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Computer Science - Social Sciences - 23.11.2022
A research identifies gender biases in Internet algorithms and proposes specific training to eliminate them
A research identifies gender biases in Internet algorithms and proposes specific training to eliminate them
A research led by the Open University of Catalonia (UOC) and with the participation of researchers from the University of Valencia (UV), the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) and the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), among other centres, proposes measures to eliminate gender bias in Internet algorithms.

Computer Science - 23.11.2022
A simpler path to better computer vision
A simpler path to better computer vision
New research reveals a scalable technique that uses synthetic data to improve the accuracy of AI models that recognize images. Before a machine-learning model can complete a task, such as identifying cancer in medical images, the model must be trained. Training image classification models typically involves showing the model millions of example images gathered into a massive dataset.

Health - Computer Science - 21.11.2022
Steerable soft robots could enhance medical applications
Steerable soft robots could enhance medical applications
Borrowing from methods used to produce optical fibers, researchers from EPFL and Imperial College have created fiber-based soft robots with advanced motion control that integrate other functionalities, such as electric and optical sensing and targeted delivery of fluids. Over the past decades, catheter-based surgery has transformed medicine, giving doctors a minimally invasive way to do anything from placing stents and targeting tumors to extracting tissue samples and delivering contrast agents for medical imaging.

Environment - Computer Science - 21.11.2022
Defence satellites, weather radars and drones lead to major meteorite find
Nine years after a six-tonne asteroid crashed through the Earth's atmosphere over South Australia, researchers have used a combination of defence satellites, weather radars and drones to locate the largest meteorite-strewn area in Australia since the Murchison meteorite fall in 1969.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 18.11.2022
Worldwide dataset captures Earth in finest ever detail
Worldwide dataset captures Earth in finest ever detail
A global open-source dataset of high-resolution images of Earth - the most extensive and detailed of its kind - has been developed by experts led by UCL with data from the European Space Agency (ESA). The free dataset, WorldStrat, will be presented at the NeurIPS 2022 conference in New Orleans. It includes nearly 10,000km² of free satellite images, showing every type of location, urban area and land use from agriculture, grasslands and forests to cities of every size and polar ice caps.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 16.11.2022
A Low-Cost Robot Ready for Any Obstacle
CMU, Berkeley researchers design robust legged robot system This little robot can go almost anywhere. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's School of Computer Science and the University of California, Berkeley, have designed a robotic system that enables a low-cost and relatively small legged robot to climb and descend stairs nearly its height; traverse rocky, slippery, uneven, steep and varied terrain; walk across gaps; scale rocks and curbs; and even operate in the dark.

Computer Science - 16.11.2022
Empowering social media users to assess content helps fight misinformation
Empowering social media users to assess content helps fight misinformation
An experimental platform that puts moderation in the hands of its users shows that people do evaluate posts effectively and share their assessments with others. When fighting the spread of misinformation, social media platforms typically place most users in the passenger seat. Platforms often use machine-learning algorithms or human fact-checkers to flag false or misinforming content for users.

Computer Science - 09.11.2022
Digital ’Red Cross emblem’ to protect against attacks
Humanitarian protection and support for victims of war and armed violence, that is the goal of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC). The symbol of the Red Cross is intended to protect aid workers from attack during their missions. Can this symbol also be used for the digital world - and what opportunities and risks are associated with it? An international team of researchers investigated this question on behalf of the ICRC.

Computer Science - Physics - 09.11.2022
Spiderweb-like lasers can emit light in controlled colours
Researchers have created a laser system based on a network like a spider's web, which can be precisely controlled to produce different light colours. The system, invented by a team led by researchers at Imperial College London with partners in Italy and Switzerland, could be used in new sensing and computing applications.

Computer Science - 03.11.2022
Security loophole allowing attackers to use WiFi to see through walls
Security loophole allowing attackers to use WiFi to see through walls
A research team based out of the University of Waterloo has developed a drone-powered device that can use WiFi networks to see through walls. The device, nicknamed Wi-Peep, can fly near a building and then use the inhabitants' WiFi network to identify and locate all WiFi-enabled devices inside in a matter of seconds.

Computer Science - Innovation - 03.11.2022
Can your phone tell if a bridge is in good shape?
A new study suggests mobile data collected while traveling over bridges could help evaluate their integrity. Want to know if the Golden Gate Bridge is holding up well? There could be an app for that. A new study involving MIT researchers shows that mobile phones placed in vehicles, equipped with special software, can collect useful structural integrity data while crossing bridges.

Computer Science - 03.11.2022
In machine learning, synthetic data can offer real performance improvements
In machine learning, synthetic data can offer real performance improvements
Models trained on synthetic data can be more accurate than other models in some cases, which could eliminate some privacy, copyright, and ethical concerns from using real data. Teaching a machine to recognize human actions has many potential applications, such as automatically detecting workers who fall at a construction site or enabling a smart home robot to interpret a user's gestures.

Computer Science - 01.11.2022
Using sound to model the world
Using sound to model the world
This machine-learning system can simulate how a listener would hear a sound from any point in a room. Imagine the booming chords from a pipe organ echoing through the cavernous sanctuary of a massive, stone cathedral. The sound a cathedral-goer will hear is affected by many factors, including the location of the organ, where the listener is standing, whether any columns, pews, or other obstacles stand between them, what the walls are made of, the locations of windows or doorways, etc.

Computer Science - Physics - 01.11.2022
Machine learning facilitates 'turbulence tracking' in fusion reactors
Machine learning facilitates ’turbulence tracking’ in fusion reactors
A new approach sheds light on the behavior of turbulent structures that can affect the energy generated during fusion reactions, with implications for reactor design. Fusion, which promises practically unlimited, carbon-free energy using the same processes that power the sun, is at the heart of a worldwide research effort that could help mitigate climate change.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 31.10.2022
Machine learning techniques from Imperial and BASF advance experimental design
Machine learning techniques from Imperial and BASF advance experimental design
Imperial and chemical company BASF will reveal new techniques for optimising experimental design at leading machine learning conference NeurIPS. Three papers outlining new machine learning techniques that address important needs in the chemical industry have been judged ground-breaking enough to win acceptance at the NeurIPS conference, one of the most competitive international venues for research in machine learning.

Physics - Computer Science - 28.10.2022
New kind of universal quantum computers
New kind of universal quantum computers
The computing power of quantum computers is currently still very low. Increasing it is currently still proving to be a major challenge. Physicists at the University of Innsbruck now present a new architecture for a universal quantum computer that overcomes such limitations and could be the basis for building the next generation of quantum computers in the near future.

Physics - Computer Science - 26.10.2022
A faster experiment to find and study topological materials
Using machine learning and simple X-ray spectra, researchers can uncover compounds that might enable next-generation computer chips or quantum devices. Topological materials, an exotic class of materials whose surfaces exhibit different electrical or functional properties than their interiors, have been a hot area of research since their experimental realization in 2007 - a finding that sparked further research and precipitated a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2016.

Computer Science - Environment - 25.10.2022
ITC algorithm detects rainfall in rural Africa
ITC algorithm detects rainfall in rural Africa
UT researcher Kingsley Kumah optimised a machine learning algorithm to improve the resolution of rainfall predictions using satellite data. To train his algorithm, Kumah used rainfall information gathered with phone signals. This technology enables measurements in places that are difficult to access.

Physics - Computer Science - 25.10.2022
How Do You Solve a Problem Like a Proton? You Smash It to Smithereens - Then Build It Back Together With Machine Learning?
How Do You Solve a Problem Like a Proton? You Smash It to Smithereens - Then Build It Back Together With Machine Learning Protons are tiny yet they carry a lot of heft. They inhabit the center of every atom in the universe and play a critical role in one of the strongest forces in Nature. And yet, protons have a down-to-earth side, too.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 25.10.2022
Simulated Brain Model Made to See for the First Time
Simulated Brain Model Made to See for the First Time
Researchers at TU Graz have for the first time reproduced the function of vision on a detailed model of the mouse brain. Until now, brain structures could be modelled, but it was not possible to perform specific functions.
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