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Health - Social Sciences - 21.09.2020
Children’s immune response more effective against COVID-19
Children and adults exhibit distinct immune system responses to infection by the virus that causes COVID-19, a finding that helps explain why COVID-19 outcomes tend to be much worse in adults, researchers from Yale and Albert Einstein College of Medicine report Sept. 18 Translational Medicine. A widespread and dangerous immune response to the virus has been linked to acute respiratory distress syndrome, the need for ventilation, and increased mortality in adults with COVID-19.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.09.2020
What we know about COVID-19 and kids
It's unusual that a virus would be less severe in children than it is in adults. But when it comes to COVID-19, kids make up just a small percentage of severe cases. Yale researchers are working to understand why that is. Their discoveries can help guide understanding of the virus and possible treatment options.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.09.2020
A link between sensory neurons activation and the immune system
A link between sensory neurons activation and the immune system
Scientists at EPFL, ETH Zurich and Harvard Medical School/Boston Children's Hospital have developed an implantable technology that enabled the discovery of an interaction between sensory neurons and immune cells. Pain is a protective mechanism, alerting us to danger by generating an unpleasant sensation.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.09.2020
Shared protein fingerprint could simplify treatment of common inherited heart disease
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common inherited heart disease, marked by an abnormally thickened heart muscle that can obstruct blood flow and lead to sudden death in young adults. A dizzying array of over 1,400 genetic mutations can lead to the disease, puzzling doctors on how to treat so many unique varieties.

Pedagogy - Health - 21.09.2020
Machine Learning Models Identify Kids at Risk of Lead Poisoning
Machine learning can help public health officials identify children most at risk of lead poisoning, enabling them to concentrate their limited resources on preventing poisonings rather than remediating homes only after a child suffers elevated blood lead levels, a new study shows.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.09.2020
Cardiovascular health similarities between chimpanzees, humans
Cardiovascular health similarities between chimpanzees, humans
A pair of chimpanzees at Ngamba Island Chimpanzee Sanctuary in Uganda. Image courtesy: Innocent Ampeire Doctors like to remind patients not to monkey around with their health, suggesting that a good diet and regular exercise improve longevity. A new study on health in chimpanzees, which are the closest species to humans genetically, showed the benefits in what they eat and how they can travel and climb.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.09.2020
Giant spider provides promise of pain relief for irritable bowel syndrome
Molecules from the venom of one of the world's largest spiders could help University of Queensland-led researchers tailor pain blockers for people with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Researchers screened 28 spiders, with the venom of the Venezuelan Pinkfoot Goliath tarantula - which has a leg-span of up to 30 centimetres - showing the most promise.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.09.2020
Why we need sleep
"I was shocked how huge a change this is over a short period of time," researcher Van Savage said of sleep's shifting role in the brain. "It's a transition that is analogous to when water freezes to ice." Shutterstock.com "I was shocked how huge a change this is over a short period of time," researcher Van Savage said of sleep's shifting role in the brain.

Health - Administration - 18.09.2020
Five things we’re doing to help prevent the spread of Covid-19
Our ground breaking research has never been so critical during the Covid-19 pandemic. Amongst other things, we're helping to detect the virus, support people suffering from the effects of lockdown and understand how we could be better prepared if there was another pandemic. Here are five things our researchers have done to help prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Health - 18.09.2020
Yale succeeds with a more inclusive approach to heart transplants
Yale succeeds with a more inclusive approach to heart transplants
Doctors at Yale New Haven Hospital used a more aggressive selection process to more than quadruple the number of heart transplants performed there while maintaining positive patient outcomes, according to a new study. The findings suggest that a more inclusive approach to selecting donor hearts and transplant recipients can enable hospitals to successfully treat more patients in need of transplants.

Health - Pharmacology - 18.09.2020
Increasing the effectiveness of immunotherapy against skin cancer
Researchers at the University of Bern have discovered a mechanism in the body's own immune system which is responsible for the maturing and activation of immune cells. In the fight against skin cancer, the results have the potential to help immunotherapy succeed, even for patients on whom it previously had no effect.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.09.2020
Bile acids boost gut regeneration
Bile acids boost gut regeneration
Researchers at EPFL have made a surprising discovery about how bile acids act as signaling molecules to boost intestinal regeneration. The discovery sheds light on the role of bile acids as hormone-like molecules and opens new ways for regenerative therapies of the gut. Intestinal stem cells replenish the cells lining the gut epithelium, which usually renews itself every week.

Health - Psychology - 17.09.2020
Hospitals miss mental illness diagnosis in more than a quarter of patients
Severe mental illness diagnoses are missed by clinicians in more than one quarter of cases when people are hospitalised for other conditions, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. People from ethnic minority groups are even more likely to have previously diagnosed mental illnesses go unnoticed by medical staff, according to the findings from hospitals in England, published in PLOS Medicine .

Health - Life Sciences - 17.09.2020
A pregnancy ended by COVID-19 informs new understanding and protocols
When the first pregnant woman diagnosed with COVID-19 was admitted to Yale New Haven Hospital in March, she was in her second trimester and critically ill. At the time, almost nothing was known about how the novel coronavirus disease impacted pregnant mothers and their unborn children. Yale physician-scientists acted quickly not only to save the mother, who had severe early-onset preeclampsia, but also to collect samples that might help them better understand the disease. According to a case report, published Sept.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.09.2020
How Fear Persists in the Mouse Brain
Most people have experienced, at some point in their lives, a sudden unexpected fright. Even after a shadowy figure in a darkened room turns out to just be a chair, your heart rate is still high, your palms stay sweaty, and your senses remain alert for another threat. This sort of lasting response is an example of a persistent internal state.

Health - Computer Science - 17.09.2020
Extent of India's COVID nudge campaign revealed
Extent of India’s COVID nudge campaign revealed
The Government of India's use of nudge theory in the first three months of the pandemic helped to tackle the virus on numerous fronts, a new study suggests. The government urgently needed to buy time and... bring a deeply divided population together to fight a common struggle Ronita Bardhan India has reported nearly five million COVID-19 cases and well over 80,000 deaths (as of 17 September 2020), making the country one of the worst hit in the world.

Health - Psychology - 17.09.2020
Analysis: Post-traumatic stress disorder linked to increased risk of dementia
Dr Vasiliki Orgeta (UCL Psychiatry) shares new research which shows that PTSD is a risk factor for developing dementia. Dementia is one of the greatest global health challenges. As the world's population continues to age and to live longer, the number of people affected by dementia is expected to rise to 130 million by 2050.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.09.2020
Engineers seek to mimic properties of the human body
Engineers seek to mimic properties of the human body
Tissue engineering experts say future biomaterials will need to mimic the human body's “stretch and squidge? properties. Findings from University of Queensland Professor Justin Cooper-White and international colleagues have been published in the prestigious journal Nature. “The characters in some old TV programs looked like normal people on the outside - and similarly we know future biomaterials will need to have almost-identical properties to those of all of the tissues in the human body,' Professor Cooper-White said.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.09.2020
Next-gen organoids grow and function like real tissues
Bioengineers at EPFL have created miniature intestines in a dish that match up anatomically and functionally to the real thing better than any other lab-grown tissue models. The biological complexity and longevity of the new organoid technology is an important step towards enabling drug testing, personalized medicine, and perhaps, one day, transplantations.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.09.2020
Team pinpoints brain circuitry underlying dissociative experiences
Stanford scientists identified key brain circuitry that plays a role in the mysterious experience called dissociation, in which people can feel disconnected from their own body and from reality. It's neither uncommon nor especially worrisome for people to lose themselves in a great book or a daydream.
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