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Innovation - Health - 10.05.2021
3D printing lays the foundation for a new range of diagnostic tests
3D printing lays the foundation for a new range of diagnostic tests
Researchers at KU Leuven have developed a 3D printing technique that extends the possibilities of lateral flow testing. With the new printing technique, advanced diagnostic tests can be produced that are quick, cheap, and easy to use. Researchers at KU Leuven have developed a 3D printing technique that extends the possibilities of lateral flow testing.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.05.2021
TB immune response discovery could significantly reduce disease harm
TB immune response discovery could significantly reduce disease harm
A pioneering study by UCL scientists has discovered the presence of a harmful inflammatory protein in patients with symptomatic tuberculosis (TB). Researchers say, by targeting the IL-17 cytokine, a component produced naturally by the immune system in response to infection, excessive and damaging lung inflammation caused by TB may be significantly reduced to help speed up patient recovery.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.05.2021
Higher education does not influence brain ageing
A new study from the Lifebrain consortium , coordinated by the University of Oslo with the participation of the University of Barcelona, finds that higher education does not slow brain ageing, contrary to the popular belief. This study has been published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences .

Environment - Health - 10.05.2021
Australian research helps reduce Sri Lankan pesticide deaths
Sri Lanka is reducing its pesticide-attributable deaths and overall suicide mortality using research from The University of Queensland. UQ Diamantina Institute's Emeritus Professor Michael Roberts, whose team analysed the blood samples of people in Sri Lanka who had poisoned themselves, said the most effective means of suicide prevention was better pesticide regulation.

Environment - Health - 10.05.2021
2020 Annual Report published
With research, teaching and consulting on all aspects of water, Eawag is committed to a sustainable future - in Switzerland and worldwide. This is illustrated by the diverse and exciting projects that we present in our Annual Report. Our new Annual Report shows what the aquatic research institute Eawag has experienced and achieved in this challenging year of 2020.

Life Sciences - Health - 10.05.2021
Feds back probe of understudied gut nervous system
Feds back probe of understudied gut nervous system
Uribe wins NIH grant to study enteric nervous system development Rice University neurobiologist Rosa Uribe will be hitting the books for her latest study of the digestive system, but some of the pages in her books are a billion years old. Uribe , an assistant professor of biosciences, has won a five-year, $2 million R01 grant from the National Institutes of Health to study how the enteric nervous system forms.

Health - 08.05.2021
Mild Covid-19 infection very unlikely to cause lasting heart damage
Mild Covid-19 infection is very unlikely to cause lasting damage to the structure or function of the heart, according to a study led by UCL researchers and funded by the British Heart Foundation (BHF) and Barts Charity. The researchers say the results, published in JACC Cardiovascular Imaging, should reassure the public, as they relate to the vast majority of people who had Covid-19 infections with mild or no symptoms.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.05.2021
New way to reduce scarring
Researchers have been able to reduce scarring by blocking part of the healing process in research that could make a significant difference for burns and other trauma patients. University of Queensland Professor Kiarash Khosrotehrani said scars had been reduced by targeting the gene that instructs stem cells to form them in an animal study.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.05.2021
Bacterial DNA can be read either forwards or backwards - new study
Bacteria contain symmetry in their DNA signals that enable them to be read either forwards or backwards, according to new findings at the University of Birmingham which challenge existing knowledge about gene transcription. In all living organisms, DNA code is divided into sections which provide information about a specific process.

Health - Economics / Business - 07.05.2021
Regular virus tests can curb infection rates
Regular virus tests can curb infection rates
Since February 2021, the canton of Grisons is using saliva-based PCR mass testing within its mobile workforce as a potential means to contain the COVID-19 pandemic and reduce infection rates. Empa researchers are now leading the analysis of data from the first eight weeks of the testing regime. They observed a reduction in the incidence rate between 20 and 50%, depending on the business sector, and a noticeable reduction in the test positivity rate among those who were regularly tested.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.05.2021
Biomarker Detects Severe COVID-19 Early On
Severe cases of COVID-19 can now be detected at an early stage. Researchers at the University of Zurich have identified the first biomarker that can reliably predict which patients will develop severe symptoms. This can help to improve the treatment of severe cases of COVID-19. Most people who are infected with SARS-CoV-2 develop no or only mild symptoms.

Sport - Health - 06.05.2021
Exercise aids the cognitive development of children born preterm
Exercise aids the cognitive development of children born preterm
A premature start in life can cause problems even into teenage years. A study by the University of Basel and the University Children's Hospital Basel (UKBB) indicates that training motor skills in these children helps even when they are older. Children that are born before the 37 th week of pregnancy remain under close medical supervision while they are young.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.05.2021
Defective Epithelial Barriers Linked to Two Billion Chronic Diseases
Defective Epithelial Barriers Linked to Two Billion Chronic Diseases
Humans are exposed to a variety of toxins and chemicals every day. According to the epithelial barrier hypothesis, exposure to many of these substances damages the epithelium, the thin layer of cells that covers the surface of our skin, lungs and intestine. Defective epithelial barriers have been linked to a rise in almost two billion allergic, autoimmune, neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.05.2021
How mitochondria make the cut
How mitochondria make the cut
With the help of their custom-built super-resolution microscope, EPFL biophysicists have discovered where and why mitochondria divide, putting to rest controversy about the underlying molecular machinery of mitochondrial fission. Mitochondria either split in half or cut off their ends to self-regulate.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.05.2021
Molecular analysis identifies key differences in lungs of cystic fibrosis patients
A team of researchers from UCLA, Cedars-Sinai and the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation has developed a first-of-its-kind molecular catalog of cells in healthy lungs and the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis. The catalog, described today Medicine, reveals new subtypes of cells and illustrates how the disease changes the cellular makeup of the airways.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.05.2021
Researchers identify blood markers that indicate labor is approaching
About three weeks before delivery, a pregnant woman's body shifts into a pre-labor phase characterized by changes in immune, hormonal and blood-clotting signals. For the first time, researchers have found a way to predict when a pregnant woman will go into labor by analyzing immune and other biological signals in a blood sample, according to a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Health - Computer Science - 05.05.2021
Artificial intelligence identifies the tiger mosquito from the photos received in the Mosquito Alert app
Artificial intelligence, combined with citizen science, will provide real-time detection of the tiger mosquito on a large scale and, as a result, will allow faster control of this disease transmitter. The deep learning algorithm that has been trained with more than 7,000 anonymous photographs received in the Mosquito Alert app between 2015 and 2019, is able to correctly identify 96% of tiger mosquito photographs.

Health - Psychology - 05.05.2021
Vulnerable older people more likely to experience depression and anxiety during pandemic
Older people who were clinically vulnerable to COVID-19 were at greater risk of deterioration in health and social well-being during the pandemic, according to a new UCL-led study. Research published today in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health found that they were more likely to report worse health outcomes than those with no clinical vulnerabilities, including greater depression and anxiety and lower quality of life, even when taking into account pre-pandemic levels of health and social well-being.

Health - 05.05.2021
Even fractures in arm, wrist increase risk for future breaks in postmenopausal women
Current guidelines for managing osteoporosis specifically call out hip or spine fractures for increasing the risk for subsequent bone breaks. But a new UCLA-led study suggests that fractures in the arm, wrist, leg and other parts of the body should also set off alarm bells. A fracture, no matter the location, indicates a general tendency to break a bone in the future at a different location, said Dr. Carolyn Crandall, the study's lead author and a professor of medicine at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.05.2021
Fundamental regulation mechanism of proteins discovered
Fundamental regulation mechanism of proteins discovered
A research team led by Göttingen University find novel switch in proteins with wide-ranging implications for medical treatments Proteins perform a vast array of functions in the cell of every living organism with critical roles in almost every biological process. Not only do they run our metabolism, manage cellular signaling and are in charge of energy production, as antibodies they are also the frontline workers of our immune system fighting human pathogens like the coronavirus.
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