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Health - Administration - 18.09.2020
Five things we’re doing to help prevent the spread of Covid-19
Our ground breaking research has never been so critical during the Covid-19 pandemic. Amongst other things, we're helping to detect the virus, support people suffering from the effects of lockdown and understand how we could be better prepared if there was another pandemic. Here are five things our researchers have done to help prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Health - 18.09.2020
Yale succeeds with a more inclusive approach to heart transplants
Yale succeeds with a more inclusive approach to heart transplants
Doctors at Yale New Haven Hospital used a more aggressive selection process to more than quadruple the number of heart transplants performed there while maintaining positive patient outcomes, according to a new study.­ The findings suggest that a more inclusive approach to selecting donor hearts and transplant recipients can enable hospitals to successfully treat more patients in need of transplants.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.09.2020
Increasing the effectiveness of immunotherapy against skin cancer
Increasing the effectiveness of immunotherapy against skin cancer
Researchers at the University of Bern have discovered a mechanism in the body's own immune system which is responsible for the maturing and activation of immune cells. In the fight against skin cancer, the results have the potential to help immunotherapy succeed, even for patients on whom it previously had no effect.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.09.2020
Bile acids boost gut regeneration
Bile acids boost gut regeneration
Researchers at EPFL have made a surprising discovery about how bile acids act as signaling molecules to boost intestinal regeneration. The discovery sheds light on the role of bile acids as hormone-like molecules and opens new ways for regenerative therapies of the gut. Intestinal stem cells replenish the cells lining the gut epithelium, which usually renews itself every week.

Health - Psychology - 17.09.2020
Hospitals miss mental illness diagnosis in more than a quarter of patients
Severe mental illness diagnoses are missed by clinicians in more than one quarter of cases when people are hospitalised for other conditions, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. People from ethnic minority groups are even more likely to have previously diagnosed mental illnesses go unnoticed by medical staff, according to the findings from hospitals in England, published in PLOS Medicine .

Health - Life Sciences - 17.09.2020
A pregnancy ended by COVID-19 informs new understanding and protocols
When the first pregnant woman diagnosed with COVID-19 was admitted to Yale New Haven Hospital in March, she was in her second trimester and critically ill. At the time, almost nothing was known about how the novel coronavirus disease impacted pregnant mothers and their unborn children. Yale physician-scientists acted quickly not only to save the mother, who had severe early-onset preeclampsia, but also to collect samples that might help them better understand the disease.  According to a case report, published Sept.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.09.2020
How Fear Persists in the Mouse Brain
Most people have experienced, at some point in their lives, a sudden unexpected fright. Even after a shadowy figure in a darkened room turns out to just be a chair, your heart rate is still high, your palms stay sweaty, and your senses remain alert for another threat. This sort of lasting response is an example of a persistent internal state.

Health - Computer Science - 17.09.2020
Extent of India's COVID nudge campaign revealed
Extent of India’s COVID nudge campaign revealed
The Government of India's use of nudge theory in the first three months of the pandemic helped to tackle the virus on numerous fronts, a new study suggests. The government urgently needed to buy time and... bring a deeply divided population together to fight a common struggle Ronita Bardhan India has reported nearly five million COVID-19 cases and well over 80,000 deaths (as of 17 September 2020), making the country one of the worst hit in the world.

Health - Psychology - 17.09.2020
Analysis: Post-traumatic stress disorder linked to increased risk of dementia
Dr Vasiliki Orgeta (UCL Psychiatry) shares new research which shows that PTSD is a risk factor for developing dementia. Dementia is one of the greatest global health challenges. As the world's population continues to age and to live longer, the number of people affected by dementia is expected to rise to 130 million by 2050.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.09.2020
Engineers seek to mimic properties of the human body
Engineers seek to mimic properties of the human body
Tissue engineering experts say future biomaterials will need to mimic the human body's “stretch and squidge? properties. Findings from University of Queensland Professor Justin Cooper-White and international colleagues have been published in the prestigious journal Nature. “The characters in some old TV programs looked like normal people on the outside - and similarly we know future biomaterials will need to have almost-identical properties to those of all of the tissues in the human body,' Professor Cooper-White said.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.09.2020
Next-gen organoids grow and function like real tissues
Bioengineers at EPFL have created miniature intestines in a dish that match up anatomically and functionally to the real thing better than any other lab-grown tissue models. The biological complexity and longevity of the new organoid technology is an important step towards enabling drug testing, personalized medicine, and perhaps, one day, transplantations.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.09.2020
Team pinpoints brain circuitry underlying dissociative experiences
Stanford scientists identified key brain circuitry that plays a role in the mysterious experience called dissociation, in which people can feel disconnected from their own body and from reality. It's neither uncommon nor especially worrisome for people to lose themselves in a great book or a daydream.

Health - 16.09.2020
9/11 can teach us how to support those bereaved during COVID-19, researchers find
Researchers from a leading end-of-life charity have looked to 9/11 and other mass death events for approaches to support people bereaved through COVID-19. The team from the Marie Curie Palliative Care Research Centre in Cardiff and the University of Bristol, led by Dr Emily Harrop with senior authors Professor Anthony Byrne and Dr Lucy Selman, conducted a rapid review looking at which approaches were most effective in times of mass bereavement.

Health - 16.09.2020
High levels of a growth factor increases risk for several cancers
A study of almost 400,000 British participants has identified a new link between raised levels of the growth factor IGF-1 and increased thyroid cancer risk and has confirmed associations with breast, prostate and colorectal cancer.  This could lead to new preventative strategies, including diet and lifestyle interventions.

Health - Psychology - 16.09.2020
PTSD may double risk of dementia
People who have experienced post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are up to twice as likely to develop dementia later in life, according to a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published in the British Journal of Psychiatry , is the first meta-analysis of global evidence on PTSD and dementia risk.

Health - 15.09.2020
New blood test finds undetected COVID-19 cases
New blood test finds undetected COVID-19 cases
Researchers at The Australian National University (ANU) have developed a new blood test capturing previous exposure to COVID-19. Initial results suggest many more people have been exposed to the virus in Australia than have been detected so far.  "We screened 3,000 blood samples provided by healthy people around Australia for antibodies to the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2," Associate Professor Ian Cockburn said, who co-led the research with Professor Elizabeth Gardiner.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.09.2020
COVID-19 Virus Uses Heparan Sulfate to Get Inside Cells
Discovery opens new possibilities for treating COVID-19 by disrupting virus' ability to bind the carbohydrate, potentially by using a repurposed drug A molecule known as ACE2 sits like a doorknob on the outer surfaces of the cells that line the lungs. Since January 2020, researchers have known that SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus that causes COVID-19, primarily uses ACE2 to enter these cells and establish respiratory infections.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.09.2020
Only One Third of Children Receive Appropriate Malaria Care
Only One Third of Children Receive Appropriate Malaria Care
Despite lots of progress made in the past decade, more than 270,000 children die from Malaria each year. Most of these deaths could be avoided through timely diagnosis and treatment. Despite better availability of tests and medication, a new study shows that large gaps remain in the quality of malaria care for children.

Health - Chemistry - 15.09.2020
Newly discovered mechanism regulates myocardial distensibility
Newly discovered mechanism regulates myocardial distensibility
Immunofluorescence staining of the muscle tissue of a chronically diseased human heart under the confocal microscope. Two proteins in the sarcomeres, which give the tissue the characteristic striation pattern, were marked with antibodies and visualized by different fluorophore-conjugated antibodies: titin appears red and actinin green; the nuclei were stained blue.

Pharmacology - Health - 14.09.2020
A simple tweak to increase vaccine protection
Adjuvants are a key ingredient of many modern vaccines, working to unleash an immune response that helps protect the body from disease. Many scientists believe that adjuvants are the key to developing new kinds of vaccines for hard-to-vaccinate viruses, like HIV. But adjuvants can cause inflammation at the injection site, as well as side effects from an over-stimulated immune system, which prohibits many promising new adjuvant candidates from being integrated into vaccines.
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