Art and Design

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Art and Design - 04.02.2020
New algorithm helps uncover forgotten figures beneath Da Vinci painting
New algorithm helps uncover forgotten figures beneath Da Vinci painting
Imperial and National Gallery researchers have used a new algorithm to help visualise hidden drawings beneath Leonardo Da Vinci's Virgin of the Rocks. Imperial College London's Professor Pier Luigi Dragotti and National Gallery 's Dr Catherine Higgitt used the new algorithm combined with a technique called macro X-ray fluorescence (MA-XRF) scanning, which maps chemical elements within paintings.

Art and Design - 20.11.2019
Beauty in the biased eye of the beholder
Beauty in the biased eye of the beholder
When we pass through an art gallery, what determines our idea of beauty? A University of Sydney study of how people rate the aesthetics of each artwork shows part of our aesthetic assessment is due to the painting you saw a few moments before.  The research, led by PhD student Ms Sujin Kim in the School of Psychology , is published in the  Journal of Vision .  It shows that we don't appreciate every painting in isolation.

Art and Design - 09.10.2019
Engineers put Leonardo da Vinci's bridge design to the test
Engineers put Leonardo da Vinci’s bridge design to the test
Proposed bridge would have been the world's longest at the time; new analysis shows it would have worked. MIT researchers developed a 3-D model of a bridge designed by Leonardo da Vinci and found that "not only did it work, but it would have also revolutionized bridge design five centuries ago," reports Andrew Liszewski for Gizmodo .

Health - Art and Design - 24.01.2019
Increasing murder rate is erasing gains in life expectancy among Mexican men, UCLA research reports
Increasing murder rate is erasing gains in life expectancy among Mexican men, UCLA research reports
The murder rate in Mexico increased so dramatically between 2005 and 2015 that it partially offset expected gains in life expectancy among men there, according to a new study by a UCLA public health researcher. “It's common to see news reports about the toll that drugand gang-related murders are taking in Mexico,? said Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, co-author of the study and associate professor of community health sciences at the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health.

Electroengineering - Art and Design - 08.08.2018
Introducing the latest in textiles: Soft hardware
Introducing the latest in textiles: Soft hardware
Researchers incorporate optoelectronic diodes into fibers and weave them into washable fabrics. cloth that has electronic devices built right into it. Researchers at MIT have now embedded high speed optoelectronic semiconductor devices, including light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and diode photodetectors, within fibers that were then woven at Inman Mills, in South Carolina, into soft, washable fabrics and made into communication systems.

History / Archeology - Art and Design - 05.07.2018
The Visible Invisible: Q&A with Stephanie Syjuco
The Visible Invisible: Q&A with Stephanie Syjuco
Why is UC Berkeley Assistant Professor Stephanie Syjuco sewing American historical garments - all of them bright green - at her Richmond Field Station art studio while researching Hollywood Civil War movies? She's preparing an eye-catching, thought-provoking exhibit that opens in November at the Smithsonian American Art Museum in Washington, D.C. Berkeley News recently visited with Syjuco, who is internationally known for her large-scale sculptures and installations that combine handcrafting methods with digital technologies and social engagement.

Art and Design - Career - 25.06.2018
How music lessons can improve language skills
How music lessons can improve language skills
Many studies have shown that musical training can enhance language skills. However, it was unknown whether music lessons improve general cognitive ability, leading to better language proficiency, or if the effect of music is more specific to language processing. A new study from MIT has found that piano lessons have a very specific effect on kindergartners' ability to distinguish different pitches, which translates into an improvement in discriminating between spoken words.

Life Sciences - Art and Design - 07.05.2018
Stomata - the plant pores that give us life - arise thanks to a gene called MUTE, scientists report
Stomata - the plant pores that give us life - arise thanks to a gene called MUTE, scientists report
Plants know how to do a neat trick. Through photosynthesis, they use sunlight and carbon dioxide to make food, belching out the oxygen that we breathe as a byproduct. This evolutionary innovation is so central to plant identity that nearly all land plants use the same pores - called stomata - to take in carbon dioxide and release oxygen.

Art and Design - Economics / Business - 02.05.2018
Provenance Research: Online Portal on Rudolf Mosse Collection / Acquisitions for Staatliche Museen zu Berlin from the collection
In a database released today, the MARI online portal, research findings are collected and made accessible for researchers, museums, and the public. No 086/2018 from May 02, 2018 The estate of German publisher, arts patron, and philanthropist Rudolf Mosse (1843-1920) included thousands of paintings, sculptures, craft objects, books, and antiques.

Computer Science - Art and Design - 20.04.2018
Connecting music and big data
ANN ARBOR-From digital analysis of Bach sonatas to mining data from crowdsourced compositions, researchers at the University of Michigan are using modern big data techniques to transform how we understand, create and interact with music. Four U-M research teams will receive support for projects that apply data science tools like machine learning and data mining to the study of music theory, performance, social media-based music making, and the connection between words and music.

Art and Design - Physics - 11.04.2018
World first study tunes in on singing twins
Are golden tonsils born or made? A major international twin study hopes to investigate the relative roles of genetic and environmental influences on singing ability. A 2013 University of Melbourne pilot of 108 sets of identical and fraternal twins, plus 77 twins whose co-twin didn't participate, found identical pairs were more likely to share singing skill levels - suggesting the ability to hold a tune has a genetic component.

Life Sciences - Art and Design - 03.04.2018
Bowhead whales, the 'jazz musicians' of the Arctic, sing many different songs
Bowhead whales, the ’jazz musicians’ of the Arctic, sing many different songs
Spring is the time of year when birds are singing throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Far to the north, beneath the ice, another lesser-known concert season in the natural world is just coming to an end. A University of Washington study has published the largest set of recordings for bowhead whales, to discover that these marine mammals have a surprisingly diverse, constantly shifting vocal repertoire.

Art and Design - 23.02.2018
Neanderthals were artistic like modern humans, study suggests
Researchers have found the first major evidence that Neanderthals, rather than modern humans, created the world's oldest known cave paintings - suggesting they may have had an artistic sense similar to our own. An international study involving Durham University shows that paintings in three caves in Spain were created more than 64,000 years ago - 20,000 years before modern humans arrived in Europe.

Art and Design - Social Sciences - 15.02.2018
Play it again: People find comfort listening to the same songs over and over
ANN ARBOR-With the frequency that some people play their favorite song, it's a good thing vinyl records aren't used often because they might wear out. University of Michigan researchers have found that people enjoy replaying a favorite song many times even after the novelty and surprise are gone. In a new study, participants reported listening to their favorite song hundreds of times.

Art and Design - History / Archeology - 25.01.2018
Major Robert Burns Research Revealed - 50 songs were not by Scotland's national bard
Major Robert Burns Research Revealed - 50 songs were not by Scotland’s national bard
UofG's @P14Murray revealed on @BBCTheOneShow that up to 50 #RobertBurns songs were not really by the Bard! #BurnsNight2018 #UofGRabbie #CheerstoRabbie — University of Glasgow (@UofGlasgow) January 25, 2018 ‌Some 50 airs in an 18th century landmark publication credited with saving Scotland's folk song tradition were not by Robert Burns, according to new University of Glasgow research.

Art and Design - Mechanical Engineering - 24.01.2018
Artificial sounds for traffic safety
Artificial sounds for traffic safety
Research news The almost complete silence of the motors used in electric cars may pose a hazard to inattentive pedestrians. As a result, starting in summer 2019 all new electric and hybrid vehicles will have to be equipped with an acoustic warning system. Psychoacousticians at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are developing the corresponding sounds.

Health - Art and Design - 21.12.2017
Weekly Fish Consumption Linked to Better Sleep, Higher IQ, Penn Study Finds
Thursday, December 21, 2017 Children who eat fish at least once a week sleep better and have IQ scores that are 4 points higher, on average, than those who consume fish less frequently or not at all, according to new findings from the University of Pennsylvania published today in Scientific Reports , a Nature journal.

Art and Design - Chemistry - 11.12.2017
Scientists from UCLA, National Gallery of Art pioneer new way to analyze ancient artwork
'Macroscale multimodal chemical imaging' reveals details about second century Egyptian painting Matthew Chin Scientists from UCLA and the National Gallery of Art have used a combination of three advanced imaging techniques to produce a highly detailed analysis of a second century Egyptian painting. They are the first to use the specific combination — which they termed “macroscale multimodal chemical imaging? — to examine an ancient work of art.

Life Sciences - Art and Design - 22.11.2017
Do birdsong and human speech share biological roots?
Do songbirds and humans have common biological hardwiring that shapes how they produce and perceive sounds? Scientists who study birdsong have been intrigued for some time by the possibility that human speech and music may be rooted in biological processes shared across a variety of animals. Now, research by McGill University biologists provides new evidence to support this idea.

Life Sciences - Art and Design - 21.11.2017
Pitch imperfect? How the brain decodes pitch may improve cochlear implants
Pitch imperfect? How the brain decodes pitch may improve cochlear implants
Picture yourself with a friend in a crowded restaurant. The din of other diners, the clattering of dishes, the muffled notes of background music, the voice of your friend, not to mention your own - all compete for your brain's attention. For many people, the brain can automatically distinguish the noises, identifying the sources and recognizing what they "say” and mean thanks to, among other features of sound, pitch.
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