news 2017

Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology - 23.05
City life could present psychosis risk for adolescents
Living in a city could significantly increase young people's vulnerability to psychotic experiences, according to a new study from King's College London and Duke University. Published today in Schizophrenia Bulletin , the study found that British adolescents raised in major cities in England and Wales were over 40 per cent more likely to report psychotic experiences (e.g.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.05
Scientists develop test to identify best treatment for gonorrhea
FINDINGS. Researchers from UCLA have developed a laboratory test that helps physicians determine which people with gonorrhea may be more treatable with an antibiotic that has not been recommended since 2007 because of concerns that the resistance to the drug was growing.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.05
Diesel fumes could cause ’flare up’ of respiratory symptoms
Scientists have shown how diesel fumes trigger respiratory reflexes which could potentially worsen underlying conditions, such as asthma. The study, led by researchers at Imperial College London, is the first to demonstrate a mechanism by which diesel exhaust particles, a major component of air pollution in European cities, directly affect the lungs to initiate symptoms such as a tightening of the airways and cough.

Social Sciences - 22.05
Record levels of in-work poverty revealed
More than half (60%) of people living in poverty in the UK live in a household where someone is in work, the highest figure recorded, according to a new Cardiff University report. The report by Dr Rod Hick and Dr Alba Lanau from Cardiff University's School of Social Sciences, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, shines a new light on the growing problem of in-work poverty in the UK.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.05
3.3 million-year-old fossil of young girl reveals origins of human spine
Full skeleton of ‘Selam,' a 3.3 million-year-old Australopithecus afarensis fossil discovered by Prof. Zeray Alemseged in 2000. Analysis of a 3.3 million-year-old fossil skeleton reveals the most complete spinal column of any early human relative, including vertebrae, neck and rib cage.

Astronomy - 22.05
Scientists solve mystery of how most antimatter in the Milky Way forms
Our research provides new insight into a part of the Milky Way where we find some of the oldest stars in our galaxy. A team of international astrophysicists led by ANU has shown how most of the antimatter in the Milky Way forms.

Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 22.05
Brains or beauty? People perceive attractive scientists as more interesting but less able, studies show
Brains or beauty? People perceive attractive scientists as more interesting but
If you think of good science communicators, it's likely that the names Brian Cox, Alice Roberts or Neil deGrasse Tyson may come to mind. But do you consider them good science communicators because they look competent or because they are attractive? We know from studies showing that political success can be predicted from facial appearance, that people can be influenced by how someone looks rather than, necessarily, what they say.

Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.05
Turmoil in sluggish electrons’ existence
Turmoil in sluggish electrons' existence
An international team of physicists has monitored the scattering behavior of electrons in a non-conducting material in real-time. Their insights could be beneficial for radiotherapy. We can refer to electrons in non-conducting materials as ‘sluggish'.

Astronomy - 22.05
New details of TRAPPIST-1 system’s outmost planet confirm earlier predictions
New details of TRAPPIST-1 system's outmost planet confirm earlier predictions
An international team of astronomers, including researchers from the University of Cambridge, used data gathered by the Kepler Space Telescope to observe and confirm details of the outermost of seven exoplanets orbiting the star TRAPPIST-1.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.05
Discovery of an alga’s ‘dictionary of genes’ could lead to advances in biofuels, medicine
Discovery of an alga's ‘dictionary of genes' could lead to advances in bio
Plant biologists and biochemists from UCLA, UC Berkeley and UC San Francisco have produced a gold mine of data by sequencing the genome of a green alga called Chromochloris zofingiensis. Scientists have learned in the past decade that the tiny, single-celled organism could be used as a source of sustainable biofuel and that it produces a substance called astaxanthin, which may be useful for treating certain diseases.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 22.05
People with tinnitus needed for online research study
Researchers into the common hearing condition ‘tinnitus' are calling for help from the public for a new study to try to improve future medical investigations into the problem. The COMIT'ID study is being run by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre based at The University of Nottingham.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.05
Can better tech improve doctor-patient conversations’ A case study with CAT scans in the ER
Can better tech improve doctor-patient conversations' A case study with CAT scan
A Yale-led team of researchers have developed an electronic application tool that puts patients at the center of a decision about an overused medical test: the CAT or CT scan. If it pans out in wider pilot testing, the innovative app could inform the way that health technology tools are developed and used by physicians and patients, said lead author Dr. Ted Melnick.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.05
Deep Sleep Maintains the Learning Efficiency of the Brain
Deep Sleep Maintains the Learning Efficiency of the Brain
Most people know from their own experience that just a single sleepless night can lead to difficulty in mastering mental tasks the next day. Researchers assume that deep sleep is essential for maintaining the learning efficiency of the human brain in the long term.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 22.05
Abused caregivers have double chance of poor health
Abused caregivers have double chance of poor health
Women who become caregivers after experiencing intimate partner violence face a double-whammy hit to their health, University of Queensland research shows. UQ School of Public Health 's Associate Professor Leigh Tooth said women with both life experiences had twice the normal odds of experiencing depressive symptoms and stress – and they also had worse physical health than other women.

Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 22.05
‘Saddle-shaped’ universe could undermine general relativity
‘Saddle-shaped' universe could undermine general relativity
Researchers have shown how singularities - which are normally only found at the centre of black holes and hidden from view - could exist in highly curved three-dimensional space. It's a bit like having spacetime in a box.

Astronomy - 19.05
Software developed at EPFL used to control a flotilla of satellites
Software developed at EPFL used to control a flotilla of satellites
This past week, 28 CubeSats were released from the International Space Station (ISS). Eight of them are running EPFL software that was originally developed for SwissCube. Code name: QB50. This refers to the European research program begun in early 2016 with the aim of launching 50 miniature satellites - CubeSats - into orbit around the Earth.

Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 19.05
Astronomers make the largest map of the Universe yet
Astronomers make the largest map of the Universe yet
Astronomers of the extended Baryonic Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey, led by EPFL Professor Jean-Paul Kneib, used the Sloan telescope to create the first map of the Universe based entirely on quasars.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 19.05
How RNA formed at the origins of life
How RNA formed at the origins of life
A single process for how a group of molecules called nucleotides were made on the early Earth, before life began, has been suggested by a UCL-led team of researchers. Nucleotides are essential to all life on Earth as they form the building blocks of DNA or RNA, and understanding how they were first made is a long-standing challenge that must be resolved to elucidate the origins of life.

Social Sciences - 19.05
Grammar schools fail to help middle-income families
Grammar schools fail to help middle-income families
Selective education harms the university prospects of bright pupils who just miss out on a place at a grammar school, according to new research from the UCL Institute of Education (IOE), University of Bristol and University of Warwick.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.05
Have you seen a GP for problems with your teeth and gums?
Researchers at Cardiff University are undertaking a study to discover why patients may consult a GP when experiencing dental problems. The Seeking Care study, in partnership with dentists from the Cardiff and Vale University Health Board, is currently recruiting UK adults who have been to see their GP with a problem in their teeth or gums in the last 12 months.

Social Sciences - 19.05
Grammar schools fail to help middle-income families
Grammar schools fail to help middle-income families
Selective education harms the university prospects of bright pupils who just miss out on a place at a grammar school, according to new research from the UCL Institute of Education (IOE), University of Bristol and University of Warwick.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.05
Virus’s multipronged attack on bacteria points to new ways to fight infection
Virus's multipronged attack on bacteria points to new ways to fight infection
Researchers have uncovered how a virus uses a two-pronged attack against a single protein to kill bacteria. The international group, led by scientists from the MRC Centre for Molecular Bacteriology & Infection at Imperial College London, believe their work could ultimately lead to new ways to combat bacterial infections.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.05
‘Sticky’ particles promise more precise drug delivery for brain cancer
A Yale research team has found that by tinkering with the surface properties of drug-loaded nanoparticles, they can potentially direct these particles to specific cells in the brain. By making nanoparticles bioadhesive, or ‘sticky,' the researchers have answered a long-standing question: Once you get the particles to the brain, how do you get them to interact with the cancer cells there? Their findings are published May 19.

Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 19.05
Scientists construct a stable one-dimensional metallic material
Scientists construct a stable one-dimensional metallic material
Researchers have developed the world's thinnest metallic nanowire, which could be used to miniaturise many of the electronic components we use every day.  We're just starting to understand the physics and chemistry of these systems.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 19.05
Vitamin D, a New Avenue in the Prevention of Alzheimer‘s Disease’
Known to be a possible cause of several chronic diseases, vitamin D'deficiency is also suspected to lead to a high risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, especially where the diet is also poor in ‘good fats' and antioxidant carotenoids.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 19.05
Neurological conditions could begin in the womb
Neurological conditions could begin in the womb
Researchers say a protein usually associated with the immune system could play a role in the development of neurological conditions such as epilepsy and schizophrenia. University of Queensland lecturer and medical alumnus Dr Liam Coulthard led the study into how brain development is affected by altering the activity of the complement system – which controls innate or natural immunity – during pregnancy.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 18.05
A third of Australian kids say their dads work too much - new study
A third of Australian children aged 11-13 years say their fathers work too much, a new study led by ANU has found. The study, which observed around 3,000 fathers and their children as part of the 'Growing Up in Australia' study, also found that one third of children did not always enjoy time with their dads.

Media - 18.05
Washington state house prices up 12.1 percent compared to the first quarter of last year
Washington state house prices up 12.1 percent compared to the first quarter of l
Washington state's housing market showed the continuing effects of high demand in the first quarter of 2017, according to the Runstad Center for Real Estate Studies at the University of Washington. The statewide median sales price rose to $324,300 in the first quarter, 12.1 percent higher than the same time period last year.

Astronomy - Chemistry - 18.05
Icy ring around young planetary system has similar chemical fingerprint to our solar system
Icy ring around young planetary system has similar chemical fingerprint to our s
An international team of astronomers, including researchers from the University of Cambridge, has made the most detailed image of the ring of dusty debris surrounding a young star and found that the ice content of colliding comets within it is similar to comets in our own solar system.

Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 18.05
Insight into enzyme’s 3D structure could cut biofuel costs
Insight into enzyme's 3D structure could cut biofuel costs
Neutron crystallography maps LPMOs that break down fibrous cellulose LOS ALAMOS, N.M., May 18, 2017- Using neutron crystallography, a Los Alamos research team has mapped the three-dimensional structure of a protein that breaks down polysaccharides, such as the fibrous cellulose of grasses and woody plants, a finding that could help bring down the cost of creating biofuels.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 18.05
Weill Cornell team creates breakthrough on blood disorders
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 18.05
Red blood cell variation linked to natural malaria resistance
Business/Economics - Psychology - 18.05
Consumers see much greater risk than reward in online ads
Life Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science - 18.05
Differences in brain activity between men and women who are obese
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry - 18.05
Sensors detect disease markers in breath
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 18.05
Global pattern in predation
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 18.05
A tool for monitoring the biodiversity of Swiss livestock
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 18.05
Tiny squeeze or stretch boosts catalytic performance
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 18.05
A step towards understanding Zika
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 17.05
Gene that affects cell power supply may hold key to bowel disease
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 17.05
Turning skin cells into brain cells
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 17.05
Visiting astronomer at UW part of ’Styrofoam’ planet discovery
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 17.05
As continents continue moving, study suggests effects on biodiversity
Computer Science/Telecom - Business/Economics - 17.05
City model created from images alone
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 17.05
Opinion: Dairy got the all-clear this week - but was it justified?
Politics - Life Sciences - 17.05
Does our childhood shape our political choices?
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 17.05
Testing Quantum Field Theory in a Quantum Simulator
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 17.05
Regular supply of coral larvae best for reef recovery
Physics/Materials Science - Astronomy - 17.05
A new approach to forecasting solar flares?
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 16.05
HIV virus destroys lung tissue
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 16.05
Bacteria harness the lotus effect to protect themselves
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 15.05
Quantum reservoir for microwaves
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.05
Single cell focus reveals hidden cancer cells
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.05
Diabetes drug may help symptoms of autism-associated condition
Physics/Materials Science - 15.05
Saving energy with a spot of silver
Environment/Sustainable Development - 15.05
Understanding changes in extreme precipitation
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.05
Researchers identify first genetic variant for anorexia nervosa
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 12.05
Researchers build brain-on-a-chip
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 12.05
Suicide in veterans - study finds mixed picture
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 12.05
One laser is enough
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 11.05
New blood cancer test
Physics/Materials Science - Mathematics - 11.05
Way to pack grains and drugs most efficiently
Computer Science/Telecom - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 11.05
A powered exoskeleton prevents the elderly from falling
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 11.05
Antibody genes influence forgotten heart disease
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology - 11.05
Mental health first aid in the workplace - is it working?
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science - 11.05
New insights into the tumor metabolism
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - 11.05
Structure and mechanics of aegagropilae fiber network
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 11.05
Rumors of inflationary theory’s demise premature
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 11.05
Shelf sediments reveal climate shifts through the eons
Education/Continuing Education - 10.05
Oldest buckthorn fossilized flowers found in Argentina
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 10.05
Biologists identify key step in lung cancer evolution
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - 10.05
Unbreakable quantum entanglement
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 10.05
New technology monitors and maintains drug levels
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 10.05
A possible way to new antibiotics
Architecture - Business/Economics - 10.05
"Architecture is the tip of the iceberg"
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 9.05
Designing Cyclic Oligomers: Greater Than the Sum of Their Parts
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 9.05
New safety concerns identified for 1 in 3 FDA-approved drugs
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom - 9.05
A new tool to decipher evolutionary biology
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 9.05
With Stem Cells to New Intervertebral Discs
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 9.05
Organic pollutants and obesity are not a good combination
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 8.05
New findings may explain the advantages of polyunsaturated fat
Environment/Sustainable Development - 8.05
Data analysis could trigger new shale gas revolution
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 8.05
Computer-generated doctor explains test results to patients
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 8.05
Chemically tailored Graphene
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - 8.05
Fabrication technology in the fourth dimension
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 8.05
Does global warming threaten the gut microbiota?
Astronomy - Earth Sciences - 5.05
New theory on how Earth’s crust was created
Mathematics - Physics/Materials Science - 5.05
A touchable tablet to guide the visually impaired
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 4.05
Type 2 diabetes genetic mapping identifies new ‘loci’
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 4.05
A simple brain scan can detect pain in infants
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science - 4.05
Holography with the Wi-Fi-router
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 4.05
Sandwiched between superconductors, graphene adopts exotic electronic states
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 3.05
New hope in the fight against superbugs
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom - 2.05
Period tracking apps failing users in basic ways, study finds
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 2.05
New research to test effect of cannabidiol on child brain tumours
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 2.05
Sodium and magnesium to replace lithium in batteries
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics - 1.05
Testing their patients
Life Sciences - 1.05
The gene that starts it all
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 1.05
Researchers open new routes to treat asthma attacks
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 1.05
New model could speed up colon cancer research