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Life Sciences - Health - 12.11.2019
Newborn baby hiccups could be key to brain development
Each time a newborn baby hiccups, it triggers a large wave of brain signals which could help the baby learn how to regulate their breathing, finds a new UCL-led study. The study, published in Clinical Neurophysiology , was based on brain scans of newborn infants. "The reasons for why we hiccup are not entirely clear, but there may be a developmental reason, given that foetuses and newborn babies hiccup so frequently," said the study's lead author, research associate Kimberley Whitehead (UCL Neuroscience, Physiology & Pharmacology).

Health - Pharmacology - 11.11.2019
Pioneering new ‘smart needle' could revolutionise cancer diagnosis
Pioneering new ‘smart needle’ could revolutionise cancer diagnosis
Scientists have developed a pioneering new technique that can detect and diagnose one of the most common types of cancer within seconds - using light. A multidisciplinary team of experts has developed a ground-breaking ‘smart needle' probe that uses light to pinpoint cancerous tissues or cells almost instantaneously.

Social Sciences - Health - 11.11.2019
Aging in good health: the inequalities are widening
Aging in good health: the inequalities are widening
UNIGE researchers have been analysing the rise in healthy life expectancy in Switzerland since 1990 and measuring the differences based on an individual's level of education. Life expectancy in Switzerland has been growing steadily for decades. But have these additional years been spent in good health or, on the contrary, do they only prolong the ills of an aging population?

Health - Social Sciences - 11.11.2019
Arts ’crucial’ to reducing poor health and inequality
Engaging in artistic activities such as singing and dancing from a young age can reduce social inequalities and encourage healthy behaviours, according to a new report from UCL and the World Health Organisation (WHO). The study, published today, is the world's largest review to date into the health benefits of the arts.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.11.2019
UCL hosts minister as part of Tomorrow’s Engineers Week
Universities Minister Chris Skidmore MP visited the UCL Institute of Healthcare Engineering (IHE) Autumn Research Symposium today as part of Tomorrow's Engineers Week. Mr Skidmore met Professor Becky Shipley, Director of the IHE, who with her team demonstrated the REANIMATE project (REAlistic Numerical Image-based Modelling of biological Tissue substratEs), which is a virtual modelling technique that creates highly detailed 3D models of individual cancerous tumours and simulates the delivery of drugs into them.

Pharmacology - Health - 08.11.2019
Immersion in virtual reality scenes of the Arctic helps to ease people's pain
Immersion in virtual reality scenes of the Arctic helps to ease people’s pain
Watching immersive 3D videos of icy Arctic scenes helps to relieve burning pain and could hold hope for treating chronic pain, a study has found. Scientists from Imperial College London have found that using virtual reality headsets could combat increased sensitivity to pain, by immersing people in scenes of icebergs, frigid oceans and sprawling icescapes.

Health - 07.11.2019
Female mosquitoes that have mated are more likely to transmit malaria
Hormones received from male mosquitoes during mating boost the likelihood of female mosquitoes transmitting malaria to people. Only female mosquitoes bite humans and pass on malaria. However, the new study shows that males can also influence malaria transmission, by making mated females more likely to pass on the parasites.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Potential new target for treatment of inflammatory disease
Researchers led by the University of Birmingham have found a potential new target to treat inflammatory disease. The research, led by scientists at the University of Birmingham's Institute of Inflammation and Ageing , Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, and Institute of Metabolism and Systems Research, publishes today in Cell Metabolism.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Simple blood test could better predict both kidney disease and cardiovascular risk
Researchers have found a better way to test for kidney disease using a simple blood test that is affordable and although it is available in NHS laboratories is not yet widely used. In a study, published today and led by the University of Glasgow, researchers have highlighted that a simple blood test - which could easily be adopted routinely in the NHS - is a better way of measuring both kidney and cardiovascular disease risk, as it offers a more precise diagnosis and could lead to better patient outcomes.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.11.2019
New theory for Neanderthal extinction
New theory for Neanderthal extinction
Complex disease transmission patterns could explain why it took tens of thousands of years after first contact for our ancestors to replace Neanderthals throughout Europe and Asia. Growing up in Israel, Gili Greenbaum would give tours of local caves once inhabited by Neanderthals and wonder along with others why our distant cousins abruptly disappeared about 40,000 years ago.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.11.2019
Flu shot can provide effective immunity for people living with HIV
People who are being treated for HIV can gain effective protection against seasonal flu with the influenza (flu) vaccine, new findings confirm. Since people living with HIV can have an impaired immune system and may be at higher risk of serious illness from flu, they are recommended to get the seasonal influenza vaccine every year.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 07.11.2019
How healthy is your meal kit meal?
Popular commercial meal kit subscription services assessed for nutritional quality were found to provide adequate serves of core foods such as vegetables - but there was room to improve to meet dietary guidelines. With many people spending less time cooking and more time eating out and ordering takeaways, the food industry has adapted by introducing commercial meal kit subscription services that deliver recipes and fresh, pre-measured ingredients direct to people's doors.

Computer Science / Telecom - Health - 06.11.2019
Sex and gender analysis improves science
Sex and gender analysis improves science
Including a gender and sex analysis in scientific research can open the door to discovery and innovation. Whether it's designing equipment or developing drugs, scientists often fail to consider how gendered preferences, biases and assumptions can lead to unintended consequences. According to Stanford historian Londa Schiebinger , it's time for science to catch up.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.11.2019
A Game-Changing Test for Prion, Alzheimer's, and Parkinson's Diseases is on the Horizon
A Game-Changing Test for Prion, Alzheimer’s, and Parkinson’s Diseases is on the Horizon
There are currently no effective treatments for prion diseases, a family of fatal neurodegenerative conditions caused by accumulations of misfolded copies of a naturally occurring protein. But now, there is finally an effective way to test for them. As reported in the journal PLOS ONE , a team of scientists who have been working on prion detection for nearly 20 years have demonstrated that their unique, synthetic-molecule-based approach can isolate prion proteins in body fluids sampled from infected animals.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.11.2019
"Super-grafts" that could treat diabetes
By successfully strengthening pancreatic islets before transplantation, researchers at UNIGE and HUG are hoping for a significant improvement in the success of cell transplants in patients with severe diabetes. To save patients with a severe form of type 1 diabetes (characterized by the absence of functional insulin-producing cells), pancreatic cell transplantation is sometimes the last resort.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.11.2019
Q&A: A drug-free option for treating ADHD in children
Deciding how to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in children can be a difficult decision for parents. Stimulants, such as Adderall and Ritalin, are the most commonly prescribed ADHD treatments — and are considered to be the most effective. But in April, the FDA approved the first device-based, non-drug therapy to treat ADHD in children.

Health - 05.11.2019
Dog ownership could reduce loneliness: study
Dog ownership could reduce loneliness: study
Sydney researchers find some evidence to suggest new dog owners experience a reduction in negative mood but further larger-scale trials are needed. A new University of Sydney trial lends weight to the expression 'man's best friend,' showing a sample of new dog owners saw a significant reduction in loneliness within three months of acquiring their pet.

Life Sciences - Health - 04.11.2019
Reveals how brain injury can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder in U.S. military members frequently follows a concussion-like brain injury. Until now, it has been unclear why. A UCLA team of psychologists and neurologists reports that a traumatic brain injury causes changes in a brain region called the amygdala; and the brain processes fear differently after such an injury.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.11.2019
Synthetic phages with programmable specificity
Synthetic phages with programmable specificity
ETH researchers are using synthetic biology to reprogram bacterial viruses - commonly known as bacteriophages - to expand their natural host range. This technology paves the way for the therapeutic use of standardized, synthetic bacteriophages to treat bacterial infections. Bacteriophages ("phages" for short) are viruses that infect bacteria.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.11.2019
Researchers identify certain gut bacteria that may be involved in causing bowel cancer
People who have a certain type of bacteria in their guts may be at greater risk of developing bowel cancer. The findings were presented by University of Bristol researcher, Dr Kaitlin Wade, at the 2019 NCRI Cancer Conference in Glasgow today [4 Nov]. While there is increasing evidence that the make-up of the gut microbiome plays a role in the human health and the body's susceptibility to disease including an association between the microbiome and bowel cancer, very few have provided convincing evidence for causality.
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