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Health - Life Sciences - 04.07.2022
Watching gut bacteria eat - and learning from it for medicine
Watching gut bacteria eat - and learning from it for medicine
New microscopy method enables high-speed functional analysis of microbiomes Microbiomes shape the health of humans and the environment. How they do this is revealed by an analysis of the functions that individual microbes assume in these communities of microorganisms. Scientists at the University of Vienna, in collaboration with photonics experts at Boston University, have developed a microscopy method that allows them to identify bacterial cells in milliseconds and simultaneously determine their metabolic activity.

Veterinary - Health - 03.07.2022
Male dogs four times more likely to develop contagious cancer on nose or mouth than females
Male dogs four times more likely to develop contagious cancer on nose or mouth than females
Sniffing or licking other dogs- genitalia - the common site of Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour - can spread this unusual cancer to the nose and mouth. Although canine transmissible cancer can be diagnosed and treated fairly easily, vets in the UK may not be familiar with the signs of the disease because it is very rare here Andrea Strakova A new study has found that male dogs are four to five times more likely than female dogs to be infected with the oro-nasal form of Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2022
Lung cancer: When radiation does not work
Some lung tumors do not respond to radiation therapy. This effect can be reversed by blocking an enzyme in the tumor cells, as a Würzburg research team reports. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, with 2.2 million new cases and around 1.8 million deaths in 2020 alone. While knowledge about the disease has improved considerably and new therapeutic strategies can prolong the lives of previously incurable patients, the figures clearly show that the mortality rate is still far too high.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.07.2022
’Soft’ CRISPR May Offer a New Fix for Genetic Defects
Targeted repairs with -nicks- of single DNA strands provide foundation for novel disease therapies Curing debilitating genetic diseases is one of the great challenges of modern medicine. During the past decade, development of CRISPR technologies and advancements in genetics research brought new hope for patients and their families, although the safety of these new methods is still of significant concern.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2022
A step on the way to better therapies against viruses
A step on the way to better therapies against viruses
Researchers from the MHH and RESIST show how a cell protein of the innate immune response prevents the multiplication of herpes viruses Most body cells can defend themselves against viruses after they have been activated by the body's own messenger substances (interferons). This happens with the help of proteins that recognise invading virus components and interfere with virus replication.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
The World Health Organization (WHO) recently listed a new sibling diagnosis for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), termed complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). An international team with the involvement of the University of Zurich has now summarized the symptoms of the long-awaited new diagnosis and issued guidelines for clinical assessment and treatment.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
Study highlights heavy mental health burden of Covid-19 for ’shielders’
Research into the mental health impacts of Covid-19 suggests vulnerable groups need increased psychological support as government guidance is reviewed. Research from a new study suggests that health anxiety among the clinically vulnerable groups who shielded at home has risen since the first pandemic wave, despite developments in viral treatment and the roll-out of the vaccination programme.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.06.2022
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Today, 30 June 2022, Understanding Animal Research (UAR) has published a list of the ten organisations that carry out the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research - in Great Britain. These statistics are freely available on the organisations' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness around the use of animals in research.

Health - 30.06.2022
The mere sight of a meal triggers an inflammatory response in the brain
The mere sight of a meal triggers an inflammatory response in the brain
Even before carbohydrates reach the bloodstream, the very sight and smell of a meal trigger the release of insulin. For the first time, researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel have shown that this insulin release depends on a short-term inflammatory response that takes place in these circumstances.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
HIV speeds up body's aging processes soon after infection
HIV speeds up body’s aging processes soon after infection
HIV has an "early and substantial" impact on aging in infected people, accelerating biological changes in the body associated with normal aging within just two to three years of infection, according to a study by UCLA researchers and colleagues. The findings suggest that new HIV infection may rapidly cut nearly five years off an individual's life span relative to an uninfected person.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
UCL releases animal research statistics alongside fellow top institutions
UCL releases animal research statistics alongside fellow top institutions
UCL is releasing its animal research statistics today in collaboration with Understanding Animal Research - a non-profit that promotes open communications about animal research. UCL and nine other institutions together conducted nearly half of all animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research - in the UK in 2021.

Health - 29.06.2022
Smoking promotes development of severe pulmonary hypertension
Smoking promotes development of severe pulmonary hypertension
Analysis of registry data leads MHH researchers to new insights into certain forms of the disease About one percent of the world's adult population suffers from pulmonary hypertension (PH). There are many forms of this disease. One of them is idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH). This is a rare but very severe form of pulmonary hypertension.

Pharmacology - Health - 29.06.2022
Artificial intelligence techniques used to obtain antibiotic resistance patterns
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) is conducting research that analyses antibiotic resistance patterns with the aim of finding trends that can help decide which treatment to apply to each type of patient and stop the spread of bacteria. This study, recently published in the scientific journal Nature Communications, has been carried out together with the University of Exeter, the University of Birmingham (both in the United Kingdom) and the Westmead Hospital in Sydney (Australia).

Health - Psychology - 29.06.2022
New app helps Syrian refugees deal with post-traumatic stress
New app helps Syrian refugees deal with post-traumatic stress
Researchers at Leipzig University have partnered with Syrian refugees and an agency for e-mental health services to develop and scientifically test an app to help users deal with post-traumatic stress and related mental strain. The app - Sanadak - has now been published in Arabic and German and can be downloaded free of charge.

Health - Life Sciences - 29.06.2022
Immune Cells Anchored in Tissues Offer Unique Defenses Against Pathogens and Cancers
A new atlas of tissue-resident memory T cells offers hope for therapies based on protective -first responders- Scientists exploring how our immune system responds to pathogens and cancers have ramped up their attention to CD8 + T cells, which are deployed in response to infections and malignancies and equipped to remember the identities of malicious invaders.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.06.2022
Later diagnosis of children with Wilms tumours in the UK leads to lower survival chances
Children in the UK and Republic of Ireland who are diagnosed with Wilms tumour - the most common children's kidney cancer - are less likely to survive without relapse than those in Germany and France due to later diagnosis, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The study, published in JCO Global Oncology , compared tumour size and stage of cancer at diagnosis with survival chances of 3,176 children with Wilms tumour.

Health - 29.06.2022
Job Problems Contributing to Physician Suicide
Physical and mental health, substance use, relationships, legal matters and finances all contribute to physician suicide, UC San Diego study shows Physician burnout and suicide are a growing public health concern, with 1 in 15 physicians experiencing suicidal ideation. Studies consistently show that physicians are more likely than non-physicians to experience work-related stressors prior to suicide.

Social Sciences - Health - 29.06.2022
Low-income Canadians are nearly four times more likely to die from opioids than the rich
Low-income Canadians are nearly four times more likely to die from opioids than the rich
A new study is the first to examine the connection between socioeconomic status and opioid incidents in Canada. The study reveals a connection between poverty and opioid-related hospitalization, emergency department visits and deaths in Canada. From 2000 to 2017, Canada's poorest residents were 3.8 times more likely to die of opioid-related causes than Canada's richest residents.

Health - Pharmacology - 29.06.2022
Hormone-blocking breakthrough helps combat skin cancer recurrence
Hormone-blocking breakthrough helps combat skin cancer recurrence
A Monash University researcher has helped discover how to reduce the recurrence of skin cancer tumours by blocking a naturally-occurring hormone that causes drug resistance in melanoma cells. Studies showed that by blocking androgens - the 'male' sex hormones - with the drug enzalutamide, melanoma cells were more sensitive to drugs designed to inhibit cancer growth.

Health - 29.06.2022
Nearly 9 in 10 Detroit eviction cases filed during pandemic involved illegal rentals
DETROIT-Despite pandemic-related eviction prevention measures, thousands of Detroit renters were evicted in the past two years due to loopholes in policies and enforcement. Study (PDF): Crisis before the emergency: Evictions in Detroit before and after the onset of COVID-19 Analysis of court data by University of Michigan researchers shows nearly 90% of eviction cases filed in Detroit during the pandemic came from landlords whose properties were not in compliance with the city's rental ordinance.
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