news 2020


Social Sciences

Results 1 - 18 of 18.

Environment - Social Sciences - 24.01.2020
Climate change: how can we unleash citizen action?
Climate change: how can we unleash citizen action?
A researcher from the University of Geneva has synthesized two decades of scientific studies on climate change to identify the obstacles to behaviour change and find ways to overcome them. Why is it that more individual actions are not taken to combat climate change? What should be done to embolden individuals to act within their scope of action? To answer these questions, a researcher at the University of Geneva , Switzerland, integrated the results of the scientific literature on climate change in the framework of a Geneva Science-Policy Interface (GSPI) policy brief.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 23.01.2020
UW research expands bilingual language program for babies
UW research expands bilingual language program for babies
Knowledge of multiple languages has long been shown to have lifelong benefits, from enhancing communication skills to boosting professional opportunities to staving off the cognitive effects of aging. When researchers at the University of Washington found that even babies whose parents are monolingual could rapidly learn a second language in a small classroom environment, a new challenge was born: How could they expand their program?

Health - Social Sciences - 21.01.2020
Health gap between rich and poor has widened
The health of the poorest people in Britain has declined since the mid-20th century, and is worse when compared to those born a century ago, suggests a new UCL-led study. The study, published in the BMJ Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health , compared health and income data from more than 200,000 working-age adults who were born between 1920 and 1970.

Social Sciences - Environment - 21.01.2020
New housing design in England overwhelmingly ’mediocre’ or ’poor’
The design of new housing developments in England is overwhelmingly 'mediocre' or 'poor', with less-affluent communities the worst affected, according to a national audit conducted by UCL for CPRE, the countryside charity, and the Place Alliance. A housing design audit for England reveals that 75% of new housing development should not have gone ahead due to 'mediocre' or 'poor' design.

Social Sciences - 20.01.2020
Clubs and bars must support women by cracking down on sexual aggression
Nightclubs and bars must create a supportive environment that cracks down on unwanted sexual attention and allows women to enjoy their nights out, according to a new study. Increasing numbers of women are prepared to speak back to sexual harassment whilst enjoying a night out with female friends by confronting the men responsible and telling them clearly and robustly that their behaviour is unacceptable.

Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 20.01.2020
Racial disparities in drug prescriptions for dementia
Disparities in drug prescribing suggest that black and Asian people with dementia are not receiving the same quality of care as their white peers, according to a new UCL-led study in the UK. Asian people with dementia are less likely to receive anti-dementia drugs, and take them for shorter periods, according to the findings published in Clinical Epidemiology .

Social Sciences - 17.01.2020
Older ethnic minority adults have fewer close friends
Older adults from ethnic minority groups report having fewer close friends and fewer friends who live locally than older white people, according a new UCL study. The research, published iná Ageing & Society , found that Black and Asian adults over the age of 65 years are almost twice as likely to report having no close friends (9% and 7% respectively) compared to White and mixed or 'other' ethnicity adults of the same age (both 4%).

Environment - Social Sciences - 16.01.2020
Small change for climate change: Why research funding to save the world needs to be drastically stepped up
Small change for climate change: Why research funding to save the world needs to be drastically stepped up
Researchers from the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and the University of Sussex analysed USD 1.3 trillion of research funding around the world. Between 1990 and 2018, less than 4.59% of the funding was spent on climate-related research. Only 0.12% of the research funding was spent on a critical issue: how to change societies to mitigate climate change.

Social Sciences - 16.01.2020
Far-right violence in Portugal draws strength from skinhead roots - study
Far-right agitators in Portugal now have different reasons to their 1970s predecessors for becoming radicalised and committing acts of political violence - a new study shows. Influenced by the international ‘skinhead' movement from the mid-1980s, current extremists drawn largely from the working classes have turned to violence to ‘protect' white Portugal and Europe against the ‘threat' posed by multi-racial and multicultural society.

Social Sciences - Health - 16.01.2020
Lifetime suicide risk factors identified
A new review of previous studies into suicide worldwide has highlighted the effects of individual and environmental risk factors over a lifetime.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 16.01.2020
#Stayathomeparents tweet anti-spanking beliefs but for some, their behaviors might differ
Stay-at-home parents are likely to tweet anti-spanking beliefs and desires, but those 280-character messages may not always convey what's happening in homes. Despite growing research that spanking leads to children's behavior problems, many parents still support the use of spanking-and among such parents are those who may turn to Twitter and present themselves in a positive manner when discussing child discipline and spanking, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Social Sciences - 15.01.2020
What puts women off bearded men?
What puts women off bearded men?
Women who find bearded men less attractive may be deterred due to their potential risk for carrying ticks, bugs and lice, according to a University of Queensland study published today. Senior author Dr Barnaby Dixson from UQ's School of Psychology said the findings suggested that when women judged men for their eligibility as a partner for short or long-term relationships, they can be discouraged by facial hair.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Wealth adds nine years to ’healthy’ life expectancy
The wealthiest men and women can expect to live an additional eight to nine years free from disability compared to people in the poorest groups, according to new UCL-led research.

Civil Engineering - Social Sciences - 14.01.2020
Street network patterns reveal worrying worldwide trend towards urban sprawl
Channels McGill University News and Events New research from McGill University and the University of California, Santa Cruz has found that the local streets of the world's cities are becoming less connected, a global trend that is driving urban sprawl and discouraging the use of public transportation.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.01.2020
Rising temperatures may cause over 2000 fatal injuries per year in the US
A 2 degrees Celsius rise in temperatures could result in around 2,100 additional deaths from injuries every year in the United States. This is the finding of research from Imperial College London , Columbia University and Harvard University , published Medicine. In the study, funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Wellcome Trust, the researchers calculated the number of additional fatal injuries that would occur in the US if temperatures rose by 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.

Social Sciences - 13.01.2020
Carnegie Mellon Leverages AI To Give Voice to the Voiceless
Hate speech countered by detecting, highlighting "help speech" Complete the following sentence: Rohingya refugees should go to - These aren't good choices, but all are sentiments that have been expressed repeatedly on social media. The Rohingyas, who began fleeing Myanmar in 2017 to avoid ethnic cleansing, are ill-equipped to defend themselves from these online attacks, but innovations from Carnegie Mellon University's Language Technologies Institute (LTI) could help counter the hate speech directed at them and other voiceless groups.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.01.2020
To fight food insecurity in Indigenous communities
To fight food insecurity in Indigenous communities
Working with communities to improve food security among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children will be the focus of a significant University of Queensland study. The three-year research project, designed in conjunction with the Apunipima Cape York Health Council and the Central Australian Aboriginal Congress , will be funded by a $2 million-plus National Health and Medical Research Council grant to UQ's School of Public Health.

Social Sciences - 07.01.2020
It's not your phone, it's you
It’s not your phone, it’s you
Stanford communication scholar Gabriella Harari finds that it's personality that influences how people use their digital devices; technology is just a medium to channel our everyday behavior, says Harari in a Q&A with Stanford News Service. Smartphones are getting a bum rap. The common perception that as people become increasingly attached to their devices they are becoming less social is just wrong, according to Stanford communication scholar Gabriella Harari.

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