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Physics - Materials Science - 20.03.2019
The Best Topological Conductor Yet: Spiraling Crystal Is the Key to Exotic Discovery
The Best Topological Conductor Yet: Spiraling Crystal Is the Key to Exotic Discovery
The realization of so-called topological materials - which exhibit exotic, defect-resistant properties and are expected to have applications in electronics, optics, quantum computing, and other fields - has opened up a new realm in materials discovery. Several of the hotly studied topological materials to date are known as topological insulators.

Physics - Materials Science - 19.03.2019
A Pioneer in Ultrasensitive Particle Detectors
A Pioneer in Ultrasensitive Particle Detectors
Berkeley Lab's Alan Smith drove the science of measuring radioactivity in experiments' materials and components Note: This article was adapted from an article originally published by the Sanford Underground Research Facility. View the original article. In 1953, Alan "Al" Smith arrived for his first day of work at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab).

Materials Science - 19.03.2019
Deliberate Short Circuits and Nail Torture as a Means of Enhancing Security: Battery research
Deliberate Short Circuits and Nail Torture as a Means of Enhancing Security: Battery research
Most of the people who stroll across the Leonardo campus are unlikely to notice a narrow, single-storey building. The construction in question is about 25 metres long and five metres wide. It is adorned with red and white stripes, has a corrugated iron roof, and is surrounded by a wire mesh fence which is about 1.5 metres high.

Materials Science - Physics - 18.03.2019
Scientists create fire-retardant sensors for safety gear in harsh environments
Scientists create fire-retardant sensors for safety gear in harsh environments
Self-extinguishing device uses body movement to determine when workers are in danger Meghan Steele Horan Imagine a device that could stand up to even the most intense fires so that it could automatically signal others when a firefighter is immobilized on the job. UCLA researchers and colleagues at two other universities have designed the first fire-retardant, self-extinguishing motion sensor and power generator.

Physics - Materials Science - 15.03.2019
High-quality bespoke nanocrystals
Stanford researchers redefine what it means for low-cost semiconductors, called quantum dots, to be near-perfect and find that quantum dots meet quality standards set by more expensive alternatives. Tiny, easy-to-produce particles, called quantum dots, may soon take the place of more expensive single crystal semiconductors in advanced electronics found in solar panels, camera sensors and medical imaging tools.

Materials Science - Physics - 08.03.2019
Researchers simulate the process of adhesive wear
Researchers simulate the process of adhesive wear
Using high-performance computer simulations, EPFL researchers were able to observe how surface roughness changes when two materials rub together. Their findings, which provide insight into friction and wear mechanisms, have implications for areas ranging from engineering to the study of tectonic faults.

Physics - Materials Science - 08.03.2019
Scientists Take a Deep Dive Into the Imperfect World of 2D Materials
Scientists Take a Deep Dive Into the Imperfect World of 2D Materials
Berkeley Lab-led team combines several nanoscale techniques to gain new insights on the effects of defects in a well-studied monolayer material Nothing is perfect, or so the saying goes, and that's not always a bad thing. In a study at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), scientists learned how nanoscale defects can enhance the properties of an ultrathin, so-called 2D material.

Physics - Materials Science - 07.03.2019
When Semiconductors Stick Together, Materials Go Quantum
When Semiconductors Stick Together, Materials Go Quantum
A new study led by Berkeley Lab reveals how aligned layers of atomically thin semiconductors can yield an exotic new quantum material A method developed by a Berkeley Lab-led research team may one day turn ordinary semiconducting materials into quantum electronic devices. (Credit: iStock.com/NiPlot) A team of researchers led by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has developed a simple method that could turn ordinary semiconducting materials into quantum machines - superthin devices marked by extraordinary electronic behavior.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 06.03.2019
Smoothing out the wrinkles in graphene
Smoothing out the wrinkles in graphene
Coating graphene with wax makes for a less contaminated surface during device manufacturing. To protect graphene from performance-impairing wrinkles and contaminants that mar its surface during device fabrication, MIT researchers have turned to an everyday material: wax. Graphene is an atom-thin material that holds promise for making next-generation electronics.

Materials Science - Innovation / Technology - 06.03.2019
A self-healing composite
A self-healing composite
Researchers from EPFL's Laboratory for Processing of Advanced Composites have developed a material that can easily heal after being damaged. This cutting-edge composite could be used in aircraft, wind turbines, cars and sports equipment. When a wind turbine blade or an airplane is hit by something, the damaged part has to be either replaced or patched with resin.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 06.03.2019
Plumbing the Depths of Interfaces and Finding Buried Treasure
Plumbing the Depths of Interfaces and Finding Buried Treasure
By Lauren Chong Understanding the interfaces where solids and liquids meet is key to controlling a wide range of energy-relevant processes, from how batteries store energy to how metals corrode, and more. However, there are many unanswered questions around how these processes work at the atomic or molecular scale.

Materials Science - 05.03.2019
Virtual noise
Virtual noise
Railway noise is annoying. Trains cause numerous sleepless nights, especially in the vicinity of residential areas. This makes it all the more important to optimize trains and tracks in such a way as to dampen sounds. Empa researchers have devised a computer simulation that demonstrates how railway noise is created in the first place and which technical measures are effective in preventing it.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 01.03.2019
Spider silk could be used as robotic muscle
Spider silk could be used as robotic muscle
Unusual property of the ultrastrong material could be harnessed for twisting or pulling motions. Spider silk, already known as one of the strongest materials for its weight, turns out to have another unusual property that might lead to new kinds of artificial muscles or robotic actuators, researchers have found.

Physics - Materials Science - 27.02.2019
Engineers make clear droplets produce iridescent colors
Engineers make clear droplets produce iridescent colors
Optical effect could be harnessed for light displays, litmus tests, and makeup products. In a paper , the team reports that a surface covered in a fine mist of transparent droplets and lit with a single lamp should produce a bright color if each tiny droplet is precisely the same size. This iridescent effect is due to "structural color," by which an object generates color simply due to the way light interacts with its geometric structure.

Physics - Materials Science - 25.02.2019
It's all in the twist: Physicists stack 2D materials at angles to trap particles on the nanoscale, creating a unique platform to study quantum optical physics
It’s all in the twist: Physicists stack 2D materials at angles to trap particles on the nanoscale, creating a unique platform to study quantum optical physics
Future technologies based on the principles of quantum mechanics could revolutionize information technology. But to realize the devices of tomorrow, today's physicists must develop precise and reliable platforms to trap and manipulate quantum-mechanical particles. In a paper published Feb. 25 , a team of physicists from the University of Washington, the University of Hong Kong, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Tennessee reports that they have developed a new system to trap individual excitons.

Materials Science - 20.02.2019
Making Green Cars Greener
CMU Researchers Examine Ways To Recycle Electric Vehicle Batteries The widespread implementation of electric vehicles will go a long way toward eliminating the greenhouse gas emissions of the transportation sector. But these emissions don't just come from the tailpipe. There's another major culprit of greenhouse gases, one that the electric vehicle industry might need some help from policymakers to avoid: battery recycling.

Materials Science - Environment - 18.02.2019
Lobster's underbelly is as tough as industrial rubber
Lobster’s underbelly is as tough as industrial rubber
Membrane material's properties could guide design of flexible body armor, new study suggests. Flip a lobster on its back, and you'll see that the underside of its tail is split in segments connected by a translucent membrane that appears rather vulnerable when compared with the armor-like carapace that shields the rest of the crustacean.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 14.02.2019
Ers create ultra-lightweight ceramic material that can better withstand extreme temperatures
Ers create ultra-lightweight ceramic material that can better withstand extreme temperatures
UCLA-led team develops highly durable aerogel that could ultimately be an upgrade for insulation on spacecraft Matthew Chin UCLA researchers and collaborators at eight other research institutions have created an extremely light, very durable ceramic aerogel. The material could be used for applications like insulating spacecraft because it can withstand the intense heat and severe temperature changes that space missions endure.

Materials Science - Physics - 14.02.2019
Solar-powered supercapacitors could create flexible, wearable electronics
A breakthrough in energy storage technology could bring a new generation of flexible electronic devices to life, including solar-powered prosthetics for amputees. In a new paper published in the journal Advanced Science , a team of engineers from the University of Glasgow discuss how they have used layers of graphene and polyurethane to create a flexible supercapacitor which can generate power from the sun and store excess energy for later use.

Physics - Materials Science - 13.02.2019
World's finest gold specimen probed with Los Alamos neutrons
World’s finest gold specimen probed with Los Alamos neutrons
Unraveling a 132-year-old gold wire structure mystery Los Alamos, New Mexico, Feb 13, 2019-Using neutron characterization techniques a team of scientists have peered inside one of the most unique examples of wire gold, understanding for the first time the specimen's structure and possible formation process.