news 2017

Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 24.02
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin’s ‘abominable mystery’
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin's ‘abominable mystery
The mystery that is the origin of flowering plants has been partially solved thanks to a team from the Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale (CNRS/Inra/CEA/Université Grenoble Alpes), in collaboration with the Reproduction et Développement des Plantes laboratory (CNRS/ENS Lyon/Inra/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1) and Kew Gardens (UK).

Life Sciences - 24.02
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin’s “abominable mystery”
Where do flowers come from? Shedding light on Darwin's “abominable mystery”
The mystery that is the origin of flowering plants has been partially solved thanks to a team from the Laboratoire de Physiologie Cellulaire et Végétale (CNRS/Inra/CEA/Université Grenoble Alpes), in collaboration with the Reproduction et Développement des Plantes laboratory (CNRS/ENS Lyon/Inra/Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1) and Kew Gardens (UK).

Education/Continuing Education - 24.02
New pop-up strategy inspired by cuts, not folds
Origami-inspired materials use folds in materials to embed powerful functionality. However, all that folding can be pretty labor intensive. Now, researchers at the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) are drawing material inspiration from another ancient Japanese paper craft - kirigami.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 24.02
Study offers hope of new treatment for rheumatoid arthritis
Patients who do not respond to current rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatments may benefit from a new form of treatment that has been shown in a study to be effective against symptoms of the disease. The RA-BEAM study is the first to demonstrate that the drug baricitinib is more effective in improving the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis than the current standard treatment of injectable biologic anti-TNF medications.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 24.02
In the molecular bench vise
In the molecular bench vise
Research news - The genome molecule contains the blueprint for life. The manner in which the blueprint is packed into the cell determines which genes are active and which are set to inactive. Disturbing this structure can result in illnesses such as cancer.

Chemistry - Environment/Sustainable Development - 24.02
Getting Rid of the Last Bits of Sulfur in Fuel
Getting Rid of the Last Bits of Sulfur in Fuel
Scientists led by a team at Caltech have developed a new method for potentially removing nearly all sulfur compounds from gas and diesel fuel. Sulfur compounds in fuels such as gasoline and diesel create air pollution when the fuel is burned.

Media - Environment/Sustainable Development - 24.02
’Computer bots are like humans, having fights lasting years’
Researchers say 'benevolent bots', otherwise known as software robots, that are designed to make articles on Wikipedia better often end up having online fights lasting years over changes in content.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 24.02
Rare bacterial infection a threat to heart patients
A Queensland infectious diseases expert has warned more open-heart surgery patients could be diagnosed with a rare bacterial infection stemming from contaminated heater-cooler units. from the Mater Research Institute - University of Queensland (MRI-UQ) has diagnosed and treated a 68-year-old woman with Mycobacterium chimaera 13 months after she had open cardiothoracic surgery.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.02
Study suggests air pollution’s risk to the heart may stem from the gut
Study suggests air pollution's risk to the heart may stem from the gut
New research from UCLA suggests air pollution, well known to have negative health effects on the lungs and heart, may also cause damage to other systems in the body. The team of researchers, led by Dr. Tzung Hsiai, professor of medicine and bioengineering at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA , found that exposure to air pollution caused mice to experience changes in the normal composition of gut bacteria.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.02
How blood can be rejuvenated
How blood can be rejuvenated
Our blood stem cells generate around a thousand billion new blood cells every day. But the blood stem cells' capacity to produce blood changes as we age. This leads to older people being more susceptible to anaemia, lowered immunity and a greater risk of developing certain kinds of blood cancer.

Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 23.02
UC San Diego Astrophysicists Contribute to Major Planet Discovery
The announcement yesterday that NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope had revealed the first known system of seven Earth-size planets around a single star may be the biggest news of the year for the space agency.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.02
Mouse Model Could Shed New Light on Immune System Response to Zika Virus
A new mouse model with a working immune system could be used in laboratory research to improve understanding of Zika virus infection and aid development of new treatments, according to a study published in PLOS Pathogens .

Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.02
Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity
Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity
People who suffer long-term stress may also be more prone to obesity, according to research by scientists at UCL which involved examining hair samples for levels of cortisol, a hormone which regulates the body's response to stress.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.02
Faster biological ageing could increase risk for depression in childhood
Genetic factors which predispose people to accelerated ‘biological ageing' also increase their risk of developing depression in childhood, according to a new study from King's College London. The findings, published today in the Journal of Affective Disorders , suggest that the causes of childhood-onset depression may be different from those of adult-onset depression, and could lead to new treatments targeting the mechanisms which govern biological ageing.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.02
Artificial intelligence could increase speed and reliability of brain research
Artificial intelligence could increase speed and reliability of brain research
Neuroscientists at Imperial have highlighted the benefits of using machine learning techniques in real-time brain imaging studies. The researchers say the technique, which uses artificial intelligence (AI) to automatically design the best possible experiment, could improve the results from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies, a neuroimaging technique that creates images of activity levels in different brain regions.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.02
Alzheimer’s drug prescribed ‘off-label’ for mild cognitive impairment could be dangerous for some
FINDINGS. Donepezil, a medication that is approved to treat people with Alzheimer's disease, should not be prescribed for people with mild cognitive impairment without a genetic test. UCLA School of Nursing researchers discovered that for people who carry a specific genetic variation — the K-variant of butyrylcholinesterase, or BChE-K — donezpezil could accelerate cognitive decline.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.02
Research suggests a new model of chronic disease
Genes play a key role in determining whether someone experiences multiple chronic diseases, according to new research by King's. Chronic pain, depression and heart disease are three of the commonest causes of disability, and are becoming more prevalent.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.02
New study identifies possible early warning signs of Huntington’s disease
New study identifies possible early warning signs of Huntington's disease
Early warning signs of Huntington's disease have been uncovered in a sheep carrying the human disease-causing genetic variant, providing new insights into this devastating illness, a new study in Scientific Reports has found.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.02
Fructose is generated in the human brain
Fructose is generated in the human brain
Fructose, a form of sugar linked to obesity and diabetes, is converted in the human brain from glucose, according to a new Yale study. The finding raises questions about fructose's effects on the brain and eating behavior.

Astronomy - Earth Sciences - 23.02
Space dust deploy bubble parachutes on their fiery descent, scientists discover
Space dust deploy bubble parachutes on their fiery descent, scientists discover
Bubbles acting like parachutes are deployed by some cosmic dust particles on their entry into Earth's atmosphere, preventing them from burning up. Think of microscopic rice bubbles made of molten rock and you get the picture about what this cosmic dust looks like.

Business/Economics - Careers/Employment - 23.02
Female bosses favour gay and lesbian job-seekers, research finds
Female bosses favour gay and lesbian job-seekers, research finds. Women are more likely to hire gay and lesbian job applicants over equally-qualified straight candidates, according to a study led by the University of Sussex.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.02
Europeans brought new strains of ulcer-causing bacterium to pre-Columbian Americas
Europeans brought new strains of ulcer-causing bacterium to pre-Columbian Americ
A genomic study of a harmful stomach bacterium finds that foreign strains intermingled with and replaced local strains after the arrival of Europeans and African slaves across the Americas. The study by an international team of researchers, including Daniel Falush from the University's Milner Centre for Evolution is published February 23, 2017 in PLOS Genetics .

Life Sciences - 23.02
Ball-rolling bees reveal complex learning
Ball-rolling bees reveal complex learning
Bumblebees can be trained to score goals using a mini-ball, revealing unprecedented learning abilities, according to scientists at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL). Thursday 23 February 2017 Their study suggests that species whose lifestyle demands advanced learning abilities could learn entirely new behaviours if there is ecological pressure.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.02
Tumour protein could hold key to pancreatic cancer survival
The authors acknowledge the ongoing support of the Pancare Foundation ( ) in enabling the continuation of this research.

Astronomy - Earth Sciences - 22.02
An exceptional system of exoplanets
Seven temperate Earth-sized planets revolve around the star TRAPPIST-1. In addition, at least three of them harbor conditions compatible with the presence of liquid water on their surfaces.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 22.02
The genetics behind being Not Like Daddy
The genetics behind being Not Like Daddy
A common strategy to create high-yielding plants is hybrid breeding - crossing two different inbred lines to obtain characteristics superior to each parent. However, getting the inbred lines in the first place can be a hassle.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 22.02
Bowel scope cuts cancer risk for at least 17 years
Bowel scope cuts cancer risk for at least 17 years
A one-off screening test reduces the risk of developing bowel cancer by more than one third and could save thousands of lives, a study has found. Researchers based at Imperial College London found that the test - which examines the lower part of the large bowel - prevented more than half of potential bowel cancers from developing in that area and two thirds of deaths were avoided.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.02
Zika virus harms testes, says study
Zika virus harms testes, says study
The Zika virus reduces the size of testes in infected mice up to 21 days after infection, according to a new Yale study. The persistence of the virus in the male reproductive organ can lead to sexual transmission and may impair male fertility, the researchers said.

Psychology - 22.02
New research: Toddlers’ grammar skills are learned, not innate
New research: Toddlers' grammar skills are learned, not innate
Stanford psychologist Michael Frank and other researchers used a novel statistical approach to analyze children's early speech and found evidence that toddlers develop knowledge of grammar with time and practice.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology - 22.02
Cat ownership not linked to mental health problems
Cat ownership not linked to mental health problems
New UCL research has found no link between cat ownership and psychotic symptoms, casting doubt on previous suggestions that people who grew up with cats are at higher risk of mental illness. Recent research has suggested that cat ownership might contribute to some mental disorders, because cats are the primary host of the common parasite Toxoplasma Gondii (T.

Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 22.02
Blood ties fuel cooperation among species, not survival instinct
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 22.02
Holes in the electrode
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics - 21.02
Average life expectancy set to increase by 2030
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.02
’Junk DNA’ could play an important role in diabetes
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 21.02
Epilepsy gene identified in dogs
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 17.02
Molecular phenomenon discovered by advanced NMR facility
Medicine/Pharmacology - Computer Science/Telecom - 17.02
Digital reconstruction of teeth
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 16.02
Less snow and a shorter ski season in the Alps
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 16.02
Targeting the biological clock could slow the progression of cancer
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.02
Inherited genes may cause more cancer than previously thought
Medicine/Pharmacology - Business/Economics - 15.02
Measuring ‘diagnostic intensity’
Environment/Sustainable Development - 15.02
Alien species on the rise worldwide
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 15.02
Autism biomarkers in infancy
Computer Science/Telecom - Medicine/Pharmacology - 15.02
Machine learning helps researchers design less costly optical sensors
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 15.02
Breakthrough in ‘wonder’ materials paves way for flexible tech
Sport Sciences - Life Sciences - 15.02
Evidence of brain damage found in former footballers
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.02
Novel approach to treating common diseases
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Physics/Materials Science - 15.02
A new spin on electronics
Environment/Sustainable Development - Physics/Materials Science - 15.02
’The blob’ of abnormal conditions boosted Western U.S. ozone levels
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 15.02
Laissez-faire is not good enough for reforestation
Law/Forensics - Physics/Materials Science - 15.02
Wetting Effect on Torricelli’s Law
Social Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 15.02
Research offers new understanding of autism
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology - 15.02
ANU releases Mr Fluffy health survey results
Physics/Materials Science - 14.02
Frequency combs: on-chip integration on track
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 14.02
Better health for women involved in clinical trials
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology - 14.02
Marriage Is Good for Your Health, Study Confirms
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 14.02
Genes that help crops adapt to change
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 14.02
A new contrast agent for MRI
Physics/Materials Science - Computer Science/Telecom - 14.02
Success by deception
Astronomy - Earth Sciences - 14.02
The heart of a far-off star beats for its planet
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.02
A message from your muscles
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences - 13.02
New record achieved in terahertz pulse generation
Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - Environment/Sustainable Development - 13.02
Tapping into underground urban heat islands
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.02
Gene Analysis Adds Layers to Understanding How Our Livers Function
History/Archeology - Social Sciences - 13.02
Old county jail rediscovered on Stanford land
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 10.02
Gut bacteria may play a role in Alzheimer’s disease
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 10.02
Explosion in species diversity due to hybridization
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 10.02
Obesity leads to harmful activation of the immune system
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 10.02
Epstein-Barr virus and cancer: new tricks from an old dog
Physics/Materials Science - Mathematics - 10.02
Taming complexity
Literature/Linguistics - History/Archeology - 10.02
Researchers piece together a portrait of the real Mr Darcy
Business/Economics - Physics/Materials Science - 9.02
The researcher as entrepreneur
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 9.02
Size matters when it comes to keeping blood sugar levels in check
Astronomy - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 8.02
Blue jets studied from Space Station
Environment/Sustainable Development - Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - 8.02
Greenland ice sheet melting can cool subtropics, alter climate
Life Sciences - Arts and Design - 8.02
Sex, drugs, and rock & roll chemistry in the brain
Physics/Materials Science - 8.02
Measuring time without a clock
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.02
Genetic defects in tooth enamel conducive to development of caries
Astronomy - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 7.02
Mysterious white dwarf pulsar discovered
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 7.02
Antioxidants and hearing loss
Environment/Sustainable Development - 6.02
Beyond eating: Indirectly, deer change the landscape
Physics/Materials Science - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - 6.02
Stars align in test supporting ‘spooky action at a distance’
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 3.02
’Brute force’ can overcome antibiotic resistance
Medicine/Pharmacology - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 3.02
New robotic drug discovery platform for ACT
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 3.02
New method improves accuracy of imaging systems
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 3.02
Thirdhand Smoke Affects Weight, Blood Cell Development in Mice
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 2.02
New genes for height revealed in global study of 700,000 people
Physics/Materials Science - 2.02
Shaken, but not stirred
Medicine/Pharmacology - Careers/Employment - 2.02
A healthy work limit is 39 hours per week
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 1.02
Scientists identify key defect in brain tumor cells
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences - 1.02
UCLA physicists map the atomic structure of an alloy