news 2020



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Psychology - Pedagogy - 02.06.2020
Mobile technology may support kids learning to recognize emotions in photos of faces
Yalda T. Uhls is child psychologist and researcher at UCLA, who studies how media affect children. She is the author of the book “Media Moms & Digital Dads: A Fact Not Fear Approach to Parenting in the Digital Age.” This article originally appeared in The Conversation. An essential social skill is understanding emotion.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 29.05.2020
Researchers use brain imaging to demonstrate weaker neural suppression in individuals with autism
People with autism spectrum disorder, or ASD, may experience sensory hypersensitivity more often than people without ASD, according to the National Autism Association. Among other responses, this hypersensitivity can lead to "sensory overload," when sensory systems like vision or hearing are "overwhelmed" by stimuli.

Health - Psychology - 22.05.2020
Conspiracy beliefs reduces the following of government coronavirus guidance | University of Oxford
A new study from the shows that people who hold coronavirus conspiracy beliefs are less likely to comply with social distancing guidelines or take-up future vaccines.  The research, led by clinical psychologists at the and published today in the journal  Psychological Medicine , indicates that a disconcertingly high number of adults in England do not agree with the scientific and governmental consensus on the coronavirus pandemic.

Health - Psychology - 19.05.2020
Coronavirus infections may lead to delirium and potentially PTSD
Coronavirus infections may lead to delirium and potentially PTSD
People taken ill by coronavirus infections may experience psychiatric problems while hospitalised and potentially after they recover, suggests an analysis of past research led by the UCL Institute of Mental Health with King's College London collaborators. The systematic review paper, published in The Lancet Psychiatry , compiled results from shortand long-term studies of people hospitalised by recent coronaviruses, namely SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome) in 2002-2004, MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome) in 2012, as well as COVID-19 this year.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 18.05.2020
Find more satisfaction by changing daily routines, study says
Published Monday , the study was conducted prior to the onset of the coro rus pandemic that has limited human movements around the globe. But the researchers believe it may offer insights for those confined to their homes and limited in their interactions by the guidelines and restrictions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Psychology - 13.05.2020
Children with autism face higher risk of eating disorders
Children with autistic traits are more likely than their peers to develop an eating disorder, according to a new UCL-led study. Previous research has found that autism and eating disorders can occur together, as 20-30% of adults with eating disorders have autism, and 3-10% of children and young people with eating disorders.

Health - Psychology - 08.05.2020
Citizen-science project measures impact of coronavirus pandemic on mental health
Citizen-science project measures impact of coronavirus pandemic on mental health
What impact has the lockdown had on our mental health, and what determines how people cope with isolation? These are a few of the questions researchers hope to answer as part of a new crowd-sourced science project, The Great British Wellbeing Survey. The work builds on the success of the Great British Intelligence Test , a collaborative project with BBC Horizon to gauge the nation's intelligence and wellbeing.

Psychology - Pedagogy - 07.05.2020
Do I look mad? Reading facial cues with the touch-screen generation
Are today's children, who grew up with mobile technology from birth, worse at reading emotions and picking up cues from people's faces than children who didn't grow up with tablets and smar tp hones' A new UCLA psychology study suggests today's kids are all right. Infancy and early childhood are critical developmental phases during which children learn to interpret important non-verbal cues such as facial expressions, tone of voice and gestures.

Psychology - Life Sciences - 07.05.2020
Sleep difficulties in the first year of life linked to altered brain development in infants who later develop autism
Sleep difficulties in the first year of life linked to altered brain development in infants who later develop autism
Infants spend most of their first year of life asleep. Those hours are prime time for brain development, when neural connections form and sensory memories are encoded. But when sleep is disrupted, as occurs more often among children with autism, brain development may be affected, too. New research led by the University of Washington finds that sleep problems in a baby's first 12 months may not only precede an autism diagnosis, but also may be associated with altered growth trajectory in a key part of the brain, the hippocampus.

Psychology - 28.04.2020
Artificial intelligence still lags behind humans at recognising emotions
When it comes to reading emotions on people's faces, artificial intelligence still lags behind human observers, according to a new study involving UCL. The difference was particularly pronounced when it came to spontaneous displays of emotion, according to the findings published in PLOS One. The research team, led by Dublin City University, looked at eight "out of the box" automatic classifiers for facial affect recognition (artificial intelligence that can identify human emotions on faces) and compared their emotion recognition performance to that of human observers.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 24.04.2020
Stronger one-way fear signals in brains of anxious kids
Signals from the brain's fear center make it more difficult for anxious and stressed children to regulate their emotions, a first-of-its-kind brain scanning study from Stanford shows. In chronically stressed or anxious children, the brain's fear center sends signals to the decision-making part of the brain that make it harder to regulate negative emotions, according to new research from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Health - Psychology - 16.04.2020
Mental health and brain research must be a higher priority in global response to tackle COVID-19 pandemic
Experts have called for real time monitoring of mental health to be rolled out urgently in the UK and globally in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The University of Glasgow's Rory O'Connor, Professor of Health Psychology at the Institute of Health and Wellbeing, is joint first author on a new paper, published in The Lancet Psychiatry, which highlights an urgent need to tackle the harmful impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health, and potentially the brain, and calls for research on these areas to be central to the global response to the pandemic.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.04.2020
No kidding: Theater improv makes you happier, creative, tolerant of uncertainty
Can theater improvisation actually make adults feel better and more creative? "Yes, and...” A new study by researchers at the University of Michigan and Stony Brook University found that 20 minutes of improv experience causes people to feel comfortable and more tolerant of uncertainty. "Individuals also reported a happier mood compared to a control group, who didn't get the same satisfaction when performing scripted tasks,” said study co-author Colleen Seifert, U-M professor of psychology.

Psychology - 07.04.2020
False memories of crime appear real when retold to others
People are no better than chance at identifying when someone else is recounting a false or real memory of a crime, according to a new UCL study. The findings, published in Frontiers in Psychology , build on a previous study that was the first to successfully implant false memories of committing a crime - involving either assault or assault with a weapon that resulted in police contact.

Psychology - 30.03.2020
Growing gap in children's socio-emotional skills
Growing gap in children’s socio-emotional skills
The gap between children with the highest and lowest socio-emotional skills has increased over the past three decades, and the socio-economic status of mothers is a significant contributing factor, according to a new UCL study. The study, published in the Journal of Public Economics , compares the socio-emotional skills of two cohorts of children born in England 30 years apart, and shows for the first time that inequality in these early skills has increased.

Music - Psychology - 25.03.2020
Integrate an orchestra increases capabilities cognitive
Integrate an orchestra increases capabilities cognitive
The EmoDémos project - led by the University of Geneva among children aged 7 to 12 years - has shown that playing an instrument in an orchestra can facilitate the acquisition of cognitive and emotional skills in two years.

Health - Psychology - 12.03.2020
Alcoholics Anonymous most effective path to alcohol abstinence
See us on twitter See us on youtube See us on linkedin See us on instagram A Stanford researcher and two collaborators conducted an extensive review of Alcoholics Anonymous studies and found that the fellowship helps more people achieve sobriety than therapy does. Alcoholics Anonymous, the worldwide fellowship of sobriety seekers, is the most effective path to abstinence, according to a comprehensive analysis conducted by a Stanford School of Medicine researcher and his collaborators.

Psychology - 12.03.2020
Poor sleep in infancy linked to behavioural and emotional problems in toddlers
Disrupted and poor quality sleep in the earliest months of a child's life can be an indicator of depression, anxiety and behavioural problems among toddlers, according to a new study. Researchers at the Institute for Mental Health, at the University of Birmingham in collaboration with the Finnish Institute for Health and Welfare, in Helsinki , found a clear relationship between sleep problems in infancy such as frequent night wakings, short sleep duration or difficulty in falling asleep and particular emotional and behavioural problems at 24 months of age.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 09.03.2020
Two brain systems for thinking about others’ thoughts
The brain seems to have two different systems enabling us to put ourselves in someone else's shoes, which develop at different ages, finds a new study involving UCL. The two systems mature at different times such that only four-year-olds can understand what another person is thinking, and not, as some have assumed, one-year-olds, according to the study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) .

Psychology - 27.02.2020
Why images may appear closer-or farther-than they actually are
When people remember images, they fill in the edges with details they didn't actually see. That's the idea behind the boundary extension, a term which has become widely accepted in psychology classes, textbooks and test-prep flashcards. But what if the concept isn't quite accurate? A University of Chicago psychologist has discovered new evidence that challenges the decades-old understanding of the memory error as a universal phenomenon.

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