Results 1 - 20 of 20.
Environment - Civil Engineering - 20.12.2017
Installing rooftop vegetable gardens for sustainable cities
From producing food to regulating water runoff, urban agriculture has a lot to offer. Scientists from INRA and AgroParisTech have shown that rooftop vegetable gardens are an interesting way to recycle urban waste, produce food, and retain rainwater. Their The challenges of making today's cities more sustainable are legion: waste management, food supplies, sensitivity to heatwaves and the risk of flooding linked notably to the impermeabilisation of soils.
Civil Engineering - 18.12.2017
The Inflatable Bridge
A wildlife crossing over the upcoming Koralm railway is being built, using a new construction technique developed by TU Wien. Traditional support structures are replaced by an air cushion. The shell construction methods which are usually used to build bridges and domes generally rely on expensive support structures.
Civil Engineering - 04.12.2017
3D Printing in concrete
Research news Concrete components are traditionally made by casting. But the mold needed places significant limitations on design possibilities. 3D printing now provides new freedom in shaping. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are experimenting with various processes, including selective binding.
Civil Engineering - Earth Sciences - 28.11.2017
Himalayan river system influenced ancient Indus Civilisation
Scientists have found that much of the Indus thrived around an extinct river, challenging ideas about how urbanisation in ancient cultures evolved. The Indus or Harappan Civilisation was a Bronze Age society that developed mainly in the northwestern regions of South Asia from 5300 to 3300 years ago, at about the same time as urban civilisations developed in Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Civil Engineering - 15.11.2017
One in ten young adults experience homelessness during one year, Chapin Hall finds
A groundbreaking study released Nov. 15 by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago reveals one in 10 young adults between the ages of 18 and 25, and at least one in 30 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 17, experience some form of homelessness over the course of a year. This study captures youth homelessness broadly, including situations such as sleeping on the streets, in shelters, running away and couch surfing.
Civil Engineering - Environment - 13.11.2017
Urban trees are growing faster worldwide
Research news Trees in metropolitan areas have been growing faster than trees in rural areas worldwide since the 1960s. This has been confirmed for the first time by a study on the impact of the urban heat island effect on tree growth headed by the Technical University of Munich (TUM). The analysis conducted by the international research team also shows that the growth of urban trees has already been exposed to changing climatic conditions for a long period of time, which is only just beginning to happen for trees in rural areas.
Civil Engineering - Chemistry - 29.09.2017
A concrete solution
Cement materials, including cement paste, mortar, and concrete, are the most widely manufactured materials in the world. Their carbon footprint is similarly hefty: The processes involved in making cement contribute almost 6 percent of global carbon emissions. The demand for these materials is unlikely to decline any time soon.
Health - Civil Engineering - 06.09.2017
Statins reduce deaths from heart disease by 28 per cent, says longest ever study
The study focused on men with high levels of 'bad' cholesterol and no other risk factors or signs of heart disease Previous research has shown the benefit of statins for reducing high cholesterol and coronary heart disease risk amongst different patient populations. However, until now there has been no conclusive evidence from trials for current guidelines on statin usage for people with very high levels of low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (above 190mg/dL) and no established heart disease.
Civil Engineering - 29.08.2017
Rome’s urban history inferred from Pb-contaminated waters trapped in its ancient harbor basins
Location of ancient Rome's harbor basins in the Tiber delta with the position of cores PO2 analyzed in this work .
Economics - Civil Engineering - 17.08.2017
Industrial "edge cities" have helped China grow
China's massive investment in industrial parks has paid economic dividends while reshaping the urban areas where they are located, according to a newly published study co-authored by an MIT expert on urban economics. The study finds the creation of industrial parks does not just add to growth within the areas designated for manufacturing; it significantly increases economic production and consumption of many kinds for more than a mile in all directions from the boundaries of industrial parks.
Civil Engineering - Environment - 25.07.2017
Rainforest metropolis casts 1,000 km shadow on wildlife
Urban food demand in the Amazon could be hitting wildlife up to 1,000 km away from the city, according to new research. Rapid urbanization in the Brazilian Amazon means over 18 million people are now living in rainforest towns and cities but the impact of this demographic change on wildlife harvested for food, is largely unknown.
Civil Engineering - Environment - 11.07.2017
Caterpillars key to urban blue tits’ low breeding
Many animal species suffer reduced reproductive success in urban habitats, despite wide-spread supplementation of breeding and feeding opportunities. In some years, the breeding success of city birds is devastatingly low. Biologists have now shown conclusively that in urban blue tits, reduced breeding success is linked to poor nestling diet and in particular to scarcity of caterpillars, their preferred nestling food.
Earth Sciences - Civil Engineering - 03.07.2017
New Studies of Ancient Concrete Could Teach Us to Do as the Romans Did
?By Glenn Roberts Jr. A new look inside 2,000-year-old concrete - made from volcanic ash, lime (the product of baked limestone), and seawater - has provided new clues to the evolving chemistry and mineral cements that allow ancient harbor structures to withstand the test of time. The research has also inspired a hunt for the original recipe so that modern concrete manufacturers can do as the Romans did.
Civil Engineering - Event - 13.06.2017
Bridges in Austria often exceed expectations
Assessing old bridges using modern standards is no mean feat. Studies conducted by TU Wien show that many bridges are actually significantly more stable than might be expected, often rendering costly restoration work unnecessary. Deciding which bridges need to be restored in the near future and which are still in good condition can have extremely expensive repercussions.
Civil Engineering - Mathematics - 12.06.2017
Do old bridges last longer than expected?
Research news More traffic, heavier loads: When bridges in Germany over the age of 50 are evaluated according to current standards, calculations show that many of them theoretically have substantial deficiencies. Nevertheless many bridges exhibit no damage that confirms the calculated structural shortfalls.
Environment - Civil Engineering - 29.05.2017
‘Heat island’ effect could double climate change costs for world’s cities
'Heat island' effect could double climate change costs for world's cities Overheated cities face climate change costs at least twice as big as the rest of the world because of the 'urban heat island' effect, new research shows. The study by an international team of economists of all the world's major cities is the first to quantify the potentially devastating combined impact of global and local climate change on urban economies.
Health - Civil Engineering - 28.03.2017
Bush faces more drug problems than meth alone
A high use of methylamphetamine and prescription medications is a problem for regional Australia, according to an Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission (ACIC) report designed to combat illicit drugs. The Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences (QAEHS), a University of Queensland research centre, led the first of nine National Wastewater Drug Monitoring Program reports.
Mathematics - Civil Engineering - 06.03.2017
Ride-sharing study findings are scalable to different cities
A still image taken from a video available at hubcab.com showing a map of Manhattan (upper left), with the yellow lines indicating taxi trips. Where lines intersect indicates sharing opportunities. Three years ago, Steven Strogatz, the Jacob Gould Schurman Professor of Applied Mathematics and Stephen H. Weiss Presidential Fellow, helped a group from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology identify the 'shareability' of cab service in New York City.
Civil Engineering - Law - 06.03.2017
Sharing the fares
A newly published study co-authored by MIT researchers suggests that urban ride-sharing is feasible in a wide variety of cities around the globe - and indeed that the potential 'shareability' of autos in those places is more similar, from place to place, than previously expected. The work builds on a 2014 study showing that ride-sharing - in the form of, say, taxi trips shared with other passengers traveling along similar routes - could be highly effective in New York City.
Environment - Civil Engineering - 08.02.2017
Greenland ice sheet melting can cool subtropics, alter climate
ANN ARBOR'A new study finds evidence that the last time Earth was as warm as it is today, cold freshwater from a melting Greenland ice sheet circulated in the Atlantic Ocean as far south as Bermuda, elevating sea levels and altering the ocean's climate and ecosystems. The research shows a large pulse of cold freshwater covered the North Atlantic for a brief period of time about 125,000 years ago.