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Environment - Earth Sciences - 16.01.2019
For 35 years, the Pacific Ocean has largely spared West's mountain snow from effects of global warming
For 35 years, the Pacific Ocean has largely spared West’s mountain snow from effects of global warming
A new study has found that a pattern of ocean temperatures and atmospheric circulation has offset most of the impact of global warming on mountain snowpack in the western U.S. since the 1980s. The study from Oregon State University, the University of Washington and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was published Jan.

Environment - Life Sciences - 16.01.2019
Biodiversity research at Stanford
Truly grasping the importance of biodiversity means diving down into the microscopic organisms in our soils and out to human social relationships affecting our ecosystems. The more we know, the better we can address threats to species diversity. As simple as it is to understand the concept of biodiversity - the variety of species in an ecosystem - the reality is mind-blowingly complex.

Environment - 15.01.2019
Cities could play a key role in pollinator conservation
Cities could play a key role in pollinator conservation
Given the pressures that pollinators face in agricultural land, cities could play an important role in conserving pollinators, according to a new study. The research, involving researchers from Cardiff University, has revealed that gardens and allotments are good for pollinators, and lavender and borage are important garden plants that pollinators use as food sources.

Environment - 14.01.2019
Cities could play a key role in pollinator conservation
Cities could play a key role in pollinator conservation
Given the pressures that pollinators face in agricultural land, cities could play an important role in conserving pollinators, according to a new study. The research, carried out by scientists at the Universities of Bristol, Edinburgh, Leeds and Reading in collaboration with Cardiff University and the National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), has revealed that gardens and allotments are good for pollinators, and lavender and borage are important garden plants that pollinators use as food sources.

Environment - 11.01.2019
'Realistic' new model points the way to more efficient and profitable fracking
’Realistic’ new model points the way to more efficient and profitable fracking
Accurately predicting fracture mechanics can help industry optimize pumping, fracturing-fluid viscosity, other parameters Branching into densely spaced hydraulic cracks is essential for effective gas or oil extraction from shale. It is suspected to occur, but the existing mathematical models and commercial software fail to predict it.

Environment - 09.01.2019
Is using drones to tackle climate change
Is using drones to tackle climate change
A team of Nottingham scientists is using drones to survey woody climbing plants and better understand how they may affect the carbon balance of tropical rainforests. The findings of the study - ‘ A view from above: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles provide a new tool for assessing liana infestation in tropical forest canopies' , have been published today in the Journal of Applied Ecology.

Environment - 08.01.2019
A century and half of reconstructed ocean warming offers clues for the future
Due to a scarcity of data, most global estimates of ocean warming start only in the 1950s. However, a team of scientists at the University of Oxford has now succeeded in reconstructing ocean temperature change from 1871 to 2017. Over the past century, increased greenhouse gas emissions have given rise to an excess of energy in the Earth system.

Environment - 07.01.2019
Producing more solar power in wintertime thanks to snow
Producing more solar power in wintertime thanks to snow
Installing photovoltaic panels in high mountains could significantly reduce the power deficit experienced by this renewable energy in winter, according to a joint study by the WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF and EPFL. The Swiss Energy Strategy 2050 reflects the decision to abandon nuclear power in the medium term.

Environment - 04.01.2019
Upstart sparrows and chasing waterfalls: News from the College
From textbook-defying sparrows to powerful waterfalls, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Textbook-defying sparrows A seemingly well-established hypothesis in biology may need a rethink. The ‘status signalling hypothesis' says that certain physical attributes of animals reflect their dominance in the group, regardless of age, body size and body condition.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.01.2019
Climate change research produced reasons for concern and hope in 2018
In 2018, climate scientists and energy researchers at Stanford not only documented the devastating effects of climate change on the world, but also developed new technologies to help reduce carbon emissions and considered strategies to keep societies safe as the climate continues to change. The past year brought multiple extreme events to the US, including devastating wildfires to California and deadly hurricanes on the east coast.

Environment - Life Sciences - 03.01.2019
Window into previously unseen part of glacial environment
The Greenland Ice Sheet emits tons of methane, according to a new study showing that subglacial biological activity impacts the atmosphere far more than previously thought. An international team, including researchers from Cardiff University, camped for three months next to the Greenland Ice Sheet, sampling the meltwater that runs off a large catchment (> 600 km2) of the Ice Sheet during the summer months.

Environment - Life Sciences - 02.01.2019
Melting ice sheets release tons of methane into the atmosphere
Melting ice sheets release tons of methane into the atmosphere
The Greenland Ice Sheet emits tons of methane according to a new study, showing that subglacial biological activity impacts the atmosphere far more than previously thought. An international team of researchers led by the University of Bristol camped for three months next to the Greenland Ice Sheet, sampling the meltwater that runs off a large catchment (> 600 km2) of the Ice Sheet during the summer months.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 02.01.2019
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A "pacemaker" for North African climate
Study shows the Sahara swung between lush and desert conditions every 20,000 years, in sync with monsoon activity. The Sahara desert is one of the harshest, most inhospitable places on the planet, covering much of North Africa in some 3.6 million square miles of rock and windswept dunes. But it wasn't always so desolate and parched.

Health - Environment - 02.01.2019
Is habitat restoration actually killing plants in the California wildlands?
Is habitat restoration actually killing plants in the California wildlands?
In 2014, plant biologists with the California Department of Agriculture reported an alarming discovery: native wildflowers and herbs, grown in nurseries and then planted in ecological restoration sites around California, were infected with Phytophthora tentaculata , a deadly exotic plant pathogen that causes root and stem rot.

Environment - 02.01.2019
Feisty hummingbirds prioritize fencing over feeding
Feisty hummingbirds prioritize fencing over feeding
Most hummingbirds have bills and tongues exquisitely designed to slip inside a flower, lap up nectar and squeeze every last drop of precious sugar water from their tongue to fuel their frenetic lifestyle. But in the tropics of South America, University of California, Berkeley, scientists are finding that some male hummers have traded efficient feeding for bills that are better at stabbing and plucking other hummingbirds as they fend off rivals for food and mates.

Environment - 02.01.2019
Protecting proboscis monkeys from deforestation
A 10 year study of proboscis monkeys in Borneo has revealed that forest conversion to oil palm plantations is having a significant impact on the species. Nearly half of all primate species are threatened with extinction, with habitat destruction acting as the key driving force. New research studied proboscis monkeys from 2004 to 2014, finding that the protection of swamp forests is vital for their survival.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 01.01.2019
Martian drill set for Antarctic climate mission
A drill originally developed to break through Martian rocks is set to be deployed to Antarctica on a mission which could help us understand the history of Earth's changing climate. A team of University of Glasgow engineers are heading to a British Antarctic Survey (BAS) research station named Skytrain Ice Rise on Thursday 3 January with a sophisticated drill they originally developed for use on future unmanned Martian rover missions.

Health - Environment - 01.01.2019
From cycling to Eurovision - how Imperial can help your New Year’s resolutions
We take a look back at Imperial research from the past year to give you some inspiration for your 2019 new year's resolutions. Reduce alcohol intake Thinking of doing dry January? According to Imperial research , this may be something you want to keep up throughout the year… Earlier this year, Imperial researchers were among a team of international scientists to suggest there is no safe level of alcohol and instead the health risks outweigh any possible benefits.