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Environment - Earth Sciences - 06.12.2018
Biggest extinction in Earth's history caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath
Biggest extinction in Earth’s history caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath
The largest extinction in Earth's history marked the end of the Permian period, some 252 million years ago. Long before dinosaurs, our planet was populated with plants and animals that were mostly obliterated after a series of massive volcanic eruptions in Siberia. Fossils in ancient seafloor rocks display a thriving and diverse marine ecosystem, then a swath of corpses.

Earth Sciences - 05.12.2018
Volcanoes fed by ‘mush’ reservoirs rather than molten magma chambers
Volcanoes are not fed by molten magma formed in large chambers finds a new study, overturning classic ideas about volcanic eruptions. Instead, the study suggests that volcanoes are fed by so-called ‘mush reservoirs' - areas of mostly solid crystals with magma in the small spaces between the crystals.

Earth Sciences - 04.12.2018
Volcanoes fed by ’mush’ reservoirs rather than molten magma chambers
Volcanoes are not fed by molten magma formed in large chambers finds a new study, overturning classic ideas about volcanic eruptions. Instead, the study suggests that volcanoes are fed by so-called ‘mush reservoirs' - areas of mostly solid crystals with magma in the small spaces between the crystals.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 29.11.2018
The polar regions communicate via postcards and text messages
The polar regions communicate via postcards and text messages
A new study found two types of climatic connection between the North Atlantic and Antarctica. One is a rapid atmospheric channel and the other a much slower connection through the ocean. During the last glacial period, these links resulted in abrupt climatic changes - and could so again in future. In a study just published in the journal "Nature", an international team of researchers describes how an ocean current repeatedly strengthening and weakening again 60,000 to 12,000 years ago led to an extremely sudden change in the climate.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 28.11.2018
Scientists inch closer to revealing mysteries of Red Planet
Scientists inch closer to revealing mysteries of Red Planet
The 300-million-mile journey that culminated in NASA's InSight landing on Mars this week represents a major scientific coup for all involved, including mission participants from the University of Bristol. The 635m lander, which came to rest on Mars on Monday, will study the makeup and dimensions of the Red Planet's core.

Earth Sciences - 22.11.2018
How we can get more out of our forests
How we can get more out of our forests
Most European forests are primarily used for timber production. However, woodlands also offer spaces for recreation and they store carbon but it is not clear how forests can be managed for these multiple benefits. A new study under the direction of the University of Bern is now showing how forestry can be improved so that wooded areas can fulfill as many services as possible.

Earth Sciences - 22.11.2018
Rewriting our evolutionary history
Rewriting our evolutionary history
Field photograph of massive flowstone layers from one of the South African hominin caves, with red cave sediments underneath. Photo credit: Dr Robyn Pickering Prehistoric secrets from the early hominin ancestors of humans that lived 3.4 million years ago are being revealed by an international team of researchers.

Earth Sciences - 22.11.2018
Cats and foxes pose greatest risk to these twelve mammals
Cats and foxes pose greatest risk to these twelve mammals
Twelve Australian mammal species at greatest risk of succumbing to cats and foxes have been identified in research released today. Threatened Species Recovery Hub researchers including the University of Queensland's Associate Professor Sarah Legge have revealed that potoroos, bandicoots, bettongs and native rodents are at the top of the list.

Philosophy - Earth Sciences - 21.11.2018
New Study Raises Questions About Salts Near Seasonally Darkening Streaks on Mars
New Study Raises Questions About Salts Near Seasonally Darkening Streaks on Mars
A data-processing artifact may be responsible for evidence cited in a 2015 report that cold salty waters are responsible for forming seasonally dark streaks on the surface of Mars, according to a new study from Caltech.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 20.11.2018
Catalina Island is sinking and tilting
A new analysis of marine fossils and seismic data offers keys to better modeling of global sea levels and earthquake risk in Southern California - plus the last word in a century-long debate over the motion of Catalina Island. Facebook Twitter Email One of the most striking features of Santa Catalina Island, southwest of Los Angeles, is an absence.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 19.11.2018
Exploration makes perfect
Exploration makes perfect
ESA Human Spaceflight Caves Testing the technology to explore other planets starts on Earth. While robots scout uncharted terrains, moonwalkers analyse rocks and send detailed geological descriptions to mission control. Artificial intelligence gets better with human interaction and the Moon is front of mind.

Innovation / Technology - Earth Sciences - 19.11.2018
The 'Swiss Army knife of prehistoric tools' found in Asia, independent of ancient African or European influence
The ’Swiss Army knife of prehistoric tools’ found in Asia, independent of ancient African or European influence
New analysis of artifacts found at a South China archaeological site shows that sophisticated tool technology emerged in East Asia earlier than previously thought. A study by an international team of researchers, including from the University of Washington, determines that carved stone tools, also known as Levallois cores, were used in Asia 80,000 to 170,000 years ago.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 16.11.2018
App to the Moon
App to the Moon
ESA Human Spaceflight Caves 16 November 2018 It is magnificently quiet at the rim of the lunar crater. Nearly 400 000 km away from Earth, the silence and vastness of the unknown terrain can be overwhelming. Yet our moonwalker does not feel alone. Tablet on his wrist, the astronaut snaps a 360 degree picture and marks it with some arrows to highlight geologically interesting areas.

History / Archeology - Earth Sciences - 16.11.2018
Laser technology uncovers medieval secrets locked in Alpine ice core
A new study has found ground-breaking evidence from an ice core in the Swiss-Italian Alps that proves the 7 th century switch from gold to silver currencies in western Europe actually occurred a quarter of a century earlier than previously thought. The findings, from the University of Nottingham and which are published in the journal Antiquity , will have major implications on the history of the European monetary system, and what we thought we knew about trade and the economy during this period.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 07.11.2018
Opinion: Methods for protecting England's coastal communities 'not fit for purpose'
Opinion: Methods for protecting England’s coastal communities ’not fit for purpose’
Professor Tom Spencer from Cambridge's Department of Geography and Professor Gerd Masselink from the University of Plymouth say evidence suggests there should be far stricter controls on coastal developments. In October 2018, a stark report suggested that current methods being used to protect England's coastal communities are 'not fit for purpose'.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 07.11.2018
ESA's gravity-mapper reveals relics of ancient continents under Antarctic ice
ESA’s gravity-mapper reveals relics of ancient continents under Antarctic ice
ESA Observing the Earth GOCE It was five years ago this month that ESA's GOCE gravity-mapping satellite finally gave way to gravity, but its results are still yielding buried treasure - giving a new view of the remnants of lost continents hidden deep under the ice sheet of Antarctica. A research team from Germany's Kiel University and the British Antarctic Survey published their latest GOCE-based findings this week in the journal Scientific Reports .

Earth Sciences - Environment - 07.11.2018
Launch of the European Plate Observing System (EPOS) : Earth System Science enters the Big Data era
Wednesday 7 November 2018 officially launches the European Plate Observing System (EPOS) for the pooling and streamlining of data and services of all kinds for the study of our planet. This initiative, for which the CNRS and BRGM are working together with the French Ministry for Higher Education, Research and Innovation, in part aims to better understand the mechanisms behind earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

Earth Sciences - 06.11.2018
Tracking an ozone killer
Tracking an ozone killer
35,000 tons of undeclared carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) are released into our atmosphere every year - although applications in which this substance is released into the environment have been officially banned by the Montreal Protocol since 2010. So where does this environmental pollutant come from? Empa researchers tracked down carbon tetrachloride and found the possible sources.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 05.11.2018
Three Bristol academics win Philip Leverhulme Prizes
Three Bristol academics win Philip Leverhulme Prizes
Dr Juliet Biggs, Dr Claire Haworth and Dr John Russo have each been awarded a Philip Leverhulme Prize for their research. The Prize is awarded for ‘achievement of outstanding researchers whose work has already attracted international recognition and whose future career is exceptionally promising'.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.10.2018
Oceans Have Absorbed 60 Percent More Heat Than Previously Thought
Team led by Scripps and Princeton University scientists use oxygen, carbon dioxide measurements to infer ocean temperature increase For each of the past 25 years, oceans have absorbed an amount of heat energy that is 150 times the energy humans produce as electricity annually, according to a study led by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego and Princeton University.
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