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Chemistry - Physics - 01.04.2020
A map of reactions helps control molecular properties
A map of reactions helps control molecular properties
Chemical reactions are used to produce all kinds of important molecules such as drugs, agrochemicals and materials. To create a drug with specific properties-polar enough to dissolve in the aqueous environment of the stomach and blood, but greasy enough to pass through cells or cross the blood-brain barrier-chemists usually swap out the starting materials.

Health - Chemistry - 30.03.2020
Engineers 3D print soft, rubbery brain implants
Engineers 3D print soft, rubbery brain implants
The brain is one of our most vulnerable organs, as soft as the softest tofu. Brain implants, on the other hand, are typically made from metal and other rigid materials that over time can cause inflammation and the buildup of scar tissue. MIT engineers are working on developing soft, flexible neural implants that can gently conform to the brain's contours and monitor activity over longer periods, without aggravating surrounding tissue.

Chemistry - 26.03.2020
Flavor research for consumer protection
Flavor research for consumer protection
Flavorings containing benzaldehyde can develop benzene under the influence of light In 2013, the Stiftung Warentest found harmful benzene in drinks with cherry flavor. But how did the substance get into the drinks' Was the source benzaldehyde, an essential component of the cherry flavoring? And if so, how could the problem be solved? A new study by the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is now able to answer these questions.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 23.03.2020
One Step Closer to a Fast-Charging Battery
One Step Closer to a Fast-Charging Battery
In collaboration with Brookhaven National Lab, Berkeley Lab researchers were able to visualize a key feature of lithium titanate Berkeley Lab researchers, working with a team at Brookhaven National Laboratory, have made a key discovery about the dynamic structural changes in a material called lithium titanate, putting scientists one step closer to achieving a fast-charging lithium battery.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 20.03.2020
How to get conductive gels to stick when wet
How to get conductive gels to stick when wet
A new way of making polymers adhere to surfaces may enable better biomedical sensors and implants. But there has been a sticking point preventing their widespread use: their inability to adhere to a surface such as a sensor or microchip, and stay put despite moisture from the body. Now, researchers at MIT have come up with a way of getting conductive polymer gels to adhere to wet surfaces.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 19.03.2020
Cells carry out gene-guided construction projects
Cells carry out gene-guided construction projects
Stanford researchers have developed a method to genetically reprogram cells to build artificial structures. Stanford researchers have developed a technique that reprograms cells to use synthetic materials, provided by the scientists, to build artificial structures able to carry out functions inside the body.

Physics - Chemistry - 19.03.2020
Nature-Inspired Green Energy Technology Clears Major Development Hurdle
Nature-Inspired Green Energy Technology Clears Major Development Hurdle
Scientist Heinz Frei has spent decades working toward building an artificial version of one of nature's most elegant and effective machines: the leaf. Frei, and many other researchers around the world, seek to use photosynthesis - the sunlight-driven chemical reaction that green plants and algae use to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into cellular fuel - to generate the kinds of fuel that can power our homes and vehicles.

Physics - Chemistry - 18.03.2020
Molecular movies reveal the subtle, complex ways a simple molecule can shimmy and fly apart
SLAC Overview Our Mission, Vision & Values SLAC By The Numbers Director's Office Past SLAC Directors and Deputy Directors Wolfgang (Pief) K. H.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.03.2020
Chemistry: Access to forbidden rings
Chemistry: Access to forbidden rings
Researchers from the University of Geneva have developed a new method for creating chains of molecular rings with unparalleled sophistication. Cyclic molecules are everywhere, and everything around us stems from the way they are assembled: not just taste, colour and smell but also (for example) pharmaceutical drugs.

Environment - Chemistry - 18.03.2020
Common treatments used on cattle have devastating impacts on wildlife
Common treatments used on cattle have devastating impacts on wildlife
Experts have stressed an urgent need to find alternatives to wormers and anti-ectoparasitic products used widely on cattle, following the findings of a study just published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Researchers from the University of Sussex looked at a body of published evidence into the environmental impact of anthelmintics — products used as wormers and anti-parasitic agents and widely applied across the world.

Chemistry - Physics - 18.03.2020
New sensor could help prevent food waste
Monitoring the plant hormone ethylene could reveal when fruits and vegetables are about to spoil. As flowers bloom and fruits ripen, they emit a colorless, sweet-smelling gas called ethylene. MIT chemists have now created a tiny sensor that can detect this gas in concentrations as low as 15 parts per billion, which they believe could be useful in preventing food spoilage.

Chemistry - Computer Science / Telecom - 17.03.2020
Predicting reaction results: Machines learn chemistry
Predicting reaction results: Machines learn chemistry
Everyday life without artificial intelligence is barely conceivable in today's world. Countless applications in areas such as autonomous driving, foreign language translations or medical diagnostics have found their way into our lives. In chemical research, too, great efforts are being made to apply artificial intelligence (AI), also known as machine learning, effectively.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 17.03.2020
Bacterial enzyme could become a new target for antibiotics
Scientists discover the structure of an enzyme, found in the human gut, that breaks down a component of collagen. MIT and Harvard University chemists have discovered the structure of an unusual bacterial enzyme that can break down an amino acid found in collagen, which is the most abundant protein in the human body.

Health - Chemistry - 17.03.2020
Deadlier colon cancer develops differently in women and men
Researchers have found that colon cancer tumor cells produce energy for growth differently in women and men, and that this difference is associated with a more aggressive form of tumor growth with a higher incidence in women. In a study published today in Scientific Reports, the authors note that this is the first significant documentation of a sex difference in colon cancer metabolism.

Chemistry - Environment - 13.03.2020
First-time direct proof of chemical reactions in particulates
First-time direct proof of chemical reactions in particulates
Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have developed a new method to analyse particulate matter more precisely than ever before. With its help, they disproved an established doctrine: that molecules in aerosols undergo no further chemical transformations because they are enclosed in other suspended particulate matter.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 12.03.2020
A molecular map for the plant sciences
A molecular map for the plant sciences
First comprehensive map of the proteome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana Plants are essential for life on earth. They provide food for essentially all organisms, oxygen for breathing, and they regulate the climate of the planet. Proteins play a key role in controlling all aspects of life including plants.

Pharmacology - Chemistry - 11.03.2020
Bristol pioneers use of VR for designing new drugs
Bristol pioneers use of VR for designing new drugs
The findings, published in the journal PLOS One describe how researchers used VR to understand how common medications work on a molecular level. Many drugs are small molecules, and discovering new drugs involves finding molecules that bind to biological targets like proteins. In the study, users were able to use VR to ‘step inside' proteins and manipulate them, and the drugs binding to them, in atomic detail, using interactive molecular dynamics simulations in VR (iMD-VR).

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 11.03.2020
Iron rain in the evening on a giant exoplanet
Iron rain in the evening on a giant exoplanet
An international team of astronomers, led by UNIGE, has discovered a planet where it rains iron. Thanks to a new instrument conceived by the University of Geneva , Switzerland, and set at the Very Large Telescope (VLT) of the European Southern Observatory (ESO), an international team of researchers, led by UNIGE, has observed a planet featuring iron rains.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 11.03.2020
EPSRC New Investigator Award 2020 for research on protocellular materials
EPSRC New Investigator Award 2020 for research on protocellular materials
Dr Pierangelo Gobbo said: "Currently, the research field of bottom-up synthetic biology is trying to fill the gap between biology and chemistry to better understand how the non-living becomes alive. To do this, attempts have been made to construct what are called protocells. These are cell-like entities created from scratch using only a limited toolbox of molecules, materials, and chemical reactions.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 11.03.2020
Nano-sponge with extreme properties
Nano-sponge with extreme properties
A new process simplifies the fabrication of porous materials with a defined nanostructure and takes them one step closer to mass production. Materials with a defined nanostructure can have surprising properties. One example is a lightweight ceramic that springs back to its original shape, like a sponge, after being compressed.
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