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Environment - Chemistry - 29.12.2022
Old Christmas trees could be saved from landfill to make renewable fuels
Seven million Christmas trees end up in landfill in the UK each year, releasing an estimated 100,000 tonnes of harmful greenhouse gases into the atmosphere New research has found a more efficient, simplified process for using pine needles to produce formic acid, for use in hydrogen fuel cells, as a food preservative and in agricultural and industrial manufacturing Pine needles collected after Christmas and processed in this way could be used to

Environment - 28.12.2022
Skiing over the Christmas holidays no longer guaranteed - even with snow guns
Skiing over the Christmas holidays no longer guaranteed - even with snow guns
For many people in Switzerland, holidays in the snow are as much a part of the end of the year as Christmas trees and fireworks. As global warming progresses, however, white slopes are becoming increasingly rare. Researchers at the University of Basel have calculated how well one of Switzerland's largest ski resorts will remain snow reliable with technical snowmaking by the year 2100, and how much water this snow will consume.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 26.12.2022
Slime for the climate, delivered by brown algae
Slime for the climate, delivered by brown algae
Brown algae could remove up to 0.55 gigatons of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere every year Brown algae take up large amounts of carbon dioxide from the air and release parts of the carbon contained therein back into the environment in mucous form. This mucus is hard to break down for other ocean inhabitants, thus the carbon is removed from the atmosphere for a long time, as researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology in Bremen now show.

Environment - Transport - 22.12.2022
Is it safe? Why some animals fear using wildlife crossings
Is it safe? Why some animals fear using wildlife crossings
UCLA-led research on deer and elk could point the way toward crossing structures that are more effective for all species UCLA-led research on deer and elk could point the way toward crossing structures that are more effective for all species In recent years, humans have built wildlife crossings in high-traffic areas to prevent road accidents and give animals access to expanded habitats for mating and resources.

Environment - 22.12.2022
Heat pumps could reduce biogas carbon footprint by 36%
Heat pumps could reduce biogas carbon footprint by 36%
Heat pumps could reduce biogas carbon footprint by 36%, research suggests An alternative source of heat could significantly reduce the carbon footprint of a process which turns food waste into power, new research suggests. A University of Glasgow-led team of scientists have demonstrated that using air-source heat pumps to support anaerobic digestion could cut the carbon emitted during the production of biogas by more than a third.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.12.2022
New activity trackers for dolphin conservation
Experiments with custom-made biologging devices offer new insight into dolphin swimming and energy requirements Study: Tag-based estimates of bottlenose dolphin swimming behavior and energetics. (DOI: 10.1242/jeb. Just like a smartwatch can tell its wearer how many calories they consume during exercise, data from dolphin wearables can now be used to estimate how much energy dolphins use when they swim.

Chemistry - Environment - 21.12.2022
A process to produce fuel from banana peel
A process to produce fuel from banana peel
This green process could be used to valorize other food remains rich in cellulose or lignin The banana is an excellent source of energy, nutritionists will tell you unanimously. So is the peel, according to Marie-Josée Dumont, but in the fuel sense of the term. The professor from the Department of Chemical Engineering at Laval University and her colleagues at McGill University have just taken a new step towards a fuel based on banana peel by substantially improving the efficiency of an existing chemical process.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.12.2022
Sharpsnout seabream's mortality during early life stages has a genetic base
Sharpsnout seabream’s mortality during early life stages has a genetic base
The high mortality in the early stages of life is a common phenomenon in fish and other species, but it is little studied due to its complexity. A study by the University of Barcelona and the Centre for Advanced Studies of Blanes (CEAB-CSIC) has analysed whether this mortality in the sharpsnout seabream ( Diplodus puntazzo ), a species of the Mediterranean with an important commercial interest, occurs by chance or whether it is genetically determined.

Health - Environment - 21.12.2022
Acids help against airborne viruses
Acids help against airborne viruses
A new study by various Swiss universities shows that aerosols in indoor air can vary in acidity. This acidity determines how long viruses remain infectious in the air - with profound implications for virus transmission and strategies to contain it. Viruses such as SARS-CoV-2, influenza virus and others travel from person to person essentially by hitchhiking on aerosols.

Environment - Innovation - 21.12.2022
Optimizing workspaces for headspaces. Can the right ambient conditions foster team creativity?
Interview with Melisa Yildiz, Ph.D. Candidate at Hasselt University, BE and Maastricht University, NL, and Felix van den Horst, CEO of Clairify B.V. That is precisely what Melisa Yildiz is researching at the moment. She presented the results she's gotten at the HealthBuild conference, and they look very promising.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.12.2022
Perception and knowledge of food sustainability
Perception and knowledge of food sustainability
Every year, about a third of all food produced in the world —about 1.3 billion tonnes— is wasted in consumers' homes and retail businesses, according to the United Nations (UN). The food sector also accounts for around 30% of the world's total energy consumption and 22% of greenhouse gas emissions.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.12.2022
Paying farmers to create woodland and wetland is the most cost-effective way to hit UK environment targets
Study of farmer preferences shows that turning whole areas of farmland into habitats comes with half the price tag of integrating nature into productive farmland, if biodiversity and carbon targets are to be met.

Environment - 20.12.2022
UK woodlands could store almost twice as much carbon as previously estimated
UK woodlands could store almost twice as much carbon as previously estimated
UK forests could store almost double the amount of carbon than previous calculations suggest, with consequences for our understanding of carbon stocks and humanity's response to climate change, according to a new study involving UCL researchers. For the study, published today in the journal Ecological Solutions and Evidence , the international team of scientists used a novel 3D scanning technique and analysis to assess the amount of aboveground biomass (AGB) - used to derive carbon storage - of 815 trees in a UK woodland.

Life Sciences - Environment - 20.12.2022
Polarity proteins shape efficient 'breathing' pores in grasses
Polarity proteins shape efficient ’breathing’ pores in grasses
A research group at the University of Bern is studying how plants "breathe". They have gained new insights into how grasses develop efficient "breathing pores" on their leaves. If important landmark components in this development process are missing, the gas exchange between plant and atmosphere is impaired.

Environment - 20.12.2022
Nearshore coral communities are vanishing, research indicates
The presence and diversity of nearshore corals in the Florida Keys has decreased dramatically throughout the past 30 years, and the colorful fans and sponges that used to inhabit these shallow waters are likely disappearing because of the deteriorating water quality around the islands, new research from the University of Miami indicates.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 19.12.2022
Producing fertiliser without carbon emissions
Researchers at ETH Zurich and the Carnegie Institution for Science have shown how nitrogen fertiliser could be produced more sustainably. This is necessary not only to protect the climate, but also to reduce dependence on imported natural gas and to increase food security. Intensive agriculture is possible only if the soil is fertilised with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

Microtechnics - Environment - 19.12.2022
Winged robot that can land like a bird
Winged robot that can land like a bird
Researchers have developed a method that allows a flapping-wing robot to land autonomously on a horizontal perch using a claw-like mechanism. The innovation could significantly expand the scope of robot-assisted tasks. A bird landing on a branch makes the maneuver look like the easiest thing in the world, but in fact, the act of perching involves an extremely delicate balance of timing, high-impact forces, speed, and precision.

Environment - 19.12.2022
Diving birds are more prone to extinction, says new study
Research suggests diving birds may have evolved into an evolutionary dead-end. Diving birds like penguins, puffins and cormorants may be more prone to extinction than non-diving birds, according to a new study by the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath. The authors suggest this is because they are highly specialised and therefore less able to adapt to changing environments than other birds.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 19.12.2022
Mysterious Patterns in Temperatures at Jupiter
Mysterious Patterns in Temperatures at Jupiter
Based partly on data from generations of NASA missions, including NASA's Voyager and Cassini, the work could help scientists determine how to predict weather on Jupiter. Scientists have completed the longest-ever study tracking temperatures in Jupiter's upper troposphere, the layer of the atmosphere where the giant planet's weather occurs and where its signature colorful striped clouds form.

Environment - Innovation - 18.12.2022
UrbanTwin: seeing double for sustainability
A consortium of Swiss research institutes has begun working on UrbanTwin to make an AI driven, ecologically sensitive model of the energy, water and waste systems the town of Aigle to help boost sustainability. Twins are a fascinating phenomenon: observing how identical twins, even those separated at birth, can resemble each other in appearance, character, ability, and personal taste is astounding.
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