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Health - Life Sciences - 30.09.2022
New trial offers treatment hope for Crohn’s disease patients in Scotland
A new clinical trial, aimed at improving treatment options for patients with Crohn's disease, is to begin in Scotland. Led by the University of Glasgow and NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde (NHSGGC) in collaboration with hospitals around Scotland, the BIOPIC Study will evaluate the use of PEN (Partial Enteral Nutrition) - in which patients replace half of their normal diet with liquid-only prepared supplements.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.09.2022
COVID-19 damages the heart
University of Queensland researchers have discovered how COVID-19 damages the heart, opening the door to future treatments. This initial study - featuring a small cohort - found COVID-19 damaged the DNA in cardiac tissue, which wasn't detected in influenza samples. UQ Diamantina Institute researcher Dr Arutha Kulasinghe said the team found while COVID-19 and influenza are both severe respiratory viruses, they appeared to affect cardiac tissue very differently.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.09.2022
Human Tumors Are Prized Real Estate for Fungi
Human Tumors Are Prized Real Estate for Fungi
The findings demonstrate that fungi are living in tumors and may facilitate cancer detection, diagnosis and perhaps even treatment Cancer tumors contain multiple species of fungi that differ per tumor type, according to a large study led by researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science and the University of California, San Diego.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.09.2022
Breakthrough in understanding of how cancer spreads could lead to better treatments
Breakthrough in understanding of how cancer spreads could lead to better treatments
Cambridge scientists have discovered that cancer cells -hijack- a process used by healthy cells to spread around the body, completely changing current ways of thinking around cancer metastasis. These findings are among the most important to have come out of my lab for three decades Richard Gilbertson The team based at the Cancer Research UK (CRUK) Cambridge Institute, University of Cambridge, found that blocking the activity of the NALCN protein in cells in mice with cancer triggers metastasis.

Life Sciences - Health - 29.09.2022
Making lab-grown brain organoids 'brainier'
Making lab-grown brain organoids ’brainier’
UCLA-led team discovers that using early-stage stem cells is a key to producing structures that are reliable models of disease UCLA-led team discovers that using early-stage stem cells is a key to producing structures that are reliable models of disease In recent years, mini-brain organoids have been used in the lab to model a variety of diseases, from Alzheimer's to COVID-19.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 28.09.2022
Better understanding of cellular metabolism with the help of AI
Better understanding of cellular metabolism with the help of AI
Metabolism is essential to all living organisms, and modeling the chemical reactions that sustain life is no easy task. Now, scientists have released REKINDLE, paving the way for more efficient and accurate modeling of metabolic processes thanks to deep-learning. The way an organism metabolizes nutrients is a complex process.

Music - Life Sciences - 28.09.2022
How is birdsong composed? Listening to the Australian pied butcherbird
An international collaboration between musicians and birdsong scientists has found that in the Australian pied butcherbird songs surveyed, the order of song elements is strongly related to rhythmical timing. In a study published today on Australian pied butcherbirds in Royal Society Open Science, researchers found that the order of their song elements is strongly associated with the butcherbird's rhythmical timing.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.09.2022
Birth of a sibling triggers long-lasting stress in young bonobos
Birth of a sibling triggers long-lasting stress in young bonobos
First-of-its-kind study identifies physiological changes in the transition to siblinghood In any family, the birth of a child is a transformative event, often greeted with positive feelings from parents-and mixed feelings from siblings. The arrival of a new brother or sister, and the loss of parental attention that comes with it, is stressful for any first-born child.

Life Sciences - Health - 28.09.2022
Breaks in ’junk’ DNA give scientists new insight into neurological disorders
Junk- DNA could unlock new treatments for neurological disorders as scientists discover how its breaks and repairs affect our protection against neurological disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 28.09.2022
Breaking through the mucus barrier
Breaking through the mucus barrier
A capsule that tunnels through mucus in the GI tract could be used to orally administer large protein drugs such as insulin. One reason that it's so difficult to deliver large protein drugs orally is that these drugs can't pass through the mucus barrier that lines the digestive tract. This means that insulin and most other "biologic drugs" - drugs consisting of proteins or nucleic acids - have to be injected or administered in a hospital.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
’Love hormone’ may support memory in people with Alzheimer’s
Oxytocin may be able to support memory in people with Alzheimer's disease. This is the conclusion of a study led by Maastricht University in which oxytocin was administered to mice with Alzheimer's-related problems. The research is based on epigenetics, the external effects that turn parts of our DNA on or off during our lifetime.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
The effects of stress and coping strategies regarding COVID-19 also depend on the pre-pandemic state of brain networks
The effects of stress and coping strategies regarding COVID-19 also depend on the pre-pandemic state of brain networks
The COVID-19 pandemic generated a unique scenario to analyse the psychological impact of global and extreme situations on the population. Now, a study reveals the importance of the configuration of individual brain networks —before the COVID-19 outbreak— in people's ability of managing the impact of stress and coping strategies regarding the pandemic.

Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
Why domestic cats may have small brains
Domestic cats have smaller brains than their wild ancestors. Smaller brains need less energy. Cats might thus be able to spend more energy on other energetically costly organs. In the scientific journal Integrative Biology, a group of international researchers suggest that domestic cats have used this energy to enlarge their gut length to adapt their digestive system to the human environment.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
Found the origin of fascioliasis, a priority disease according to the WHO, in Southeast Africa and the Middle East
Found the origin of fascioliasis, a priority disease according to the WHO, in Southeast Africa and the Middle East
The team from the Sanitary Parasitology Unit of the University of Valencia (UV), an official collaborating centre of the World Health Organisation (WHO) in Geneva and a World Reference Centre of the FAO/United Nations, has managed to elucidate the origin of fascioliasis, a parasitic disease caused by two species of helminths from the trematode group, the liver flukes Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica .

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
Blood test could predict who is likely to develop long Covid
Blood test could predict who is likely to develop long Covid
A blood test taken at the time of Covid-19 infection could predict who is most likely to develop long Covid, suggests a new small-scale study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in eBioMedicine , analysed proteins in the blood of healthcare workers infected with SARS-CoV-2, comparing them to samples from healthcare workers who had not been infected.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
Blood test could predict who is likely to get long Covid
Blood test could predict who is likely to get long Covid
A blood test taken at the time of Covid-19 infection could predict who is most likely to develop long Covid, suggests a new small-scale study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in eBioMedicine , analysed proteins in the blood of healthcare workers infected with SARS-CoV-2, comparing them to samples from healthcare workers who had not been infected.

Health - Life Sciences - 27.09.2022
Neurodegenerative disease can progress in newly identified patterns
A machine-learning method finds patterns of health decline in ALS, informing future clinical trial designs and mechanism discovery. The technique also extends to Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Neurodegenerative diseases - like amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease), Alzheimer's , and Parkinson's - are complicated, chronic ailments that can present with a variety of symptoms, worsen at different rates, and have many underlying genetic and environmental causes, some of which are unknown.

Environment - Life Sciences - 26.09.2022
Scientists estimate more than half of palm species may be threatened with extinction
Scientists estimate more than half of palm species may be threatened with extinction
An international team of biologists, including W. Daniel Kissling of the University of Amsterdam, has used artificial intelligence techniques to estimate the conservation status of nearly 1900 palm species across the world. They found that more than 1000 of the species may be at risk of extinction.

Life Sciences - 26.09.2022
Virus discovered in world's most widely used research plant
Virus discovered in world’s most widely used research plant
A previously unknown virus has been found to occur worldwide in the most widely studied plant species, thale cress ( Arabidopsis thaliana ). The presence of the virus, which was discovered by researchers at Utrecht University and Wageningen University & Research, potentially has far-reaching implications for research projects.

Life Sciences - Health - 26.09.2022
Genetic Defects Lead to Enamel Malformations
Genetic Defects Lead to Enamel Malformations
Mutations in a certain molecule result in severe damage in the structure and mineral composition of tooth enamel in mice, according to a study conducted at the UZH Center of Dental Medicine. The researchers combined genetic, molecular and imaging techniques. Enamel is the hardest organic tissue found in nature.
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