news 2020



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Pharmacology - Health - 10.07.2020
Arthritis drugs found to be effective in treatment of disease which causes deformity of the hand
A condition which causes deformity of the hand - leading in the most severe cases to impairment and disability - can now be successfully treated by using drugs developed in recent years for the treatment of different forms of arthritis, researchers at the University of Glasgow have found. Their findings are reported in the journal Advanced Science.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.07.2020
Transplantable lab-grown organs move a step closer
Transplantable lab-grown organs move a step closer
A liver organoid developed at EPFL offers new promise in transplantation and the study of liver disease. Biologists and bioengineers at EPFL have designed a new method for growing simplified human mini-livers. Their process is a potentially important breakthrough in the quest for transplantable lab-grown tissues.

Health - Environment - 10.07.2020
Smoking risks and automated soundscaping: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From a study into the risks of smokers developing more severe forms of COVID-19, to a new method for automatically detecting the ‘fingerprint' of soundscapes, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Smokers more at risk? Smokers hospitalised with COVID-19 may be more likely to progress to more severe forms of the disease, including admission to intensive care.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.07.2020
Basel study: Why lopinavir and lopinavir and hydroxychloroquine do not work on Covid-19
Basel study: Why lopinavir and lopinavir and hydroxychloroquine do not work on Covid-19
Lopinavir is a drug against HIV, hydroxychloroquine is used to treat malaria and rheumatism. Until recently, both drugs were regarded as potential agents in the fight against the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. A research group from the University of Basel and the University Hospital has now discovered that the concentration of the two drugs in the lungs of Covid-19 patients is not sufficient to fight the virus.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.07.2020
Protective Alzheimer’s gene and develop rapid drug-testing platform
A gene has been discovered that can naturally suppress the signs of Alzheimer's disease in human brain cells, in research involving UCL and led by Queen Mary University of London. The scientists have also developed a new rapid drug-screening system for treatments that could potentially delay or prevent the disease, they report in Molecular Psychiatry.

Health - 10.07.2020
Medicaid expansion meant better health for the most vulnerable low-income adults
New two-year study and five-year report show impact of Michigan's safety-net health coverage; could inform states now considering or preparing for expansion Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn The most vulnerable residents of the nation's 10th-most populous state say their health improved significantly after they enrolled in Michigan's expanded Medicaid program, a new University of Michigan study finds.

Life Sciences - Health - 09.07.2020
Sodium found to regulate the biological clock of mice
A new study from McGill University shows that increases in the concentrations of blood sodium can have an influence on the biological clock of mice, opening new research avenues for potentially treating the negative effects associated with long distance travel or shift work. The findings a professor in McGill's Department of Neurology-Neurosurgery, are the first to show that injecting mice with a salt solution leads to the activation of neurons associated with the brain's master circadian clock - the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN).

Health - Life Sciences - 09.07.2020
Which vaccine types are in the running against COVID-19?
The world is eagerly awaiting one or more vaccines to protect us against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. We will only be able to fully resume our lives when we are immune to the infection.

Pharmacology - Health - 09.07.2020
KU Leuven virologists select vaccine candidate for clinical trials
KU Leuven virologists select vaccine candidate for clinical trials
Virologists at the Rega Institute at KU Leuven (Belgium) have developed a vaccine candidate that protects hamsters from infection with the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. Theirs is one of the first vaccine candidates that is proven to protect lab animals from infection. The team aims to start clinical trials next Winter.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.07.2020
Researchers make first steps toward a cure for HIV
Researchers have developed a way to pull HIV out of the latent reservoir making the virus visible to the immune system and providing the potential to be killed by treatment. Part of what has made HIV infection so difficult to cure, is that once the virus enters the body, some of it hides dormant inside of the cells, making it essentially invisible to both the immune system and antiretroviral drugs.

Social Sciences - Health - 09.07.2020
Children in poverty at greater risk of childhood traumas
Children whose parents report poverty in pregnancy are nine times more likely to face additional traumatic experiences compared to their wealthier peers, UCL research finds. Academics from UCL's ESRC International Centre for Lifecourse Studies analysed data taken over two decades from 14,000 women, their children and partners, to explore the connections between commonly investigated adverse childhood experiences (ACEs)*.

Health - 09.07.2020
Researchers explain antibody testing work to track COVID-19 infections in the UK
Experts at Imperial have outlined their work to develop effective antibody tests to monitor the spread of COVID-19 infections in a new video. Researchers at Imperial College London are working with clinicians at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust on a programme of work to develop a ‘gold standard' antibody test to support the Trust's testing programme.

Health - 09.07.2020
Engineers design a reusable, silicone rubber face mask
Engineers design a reusable, silicone rubber face mask
The prototype mask, which includes an N95 filter, can be easily sterilized and worn many times. Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have designed a new face mask that they believe could stop viral particles as effectively as N95 masks. Unlike N95 masks, the new masks were designed to be easily sterilized and used many times.

Mathematics - Health - 09.07.2020
Doing more with less: Sperm without a fully active tail move faster and more efficiently, new UK study finds
Sperm cells moving their long tail to swim through the body in search of an egg is a familiar image, but a fully ‘powered' tail may not be the key to success, according to a new UK study which could be crucial for improving the outcomes of assisted fertility treatments. Propulsion of sperm and how the cell uses its tail to move through the thick fluids of the reproductive tract to reach and fertilise an egg has been well studied.

Health - 09.07.2020
Adults with obesity more likely to develop H1N1 influenza
Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Adults with obesity are more susceptible to influenza A/H1N1pdm-the swine flu virus, according to a new study that did not, however, find a similar association with the seasonal flu. The results could be relevant in understanding the mechanisms by which infectious diseases such as influenza or the ongoing coronavirus pandemic might affect different segments of the population, the researchers say.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.07.2020
License agreement creates golden opportunity for cancer diagnostic technology
A novel rapid cancer diagnostic technology with the potential to quickly and easily detect cancer has been licensed for further development. The methylscape technology which uses gold sensors to determine if 3D nanostructures of cancer DNA are present in blood or biopsy tissue was developed at The University of Queensland's Australian Institute for Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (AIBN).

Life Sciences - Health - 08.07.2020
Scientists pinpoint surprising new function for histones
FINDINGS UCLA scientists have identified a new function for histones, the spool-shaped proteins that regulate gene expression and help pack long strands of DNA into cells. The resulting matrix, called chromatin, provides the structural foundation for chromosomes. In a surprising finding that received more than 1,400 “likes” and more than 600 shares on Twitter within the first several days after the study was published, the researchers discovered that histones also function as enzymes that convert copper into a form that can be used by the body's cells.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.07.2020
Program to prevent falls among seniors shows modest benefit
A new study has found that a set of strategies designed to prevent older people from falling did not significantly reduce serious injuries from falls, but it did lead to a significant decline in the number of overall fall-related injuries participants reported.

Life Sciences - Health - 08.07.2020
Polynesians, Native Americans made contact before European arrival, genetic study finds
Deep-genome analyses conducted by Stanford Medicine researchers and their collaborators have settled a long-brewing controversy about whether ancient Polynesians and Native Americans had contact. Through deep genetic analyses, Stanford Medicine scientists and their collaborators have found conclusive scientific evidence of contact between ancient Polynesians and Native Americans from the region that is now Colombia - something that's been hotly contested in the historic and archaeological world for decades.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.07.2020
STRIDE study tests ways to prevent injuries from falls
Every year about one in three adults age 65 and older takes a fall, and 20 to 30% of those who fall suffer significant injuries such as head trauma or a broken hip. A new study shows how difficult it is to prevent these injuries, even with help from primary care providers. Doctors at Yale, Harvard, and the University of California-Los Angeles recently presented findings of the Strategies to Reduce Injuries and Develop Confidence in Elders (STRIDE) Study, a comprehensive effort to test the effectiveness of a nurse-delivered strategy to prevent injuries from falling.
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