV to transmit HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, to their infants, according to a UCLA-led study.

Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 21.06
New conductivity mechanism of ions
New conductivity mechanism of ions
Hydrogen is regarded as the energy source of the future: It is produced with solar power and can be used to generate heat and electricity in fuel cells. Empa researchers have now succeeded in decoding the movement of hydrogen ions in crystals - a key step towards more efficient energy conversion in the hydrogen industry of tomorrow.

Life Sciences - 21.06
Study pinpoints protein key to fighting a common intestinal illness
Study pinpoints protein key to fighting a common intestinal illness
Rotavirus is the most common cause of diarrhea in infants and young children worldwide. It is highly infectious and potentially deadly. The virus, which has evolved strategies to evade the immune system, is the focus of new research lead by immunologist Richard Flavell and published in Nature.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 21.06
High-fat diet leads to same intestinal inflammation as a virus
FINDINGS. A new study by scientists at UCLA found that when mice eat a high-fat diet, the cells in their small intestines respond the same way they do to a viral infection, turning up production of certain immune molecules and causing inflammation throughout the body.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment - 21.06
Blacks, women don’t get same health benefit from employment
ANN ARBOR - Being gainfully employed normally is considered good for health, but new research from the University of Michigan shows that black men, and black and white women don't get the same benefits of increased life expectancy related to employment as white men.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.06
Rare genetic variants found to increase risk for Tourette syndrome
Rare genetic variants found to increase risk for Tourette syndrome
An international team led by researchers from UCLA and Massachusetts General Hospital has identified the first definitive genes associated with Tourette syndrome, giving scientists a long-sought foothold on the biology of the disease.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.06
New clues in puzzle over pre-eclampsia and cholesterol regulation
PA 139/17 Scientists studying a mystery link between the dangerous pregnancy complication pre-eclampsia and an increased risk of heart disease in later life for both mother and child have uncovered important new clues.

Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.06
Marriage makes men fatter, shows new research
Marriage makes men fatter, shows new research
Being married makes men gain weight, and the early days of fatherhood add to the problem, finds new research from the University of Bath's School of Management. The study shows that married men have a higher Body Mass Index (BMI) than their non-married counterparts, adding approximately three pounds or 1.4kg to the scales.

Life Sciences - 21.06
Wild monkeys use loud calls to assess the relative strength of rivals
ANN ARBOR?Gelada males'a close relative to baboons'pay attention to the loud calls of a rival to gain information about his relative fighting ability compared to themselves, a new study indicated. Researchers at the University of Michigan, Georgia State University and Princeton University found evidence that gelada males decide to escalate contests with their opponents based on their own condition relative to the condition of their opponent.

Pedagogy/Education Science - 21.06
When estimating extinction risk, don’t leave out the males
When estimating extinction risk, don't leave out the males
Extinction risk for some species could be drastically underestimated because most demographic models of animal populations only analyse the number and fertility of females, dismissing male data as ‘noise'.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.06
Discovery of a new mechanism involved in the migration of cancer cells
A team of young researchers under the supervision of Guillaume Montagnac, Inserm research leader at Gustave Roussy, in collaboration with the Institut Curie and the Institut de Myologie ( Myology Institute ), has discovered a new mechanism which facilitates cell migration.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.06
ANU releases final results of Mr Fluffy health study
We found that the rate of mesothelioma in men living in Mr Fluffy homes was two and a half times higher than in men not living in these houses. ANU†has released the fourth and final report of its ACT Asbestos Health Study into the health impacts of having lived in a house with loose-fill asbestos, known as Mr Fluffy insulation.

Environment/Sustainable Development - 20.06
Scientists throw light on mysterious ice age temperature jumps
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 20.06
How phytoplankton rule the oceans
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06
UC consortium formed to speed up development of new drugs
Environment/Sustainable Development - Physics/Materials Science - 20.06
Lightweight steel production breakthrough: brittle phases controlled
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.06
Genetic modifier for Huntington’s disease progression identified
Physics/Materials Science - 20.06
Underground energy revolution
Environment/Sustainable Development - Agronomy/Food Science - 20.06
Corn better used as food than biofuel, study finds
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 20.06
One in five Medicare patients returns to the hospital after ‘observation stays’
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.06
How cells combat chromosome imbalance
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 19.06
To connect biology with electronics, be rigid, yet flexible
Physics/Materials Science - Environment/Sustainable Development - 19.06
Sound Waves Direct Particles to Self-Assemble, Self-Heal
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 19.06
Human tissue model developed to test colon cancer drugs
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 19.06
New Branch in Family Tree of Exoplanets Discovered
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 19.06
Neuronal Self-Defense Against Alzheimer’s Disease
Physics/Materials Science - Careers/Employment - 15.06
"Hot" Electrons Move Faster Than Expected
Life Sciences - Psychology - 15.06
What the pupils tells us about language
Pedagogy/Education Science - 15.06
Tiny tots and tea cups a bad mix
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - 14.06
Using Light to Reach Higher Precision in Cell Mechanic Research
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology - 14.06
Flood study highlights impact of pre-birth stress
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.06
Epigenetics could help diagnose different types of cleft
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.06
New tool helps pick puppies most suited to guide dog training
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.06
New route to a diagnosis
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.06
Major new appetite regulator successfully altered in mice
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.06
Spider proteins offer new insight into human heart conditions
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 13.06
DNA left by ocean animals provides rare glimpse of marine ecosystems
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Chemistry - 13.06
Active Implants: How Gold Binds to Silicone Rubber
Chemistry - 13.06
Hard shell, hard core
Environment/Sustainable Development - Media - 13.06
Effects of ozone depletion felt in the Tropics
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.06
Dangerous bacteria a true survivor
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom - 12.06
’Big Data’ resource raises possibility of research revolution
Life Sciences - Chemistry - 12.06
Finding useful chemicals from fungi, faster
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Mathematics - 12.06
Do old bridges last longer than expected?
Astronomy - 9.06
The xenon connection
Life Sciences - Chemistry - 9.06
Analysis of Complex Protein Interactions
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 8.06
Ultra-fast optical data transfer using solitons on a photonic chip
Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.06
Big help for small children
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.06
Insights from pig embryos shed light into early human development
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 7.06
Further evidence statins could help control multiple sclerosis
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom - 7.06
2-D magnet
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.06
Even moderate drinking linked to a decline in brain health
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.06
Modern European genes may favor vegetarianism
Computer Science/Telecom - Social Sciences - 7.06
Fake online profiles easier to fish out with new software tool
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 6.06
Dogs Help in Breast Carcinoma Research
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 6.06
Genetic study shakes up the elephant family tree
Chemistry - Environment/Sustainable Development - 5.06
Splitting carbon dioxide using low-cost catalyst materials
Administration/Government - Computer Science/Telecom - 5.06
Cops speak less respectfully to black community members
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 5.06
UQ welcomes 14 new ARC Future Fellows
Architecture - Environment/Sustainable Development - 3.06
A self-sufficient home with solar panels installed only on its facade
Business/Economics - Medicine/Pharmacology - 2.06
Big ideas are getting harder to find
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 2.06
Children with bedroom TVs at significantly higher risk of being overweight
Physics/Materials Science - Law/Forensics - 1.06
Breaking Newton’s Law
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development - 1.06
Free universal healthcare reduces health inequality in Brazil
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 1.06
Gravitational waves provide clues to how black holes are born
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 1.06
New insights into how the Zika virus causes brain birth defect
Environment/Sustainable Development - Chemistry - 1.06
Rover Findings Indicate Stratified Lake on Ancient Mars
Administration/Government - Business/Economics - 1.06
Spending cuts may have contributed to falling teen pregnancy rates, study finds
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 1.06
Cause of and cure for genetic skin disorder
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 1.06
Shows invasive lionfish feasting on new Caribbean fish species
Environment/Sustainable Development - History/Archeology - 31.05
Human activity has polluted European air for 2000 years, Black Death study finds
Physics/Materials Science - Environment/Sustainable Development - 31.05
Water temperatures to drop after the MŁhleberg plant closes
Medicine/Pharmacology - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - 31.05
Motor neuron disease discovery offers new insights into potential treatment targets
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 30.05
Early human migration
Life Sciences - Chemistry - 30.05
Just how old are animals?