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Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 12.06.2019
Gemini Planet Imager analyzes 300 stars
Gemini Planet Imager analyzes 300 stars
Analysis from halfway through the Gemini Planet Imager's planetary survey hints that our solar system may have rare qualities which could possibly be related to the habitability of Earth. Over the past four years, an instrument attached to a telescope in the Chilean Andes - known as the Gemini Planet Imager - has set its gaze on 531 stars in search of new planets.

Astronomy / Space Science - Health - 11.06.2019
Science from the Space Station
Science from the Space Station
In the age of social media, no new experience goes undocumented. On Earth, we fill our camera rolls with weekends away, social events and time spent with family and friends. But just imagine how many photos you might take if you lived and worked in space. With its incredible outlook on Earth below, the Cupola is a favourite spot for astronauts onboard the International Space Station.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation / Technology - 11.06.2019
Hera asteroid mission's brain to be radiation-hard and failure-proof
Hera asteroid mission’s brain to be radiation-hard and failure-proof
At the heart of ESA's Hera mission to the double Didymos asteroids will be an onboard computer intended to be failure-proof. Designed to operate up to 490 million km away from Earth and withstanding four years of harsh radiation exposure, Hera's computer must run smoothly without locking up or crashing - on pain of mission failure, while pushing the limits of onboard autonomy.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 11.06.2019
Dwarf planet Ceres: a new form of volcanism found
Dwarf planet Ceres: a new form of volcanism found
An international research team solves the mystery of how the mountain Ahuna Mons on Ceres was probably formed / Study in "Nature Geoscience" The scientists could hardly believe their eyes when they first saw this formation on the images acquired by their Framing Camera on board the Dawn space probe: a symmetrical mountain over 4000 metres tall and with steep, smooth sides rising over the crater-strewn surface of.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 10.06.2019
Technique pulls interstellar magnetic fields within easy reach
The formation of stars in the turbulent billows of gas and dust of the Orion Molecular Cloud, depicted in an illustration based on data from the European Space Agency's Planck satellite. ESA and the Planck Collaboration A new, more accessible and much cheaper approach to surveying the topology and strength of interstellar magnetic fields - which weave through space in our galaxy and beyond, representing one of the most potent forces in nature - has been developed by researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 07.06.2019
Rockets, evaporating droplets and x-raying metals
Rockets, evaporating droplets and x-raying metals
Years of preparation, and the finale is over in six minutes. This month a sounding rocket will launch two ESA experiments to an altitude of 260 km to provide six minutes of weightlessness as they free-fall back to Earth. Rockets carrying satellites into orbit are typically launched from sites around the equator, such as Europe's Spaceport in Kourou, French Guiana.

Innovation / Technology - Astronomy / Space Science - 07.06.2019
Unveiling technologies for future launch vehicles
Unveiling technologies for future launch vehicles
ESA safeguards Europe's guaranteed access to space through its Future Launchers Preparatory Programme, FLPP. FLPP weighs up the opportunities and risks of different launch vehicle concepts and associated technologies. Its demonstrators and studies hone emerging technologies to give Europe's rocket builders a valuable head-start as they begin the demanding work of turning the chosen design into reality.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation / Technology - 31.05.2019
Mars on Earth - what next?
Mars on Earth - what next?
31 May 2019 A Mars Sample Return campaign would bring samples of the Red Planet back to Earth for examination in the best terrestrial laboratories - but choosing the samples and storing them on Mars for later return is only one part of the extensive campaign being planned by the mission designers and scientists.

Astronomy / Space Science - Health - 31.05.2019
The radiation showstopper for Mars exploration
The radiation showstopper for Mars exploration
31 May 2019 An astronaut on a mission to Mars could receive radiation doses up to 700 times higher than on our planet - a major showstopper for the safe exploration of our Solar System. A team of European experts is working with ESA to protect the health of future crews on their way to the Moon and beyond.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 30.05.2019
Sensor from Antarctic observatory IceCube joins Smithsonian collection
In this artistic composition, based on a real image of the IceCube Lab at the South Pole, a distant source emits neutrinos that are detected below the ice by IceCube sensors, called DOMs. IceCube Collaboration/NSF A sensor from the enormous Antarctic observatory IceCube has joined the permanent collection of the Smithsonian Institution.

Astronomy / Space Science - Life Sciences - 27.05.2019
Getting ready for Mars - on the Space Station
Getting ready for Mars - on the Space Station
27 May 2019 From disrupted biological clocks to radiation and contamination hazards, Europe is running experiments on the International Space Station to take human exploration one step closer to Mars. As a new week starts on planet Earth, continuous research in orbit brings new knowledge about the challenges of making a trip to the Red Planet a reality.

Astronomy / Space Science - Materials Science - 27.05.2019
Europe to Mars - and back!
Europe to Mars - and back!
27 May 2019 Europe has been in orbit around Mars for more than 15 years and is almost a year away from launching its first rover mission, but ambitions are already running high to go one step further: returning a sample from the Red Planet. Has there ever been life on Mars' Reconstructing the history of our neighbouring planet and understanding how its evolution diverged from that of Earth is at the heart of Mars exploration missions.

Astronomy / Space Science - 24.05.2019
Origami-inspired materials could soften the blow for reusable spacecraft
Origami-inspired materials could soften the blow for reusable spacecraft
Space vehicles like SpaceX's Falcon 9 are designed to be reusable. But this means that, like Olympic gymnasts hoping for a gold medal, they have to stick their landings. Landing is stressful on a rocket's legs because they must handle the force from the impact with the landing pad. One way to combat this is to build legs out of materials that absorb some of the force and soften the blow.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 23.05.2019
Clocks, gravity, and the limits of relativity
Clocks, gravity, and the limits of relativity
23 May 2019 The International Space Station will host the most precise clocks ever to leave Earth. Accurate to a second in 300 million years the clocks will push the measurement of time to test the limits of the theory of relativity and our understanding of gravity. Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity predicted that gravity and speed influences time, the faster you travel the more time slows down, but also the more gravity pulling on you the more time slows down.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 23.05.2019
A unique experiment to explore black holes
A unique experiment to explore black holes
23 May 2019 What happens when two supermassive black holes collide? Combining the observing power of two future ESA missions, Athena and LISA, would allow us to study these cosmic clashes and their mysterious aftermath for the first time. Supermassive black holes, with masses ranging from millions to billions of Suns, sit at the core of most massive galaxies across the Universe.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 22.05.2019
New insights about carbon and ice could clarify inner workings of Earth, other planets
Most people behave differently when under extreme pressure. Carbon and ice are no different. Two new studies show how these key planetary ingredients take on exotic forms that could help researchers better understand the composition of Earth's core as well as the cores of planets across the galaxy. Craig Manning, a UCLA professor of geology and geochemistry, is a co-senior author of one of the papers, which was published today , and senior author of the other, which was published in February.

Astronomy / Space Science - 20.05.2019
Formation of the moon brought water to earth
Formation of the moon brought water to earth
The Earth is unique in our solar system: It is the only terrestrial planet with a large amount of water and a relatively large moon, which stabilizes the Earth's axis. Both were essential for Earth to develop life. Planetologists at the University of Münster have now been able to show, for the first time, that water came to Earth with the formation of the Moon some 4.4 billion years ago.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 17.05.2019
Mission control 'saves science'
Mission control ’saves science’
17 May 2019 Every minute, ESA's Earth observation satellites gather dozens of gigabytes of data about our planet - enough information to fill the pages on a 100-metre long bookshelf. Flying in low-Earth orbits, these spacecraft are continuously taking the pulse of our planet, but it's teams on the ground at ESA's Operations Centre in Darmstadt, Germany, that keep these explorers afloat.

Earth Sciences - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.05.2019
3D Earth in the making
3D Earth in the making
15 May 2019 A thorough understanding of the 'solid Earth' system is essential for deciphering the links between processes occurring deep inside Earth and those occurring nearer the surface that lead to seismic activity such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the rise of mountains and the location of underground natural resources.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 15.05.2019
Water cycle wrapped
15 May 2019 As our climate changes, the availability of freshwater is a growing issue for many people around the world. Understanding the water cycle and how the climate and human usage is causing shifts in natural cycling processes is vital to safeguarding supplies. While numerous satellites measure individual components of the water cycle, it has never been described as a whole over a particular region - until now.
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