Results 1 - 7 of 7.
Law - Social Sciences - 18.10.2022
New report uncovers ’institutional racism’ in the justice system
A new report by experts from The University of Manchester and barrister Keir Monteith KC has raised urgent questions about racial attitudes and practices in the justice system in England and Wales. Although the judiciary wields enormous power over individuals, its operations are alarmingly underscrutinised, and one area that has remained largely beyond examination is judicial racial bias.
Earth Sciences - Law - 04.10.2022
When art inspires engineering
Could the interface between art and science be more than just a source of inspiration and instead be used to unlock new scientific approaches? Art and science may seem light years apart, but according to a team of civil engineers they're simply different ways of making sense of the world. A new paper led by University of Sydney Professor of Civil Engineering , Itai Einav posits that the interface between art and science is not only a source of inspiration - it can be used to unlock new scientific approaches and transform research, potentially leading to new insights.
Economics - Law - 21.06.2022
Is your insurance company watching you online and is it legal?
New research by Dr Zofia Bednarz has found insurers, using new AI and other models, may be able to collect your online data, and apart from anti-discrimination laws, there are no effective constraints on them using that data to price contracts. The insurance industry will soon benefit from technological advancements, such as developments in Artificial Intelligence ('AI') and Big Data.
Career - Law - 31.05.2022
Experience desired: Nonwhite women face different standard for judgeships
Women of color appointed to the federal judiciary typically have a greater depth of professional experiences and are more likely to have previously served as a judge than their white male counterparts, according to a new study coauthored by Yale political scientist Allison Harris.
Law - 11.05.2022
Measures to redress massive human rights violations
A study by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) analyses and contextualizes the concept of "transitional justice" in the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Human Rights System. All States have the obligation to guarantee human rights. To do this, they must have different mechanisms which allow them to carry out efficient investigations to find those responsible for massive human rights violations, conduct a fair trial with the corresponding guarantees and condemn criminal acts.
Social Sciences - Law - 02.03.2022
Counties that rely on the courts for revenue sentence more women to incarceration
In Washington state, many counties in recent years have supplemented their revenues through court-imposed fines such as traffic citations and court processing fees. At the same time, those counties have increased the rate at which they sentence women to jail. This association, according to new research from the University of Washington, indicates that monetary sanctions, also known as legal financial obligations or LFOs, have far-reaching social, economic and punitive effects.
Law - Social Sciences - 17.02.2022
Child marriages violating statutory rape laws in many U.S. states
Marital exemptions to statutory rape laws provide legal loopholes for sexual acts with children, otherwise considered crimes In many U.S. states, children can legally marry at an earlier age than they can consent to sex, leading to situations where sex between spouses may be a criminal act.