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Life Sciences - Mathematics - 02.04.2024
How the brain senses body position and movement
How the brain senses body position and movement
Researchers at EPFL use neural networks to study proprioception, the sense the brain uses to "know" the body's movement and position. How does your brain know the position and movement of your different body parts? The sense is known as proprioception, and it is something like a "sixth sense", allowing us to move freely without constantly watching our limbs.

Health - Mathematics - 20.03.2024
A computational model has been created to simulate the biomechanical growth of breast tumors
A computational model has been created to simulate the biomechanical growth of breast tumors
Research by UC3M and Johns Hopkins University Scientists from Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and Johns Hopkins University (JHU), in the USA, have analyzed the growth of breast tumors from a biomechanical perspective and have created a computational model that simulates the invasion process of cancer cells, depending on the characteristics of the surrounding tissue and cell junctions, among other parameters.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 20.03.2024
Controlling chaotic turbulence to make ’cat-coat’ patterns in fluids
Researchers from TU/e and the University of Chicago discovered how to manipulate turbulent flows to create regular patterns like those seen in the tabby coat pattern of a cat. The new research has been published in Nature. Controlling the chaos of a turbulent flow to make regular patterns sounds like a contradiction in every sense of the word.

Mathematics - Pedagogy - 07.03.2024
Drawings of mathematical problems predict their resolution
Drawings of mathematical problems predict their resolution
Scientists show that our mental representations of mathematical problems influence our strategies for solving them. Solving arithmetic problems, even simple subtractions, involves mental representations whose influence remains to be clarified. Visualizing these representations would enable us to better understand our reasoning and adapt our teaching methods.

Computer Science - Mathematics - 07.03.2024
Method rapidly verifies that a robot will avoid collisions
Faster and more accurate than some alternatives, this approach could be useful for robots that interact with humans or work in tight spaces. Before a robot can grab dishes off a shelf to set the table, it must ensure its gripper and arm won't crash into anything and potentially shatter the fine china.

Mathematics - 26.02.2024
What Math Tells Us about Social Dilemmas
What Math Tells Us about Social Dilemmas
Scientists at ISTA present a new mathematic model for cooperation Human coexistence depends on cooperation. Individuals have different motivations and reasons to collaborate, resulting in social dilemmas, such as the well-known prisoner's dilemma. Scientists from the Chatterjee group at the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (ISTA) now present a new mathematical principle that helps to understand the cooperation of individuals with different characteristics.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 21.02.2024
Automated method helps researchers quantify uncertainty in their predictions
An easy-to-use technique could assist everyone from economists to sports analysts. Pollsters trying to predict presidential election results and physicists searching for distant exoplanets have at least one thing in common: They often use a tried-and-true scientific technique called Bayesian inference.

Physics - Mathematics - 01.02.2024
Swarming cicadas, stock traders, and the wisdom of the crowd
Swarming cicadas, stock traders, and the wisdom of the crowd
The springtime emergence of vast swarms of cicadas can be explained by a mathematical model of collective decision-making with similarities to models describing stock market crashes. Pick almost any location in the eastern United States - say, Columbus Ohio. Every 13 or 17 years, as the soil warms in springtime, vast swarms of cicadas emerge from their underground burrows singing their deafening song, take flight and mate, producing offspring for the next cycle.

Astronomy / Space - Mathematics - 19.01.2024
Black Hole Shadow
Black Hole Shadow
One year after the discovery image of the black hole M87*, improved observations of the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration give a better picture showing a persistent black hole shadow. The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration including scientists at Julius-Maximilians-Universität (JMU) Würzburg has released a new image of M87*, the supermassive black hole residing at the heart of the galaxy Messier 87.

Physics - Mathematics - 08.01.2024
Technique could efficiently solve partial differential equations for numerous applications
MIT researchers propose "PEDS" method for developing models of complex physical systems in mechanics, optics, thermal transport, fluid dynamics, physical chemistry, climate, and more. In fields such as physics and engineering, partial differential equations (PDEs) are used to model complex physical processes to generate insight into how some of the most complicated physical and natural systems in the world function.

Physics - Mathematics - 12.12.2023
Researchers observe a hallmark quantum behavior in bouncing droplets
Researchers observe a hallmark quantum behavior in bouncing droplets
In a study that could help fill some holes in quantum theory, the team recreated a "quantum bomb tester" in a classical droplet test. In our everyday classical world, what you see is what you get. A ball is just a ball, and when lobbed through the air, its trajectory is straightforward and clear. But if that ball were shrunk to the size of an atom or smaller, its behavior would shift into a quantum, fuzzy reality.

Mathematics - 11.12.2023
Spheres are (almost) always packed most efficiently as sausages
Spheres are (almost) always packed most efficiently as sausages
Physical experiments and simulations offer more insight into mathematical phenomenon 'sausage catastrophe' Researchers from Utrecht University and the University of Twente have investigated the mathematical sphere packing problem through physical experiments and computer simulations. The study illustrates how a finite quantity of spheres can be packed most efficiently.

Mathematics - Physics - 07.12.2023
CEA-Leti Paper in Nature Communications Reports First Complete Memristor-Based Bayesian Neural Network Implementation For Real-World Task
Breakthrough Classifies Types of Arrhythmia Recordings With Precise Aleatoric and Epistemic Uncertainty - A team comprising CEA-Leti, CEA-List and two CNRS laboratories has published a new paper in Nature Communications presenting the first complete memristor-based Bayesian neural network implementation for a real-world task-classifying types of arrhythmia recordings with precise aleatoric and epistemic uncertainty.

Life Sciences - Mathematics - 05.12.2023
New math approach provides insight into memory formation
New math approach provides insight into memory formation
The simple activity of walking through a room jumpstarts the neurons in the human brain. An explosion of electrochemical events or "neuronal spikes" appear at various times during the action. These spikes in activity, otherwise known as action potentials, are electrical impulses that occur when neurons communicate with one another.

Astronomy / Space - Mathematics - 27.11.2023
Groundbreaking method to match celestial objects across telescopes
Groundbreaking method to match celestial objects across telescopes
New approach developed by Johns Hopkins researchers promises to improve the accuracy of celestial object matching A team of Johns Hopkins researchers has developed a cutting-edge data science approach capable of matching observations of celestial objects taken across multiple telescope surveys, overcoming a significant challenge in modern astronomy.

Mathematics - Health - 08.11.2023
Mathematicians ’thread the needle’ to improve IVF success rates
Mathematicians are using their expertise to improve IVF success rates, according to a new study. A team of researchers have redesigned the needle used in IVF procedures, helping to increase the likelihood of having a baby through this treatment. The study, published in the Journal of Biomechanics, is a culmination of five years research into fertility.

Mathematics - Computer Science - 30.10.2023
Accelerating AI tasks while preserving data security
Accelerating AI tasks while preserving data security
The SecureLoop search tool efficiently identifies secure designs for hardware that can boost the performance of complex AI tasks, while requiring less energy. With the proliferation of computationally intensive machine-learning applications, such as chatbots that perform real-time language translation, device manufacturers often incorporate specialized hardware components to rapidly move and process the massive amounts of data these systems demand.

Mathematics - 04.10.2023
Machine learning used to probe the building blocks of shapes
Applying machine learning to find the properties of atomic pieces of geometry shows how AI has the power to accelerate discoveries in maths. Mathematicians from Imperial College London and the University of Nottingham have, for the first time, used machine learning to expand and accelerate work identifying 'atomic shapes' that form the basic pieces of geometry in higher dimensions.

Mathematics - 27.09.2023
Wing-screen wipers: How self-cleaning cicadas could help us have cleaner cars
Self-cleaning cicadas could help design new tech which will make our cars cleaner, scientists say. A type of large insect known as a cicada is able to keep its wings clean of dust and dirt through a remarkable process which could be applied in modern technology. The texture of the cicada wing is unusually repellent to water - known as being "super hydrophobic".

Mathematics - 19.09.2023
Machine learning models can produce reliable results even with limited training data
Researchers have determined how to build reliable machine learning models that can understand complex equations in real-world situations while using far less training data than is normally expected.
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