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Agronomy/Food Science



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Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
14.02.2018
Food deserts not to blame for growing nutrition gap between rich and poor, study finds
For decades, the conventional wisdom has been that people living in food deserts-defined as areas lacking in supermarkets with fresh produce and other nutritious items-have little choice but to buy unhealthy food at drugstores or convenience stores. But the data tell a different story. A new Chicago Booth study finds that food deserts have no meaningful effect on eating habits.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Agronomy/Food Science
13.02.2018
Forest fires during droughts are major source of Amazonian carbon emissions
Forest fires during droughts are major source of Amazonian carbon emissions
Extreme droughts in the Brazilian Amazon are causing forest fires that release significant carbon emissions, reveals a new study. Despite significant achievements by the Brazilian authorities in curbing carbon emissions from deforestation, these gains could be undermined by repeated droughts in the 21st Century.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Agronomy/Food Science
13.02.2018
Intensive agriculture influences U.S. regional summer climate, study finds
Intensive agriculture influences U.S. regional summer climate, study finds
Scientists agree that changes in land use such as deforestation, and not just greenhouse gas emissions, can play a significant role altering the world's climate systems. Now, a new study by researchers at MIT and Dartmouth College reveals how another type of  land use, intensive agriculture, can impact regional climate.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
29.01.2018
Sanitation improves health but not stunted growth
Improving water, sanitation and hygiene in poor regions of Bangladesh helped overall health but, contrary to expectations, did not improve children's growth and development.
Agronomy/Food Science - Medicine/Pharmacology
29.01.2018
Nutritionally-speaking, soy milk is best plant-based milk
How healthy is your almond milk really? It may taste good and may not cause you any of the unpleasant reactions caused by cow's milk. But though plant-based milk beverages of this kind have been on the market for a couple of decades and are advertised as being healthy and wholesome for those who are lactose-intolerant, little research has been done to compare the benefits and drawbacks of the various kinds of plant-based milk.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
17.01.2018
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
17.01.2018
Bile acids fire up fat-burning
EPFL scientists have discovered a novel role for bile acids: converting energy-storing white fat depots into energy-expending beige fat. The study is published. Obesity arises from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. As a result, current treatments try to decrease calorie intake and/or increase energy expenditure.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
16.01.2018
Could re-designing supermarkets, bars and restaurants
Could re-designing supermarkets, bars and restaurants "nudge" us towards healthy habits?
Behavioural and cognitive scientists at the Universities of Cambridge and Bristol today launched a new four year programme of research funded by a prestigious Wellcome Collaborative Award in Science to investigate ways to 'nudge' people towards healthier behaviour. This includes improving diets, reducing alcohol consumption, and stopping smoking - in order to improve health across the population.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
12.01.2018
Women’s reproductive health linked to risk of heart disease and stroke
Girls who start their periods before they turn 12 are at greater risk of developing heart disease and stroke in later life, according to a new study of nearly 300,000 women in the UK by The George Institute for Global Health at the University of Oxford. Women who give birth at a young age, experience miscarriage or stillbirth, or who go through the menopause early, are also more likely to develop cardiovascular disease when they get older, the study found.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
10.01.2018
Sleeping for longer leads to a healthier diet
Sleeping for longer each night is a simple lifestyle intervention that could help reduce intake of sugary foods and lead to a generally healthier diet, according to a King's College London study. Sleep is a modifiable risk factor for various conditions including obesity and cardio-metabolic disease with some figures suggesting more than a third of adults in the UK are not getting enough sleep.
Agronomy/Food Science - Life Sciences
08.01.2018
Severe obesity linked to newly identified gene mutations
Severe obesity linked to newly identified gene mutations
Researchers have discovered mutations in a gene related to obesity, offering new treatment possibilities in the fight against the global epidemic. Research into the genetic causes of obesity, and related conditions, could be incredibly valuable in finding ways to treat them. Currently, there are some drugs available or being tested, but knowing what specific mutations cause obesity allows scientists to create drugs that target them specifically.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
22.12.2017
Wheat disease breakthrough to help feed the world
The re-emergence of a rust disease that can kill wheat is threatening food security. A breakthrough has been announced in the prestigious journal Science. Global collaborators include CSIRO, the US Department of Agriculture and Rothamsted Research. Rust pathogens devastating crops in Africa, making a comeback in Europe Scientists have isolated the very first rust pathogen gene that wheat plants detect to 'switch on' resistance.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
11.12.2017
Over 50s with fewer teeth at risk of frailty
Over 50s with fewer than 20 teeth at higher risk of musculoskeletal frailty New research by scientists at King's College London has found that tooth loss may contribute to musculoskeletal frailty in the over 50s, with those with fewer than 20 teeth being at greatest risk. Published in Geriatrics & Gerontology International on 11 December, the research led by Dr Wael Sabbah, from King's College London Dental Institute, examined the overall health of 9,338 Americans aged 50 years and older.
Agronomy/Food Science
04.12.2017
Individual choices, not family influence teenagers' non-alcoholic drink preference
Individual choices, not family influence teenagers’ non-alcoholic drink preference
Adolescents' non-alcoholic drinks preferences are strongly influenced by their own individual circumstances and lifestyle choices, but not by their families and home environment, according to a new UCL study. The study, published in Scientific Reports and funded by the Medical Research Council, is the first paper to establish the relative importance of genetic and environmental influences on liking for a range of common non-alcoholic beverages, in a large population-based sample of older adolescent twins.
Agronomy/Food Science - Innovation/Technology
04.12.2017
Crop gene discovery gets to the root of food security
Researchers from The University of Queensland have discovered that a key gene which controls flowering time in wheat and barley crops also directs the plant's root growth. Project leader Dr Lee Hickey from the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation (QAAFI) said the discovery was a major breakthrough in understanding the genetics of root development and could boost food security by allowing researchers to breed crops better adapted to a range of environments.
History/Archeology - Agronomy/Food Science
29.11.2017
Prehistoric women’s manual work was tougher than rowing in today’s elite boat crews
The first study to compare ancient and living female bones shows that women from early agricultural eras had stronger arms than the rowers of Cambridge University's famously competitive boat club.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
28.11.2017
Diabetes and obesity together responsible for nearly 800,000 cancers worldwide
Diabetes and obesity together responsible for nearly 800,000 cancers worldwide
For the first time researchers have quantified the number of cancers likely to be caused by diabetes and high body mass index (BMI) worldwide. The study , led by Imperial College London, found that nearly six per cent of new worldwide cancer cases in 2012 were caused by the combined effects of diabetes and being overweight (BMI of over 25 kg/m 2 ) or obese (BMI of over 30 kg/m 2 ).
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
21.11.2017
Simple test predicts diabetes remission following weight loss surgery
Simple test predicts diabetes remission following weight loss surgery
A new simple test that helps predicts which people with type 2 diabetes will benefit most from weight loss surgery has been developed by a UCL-led team. The study, published today in Diabetic Medicine , also reports that keeping the weight off after bariatric surgery is more important than which type of weight loss operation was done.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Agronomy/Food Science
20.11.2017
UZH Spearheads Largest European Study on Aging
UZH Spearheads Largest European Study on Aging
What began in 2012 is now entering its final stages: Europe's largest study on aging. The international research network behind the DO-HEALTH study is led by Heike Bischoff-Ferrari, Professor of Geriatric Medicine and Aging Research at the University of Zurich, and Head of the Department of Geriatrics at the UniversityHospital Zurich and the Waid City Hospital in Zurich, Switzerland.
Life Sciences - Agronomy/Food Science
02.11.2017
Food shortage is not the global crisis, lack of access to food is the issue - say NGOs
‘Genome editing is not the answer to world poverty, because food shortage isn't the problem' says a group of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) surveyed by the University of Nottingham. This is one of three main findings in a report from the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University, which looks at NGO's scepticism of genome editing technology.
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