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Results 1 - 19 of 19.

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 20.12.2022
Sex offenders: 70% drop in recidivism rate
Study led by Professor Patrick Lussier shows significant decline in recidivism of sex crimes in Canada over 80 years Encouraging news: between 1940 and 2019, the recidivism rate of sex offenders in this country has dropped by nearly 70%, according to a study published in the journal Criminology and Public Policy .

Criminology / Forensics - 20.12.2022
Tackling drug related organised crime requires determining course
In recent years, additional financial resources haven allowed launching various local, regional and national projects to tackle and frustrate drug related organised crime. As a result, more awareness has arisen in the Netherlands about the seriousness of this problem and the need to tackle it together.

Criminology / Forensics - 09.12.2022
Parks should be safe places for women and girls
Parks in West Yorkshire should be better designed and managed so that women and girls feel safe throughout the day and after dark, according to a new study. A team of researchers at the University of Leeds interviewed more than a hundred women and girls from across the county and found that most of them believed their local parks were unsafe.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 17.11.2022
Impacts of reporting on domestic violence
University of Queensland research suggests that graphic media coverage of domestic violence cases could contribute to 'copycat' behaviour. Dr Joseph Lelliot t Dr Rebecca Wallis from the UQ Law School interviewed domestic and family violence (DFV) support workers and found explicit reporting appears to be linked with a surge in cases of similar violence.

Criminology / Forensics - 26.10.2022
How Twitter fuelled the Black Lives Matter movement
A new study from The Australian National University (ANU) shows how Twitter helped shape the Black Lives Matter movement. Lead researcher Professor Colin Klein said the immediacy of the social media platform allowed it to play a crucial role in spreading information and organising protests. It also become an important platform for right-wing reactions.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 17.10.2022
Community service or prison sentence; which punishment prevents youngsters from relapsing into crime?
In the Netherlands, community service was introduced in the Criminal Code in 1989 as an alternative to imprisonment. In the juvenile justice system, community service is the most imposed punishment for perpetrators. Even though community service is most often imposed in the juvenile justice system, few large-scale, reliable studies have been conducted on its effectiveness since the 1990s.

Criminology / Forensics - 10.10.2022
Young adults and the courts: prosecution and prejudice
Roger Grimshaw on the implications of a new study highlighting the long-term reduction in young adult prosecutions. New findings from the Universities of Manchester and Sheffield and have highlighted long term trends in court appearances for young adults. ' Young adults in court: shrinking numbers and increasing disparities' , as the title suggests, shows young adults have become far less likely to appear in court over the previous decade.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 21.09.2022
Not all arms possessors are the same:áreduce armed violence among youth in Rotterdam by addressing underlying problems
The media has often drawn attention to increasing armed violence amongst youth. Since 2019, an increase in violence amongst youth has become apparent. Rotterdam and its surroundings have been the scene of this violence more than once. Although national and local campaigns have been launched and research has been done in Rotterdam and the Netherlands, much information on the scope, cause, and background of this issue among the youth in Rotterdam remained inconclusive.

Health - Criminology / Forensics - 21.09.2022
Significant increase in firearm assaults in states that relaxed conceal carry permit restrictions
Significant increase in firearm assaults in states that relaxed conceal carry permit restrictions
Study finds significant increase in firearm assaults in states that relaxed conceal carry permit restrictions Certain provisions in conceal carry laws, such as restricting who can own a firearm based on past convictions, may reduce risks associated with civilian gun carrying A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the average rate of assaults with firearms increased an average of 9.5% relative to forecasted trends in the first 10 years after 34 states relaxed restrictions on civilians carrying concealed firearms in public.

Criminology / Forensics - 22.08.2022
Statement on investigation into work of PhD candidate
Outcome of initial phase of investigation We have completed the initial phase of investigation into the recent publication of the work of a student, who had registered for a PhD, which has raised widespread and significant concerns and complaints, all of which we take extremely seriously. We are examining all aspects of the student's work and academic supervision, the origin of the article, his prior background, the associated University processes for admission to our PGR programme and research conduct, and other questions that have been raised.

Life Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 01.08.2022
Mad or bad: can we tackle aggression with brain stimulation?
It could come straight out of Stanley Kubrick's dystopian movie A Clockwork Orange: using direct brain stimulation to reduce aggressive behaviour. For PhD candidate Ruben Knehans, it's his daily business. Aside from the medical complexity, it raises all sorts of questions. Is it ethical, for example, to modify someone's behaviour? Can you justify imposing brain stimulation on convicts under criminal law? How to set rules and standards? Ruben tries to answer these questions in his PhD research at UM's Faculty of Law.

Criminology / Forensics - 22.06.2022
'Essay Mills' Pose Serious Risk to Scottish Universities
’Essay Mills’ Pose Serious Risk to Scottish Universities
Vulnerable students are turning to online 'essay mills' to purchase written work that they then pass off as their own, threatening academic integrity and exploitation, a new study has found. Researchers based at the Scottish Centre for Crime and Justice Research found hundreds of examples of online adverts targeting students in what is known as 'contract cheating'.

Criminology / Forensics - 20.04.2022
’Threatening’ faces and beefy bodies do not bias criminal suspect identification
Research shows that there is no bias toward selecting people with muscular bodies or facial characteristics perceived as threatening when identifying criminal suspects in line-ups.

Criminology / Forensics - Health - 30.03.2022
Street lighting may enable rather than hinder street crime
Street lighting may enable rather than hinder street crime
Fewer cars are broken into at night on roads with part-night lighting (PNL), where street lights are switched off between midnight and 5am, finds researchers from UCL and the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. The rate of thefts from cars at night was halved on roads with PNL, compared to the same roads before PNL was introduced.

Life Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 14.02.2022
DNA testing exposes tactics of international criminal networks trafficking elephant ivory
A team led by scientists at the University of Washington and special agents with the U.S. Department of Homeland Security has used genetic testing of ivory shipments seized by law enforcement to uncover the international criminal networks behind ivory trafficking out of Africa. The genetic connections across shipments that they-ve uncovered exposes an even higher degree of organization among ivory smuggling networks than previously known.

Psychology - Criminology / Forensics - 07.02.2022
Do emotions impact decisions on punishment in the context of crime?
Anger is a key emotion in understanding public opinion towards crime and punishment: it is frequently mobilized in public discourse and is elicited by specific incidents. But what role do emotions play in questions of punishment for crime? In a new article published in Psychology, Crime & Law , a research team from McGill University, Institut national de la recherche scientifique (INRS) and the University of Ottawa, were able to quantify for

Criminology / Forensics - Social Sciences - 04.02.2022
Resistance to ’defund’ or ’abolish’ the police rooted in policy proposals
Despite broad support in the United States for reshaping policing, movements to "defund" or "abolish" police departments generate strong public opposition. The resistance is largely due to discomfort with the movements' policy goals, not their slogans or negative beliefs about the activists associated with them, according to a new study co-authored by Yale political scientist Gregory A. Huber.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 26.01.2022
Understanding Who Commits Which Crimes
Why do some young men turn to crime, while others don-t? An international study shows that preferences such as risk tolerance, impatience and altruism as well as self-control can predict who will commit crime. Risk-tolerant, impatient young men are more likely to commit property crime, while people with low self-control tend to commit violent, drug and sexual offenses.

Criminology / Forensics - 17.01.2022
Spyware investigations involving University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab reveal targets in El Salvador, Poland: Reports
A joint investigation by the University of Toronto's Citizen Lab and Access Now reveals that dozens of journalists and activists in El Salvador had their cellphones allegedly hacked by Israeli firm NSO Group's Pegasus spyware. John Scott-Railton The investigation, which identified 35 individuals whose phones were successfully infected with the sophisticated spyware normally used to target criminals, was reported on by the Associated Press , Reuters , the Guardian and other media outlets.