Agronomy/Food Science

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Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.08.2019
Could biological clocks in plants set the time for crop spraying?
Could biological clocks in plants set the time for crop spraying?
Plants can tell the time, and this affects their responses to certain herbicides used in agriculture according to new research led by the University of Bristol. The study, in collaboration with Syngenta, found that plant circadian rhythms regulate the sensitivity of plants to a widely used herbicide according to the time of day.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 07.08.2019
Scientists serve up a nutrition revolution
A group of scientists has called for nutrition to be declared a national science and research priority and for the establishment of a ‘trusted voice' to provide credible evidence-based nutritional information. The University of Queensland's Professor Mike Gidley , who chairs the National Committee for Nutrition established by the Australian Academy of Sciences , said nutrition was of critical importance to enable Australians to lead more productive lives.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.07.2019
"Breakthrough" grants awarded to two agriculture researchers at UW-Madison
Two of 10 new federal grants aimed at "leapfrogging" technologies to improve food security were awarded to scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison's College of Agricultural and Life Sciences. With estimates of future population exceeding 10 billion, agriculture needs radical improvements to improve yield and combat drought, flood and pests.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.07.2019
Irrigated farming in Wisconsin’s Central Sands cools the region’s climate
New research finds that irrigated farms within Wisconsin's vegetable-growing Central Sands region significantly cool the local climate compared to nearby rain-fed farms or forests. Irrigation dropped maximum temperatures by one to three degrees Fahrenheit on average while increasing minimum temperatures up to four degrees compared to unirrigated farms or forests.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 13.06.2019
Reducing soft drink consumption effectively
The negative effects of sugary drinks have prompted the World Health Organization (WHO) to call on politicians, business leaders and society as a whole to design and implement effective ways to wean consumers off their predilection for soft drinks and to support healthier beverage choices. But what measures are most likely to reduce soft-drink consumption? In collaboration with the Cochrane Network, researchers based at TUM and LMU set out to answer this question.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 12.06.2019
The natural lipids in buttermilk could contribute to reducing cardiovascular risk in vulnerable populations
A French consortium led by INRA, in collaboration with INSERM, the Universities of Lyon and Clermont Auvergne, Lyon Civil Hospitals and the Human Nutrition Research Centres (CRNH) of Rhône-Alpes and Auvergne, have now demonstrated that consuming certain lipids present naturally in dairy products (called "polar lipids") could reduce the cardiovascular risk in overweight postmenopausal women by lowering their blood levels of LDL-cholesterol ("bad" cholesterol) and triglycerides.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.06.2019
Consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cardiovascular disease
Consumption of ultra-processed food and risk of cardiovascular disease
In an article published May 30, 2019 in the British Medical Journal , researchers from Inserm, Inra, Université Paris 13 and Cnam in the Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN) report an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in consumers of ultra-processed foods in the NutriNet-Santé cohort.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.06.2019
A combination of insecticides and mite weakens honeybees
A combination of insecticides and mite weakens honeybees
Today, scientists of the Institute of Bee Health of the University of Bern and the honeybee research association COLOSS have published an article in the peer-reviewed journal Scientific Reports that shows a synergistic time-lag interaction between the parasitic mite Varroa destructor and neonicotinoid insecticides reducing survival of winter honeybees, Apis mellifera.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.05.2019
Chimpanzees Catch and Eat Crabs
Chimpanzees Catch and Eat Crabs
Chimpanzees have a mainly vegetarian diet, but do occasionally eat meat. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now shown for the first time that chimpanzees also eat crabs. In the rainforest of Guinea, the researchers observed how chimpanzees regularly fish for crabs. “Our study is the first evidence showing that non-human apes regularly catch and eat aquatic fauna,” says Kathelijne Koops, researcher at the Department of Anthropology at the University of Zurich.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 09.05.2019
New professor brings precision data to the dairy barn
Joao Dorea, faculty member in the UW-Madison Department of Dairy Science, explains to colleague Victor Cabrera results he observed using an automated computer vision system that was developed to monitor the behavior of dairy calves. Photo by Ted Halbach/UW-Madison Department of Dairy Science The same technology that alerts a self-driving car that there's a pedestrian in the crosswalk could also warn a dairy farmer that a calf is getting sick-even if that calf is mingled among dozens of healthy ones.

Agronomy / Food Science - 08.05.2019
Obesity rising faster in rural areas than cities
Obesity rising faster in rural areas than cities
Obesity is increasing more rapidly in the world's rural areas than in cities, according to a new study of global trends in body-mass index (BMI). The research analysed the height and weight data of more than 112 million adults across urban and rural areas of 200 countries and territories between 1985 and 2017.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 03.05.2019
For giant pandas, bamboo is vegetarian 'meat'
For giant pandas, bamboo is vegetarian ’meat’
New research using an approach called nutritional geometry sheds light on giant panda evolution, and their unusual transition from carnivorous ancestry to extreme specialised herbivory. Giant pandas are extremely specialised herbivores that feed almost exclusively on highly fibrous bamboo, despite descending from primarily flesh-eating carnivores.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.05.2019
Put down the protein shake: variety of protein better for health
University of Sydney researchers have examined whether there are any ongoing ramifications or potential side-effects from long-term high protein intake or from consuming certain types of amino acids. Amino acids have long been touted by the fitness and bodybuilding communities for their muscle building benefits.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.05.2019
Would you like maggots with that?
Would you like maggots with that?
University of Queensland researchers are investigating the use of maggots, locusts and other alternative proteins in a range of specialty foods. University of Queensland Meat Science Professor Dr Louwrens Hoffman said conventional livestock industries would not be able to meet worldwide demand for meat, and alternatives were needed to replace or complement traditional protein sources.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 23.04.2019
Improved WIC food packages reduced children's risk for obesity
Improved WIC food packages reduced children’s risk for obesity
Sweeping changes designed to make the food more nutritious in a federal assistance program for low-income families reduced the risk for obesity for 4-year-olds who had been on the program since birth, according to new research. The study of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, or WIC, was conducted by researchers from the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health , Tulane University and Los Angeles-based PHFE WIC, the nation's largest local WIC agency and a program of Heluna Health.

Agronomy / Food Science - 03.04.2019
The future of agriculture is computerized
The future of agriculture is computerized
Machine learning can reveal optimal growing conditions to maximize taste and other features. MIT researchers developed a machine learning system that has identified the ideal growing conditions for basil, reports Chase Purdy for Quartz .

Agronomy / Food Science - 02.04.2019
Berkeley's soda tax election changed drinking habits months before prices went up
Berkeley’s soda tax election changed drinking habits months before prices went up
Sticker shock may not have been the only force driving the decline in soda consumption in Berkeley after residents voted to enact the nation's first soda tax in November 2014. The election, and the vigorous campaigning around the tax that led up to the vote, also may have played a major role in changing habits, shows a new study by economists at the University of California, Berkeley.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.03.2019
New test method: Simulating in vitro what happens with proteins in vivo
New test method: Simulating in vitro what happens with proteins in vivo
Take protein - for instance, in the form of skimmed-milk powder - and put a pinch of it in a test tube. To determine how efficiently this dietary protein is converted into endogenous protein, follow the recipe described in the online science step-by-step in the laboratory. And voilà, the value of the protein, i.e. its benefit for humans, is revealed.

Business / Economics - Agronomy / Food Science - 14.03.2019
Managers in global supply chains need to do more to tackle modern slavery
More needs to be done to tackle modern slavery in supply chains in Brazil - one of the world's biggest suppliers of beef and an important source of timber. Whilst some businesses in Brazil are already putting measures in place to tackle modern slavery in their supply chains, there is a lack of consistency in approach, action is voluntary, and initiatives are frequently limited to specific communities or locations, according to new research.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 28.02.2019
Fighting mystery killer in UQ’s own backyard
University of Queensland researchers trying to pinpoint the mystery killer behind ‘pasture dieback' find their research is fascinating - but they would much prefer to watch grass grow. Dieback, which causes large tracts of pasture to unexpectedly collapse and die, has been identified at two sites at UQ's Gatton campus.
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