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Physics - Innovation / Technology - 15.01.2019
International collaboration publishes concept design for a post-LHC future circular collider at CERN
International collaboration publishes concept design for a post-LHC future circular collider at CERN
Geneva. Today, the Future Circular Collider (FCC) collaboration submitted its Conceptual Design Report (CDR) for publication, a four-volume document that presents the different options for a large circular collider of the future. It showcases the great physics opportunities offered by machines of unprecedented energy and intensity and describes the technical challenges, cost and schedule for realisation.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 14.01.2019
Measurement of five flashes from the depths of the universe
Measurement of five flashes from the depths of the universe
First-time precise measurement of gamma-ray bursts conducted successfully from a space station A detector called POLAR, developed at PSI, has been sent to outer space to collect data. In September 2016, the device was launched into Earth orbit on board the newest Chinese space station. From that vantage point, POLAR recorded so-called gamma-ray bursts flashing in the far reaches of the universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 10.01.2019
Team of telescopes finds X-ray engine inside mysterious supernova
Team of telescopes finds X-ray engine inside mysterious supernova
ESA's high-energy space telescopes Integral and XMM-Newton have helped to find a source of powerful X-rays at the centre of an unprecedentedly bright and rapidly evolving stellar explosion that suddenly appeared in the sky earlier this year. The ATLAS telescope in Hawaii first spotted the phenomenon, since then named AT2018cow, on 16 June.

Physics - 10.01.2019
More stable light comes from intentionally squashed quantum dots
More stable light comes from intentionally squashed quantum dots
Exploiting new 'strain engineering' approach produces highly stable, narrow linewidth light from individual quantum dots Novel colloidal quantum dots are formed of an emitting cadmium/selenium (Cd/Se) core enclosed into a compositionally graded CdxZn1-xSe shell wherein the fraction of zinc versus cadmium increases towards the dot's periphery.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 10.01.2019
Signatures of a 'messy' star that made its companion go supernova
Signatures of a ’messy’ star that made its companion go supernova
Many stars explode as luminous supernovae when, swollen with age, they run out of fuel for nuclear fusion. But some stars can go supernova simply because they have a close and pesky companion star that, one day, perturbs its partner so much that it explodes. These latter events can happen in binary star systems, where two stars attempt to share dominion.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 09.01.2019
Gaia reveals how Sun-like stars turn solid after their demise
Gaia reveals how Sun-like stars turn solid after their demise
Data captured by ESA's galaxy-mapping spacecraft Gaia has revealed for the first time how white dwarfs, the dead remnants of stars like our Sun, turn into solid spheres as the hot gas inside them cools down. This process of solidification, or crystallisation, of the material inside white dwarfs was predicted 50 years ago but it wasn't until the arrival of Gaia that astronomers were able to observe enough of these objects with such a precision to see the pattern revealing this process.

Physics - Chemistry - 09.01.2019
Shows single atoms can make more efficient catalysts
Detailed observations of iridium atoms at work could help make catalysts that drive chemical reactions smaller, cheaper and more efficient. Catalysts are chemical matchmakers: They bring other chemicals close together, increasing the chance that they'll react with each other and produce something people want, like fuel or fertilizer.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 09.01.2019
After mapping millions of galaxies, Dark Energy Survey finishes data collection
For the past six years, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory has been part of an international effort to create an unprecedented survey of distant galaxies and better understand the nature of dark energy-the mysterious force accelerating the expansion of the universe. After scanning about a quarter of the southern skies over 800 nights, the Dark Energy Survey finished taking data on Jan.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 09.01.2019
Astronomers observe evolution of a black hole as it wolfs down stellar
Astronomers observe evolution of a black hole as it wolfs down stellar
Halo of highly energized electrons around the black hole contracts dramatically during feeding frenzy. On March 11, an instrument aboard the International Space Station detected an enormous explosion of X-ray light that grew to be six times as bright as the Crab Nebula, nearly 10,000 light years away from Earth.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 09.01.2019
Magnetar Mysteries in our Galaxy and Beyond
Magnetar Mysteries in our Galaxy and Beyond
In a new Caltech-led study, researchers from campus and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) have analyzed pulses of radio waves coming from a magnetar-a rotating, dense, dead star with a strong magnetic field-that is located near the supermassive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way galaxy. The new research provides clues that magnetars like this one, lying in close proximity to a black hole, could perhaps be linked to the source of "fast radio bursts," or FRBs.

Physics - Chemistry - 09.01.2019
Nanocrystals Get Better When They Double Up With MOFs
Nanocrystals Get Better When They Double Up With MOFs
Researchers develop design rules for self-assembling 2D nanocrystal/metal-organic framework-based materials for energy storage and catalysis applications VIDEO: Simulation of self-assembling 2D nanocrystal/MOF superstructure. (Credit: Jeff Urban et al./Berkeley Lab) Out of the box, crystalline MOFs (metal-organic frameworks) look like ordinary salt crystals.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 09.01.2019
Achieving goals in the lab and on the pitch
Achieving goals in the lab and on the pitch
Senior Anthony Badea, a physics major and varsity soccer player, investigates the beginnings of the universe. Anthony Badea got hooked on physics during his senior of high school in Irvine, California. He used to fall asleep watching interviews and speeches by public figures in science like astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson and string theorist Michio Kaku.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 08.01.2019
Citizen scientists help discover new exoplanet in ’habitable zone’
A new planet roughly twice the size of Earth has been discovered located within the "habitable zone"-the range of distances from a star where liquid water may exist on the planet's surface. A research team that included a UChicago graduate student confirmed the finding after volunteer citizens flagged a crucial piece of evidence in data from NASA's Kepler spacecraft.

Chemistry - Physics - 08.01.2019
Nanophysicists developed a high-performance organic phototransistor
Nanophysicists developed a high-performance organic phototransistor
Converting light into electrical signals is essential for a number of future applications including imaging, optical communication and biomedical sensing. Researchers from the University of Münster have now developed a new molecular device enabling to detect light and translate it with high efficiency to detectable electronical current.

Physics - 07.01.2019
New way of switching exotic properties on and off in topological material
SLAC/Stanford team discovers new way of switching exotic properties on and off in topological material SLAC/Stanford team discovers new way of switching exotic properties on and off in topological material Ultrafast manipulation of material properties with light could stimulate the development of novel electronics, including quantum computers.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.01.2019
Tiny satellites could be
Tiny satellites could be "guide stars" for huge next-generation telescopes
Researchers design CubeSats with lasers to provide steady reference light for telescopes investigating distant planets. There are more than 3,900 confirmed planets beyond our solar system. Most of them have been detected because of their "transits" - instances when a planet crosses its star, momentarily blocking its light.

Physics - 04.01.2019
Excitons pave the way to more efficient electronics
Excitons pave the way to more efficient electronics
After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. They were the first to control exciton flows at room temperature. And now, the team of scientists from EPFL's Laboratory of Nanoscale Electronics and Structures (LANES) has taken their technology one step further.

Physics - 04.01.2019
Excitons pave the way to higher-performance electronics
After developing a method to control exciton flows at room temperature, EPFL scientists have discovered new properties of these quasiparticles that can lead to more energy-efficient electronic devices. They were the first to control exciton flows at room temperature. And now, the team of scientists from EPFL's Laboratory of Nanoscale Electronics and Structures (LANES) has taken their technology one step further.

Physics - 03.01.2019
Revealing Hidden Spin: Unlocking New Paths Toward High-Temperature Superconductors
Revealing Hidden Spin: Unlocking New Paths Toward High-Temperature Superconductors
Berkeley Lab researchers uncover insights into superconductivity, leading potentially to more efficient power transmission In the 1980s, the discovery of high-temperature superconductors known as cuprates upended a widely held theory that superconductor materials carry electrical current without resistance only at very low temperatures of around 30 Kelvin (or minus 406 degrees Fahrenheit).

Life Sciences - Physics - 03.01.2019
DNA design that anyone can do
DNA design that anyone can do
Computer program can translate a free-form 2-D drawing into a DNA structure. Until now, designing such structures has required technical expertise that puts the process out of reach of most people. Using the new program, anyone can create a DNA nanostructure of any shape, for applications in cell biology, photonics, and quantum sensing and computing, among many others.