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Health - Social Sciences - 27.03.2020
What the Ebola outbreak could teach us about how to contain the novel coronavirus
A new research paper examining the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in Africa could hold crucial insights for policymakers grappling with the novel coronavirus pandemic — namely, the importance of public engagement and trust during health crises. The study (PDF), co-authored by Darin Christensen, assistant professor of public policy in the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs, shows that where people lack confidence in their health providers, they are less likely to seek testing and treatment when they feel sick.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.03.2020
Oxford COVID-19 vaccine programme opens for clinical trial recruitment
University of Oxford researchers working in an unprecedented vaccine development effort to prevent COVID-19 have started screening healthy volunteers (aged 18-55) today for their upcoming ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine trial in the Thames Valley Region. The vaccine based on an adenovirus vaccine vector and the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein is already in production but won't be ready for some weeks still.

Health - Pharmacology - 27.03.2020
An experimental peptide could block Covid-19
An experimental peptide could block Covid-19
MIT chemists are testing a protein fragment that may inhibit coronaviruses' ability to enter human lung cells. The research described in this article has been published on a preprint server but has not yet been peer-reviewed by scientific or medical experts. In hopes of developing a possible treatment for Covid-19, a team of MIT chemists has designed a drug candidate that they believe may block coronaviruses' ability to enter human cells.

Health - 27.03.2020
A device for the early detection of certain eyesight problems
A device for the early detection of certain eyesight problems
EPFL researchers have developed a device that can zoom in on previously invisible cells at the back of the eye. The technology could be extremely useful for ophthalmologists, in particular for detecting age-related macular degeneration early and assessing new treatment options. There is renewed hope for people with eyesight problems such as age-related macular degeneration, or AMD.

Health - 26.03.2020
Coronavirus pandemic could have caused 40 million deaths if left unchecked
Coronavirus pandemic could have caused 40 million deaths if left unchecked
The outbreak of COVID-19 would likely have caused 40 million deaths this year in the absence of any preventative measures. This is one of the findings of a new analysis by researchers at Imperial College London, which estimated the potential scale of the coronavirus pandemic across the globe, highlighting that failure to mitigate the impact could lead to huge loss of life.

Health - 26.03.2020
Stresses the urgent need for serologic testing to help tackle the COVID-19 outbreak
Serologic tests are blood tests that look for antibodies in your blood, and would allow scientists to decipher what fraction of the British public have already had COVID-19 and recovered, and provide an improved estimate of the number remaining at risk of serious illness. The research led by Professor Sunetra Gupta and Dr Jose Lourenco from Oxford's Department of Zoology, used a well-understood and widely studied modelling approach.

Pharmacology - Health - 26.03.2020
’More effective’ stem cell transplant method could aid blood cancer patients
Researchers at UCL have developed a new way to make blood stem cells present in the umbilical cord 'more transplantable', a finding in mice which could improve the treatment of a wide range of blood diseases in children and adults. Blood stem cells, also known as haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), generate every type of cell in the blood (red cells, white cells and platelets), and are responsible for maintaining blood production throughout life.

Pharmacology - Health - 26.03.2020
Medications against coronavirus in trial
Clinical trials on Covid-19 at university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar The university hospital is participating in studies on new medications for people suffering from Covid-19. As part of a clinical study, patients can be treated with medications that are still under development. 50 patients infected with the novel Coronavirus are currently being treated at the university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar.

Health - Environment - 26.03.2020
A sewage surveillance effort to track COVID-19
Could a community's wastewater give an early warning of the spread of COVID-19? With a rapid response grant from the National Science Foundation, a research team from the University of Michigan and Stanford University is exploring this and other questions about how the novel coronavirus behaves and moves through the environment.

Health - 26.03.2020
Opinion: how values drive decisions in science, not data
Dr Erman Sozudogru (UCL Science & Technology Studies) discusses how the choice between different methods of controlling the Covid-19 outbreak is one of differing values, rather than just pure science. The outbreak of COVID-19 resulted in a range of emergency responses and policy strategies across the globe.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.03.2020
Opinion: why we need to consult engineers as well as scientists for solutions
Dr Adam Cooper (UCL STEaPP) argues that the current response to Covid-19 coronavirus would be improved if the expertise of engineers was better utilised. The coronavirus outbreak has shone a bright light on the use of experts and scientific advice. In the UK the prime minister, Boris Johnson, is flanked by his chief scientist and chief medical officer when giving updates about his response to the outbreak - emphasising that it is driven by scientific advice.

Environment - Health - 26.03.2020
Understanding spread of COVID-19
Stanford professor Alexandria Boehm and visiting scholar Krista Wigginton describe potential transmission pathways of COVID-19 and their implications. Much remains unknown about how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spreads through the environment.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2020
A new mechanism triggering cell death and inflammation: a left turn that kills
Z-form nucleic acids are double-stranded DNA and RNA molecules with an unusual left-handed double helix structure, as opposed to the classical right-handed Watson-Crick double helix. Z-nucleic acids were discovered more than 40 years ago, but their biological function has remained poorly understood.

Health - 25.03.2020
Wuhan travel restrictions prevented wider disease spread; but impact takes time
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: 25 March 2020 A mobility and epidemiological study from a global consortium of researchers, led by the University of Oxford, Northeastern University and Harvard Medical School, has shown that travel restrictions from and within Wuhan and Hubei from 23 rd January worked to prevent the wider spread of COVID-19.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2020
Old human cells rejuvenated with stem cell technology
Old human cells can become more youthful by coaxing them to briefly express proteins used to make induced pluripotent cells, Stanford researchers and their colleagues have found. The finding may have implications for aging research. Old human cells return to a more youthful and vigorous state after being induced to briefly express a panel of proteins involved in embryonic development, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Health - 25.03.2020
Initial success for COVID-19 social distancing in China
Initial success for COVID-19 social distancing in China
Relaxing social distancing in China shows initial success, suggests early analysis. This is the latest research from the WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Modelling within the MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis (MRC GIDA) and the Abdul Latif Jameel Institute for Disease and Emergency Analytics ( J-IDEA ) at Imperial College London.

Health - Pharmacology - 25.03.2020
New Hepatitis C cases down by almost 70 per cent in HIV positive men
New cases of hepatitis C amongst HIV positive men in London and Brighton have fallen by nearly 70 per cent in recent years. An analysis of five clinics in London and Brighton found that 378 cases were diagnosed between July 2013 - June 2018. New infections peaked at 14 per 1000 people studied in 2015, falling to 4 per 1000 by 2018.

Health - 25.03.2020
Greater social distancing could curb COVID-19 in 13 weeks
Greater social distancing could curb COVID-19 in 13 weeks
A University of Sydney data study from the Faculty of Engineering has revealed that social distancing must be adopted by at least 80 percent of the Australian population to reduce the spread of COVID-19.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.03.2020
Repeat offenders’ lifestyles ’may put them at higher risk of coronavirus’
The “impulsive and risk-taking” lifestyles of repeat offenders means they are likely to be at higher risk of catching - and spreading - coronavirus, a leading criminologist suggests. Working with criminologists at Cambridge University, Professor Jonathan Shepherd, a surgeon and Cardiff University criminologist, found clear links between anti-social lifestyles and poor health.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.03.2020
Finding the best method to grow bioengineered tissue for pulmonary research
Finding the best method to grow bioengineered tissue for pulmonary research
Before scientists develop the bioengineered tissue of tomorrow for treating pulmonary diseases, they need to identify the best methods for growing tissue for artificial trachea and lungs in experiments today. A new Yale analysis does just that, determining which methods produce tissue cells that are most like the natural cells they would replace.
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