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Life Sciences - Environment/Sustainable Development
17.02.2018
Hope remains to save the world's most trafficked animal as it enjoys the spotlight of a global day in its honour
Hope remains to save the world’s most trafficked animal as it enjoys the spotlight of a global day in its honour
Hope remains to save the world's most trafficked animal as it enjoys the spotlight of a global day in its honour Did you know that the world's most trafficked animal is having its own international day today? On World Pangolin Day , the University of Sussex is determined to raise awareness of the mammal's plight as they face a desperate fight against extinction.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
16.02.2018
Regional brain shrinkage in MS predicts disability
Regional brain shrinkage in MS predicts disability
A UCL-led research team has identified the pattern of brain tissue loss in multiple sclerosis, enabling improved prediction of disability progression. The study, published in Annals of Neurology , was one of the largest brain imaging studies ever conducted investigating multiple sclerosis (MS). "It's well known that brain atrophy occurs in people with MS and varies by region, but we typically only measure the shrinkage of the whole brain.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
16.02.2018
New approaches in neuroscience show it’s not all in your head
Our own unique experiences shape how we view the world and respond to the events in our lives. But experience is highly subjective. What's distressing or joyful to one person may be very different to another. These differences can matter, especially as a growing body of research shows that what happens in our inner landscapes - our thoughts about and interpretations of our experiences - can have physical consequences in our brains and bodies.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
15.02.2018
UCL cancer trials to get £9m funding boost
UCL cancer trials to get £9m funding boost
Cancer Research UK is planning to invest nearly 9m over the next five years into research at the Cancer Research UK & UCL Cancer Trials Centre. The announcement is part of a 45 million investment into Cancer Research UK's network of clinical trials units across the UK, one of the charity's largest investments in clinical research to date.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.02.2018
Secrets behind the cuttlefish's 3D 'invisibility cloak'
Secrets behind the cuttlefish’s 3D ’invisibility cloak’
An international team of scientists has identified the neural circuits that enable cuttlefish to change their appearance in just the blink to eye - and discovered that this is similar to the neural circuit that controls iridescence in squids. The sea is full of strange and wondrous creatures, but there are few as bizarre and intelligent as octopuses and cuttlefish.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.02.2018
CRISPR scissors, Cas12a, enables cutting-edge diagnostics
CRISPR-Cas12a, one of the DNA-cutting proteins revolutionizing biology today, has an unexpected side effect that makes it an ideal enzyme for simple, rapid and accurate disease diagnostics. Cas12a, discovered in 2015 and originally called Cpf1, is like the well-known Cas9 protein that UC Berkeley's Jennifer Doudna and colleague Emmanuelle Charpentier turned into a powerful gene-editing tool in 2012.
Earth Sciences - Life Sciences
15.02.2018
Scientists shed light on Burgess Shale preservation for first time
The fossil Waptia from the Burgess Shale, Canada. New Oxford University research suggests that the mineralogy of the surrounding earth is key to conserving soft parts of organisms, and finding more exceptional fossils like the Waptia. Image credit: Yale University Fossils that preserve entire organisms (including both hard and soft body parts) are critical to our understanding of evolution and ancient life on Earth.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.02.2018
Amyloid protein transmission through neurosurgery
Amyloid protein transmission through neurosurgery
Amyloid beta pathology - protein deposits in the brain - might have been transmitted by contaminated neurosurgical instruments, suggests a new UCL-led study. For the paper, published today in Acta Neuropathologica , researchers studied the medical records of four people who had brain bleeds caused by amyloid beta build-up in the blood vessels of the brain.
Life Sciences - Medicine/Pharmacology
15.02.2018
Researchers advance CRISPR-based tool for diagnosing disease
Researchers advance CRISPR-based tool for diagnosing disease
The team that first unveiled the rapid, inexpensive, highly sensitive CRISPR-based diagnostic tool called SHERLOCK has greatly enhanced the tool's power, and has developed a miniature paper test that allows results to be seen with the naked eye - without the need for expensive equipment. The SHERLOCK team developed a simple paper strip to display test results for a single genetic signature, borrowing from the visual cues common in pregnancy tests.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
14.02.2018
Acoustic blockage-detection system could prevent aircraft accidents
Acoustic blockage-detection system could prevent aircraft accidents
Pitots, which provide airspeed data, have played a role in several aircraft accidents, including the fatal Air France Flight 447 in 2009. New research by aerospace engineers at the University of Bristol has found that an acoustic blockage-detection system could prevent future accidents by making pilots aware of a blocked Pitot before a situation becomes critical.
Life Sciences
14.02.2018
Watching myelin patterns form
Watching myelin patterns form
Research news Nerve fibers are surrounded by a myelin sheath. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now made the first-ever "live" observations of how this protective layer is formed. The team discovered that the characteristic patterns of the myelin layer are determined at an early stage.
History/Archeology - Life Sciences
14.02.2018
The history of domestication: a rabbit’s tale
Wild rabbits are widely thought to have been first tamed in 600 A.D. by French monks, when they were prized as food as a 'meat substitute' during Lent. But, according to Oxford University research, that isn't true. Domestication, which is often defined as 'the process of taming an animal and keeping it as a pet or on a farm, and the cultivation of a plant for food', can be dated using historical and archaeological records.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.02.2018
What is your real ’biological age’-
Having an older biological age on aged-based risk calculators simply means you have at least one risk factor that is higher than the number set as "normal", writes Dr Carissa Bonner from the School of Public Health. Age-based risk calculators that work out your "real biological age" are increasingly popular.
Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering/Mechanics
14.02.2018
Tissue mechanics essential for cell movement
Cells that form facial features need surrounding embryonic tissues to stiffen so they can move and develop, according to new UCL-led research. The discovery has important implications for understanding the causes of facial defects which account for a third of all birth defects globally (3.2 million each year) and are the primary cause of infant mortality.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.02.2018
Brain scan and artificial intelligence could help predict whether OCD will improve with treatment
Brain scan and artificial intelligence could help predict whether OCD will improve with treatment
Washing hands needlessly dozens of times of day. Spending so much time perfecting schoolwork that it never gets turned in. These are typical behaviors for people with obsessive compulsive disorder, or OCD, a lifelong illness marked by repetitive thoughts and actions that can seriously impair work performance, relationships and quality of life.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
14.02.2018
Meet RIPK3: Good Cop, Bad Cop, all in one
Each year, influenza kills half a million people globally with the elderly and very young most often the victims. In fact, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported 37children have diedin the United States during the current fluseason. Aside from getting the flu shot and employing smart hand hygiene, there are no other methods of prevention.
Environment/Sustainable Development - Life Sciences
13.02.2018
Sewage and animal waste having serious impact on UK coastline
Analysis of fragile seagrass meadows by Cardiff University and Swansea University scientists has shown that consistent pollution from sewage and livestock waste is affecting their survival. Seagrass meadows are flowering plants that have adapted to live a life in the sea and were recently featured in the BBC's Blue Planet II episode ‘Green Seas'.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.02.2018
Newly discovered gene may protect against heart disease
Newly discovered gene may protect against heart disease
Scientists have identified a gene that may play a protective role in preventing heart disease. Their research revealed that the gene, called MeXis, acts within key cells inside clogged arteries to help remove excess cholesterol from blood vessels. Published Medicine, the UCLA-led study in mice found that MeXis controls the expression of a protein that pumps cholesterol out of cells in the artery wall.
Medicine/Pharmacology - Life Sciences
13.02.2018
'Off the shelf' living artificial tissues could repair severe nerve injuries
’Off the shelf’ living artificial tissues could repair severe nerve injuries
Severe nerve damage has been successfully repaired in the laboratory using a new living artificial nerve tissue developed by UCL, ReNeuron and Sartorius Stedim Biotech.
Life Sciences - Pedagogy/Education Science
13.02.2018
Back-and-forth exchanges boost children's brain response to language
Back-and-forth exchanges boost children’s brain response to language
A landmark 1995 study found that children from higher-income families hear about 30 million more words during their first three years of life than children from lower-income families. This "30-million-word gap" correlates with significant differences in tests of vocabulary, language development, and reading comprehension.
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