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Life Sciences - Computer Science - 15.04.2024
Arabica coffee: New database to better identify more climate-resilient plants
Arabica coffee: New database to better identify more climate-resilient plants
As climate change threatens coffee farming, experts at Nestlé, the world's largest food company, are exploring how advanced data science and artificial intelligence can help select and breed more climate-resilient crops. Together with researchers from scientific institutions in Brazil, France, the US and elsewhere, they have published their latest findings in the journal Nature Genetics.

Computer Science - 15.04.2024
Security Vulnerability in Browser Interface Allows Computer Access via Graphics Card
Security Vulnerability in Browser Interface Allows Computer Access via Graphics Card
Researchers at TU Graz were successful with three different side-channel attacks on graphics cards via the WebGPU browser interface. The attacks were fast enough to succeed during normal surfing behaviour. Modern websites place ever greater demands on the computing power of computers. For this reason, web browsers have also had access to the computing capacities of the graphics card (Graphics Processing Unit or GPU) in addition to the CPU of a computer for a number of years.

Computer Science - 15.04.2024
Making virtual lighting more realistic for humans
Doctoral student Justine Giroux is working on a virtual lighting quality assessment system that takes human perception into account . The Research Samples series recounts the experiences of members of the student research community. They share a glimpse into their graduate projects. Justine Giroux, a doctoral student in the Faculty of Science and Engineering, is interested in the human perception of virtual lighting, which is used in a number of artistic fields.

History / Archeology - Computer Science - 12.04.2024
Prehistoric eyed idols spread across the Iberian Peninsula from the Serpis River basin, according to a study with Artificial Intelligence
Prehistoric eyed idols spread across the Iberian Peninsula from the Serpis River basin, according to a study with Artificial Intelligence
A Digital Archaeology pioneering study has revealed that the eyed idols of the Iberian Peninsula, prehistoric figures carved from long bones that represent eye-shaped motifs, had their original focus in the south of the current province of Valencia and the north from that of Alicante, specifically the basin of the Serpis river, and from there they expanded to those of the Tajo-Jůcar rivers, and also towards the Segura-Guadiana.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 11.04.2024
Our brain as an example
Our brain as an example
TU/e researcher Imke Krauhausen built new electronic devices based on neuromorphic computing Our brain can process complex information at lightning speed using very little energy. This is why there is rapidly growing interest in the human brain as a model for the development of new computer technology.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 11.04.2024
New computer tool to investigate the complexity of the genome
New computer tool to investigate the complexity of the genome
Researchers develop a new computer tool to investigate the complexity of the genome A team from the Institute of Integrative Systems Biology (UV-CSIC) has published in Nature Methods its own software to analyse data obtained by long-read sequencing of the genome. This system makes it possible to discover new RNA molecules and assign them a function in the creation of tissues.

Health - Computer Science - 11.04.2024
New AI method captures uncertainty in medical images
By providing plausible label maps for one medical image, the Tyche machine-learning model could help clinicians and researchers capture crucial information. In biomedicine, segmentation involves annotating pixels from an important structure in a medical image, like an organ or cell. Artificial intelligence models can help clinicians by highlighting pixels that may show signs of a certain disease or anomaly.

Health - Computer Science - 05.04.2024
Thermal Camera Senses Breathing To Improve Exercise Calorie Estimates
The estimates of calories burned made by smartphones, smartwatches and other wearable devices vary wildly. That's because these devices lack the sensors required to gather all the information they need to make accurate estimates. But new work by researchers at Carnegie Mellon University and the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Gandhinagar shows that adding an inexpensive thermal camera to these devices could substantially improve accuracy.

Computer Science - 03.04.2024
Machine learning enables viability of vertical-axis wind turbines
Machine learning enables viability of vertical-axis wind turbines
Researchers have used a genetic learning algorithm to identify optimal pitch profiles for the blades of vertical-axis wind turbines, which despite their high energy potential, have until now been vulnerable to strong gusts of wind. If you imagine an industrial wind turbine, you likely picture the windmill design, technically known as a horizontal-axis wind turbine (HAWT).

Physics - Computer Science - 25.03.2024
The world is one step closer to secure quantum communication on a global scale
The world is one step closer to secure quantum communication on a global scale
University of Waterloo researchers combine Nobel prize-winning concepts to achieve scientific breakthrough Researchers at the University of Waterloo's Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) have brought together two Nobel prize-winning research concepts to advance the field of quantum communication. Scientists can now efficiently produce nearly perfect entangled photon pairs from quantum dot sources.

Health - Computer Science - 25.03.2024
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
App can help people reduce their alcohol intake
A free smartphone app, Drink Less, can help people who would benefit most from reducing their alcohol consumption to do so successfully, according to a large randomised controlled trial led by UCL researchers. The study, published in eClinicalMedicine funded by the National Institute for Health and Care Research (NIHR) , found that people randomly recommended to use the Drink Less app reduced their drinking by 39 units a week at six months - two more units a week on average than a control group who were referred to standard NHS advice.

Computer Science - Innovation - 25.03.2024
Large language models use a surprisingly simple mechanism to retrieve some stored knowledge
Researchers demonstrate a technique that can be used to probe a model to see what it knows about new subjects. Large language models, such as those that power popular artificial intelligence chatbots like ChatGPT, are incredibly complex. Even though these models are being used as tools in many areas, such as customer support, code generation, and language translation, scientists still don't fully grasp how they work.

Computer Science - Environment - 22.03.2024
How discarded smartphones can help decarbonize the building sector
How discarded smartphones can help decarbonize the building sector
Automated building systems offer a great potential for reducing the energy consumption of properties. Studies on such systems show that optimized solutions can reduce the energy requirements of buildings by around 30 percent on average. In order to avoid the necessity to produce new and emission-heavy computer chips, Empa researcher Hanmin Cai is currently investigating the extent to which damaged smartphones that are no longer used could perform these control and maintenance tasks.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 21.03.2024
UC3M gets Fundación BBVA research project to analyse the relationship between friendship and culture
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is coordinating one of the five BBVA Foundation's Fundamentals Programme's innovative research projects to explore core issues in basic science. Specifically, the UC3M project, in which research staff from the Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona (UAB) and the University of Florida (UF) in the USA are also participating, will analyse the mutual dependence between social relations and cultural characteristics.

Health - Computer Science - 21.03.2024
VIPERA, a software that evaluates how SARS-CoV-2 evolves throughout the infection
VIPERA, a software that evaluates how SARS-CoV-2 evolves throughout the infection
Researchers create VIPERA, a software that evaluates how SARS-CoV-2 evolves throughout the infection A research team from the Institute of Integrative Systems Biology (I2SysBio, a joint centre of the University of Valencia and the Spanish National Research Council) and other Spanish centres has created software that allows analysing the SARS-CoV-2 evolution within patients who suffer chronic infections from this virus, which can last many months.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 20.03.2024
Controlling chaotic turbulence to make ’cat-coat’ patterns in fluids
Researchers from TU/e and the University of Chicago discovered how to manipulate turbulent flows to create regular patterns like those seen in the tabby coat pattern of a cat. The new research has been published in Nature. Controlling the chaos of a turbulent flow to make regular patterns sounds like a contradiction in every sense of the word.

Physics - Computer Science - 20.03.2024
Verifying the Work of Quantum Computers
Quantum computers of the future may ultimately outperform their classical counterparts to solve intractable problems in computer science, medicine, business, chemistry, physics, and other fields. But the machines are not there yet: They are riddled with inherent errors, which researchers are actively working to reduce.

Health - Computer Science - 20.03.2024
AI can now detect COVID-19 in lung ultrasound images
AI can now detect COVID-19 in lung ultrasound images
An automated detection tool developed by Johns Hopkins researchers could help ER doctors diagnose patients quickly and accurately Artificial intelligence can spot COVID-19 in lung ultrasound images much like facial recognition software can spot a face in a crowd, new research shows. The findings boost AI-driven medical diagnostics and bring health care professionals closer to being able to quickly diagnose patients with COVID-19 and other pulmonary diseases with algorithms that comb through ultrasound images to identify signs of disease.

Computer Science - Physics - 14.03.2024
Redefining Quantum Machine Learning
New study from team of quantum physicists at Freie Universität Berlin challenges traditional understanding of quantum machine learning Machine learning is a branch of artificial intelligence (AI) and computer science that focuses on the use of data and algorithms to allow computers to learn without explicitly being programmed.

Computer Science - 14.03.2024
Does Artificial Intelligence work in English?
Does Artificial Intelligence work in English?
Researchers have shown that large language models primarily trained on English text seem to use English internally, even when they are prompted in another language. As AI increasingly runs our lives, this may have important consequences regarding linguistic and cultural bias. Large language models (LLMs) including Open AI's ChatGPT and Google's Gemini have taken the world by storm, surprising with their ability to understand and respond to users with seemingly natural speech.
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