news 2020


Computer Science

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Computer Science - Innovation - 06.08.2020
Whiteness of AI erases people of colour from our 'imagined futures', researchers argue
Whiteness of AI erases people of colour from our ’imagined futures’, researchers argue
The overwhelming 'Whiteness' of artificial intelligence - from stock images and cinematic robots to the dialects of virtual assistants - removes people of colour from the way humanity thinks about its technology-enhanced future. If the developer demographic does not diversify, AI stands to exacerbate racial inequality Kanta Dihal This is according to experts at the University of Cambridge, who suggest that current portrayals and stereotypes about AI risk creating a "racially homogenous" workforce of aspiring technologists, building machines with bias baked into their algorithms.

Innovation - Computer Science - 31.07.2020
New high-capacity embedded memories use half as much silicon
New high-capacity embedded memories use half as much silicon
Researchers at EPFL and Bar Ilan University have developed a new type of embedded memory that takes up half as much space as traditional memory - and uses less energy - to store a given amount of data. The technology is being marketed through a new spin-off called RAAAM. Embedded memories play a crucial role in running our digital devices, from computers and smartphones all the way to the internet of things and entire telecom networks.

Computer Science - 30.07.2020
New imaging system creates pictures by measuring time
A radical new method of imaging which harnesses artificial intelligence to turn time into visions of 3D space could help cars, mobile devices and health monitors develop 360-degree awareness. Photos and videos are usually produced by capturing photons - the building blocks of light - with digital sensors.

Administration - Computer Science - 30.07.2020
Trust in data privacy increases during pandemic
COVID-19 has seen Australians become more trusting of organisations and governments when it comes to their personal data and privacy, according to new research. The Australian National University (ANU) study examined more than 3,200 Australians' attitudes toward data privacy and security before and during the coronavirus pandemic, including the use of the COVIDSafe app. Study co-author Professor Nicholas Biddle said the study also showed increases in trust "strongly related" to an increase in confidence in the Federal Government, state and territory governments and the public service.

Physics - Computer Science - 29.07.2020
Another Win for the Standard Model: New Study Defies Decades-Old ’Discrepancy’ with High-Precision Measurement
Berkeley Lab project scientist contributes to study based on large pool of data from CERN's ATLAS detector Researchers from the ATLAS collaboration, including Berkeley Lab's Josh McFayden, explain their new measurement of "lepton flavour universality" - a unique property of the Standard Model of particle physics.

Physics - Computer Science - 29.07.2020
"Giant atoms" enable quantum processing and communication in one
Researchers devise an on-off system that allows high-fidelity operations and interconnection between processors. MIT researchers have introduced a quantum computing architecture thatcan perform low-error quantum computations while also rapidly sharing quantum information between processors. The work represents a key advance toward a complete quantum computing platform.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 24.07.2020
More effective sharing of research data
More effective sharing of research data
National research data infrastructure: TUM involved in three consortia Genome sequencing produces immense quantities of data. The aim of the German Human Genome-Phenome Archive (GHGA) is to make these data available to science without violating the personality rights of patients. The GHGA will focus initially on data collections pertaining to cancer and rare genetic disorders.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 24.07.2020
Machine learning reveals recipe for building artificial proteins
Proteins are essential to cells, carrying out complex tasks and catalyzing chemical reactions. Scientists and engineers have long sought to harness this power by designing artificial proteins that can perform new tasks, like treat disease, capture carbon or harvest energy, but many of the processes designed to create such proteins are slow and complex, with a high failure rate.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 23.07.2020
Technology that makes it feel like you're touching virtual objects
Adding to the richness of virtual reality, EPFL researchers have created soft actuators that can simulate the feeling of touching a virtual object with your fingers. In the virtual world, the objects you pick up do not exist: you can see that cup or pen, but it does not feel like you're touching them.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 21.07.2020
Using techniques learnt in astrophysics, researchers can now forecast drought up to ten weeks ahead
Researchers at the University of Sussex have developed a system which can accurately predict a period of drought in East Africa up to ten weeks ahead. Satellite imagery is already used in Kenya to monitor the state of pastures and determine the health of the vegetation using a metric known as the Vegetation Condition Index.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 21.07.2020
Video Game Teaches Productive Civil Discourse and Overcoming Tribalism
Carnegie Mellon researcher develops instructional tool to combat information bubbles A Carnegie Mellon University researcher is proposing that students can learn to make their civil discourse more productive through an video game powered by artificial intelligence. The educational system targeted toward high schoolers adapts to students' specific values and can be used to measure - and in some cases reduce - the impact of bias.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 17.07.2020
Using brain imaging to pierce the mystery of human behavior
Using brain imaging to pierce the mystery of human behavior
In the Medical Image Processing Lab, Dimitri Van De Ville and Thomas Bolton have studied the impact that computational imaging has on cognitive and clinical neuroscience by reviewing more than one hundred articles. How are human behavior and brain activity linked? That question has been eating away at Thomas Bolton ever since he started his PhD.

Computer Science - 16.07.2020
Using artificial intelligence to enhance complex systems
Researchers have invented a way of automatically working out what data needs to be put into a complex system - such as a fiber optic network - in order to get the desired result. Their solution could prove especially useful in robotics, medicine and image projection. In any system, you need some kind of input and output, with an action taking place in between.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 14.07.2020
Shows how our brains remain active during familiar, repetitive tasks
New research, based on earlier results in mice, suggests that our brains are never at rest, even when we are not learning anything about the world around us. Finding coherent patterns in this large assembly of cells is challenging, much like trying to determine the behaviour of a swarm of insects by watching a random sample of individuals Timothy O'Leary Our brains are often likened to computers, with learned skills and memories stored in the activity patterns of billions of nerve cells.

Computer Science - 10.07.2020
New System Combines Smartphone Videos To Create 4D Visualizations
Carnegie Mellon University approach requires neither studio nor specialized cameras Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have demonstrated that they can combine iPhone videos shot "in the wild" by separate cameras to create 4D visualizations that allow viewers to watch action from various angles, or even erase people or objects that temporarily block sight lines.

Environment - Computer Science - 10.07.2020
Counting wheat heads for more ecology
Counting wheat heads for more ecology
To Achim Walter it's clear: the budding artificial intelligence will decisively advance agroecology. But before we can harvest the fruits of AI, computers still have a lot to learn. Over-fertilised fields, compacted soils, greenhouse gases and insect death - the list of problems in agroecology is both old and long.

Environment - Computer Science - 09.07.2020
'Regime shift' happening in the Arctic Ocean
’Regime shift’ happening in the Arctic Ocean
Stanford scientists find the growth of phytoplankton in the Arctic Ocean has increased 57 percent over just two decades, enhancing its ability to soak up carbon dioxide. While once linked to melting sea ice, the increase is now propelled by rising concentrations of tiny algae. Scientists at Stanford University have discovered a surprising shift in the Arctic Ocean.

Electroengineering - Computer Science - 29.06.2020
Wearable-tech glove translates sign language into speech in real time
UCLA bioengineers have designed a glove-like device that can translate American Sign Language into English speech in real time though a smartphone app. The ir research is published Electronics. “Our hope is that this opens up an easy way for people who use sign language to communicate directly with non-signers without needing someone else to translate for them,” said Jun Chen, an assistant professor of bioengineering at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering and the principal investigator on the research.

Computer Science - 26.06.2020
EPFL lab develops method for designing lower-power circuits
EPFL lab develops method for designing lower-power circuits
An EPFL lab, has come up with a new type of logic diagram and related optimization methods, that can be used to design computer chips with a nearly 20% gain in energy efficiency, speed or size. The lab has just entered into a license agreement with Synopsys, a global leader in electronic design automation and chip fabrication software.

Computer Science - 25.06.2020
AI could help improve performance of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
AI could help improve performance of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
Researchers have demonstrated how machine learning could help design lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells with better performance. A new machine learning algorithm allows researchers to explore possible designs for the microstructure of fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries, before running 3D simulations that help researchers make changes to improve performance.
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