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Health - Life Sciences - 22.03.2019
Mouse Study Yields Long-Awaited Insights into Human Stomach Cancer
A new breed of lab mouse could finally provide an animal model for stomach cancer research - and one potential treatment target has already been revealed Research Scientist Antoine Snijders (right) and postdoc Pin Wang analyze mouse blood samples. (Credit: Marilyn Chung/Berkeley Lab) Mice have been instrumental in the study of cancer, but like all animal models of human diseases, they have their limitations.

Health - 21.03.2019
Breast ultrasound and cancer detection increased under new laws
State breast density notification laws that mandate reporting of mammogram results can prompt further screening and modestly boost cancer detection rates, say researchers at Yale's School of Public Health and School of Medicine. Their study was published in the American Journal of Public Health (PDF) .

Life Sciences - Health - 21.03.2019
Memory like a Sieve - Or Not
Study by Research Team at Freie Universität Led by Biology Professor Stephan Sigrist on Conditions for Improving Memory Formation in Aging Humans No 063/2019 from Mar 21, 2019 Humans are not only capable of forming memories but also recalling these memories years later. However, with advancing age many of us face difficulties with forming new memories, a process usually referred to as age-induced memory impairment.

Health - 21.03.2019
Further evidence of the dangers of smoking in pregnancy
‌‌Smoking during pregnancy is understood to pose risks to both baby and mother. Now, new research led by the University of Glasgow has found further evidence that maternal smoking poses a risk to baby and child health. The study, published today in BMJ Open , reveals more detailed evidence about the association between maternal smoking in pregnancy and childhood hospitalization, as well as birth conditions which can lead to lifelong ill health and devastating outcomes such as meningitis and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.03.2019
New class of membranes shown to regenerate tissue and bone, viable solution for periodontitis
New class of membranes shown to regenerate tissue and bone, viable solution for periodontitis
Periodontitis affects nearly half of Americans ages 30 and older, and in its advanced stages, it could lead to early tooth loss or worse. Recent studies have shown that periodontitis could also increase risk of heart disease and Alzheimer's disease. A team of UCLA researchers has developed methods that may lead to more effective and reliable therapy for periodontal disease — ones that promote gum tissue and bone regeneration with biological and mechanical features that can be adjusted based on treatment needs.

Health - 21.03.2019
Childhood adversity linked to higher out-of-pocket health care costs in adulthood
Childhood adversity linked to higher out-of-pocket health care costs in adulthood
FINDINGS A study has found that out-of-pocket health care spending and medical debt are substantially higher when adults have a history of adverse childhood experiences. The study showed that household medical costs were 30 percent higher, and the likelihood of medical debt was doubled, when an adult had lived through three or more adverse experiences during childhood.

Health - 20.03.2019
Risk of miscarriage linked strongly to mother’s age and pregnancy history
The risk of miscarriage varies greatly with a woman's age, shows a strong pattern of recurrence, and is increased after some pregnancy complications, finds a study led by the Bristol Medical School and published in The BMJ today [Wednesday 20 March]. The findings suggest that miscarriage and other pregnancy complications might share underlying causes, which warrant further study, say the researchers.

Administration - Health - 20.03.2019
Child and adolescent anxiety could be linked to later alcohol problems
New research led by the University of Bristol has found some evidence that children and adolescents with higher levels of anxiety may be at greater risk of developing alcohol problems. However, the link between anxiety and later binge drinking and later frequency and quantity of drinking was more inconclusive.

Health - Chemistry - 20.03.2019
Interest in newborn health, ignited at Yale, leads to major discovery
Ofer Levy '88, professor of pediatrics at Harvard Medical School and director of the Precision Vaccines Program at Boston Children's Hospital, can trace his lifelong interest in infectious diseases to the research he did at Yale under the mentorship of I. George Miller, Jr. , the John F. Enders Professor of Pediatrics.

Health - 20.03.2019
Links perimenopause to accelerated fat mass gains, lean mass losses
FINDINGS The menopause transition, also known as perimenopause, is the time in a woman's life when hormonal changes lead to irregular menstruation, hot flashes and other symptoms leading up to menopause, when menstruation stops altogether. The researchers found that women undergoing perimenopause lost lean body mass and more than doubled their fat mass.

Health - Pharmacology - 20.03.2019
Researchers identify potential new combination treatment for pancreatic cancer
Researchers identify potential new combination treatment for pancreatic cancer
FINDINGS Researchers from UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a possible new therapeutic strategy using two types of drug inhibitors at once to treat one of the world's deadliest cancers. The combination approach uses one drug that inhibits the process — known as lysosome — that allows cancer cells to recycle essential nutrients to survive, and another drug that blocks the pathway used to repair DNA.

Pharmacology - Health - 20.03.2019
Giving cancer patients a voice
Giving cancer patients a voice
UCLA's Dr. Patricia Ganz is co-leading a study to understand treatment tolerability by including the patient's feedback in cancer research Duane Bates Far too often, cancer patients and their doctors aren't aware of all the side effects that accompany new cancer therapies. Some of these new medications might cause fatigue, muscle aches, general pain and discomfort.

Health - 20.03.2019
Antiretroviral therapy crucial in preventing non-Hodgkin lymphoma
A research team led by the Yale School of Public Health has found that for people living with HIV/AIDS, both recent immunosuppression (a low recent CD4 T-cell count [white blood cells that fight infection]) and prolonged HIV viremia (the presence of HIV in the blood) play important and independent roles in the development of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.03.2019
Protein BRCA1 as a Stress Coach
Protein BRCA1 as a Stress Coach
03/20/2019 Two proteins work hand in hand to ensure that the tumour cells of neuroblastoma can grow at full speed. In "Nature", a Würzburg research team shows how the proteins can do this. Anyone who has ever studied the molecular basis of breast cancer will probably have heard of the abbreviation BRCA1 - this is a protein that protects the cells of breast tissue against cancer.

Life Sciences - Health - 20.03.2019
Reshapes Understanding of How the Brain Recovers from Injury
Researchers to incorporate data into new, open access platform for exploration of the human brain New research, which appears in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B , sheds light on how the damage in the brain caused by a stroke can lead to permanent vision impairment for approximately 265,000 Americans each year.

Health - Environment - 19.03.2019
Managed retreat due to rising seas is a public health issue
Sea-level rise associated with climate change is a concern for many island and coastal communities. While the dangers may seem far off for large coastal cities like Miami or New Orleans, the advancing oceans are already displacing some small indigenous communities, and many others are at risk around the world.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.03.2019
Zika study may ’supercharge’ vaccine research
Scientists looking at the genetics of Zika virus have found a way to fast-track research which could lead to new vaccines. The study, led by The University of Queensland and QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute , used a new technique to uncover Zika mutations that help foster virus replication in mosquito hosts, while hindering its ability to replicate in mammals.

Health - 19.03.2019
Finds that long-serving veterans live longer
Veterans with a long period of service in the Armed Forces have a reduced risk of early death, according to a study by the University of Glasgow. People who spend longer in employment are generally at lower risk of early death (the ‘healthy worker effect'), but few studies have looked at whether this holds good for military service.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.03.2019
Links breastfeeding with lower risk of heart disease
Mothers who breastfeed their babies have a lower risk of developing or dying from heart disease than those who don't breastfeed, finds new research from the University of Sydney. Published in Journal of the American Heart Association , the study of over 100,000 Australian mothers participating in the Sax Institute's 45 and Up Study found women who breastfed had a 14 percent lower risk of developing, and 34 percent lower risk of dying from, cardiovascular disease.

Environment - Health - 19.03.2019
Researchers explore the effects of climate change on hunger
Researchers explore the effects of climate change on hunger
As more of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide enters the atmosphere, leading to climate change, crops might carry fewer nutrients, like zinc and iron. Stanford researchers explored this trend and regions most likely to be hurt by it. As the climate changes, where plants grow best is predicted to shift.
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