news 2017

Pedagogy/Education Science - 28.03
If at first you don’t succeed: Why repetition may hold key to helping children with specific language impairment
If at first you don't succeed: Why repetition may hold key to helping children w
If at first you don't succeed: Why repetition may hold key to helping children with specific language impairment. Simple repetition learning techniques could help young children struggling with language to learn vocabulary faster, according to the latest research from scientists from the UK and Germany.

Life Sciences - 28.03
When a root becomes a shoot, how plant organs change identity
When a root becomes a shoot, how plant organs change identity
As it grows, a plant produces stems and roots, organs that develop according to different patterns. Researchers from the French Inra, UPMC and ENS have shown, in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana , that roots can be transformed into shoots, and vice versa, in a conversion phenomenon involving stem cells.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy - 28.03
Sun’s atmospheric currents may help predict solar storms
Sun's atmospheric currents may help predict solar storms
Scientists have presented the first direct, observational evidence of atmospheric currents - similar to Rossby waves found on Earth - on the sun. The discovery has the potential to help predict solar storms that affect everything from orbiting satellites to telecommunications systems and the energy grid on Earth.

Physics/Materials Science - 28.03
Focusing on grains, researchers solve a mystery of rivers’ flow
Focusing on grains, researchers solve a mystery of rivers' flow
Taking a simpler approach to a complex problem, Yale researchers have an answer for why large grains move more easily than smaller ones when driven by fluid flow along a riverbed - a question that has confounded scientists for decades.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science - 28.03
Marathon running may cause short-term kidney injury
Marathon running may cause short-term kidney injury
According to a new Yale-led study, the physical stress of running a marathon can cause short-term kidney injury. Although kidneys of the examined runners fully recovered within two days post-marathon, the study raises questions concerning potential long-term impacts of this strenuous activity at a time when marathons are increasing in popularity.

Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 28.03
Researchers uncover secret of nanomaterial that makes harvesting sunlight easier
Researchers uncover secret of nanomaterial that makes harvesting sunlight easier
Using sunlight to drive chemical reactions, such as artificial photosynthesis, could soon become much more efficient thanks to nanomaterials. This is the conclusion of a study published today led by researchers in the Department of Physics at Imperial College London, which could ultimately help improve solar energy technologies and be used for new applications, such as using sunlight to break down harmful chemicals.

Life Sciences - 28.03
Brain changes in older adults increase risk for scams
Older adults who have been scammed by friends, relatives or strangers seem to behave just like elders who have avoided rip-offs. They are able to balance their checkbooks. They can remember and evaluate information.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 28.03
How does Oxygen get into a Fuel Cell?
How does Oxygen get into a Fuel Cell?
In order for a fuel cell to work, it needs an oxidising agent. TU Wien has now found a way to explain why oxygen does not always enter fuel cells effectively, rendering them unusable. Fuel cells use a simple chemical reaction, such as the combination of oxygen and hydrogen to form water, to generate electricity.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 28.03
Trial to test for oesophageal cancer risk launches across the UK
Trial to test for oesophageal cancer risk launches across the UK
A clinical trial designed by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) will allow GP surgeries to test for Barrett's oesophagus - a condition that can increase the risk of developing oesophageal cancer. The Cancer Research UK-funded trial  is led by the University of Cambridge and aims to offer the Cytosponge test, a less invasive way to test oesophageal cells in patients with acid reflux symptoms, to up to 150 GP practices.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 28.03
Inflammation awakens sleepers
Inflammation awakens sleepers
The inflammatory response that is supposed to ward off pathogens that cause intestinal disease makes this even worse. This is because special viruses integrate their genome into Salmonella , which further strengthens the pathogen.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 28.03
Cracking the code of Huntington's disease
Cracking the code of Huntington's disease
Huntington's disease is caused by a gene mutation that causes a protein to build up in the brain. In a world first, EPFL scientists have synthesized and studied modified forms of a mutant part of the protein, deepening our understanding of how it contributes to the disease, and pointing to new therapeutic strategies for treating it.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 28.03
UQ opens new era in cancer research and drug development
UQ opens new era in cancer research and drug development
New cancer-fighting drugs and devices could emerge from The University of Queensland, thanks to a research program comparing cancers in pet animals and humans in a state-of-the-art imaging facility opened today.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Civil Engineering/Traffic Engineering - 28.03
Bush faces more drug problems than meth alone
Bush faces more drug problems than meth alone
A high use of methylamphetamine and prescription medications is a problem for regional Australia, according to an Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission (ACIC) report designed to combat illicit drugs.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 27.03
Alcohol use in veterans with schizophrenia less common than thought
FINDINGS. U.S. military veterans who are being treated for schizophrenia are much less likely to drink any alcohol than the general population. However, they are equally likely to misuse alcohol.

Media - Politics - 27.03
Link between watching light entertainment TV and voting for populist politicians
Link between watching light entertainment TV and voting for populist politicians
People exposed to light entertainment television like soap operas may be more likely to vote for populist politicians according to a new study co-authored by an economist at Queen Mary University of London.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 27.03
Breakthrough in 'amphibian plague’: deadly fungus genes identified
Breakthrough in 'amphibian plague': deadly fungus genes identified
Scientists have identified the genes of a deadly fungus that is decimating salamander and newt populations in Northern Europe. Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal), dubbed the 'amphibian plague', is a highly infectious chytrid fungus that affects many species of salamanders and newts, literally digesting their skin, which quickly leads to death.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 27.03
U-M findings offer new ideas about vaccine development
ANN ARBOR?Vaccine development is largely trial and error'which results in years of pricey development and just a 6 percent success rate'but a University of Michigan researcher believes he's found a way to potentially improve those numbers.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 27.03
Colour change test to help cancer research advance
Colour change test to help cancer research advance
A simple colour changing test to help scientists investigate potential cancer drugs has been developed by University of Bath scientists, allowing research to progress at a much greater speed than has been possible until now.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 27.03
Ronald Breaker named Sterling Professor of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Ronald R. Breaker, newly named as a Sterling Professor of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, is one of the world's experts on the diversity and function of RNAs, which are crucial to carrying out a host of life processes.

Environment/Sustainable Development - History/Archeology - 27.03
Sun’s impact on climate change quantified for first time
Sun's impact on climate change quantified for first time
For the first time, model calculations show a plausible way that fluctuations in solar activity could have a tangible impact on the climate. Studies funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation expect human-induced global warming to tail off slightly over the next few decades.

Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 27.03
Proteomics helps to understand the influence of genetic variations
Proteomics helps to understand the influence of genetic variations
Research news - How does type 2 diabetes develop? A team of researchers headed by the Helmholtz Zentrum München and the Technical University of Munich has come closer to finding an answer to this problem.

Medicine/Pharmacology - 24.03
Poor communication main cause of marriage, cohabitation breakdown
Poor communication main cause of marriage, cohabitation breakdown
The most common reasons given for the breakdown of marriages or live-in partnerships in Britain are communication problems and growing apart, according to analysis by UCL researchers of the latest National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (Natsal-3).

Medicine/Pharmacology - Sport Sciences - 24.03
Tetris used to prevent post-traumatic stress symptoms
A single dose psychological intervention, which includes using the computer game Tetris, can prevent the unpleasant, intrusive memories that develop in some people after suffering a traumatic event.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 24.03
New era in precision medicine for pancreatic cancer
The development of new treatments for pancreatic cancer is set to be transformed by a network of clinical trials, aiming to find the right trial for the right patient, after a £10 million investment from Cancer Research UK.

Earth Sciences - Media - 24.03
Steep rise of the Bernese Alps
Steep rise of the Bernese Alps
Media releases, information for representatives of the media Media Relations (E) The striking North Face of the Bernese Alps is the result of a steep rise of rocks from the depths following a collision of two tectonic plates.

Religions - Social Sciences - 24.03
Study into who is least afraid of death
A new study examines all robust, available data on how fearful we are of what happens once we shuffle off this mortal coil.  They find that atheists are among those least afraid of dying...and, perhaps not surprisingly, the very religious.  Religion has long been thought to be a solution to the problem of death.

Physics/Materials Science - 24.03
In a quantum race everyone is both a winner and a loser
In a quantum race everyone is both a winner and a loser
Our understanding of the world is mostly built on basic perceptions, such as that events follow each other in a well-defined order. Such definite orders are required in the macroscopic world, for which the laws of classical physics apply.

Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.03
Seabed conditions key to survival of juvenile cod, haddock and whiting
Links between seabed type and quality are closely related to the abundance and size of young commercially fished species such as cod, haddock and whiting. A new study, led by the University of Glasgow and published today in Marine Ecology Progress Series, examines the abundance and size of these three types of commercial fish over the course of two years in the South Arran Nature Conservation Marine Protected Area in the Firth of Clyde.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 23.03
Fighting malaria through metabolism
Fighting malaria through metabolism
EPFL scientists have fully modeled the metabolism of the deadliest malaria parasite. The model offers unprecedented tools for developing a new generation of antimalarial therapies to overcome drug resistance.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 23.03
Use food subsidies as carrot to encourage healthier eating habits for obese
Use food subsidies as carrot to encourage healthier eating habits for obese
Subsidising healthy foods by up to 10 per cent would do more to shift the eating habits of overweight and obese people than a tax on unhealthy products, and could be cost effective in the long-run, according to the findings of a new study published by economists at the University.

Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.03
Vanishing capillaries
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 23.03
The human embryo as you have never seen it
Astronomy - Environment/Sustainable Development - 23.03
Satellite imaging breakthrough improves ability to measure plant growth
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 23.03
Is there a link between telomere length and cancer?
Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.03
Lack of staffing, funds hamper protected areas
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 22.03
Mass extinction event 35 million years ago
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.03
"Jumping gene" uncovers genetic networks
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 22.03
Ultrafast measurements explain quantum dot voltage drop
Astronomy - Life Sciences - 22.03
Watching water
Astronomy - Earth Sciences - 22.03
Sunbathing meteoroids
Physics/Materials Science - Business/Economics - 22.03
Camouflage apples
Computer Science/Telecom - Medicine/Pharmacology - 22.03
When deep learning mistakes a coffee-maker for a cobra
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 22.03
Three-pronged approach is key to precision medicine
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 21.03
New Machine Learning Technique Provides Translational Results
Life Sciences - Architecture - 21.03
Satnavs ’switch off’ parts of the brain
Medicine/Pharmacology - Environment/Sustainable Development - 21.03
Ghosts of past diseases shape species evolution
Computer Science/Telecom - 21.03
Scientists look to AI for help in peer review
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 21.03
How do metals interact with DNA?
Computer Science/Telecom - Mathematics - 21.03
Making better decisions when outcomes are uncertain
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 21.03
Protein could prevent brain damage caused by stroke
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - Chemistry - 20.03
Light-controlled gearbox for nanomachines
Medicine/Pharmacology - Physics/Materials Science - 20.03
Long-term limitations imposed on patients with pulmonary embolism
Pedagogy/Education Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 20.03
Researchers gain insight into day-to-day lives of parents raising children with autism
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 20.03
Study points a way to better implants
Physics/Materials Science - Environment/Sustainable Development - 20.03
‘Fingerprint’ technique spots frog populations at risk from pollution
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 20.03
Adult Subcortex Processes Numbers With Same Skill as Infants
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 20.03
Link between vitamin D’treatment and autism prevention
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 17.03
Scientists solve mystery of immune cells in the liver
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 17.03
Inner workings of liquid crystals
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 17.03
Deep-sea corals reveal why atmospheric carbon was reduced during colder time periods
Physics/Materials Science - Environment/Sustainable Development - 17.03
Why water splashes: new theory reveals secrets
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science - 17.03
Effects of the gut microbiota revisited
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences - 16.03
Survival of bumblebee families improved by flowers
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 16.03
Outwitting climate change with a plant ’dimmer’?
Medicine/Pharmacology - Psychology - 16.03
Better sleep feels like winning the lottery
Architecture - Environment/Sustainable Development - 16.03
Measuring the impact of a city's buildings on the weather
Microtechnics/Electroengineering - Computer Science/Telecom - 15.03
‘Instrument Flight’ to the Inner Ear
Environment/Sustainable Development - 15.03
No publication bias found in climate change research
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.03
Researchers make headway toward understanding Alexander disease
Medicine/Pharmacology - Chemistry - 15.03
Creating artemisinin
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 14.03
Flies and bees act like plant cultivators
Business/Economics - Careers/Employment - 14.03
Women in finance face harsher discipline than men
Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.03
Eczema and antibiotics
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 14.03
Study quantifies role of ‘legacy phosphorus’ in reduced water quality
Pedagogy/Education Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.03
Doubts about whether internet filters protect teenagers online
Medicine/Pharmacology - Administration/Government - 14.03
Young adults on the verge of a gambling habit
Physics/Materials Science - 14.03
Why do people switch their language?
Chemistry - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 14.03
Liquid fuel for future computers
Life Sciences - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 14.03
Buzzing the brain with electricity can boost working memory
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 14.03
Hexacoordinated Carbon Atom Detected
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.03
Toward the synthesis of antibiotics by a new bacterial enzyme
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 14.03
Mapping the effects of crystal defects
Medicine/Pharmacology - 14.03
How cobras developed flesh-eating venom
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.03
Gene mutation found to drive prostate cancer subtype
Computer Science/Telecom - Mathematics - 13.03
Computing with spiders’ webs
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 13.03
Rapid decline of Arctic sea ice a combination of climate change and natural variability
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.03
MRI scans can help spot HIV in the brain
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 13.03
Genome-based diets improve growth, fertility and lifespan
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 13.03
Never before seen images of early stage Alzheimer’s disease
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 13.03
Using molecules to detune nanodrums
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 10.03
Dawkins’ fabled cooperative gene discovered in microbes
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 9.03
Team helps father discover source of son’s disability
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 9.03
New class of colloidal systems
Chemistry - Physics/Materials Science - 9.03
Unexpected oxidation state for molecular plutonium discovered
Business/Economics - Careers/Employment - 9.03
Harnessing ADHD for business success
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 9.03
Storing data in single-atom magnets
Physics/Materials Science - 9.03
"Blurred Times" in a Quantum World
Physics/Materials Science - Microtechnics/Electroengineering - 9.03
Artificial magnetic fields for photons
Physics/Materials Science - 9.03
Soft sensors for smart textiles
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 8.03
The proteins that domesticated our genomes
Life Sciences - Physics/Materials Science - 8.03
Molecule shown to repair damaged axons
Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development - 8.03
Biologists identify ancient stress response in corals
Astronomy - Physics/Materials Science - 8.03
New Technologies for Astronomical Research
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 8.03
Genetic sequencing offers same-day TB testing
Physics/Materials Science - Medicine/Pharmacology - 8.03
Perceived weight discrimination linked to physical inactivity
Medicine/Pharmacology - Pedagogy/Education Science - 8.03
Parental concerns reduce uptake of child flu vaccine
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 8.03
How stable manure protects against allergies
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 8.03
Lack of sleep causes brain impairment in adolescents
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 8.03
Overuse of Antibiotics Brings Risks for Bees - and for Us
Physics/Materials Science - Chemistry - 7.03
Physicists design a device inspired by sonic screwdriver
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.03
New protein discovered in ageing and cancer
Life Sciences - Computer Science/Telecom - 7.03
Progress Towards a Circuit Diagram of the Brain
Physics/Materials Science - Administration/Government - 7.03
Selim Jochim Receives ERC Consolidator Grant
Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics - 7.03
How cracks are hot and cool: a burning issue for paper
Physics/Materials Science - Life Sciences - 7.03
Creating crystals from gold
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 7.03
A light rain can spread soil bacteria far and wide, study finds
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology - 7.03
Animals measure time of year to reproduce
Environment/Sustainable Development - Earth Sciences - 6.03
U.S. grasslands affected more by atmospheric aridity than by rain
Environment/Sustainable Development - Medicine/Pharmacology - 6.03
Mercury in Hawaiian bigeye, yellowfin tuna rising