News 2019



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Health - 23.07.2019
Community-wide HIV testing shown to be cost-effective
Community-wide HIV testing shown to be cost-effective
Community-wide HIV testing and prompt initiation of treatment could lead to substantial reductions in new HIV cases and be cost-effective. This is according to projections from mathematical modelling and cost-effectiveness analyses presented at the 10 th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science in Mexico City.

Health - Environment - 22.07.2019
How fat prawns can save lives
A Macrobrachium river prawn raised in a local hatchery in the Senegal River basin. A prawn of this size could consume a dozen or more snails per day. (Photo courtesy of Hilary Duff of the Planetary Health Alliance) Before bite-sized crustaceans like crayfish, shrimp and prawns land on our dinner plates, they first have to get fat themselves - and it turns out they relish the freshwater snails that transmit the parasite that causes schistosomiasis, the second most devastating parasitic disease worldwide, after malaria.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.07.2019
Fingerprint of Multiple Sclerosis Immune Cells Identified
In multiple sclerosis (MS), dysregulated immune cells periodically infiltrate the brain of afflicted patients, causing damages to neural transmission and neuronal loss. If not properly monitored and treated, the disease leads to accumulating disabilities that ultimately greatly restrict the daily life of patients.

Pharmacology - Health - 22.07.2019
Serious falls are a health risk for adults under 65
Adults who take several prescription medications are more likely to experience serious falls, say Yale researchers and their co-authors in a new study. This heightened risk can affect middle-aged individuals - a population not typically viewed as vulnerable to debilitating or fatal falls, the researchers said.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.07.2019
Contributing to science through games
Contributing to science through games
Scientific discovery games have been speeding otherwise time-consuming biomedical research. Players also experience real-world science, which is often otherwise hidden behind laboratory doors. Stanford University researchers Rhiju Das and Ingmar Riedel-Kruse like to play games. Specifically, they are champions of scientific discovery games - games that are designed so that anyone can play and, in doing so, contribute to solving the hardest questions in science.

Health - Life Sciences - 19.07.2019
Berkeley Talks transcript: Joel Moskowitz on the health risks of cell phone radiation
Kim Guess: Hi everybody, welcome. Thank you for attending this keynote presentation, "Cell Phones, Cell Towers and Wireless Safety.” This is part of our Balancing Technology Programs. My name is Kim Guess and I'm a dietician with the Be Well at Work Wellness Program. Balancing technology is a spring theme for all of Be Well at Work so for our UC Berkeley faculty and staff, we have workshops, we have a challenge and all kinds of resources available for you.

Health - Environment - 19.07.2019
Offspring of Pregnant Women Exposed to High Level of Pollutants May Have Lower IQs
Folate May Offset Toxic Effects of PM10, UW-UCSF Study Shows A new study found that pregnant women exposed to higher levels of air pollutants had children with lower IQs, compared to the children of women exposed to lower levels. The study, led by researchers at the University of Washington and UCSF as part of the ECHO PATHWAYS consortium, will be published in the September issue of Environmental Research and is currently available  online.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.07.2019
Bouncers in the Bone Marrow
Bouncers in the Bone Marrow
07/19/2019 Würzburg Scientists found that megakaryocytes act as "bouncers" and thus modulate bone marrow niche properties and cell migration dynamics. The study was published in the Journal "Haematologica". Hematopoiesis is the process of forming blood cells, which occurs predominantly in the bone marrow.

Health - Administration - 18.07.2019
Salt rules linked to 9900 cases of cardiovascular disease and 1500 cancer cases
Salt rules linked to 9900 cases of cardiovascular disease and 1500 cancer cases
A relaxation of UK food industry regulation has been linked with 9,900 additional cases of cardiovascular disease, and 1,500 cases of stomach cancer. Researchers from Imperial College London and the University of Liverpool analysed the salt intake of the population in England over thirteen years to compare the effect of changes in regulations on how much salt manufacturers can use in their products.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.07.2019
Neuron-nudged mice see what isn’t there
Stanford scientists, using only direct brain stimulation, reproduced both the brain dynamics and the behavioral response of mice taught to discriminate between two different images. Hallucinations are spooky and, fortunately, fairly rare. But, a new study suggests, the real question isn't so much why some people occasionally experience them.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.07.2019
Top Ten Organisations for Animal Research Announced
Understanding Animal Research, an organisation promoting greater openness about animal research, has today released a list of the ten organisations in Great Britain that carry out the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary and scientific research. These statistics are freely available on the organisations' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness around the use of animals in research.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.07.2019
Omega-6 fatty acid could help prevent heart disease
An omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid has the potential to help fight heart disease, finds a new study by researchers at Cardiff University in collaboration with Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. With funding from the British Heart Foundation, the team found that dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA), an omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid, could halt the progression of atherosclerosis - one of the leading causes of heart disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2019
Leukemia: how cancer stem cells suppress a danger detector
Leukemia: how cancer stem cells suppress a danger detector
Acute myeloid leukemia stem cells elude the body's immune cells by deactivating a danger detector. The underlying mechanisms and the potential new therapeutic approaches that this gives rise to have been detailed by researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel in collaboration with colleagues in Germany.

Health - Career - 17.07.2019
Four new professorships to drive forward diabetes research in Bern
Four new professorships to drive forward diabetes research in Bern
The University of Bern and the Diabetes Center Berne (DCB) are together creating four professorships in the field of diabetes technology research and development. This will boost the international profile of diabetes research in Bern and strengthen its role as a center of medicine in the long term. The four professorships are to be financed with 417,000 Swiss francs per annum each over a period of 12 years.

Health - Psychology - 17.07.2019
Body and mind need care in mental illness
The 18-year life expectancy gap between people with mental illness and the general population can only be bridged by protecting patients' physical and mental health, according to a new study. As part of a Lancet Psychiatry Commission into mental illness, University of Queensland researchers found patients' physical health was often overlooked in pursuit of treating the mind.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2019
Higher iron levels may boost heart health - but also increase risk of stroke
Scientists have helped unravel the protective ' and potentially harmful ' effect of iron in the body. In a series of early-stage studies examining genetic data from over 500,000 people, a team of international scientists, led by Imperial College London, explored the role that iron plays in over 900 diseases.

Health - 16.07.2019
Are fertility apps useful?
Are fertility apps useful?
Researchers at EPFL and Stanford have carried out an analysis of the largest datasets from fertility awareness apps. Analyzing data from 200,000 users of the apps Sympto and Kindara, they have been able to make population-level observations regarding user demographics, tracking behavior patterns and accuracy in measuring menstrual health and ovulation.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.07.2019
Parkinson’s disease study identifies possible new treatment target
Treatments for Parkinson's disease have most recently focused on increasing dopamine, a chemical messenger in the brain that affects reward-based behaviors and motivation, as well as movement. A new study by Yale researchers challenges long-held assumptions about dopamine's sole role in this disorder.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.07.2019
Bacterial defence construction revealed in step forward for new antibiotics
Bacterial defence construction revealed in step forward for new antibiotics
A crucial step in the way bacteria construct their defences has been revealed by an international team, including a University of Queensland researcher. Institute for Molecular Bioscience 's researcher Professor Ian Henderson said the finding had opened up a new pathway for designing improved antibiotics.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.07.2019
Investigation into fungal infection reveals genetic vulnerability in Hmong
Ten years ago, in Marathon County, Wisconsin, 55 people were sickened by an uncommon fungal infection called blastomycosis. Thirty patients were hospitalized. Two people died. The fungus, Blastomyces dermatitidis, found naturally in wet soil and in decomposing wood throughout the Great Lakes region and the Mississippi Valley, can cause flu-like illness and in severe cases, death.
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