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Social Sciences - 17.01.2020
Older ethnic minority adults have fewer close friends
Older adults from ethnic minority groups report having fewer close friends and fewer friends who live locally than older white people, according a new UCL study. The research, published in  Ageing & Society , found that Black and Asian adults over the age of 65 years are almost twice as likely to report having no close friends (9% and 7% respectively) compared to White and mixed or 'other' ethnicity adults of the same age (both 4%).

Environment - Social Sciences - 16.01.2020
Small change for climate change: Why research funding to save the world needs to be drastically stepped up
Small change for climate change: Why research funding to save the world needs to be drastically stepped up
Researchers from the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs and the University of Sussex analysed USD 1.3 trillion of research funding around the world. Between 1990 and 2018, less than 4.59% of the funding was spent on climate-related research. Only 0.12% of the research funding was spent on a critical issue: how to change societies to mitigate climate change.

Social Sciences - 16.01.2020
Far-right violence in Portugal draws strength from skinhead roots - study
Far-right agitators in Portugal now have different reasons to their 1970s predecessors for becoming radicalised and committing acts of political violence - a new study shows. Influenced by the international ‘skinhead' movement from the mid-1980s, current extremists drawn largely from the working classes have turned to violence to ‘protect' white Portugal and Europe against the ‘threat' posed by multi-racial and multicultural society.

Social Sciences - Health - 16.01.2020
Lifetime suicide risk factors identified
A new review of previous studies into suicide worldwide has highlighted the effects of individual and environmental risk factors over a lifetime.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 16.01.2020
#Stayathomeparents tweet anti-spanking beliefs but for some, their behaviors might differ
Stay-at-home parents are likely to tweet anti-spanking beliefs and desires, but those 280-character messages may not always convey what's happening in homes. Despite growing research that spanking leads to children's behavior problems, many parents still support the use of spanking-and among such parents are those who may turn to Twitter and present themselves in a positive manner when discussing child discipline and spanking, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Social Sciences - 15.01.2020
What puts women off bearded men?
What puts women off bearded men?
Women who find bearded men less attractive may be deterred due to their potential risk for carrying ticks, bugs and lice, according to a University of Queensland study published today. Senior author Dr Barnaby Dixson from UQ's School of Psychology said the findings suggested that when women judged men for their eligibility as a partner for short or long-term relationships, they can be discouraged by facial hair.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Wealth adds nine years to ’healthy’ life expectancy
The wealthiest men and women can expect to live an additional eight to nine years free from disability compared to people in the poorest groups, according to new UCL-led research.

Civil Engineering - Social Sciences - 14.01.2020
Street network patterns reveal worrying worldwide trend towards urban sprawl
Channels McGill University News and Events New research from McGill University and the University of California, Santa Cruz has found that the local streets of the world's cities are becoming less connected, a global trend that is driving urban sprawl and discouraging the use of public transportation.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.01.2020
Rising temperatures may cause over 2000 fatal injuries per year in the US
A 2 degrees Celsius rise in temperatures could result in around 2,100 additional deaths from injuries every year in the United States. This is the finding of research from Imperial College London , Columbia University and Harvard University , published Medicine. In the study, funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Wellcome Trust, the researchers calculated the number of additional fatal injuries that would occur in the US if temperatures rose by 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.

Social Sciences - 13.01.2020
Carnegie Mellon Leverages AI To Give Voice to the Voiceless
Hate speech countered by detecting, highlighting "help speech" Complete the following sentence: Rohingya refugees should go to - These aren't good choices, but all are sentiments that have been expressed repeatedly on social media. The Rohingyas, who began fleeing Myanmar in 2017 to avoid ethnic cleansing, are ill-equipped to defend themselves from these online attacks, but innovations from Carnegie Mellon University's Language Technologies Institute (LTI) could help counter the hate speech directed at them and other voiceless groups.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.01.2020
To fight food insecurity in Indigenous communities
To fight food insecurity in Indigenous communities
Working with communities to improve food security among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children will be the focus of a significant University of Queensland study. The three-year research project, designed in conjunction with the Apunipima Cape York Health Council and the Central Australian Aboriginal Congress , will be funded by a $2 million-plus National Health and Medical Research Council grant to UQ's School of Public Health.

Social Sciences - 07.01.2020
It's not your phone, it's you
It’s not your phone, it’s you
Stanford communication scholar Gabriella Harari finds that it's personality that influences how people use their digital devices; technology is just a medium to channel our everyday behavior, says Harari in a Q&A with Stanford News Service. Smartphones are getting a bum rap. The common perception that as people become increasingly attached to their devices they are becoming less social is just wrong, according to Stanford communication scholar Gabriella Harari.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 27.12.2019
Take part in Dry January and you'll reap the benefits for months, Sussex research shows
Take part in Dry January and you’ll reap the benefits for months, Sussex research shows
New research from the University of Sussex shows that people who take part in Dry January - living alcohol-free for a month - are still drinking less six months later. In the most robust research on the subject to date, the study, led by University of Sussex psychologist Dr Richard de Visser , compared the experiences of participants in the Dry January 2019 challenge with adult drinkers who did not take part.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 24.12.2019
Large scale feasts at ancient capital of Ulster drew crowds from across Iron Age Ireland, new evidence reveals
Large scale feasts at ancient capital of Ulster drew crowds from across Iron Age Ireland, new evidence reveals
People transported animals over huge distances for mass gatherings at one of Ireland's most iconic archaeological sites, research concludes. Dr Richard Madgwick of Cardiff University led the study, which analysed the bones of 35 animals excavated from Navan Fort, the legendary capital of Ulster. Researchers from Queen's University Belfast, Memorial University Newfoundland and the British Geological Survey were also involved in the research.

Social Sciences - 19.12.2019
Caring for mates not number of beers is responsible drinking
As the Christmas party season gears up, new research from The ANU has found Australians don't know, and 'wildly underestimate' guidelines for responsible drinking. Despite this, Australians felt a deep sense of social responsibility to others when drinking and uniformly cited drink driving as the ultimate act of irresponsible drinking.

Social Sciences - 19.12.2019
Theatre and museum trips linked to living longer
Older people who engage with the arts live longer than those who take part infrequently or not at all, according to UCL research. The study, published today in the BMJ , measured engagement in the 'receptive arts' such as going to the theatre, concerts, opera, museums, art galleries and exhibitions, and linked this to mortality.

Religions - Social Sciences - 19.12.2019
Can religion be explained by brain wiring? The faithful say no
Can religion be explained by brain wiring? The faithful say no
HOUSTON - (Dec. 19, 2019) - Is there a "God spot” in the brain that determines whether you're hardwired to be religious' New research from Rice University finds that nonbelievers are more likely than the faithful to think that's true. "Can Religiosity Be Explained by 'Brain Wiring'- An Analysis of U.S. Adults' Opinions” builds on significant literature about neurotheology , or the connection between religion and the mind.

Social Sciences - Environment - 18.12.2019
Depression and suicide risk linked to air pollution
People exposed to higher levels of air pollution are more likely to experience depression or die by suicide, finds a new analysis led by UCL. The first systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence connecting air pollution and a range of mental health problems, published in Environmental Health Perspectives , reviewed study data from 16 countries.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 18.12.2019
Grant will allow U-M researchers to study how poverty affects the brain
Grant will allow U-M researchers to study how poverty affects the brain
Researchers know that adversity-especially poverty-related adversity-increases the risk for anxiety and depression. Now, University of Michigan researchers have won a $6.7 million grant to study how poverty-related adversity might affect the development of threat and reward systems in the brain, and how that developmental process might increase the risk for people to develop anxiety and depression.

Social Sciences - 18.12.2019
Meerkat mobs do ’war dance’ to protect territory
Meerkat clans perform a 'war dance' to frighten opponents and protect their territory, according to a new UCL and University of Cambridge study. The study, published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B , is the first empirical study to reveal intergroup aggression. The researchers, who monitored hundreds of these intergroup encounters over 11 years, show that meetings between meerkat clans often turn aggressive and sometimes escalate to fighting and lethal violence.
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