Social Sciences

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Health - Social Sciences - 25.01.2022
Northerners’ hearing likely to be worse than Southerners
Northerners over 50 have a 13.5% higher prevalence of hearing loss than Southerners in England, reveal University of Manchester researchers. They examined socio-spatial patterns of hearing health among older adults in England, using objective hearing data of 8,263 participants aged 50-89 years old from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA).

Social Sciences - 24.01.2022
Cracking Chimpanzee Culture
Cracking Chimpanzee Culture
Chimpanzees don-t automatically know what to do when they come across nuts and stones. Researchers at the University of Zurich have now used field experiments to show that chimpanzees thus do not simply invent nut cracking with tools, but need to learn such complex cultural behaviors from others. Their culture is therefore more similar to human culture than often assumed.

Social Sciences - Innovation - 20.01.2022
A new digital gap in internet usage between rich and poor people has been detected
Social networks are used more often in poor neighbourhoods than in affluent neighbourhoods, while the latter tend to consume more information from traditional online media. This is one of the conclusions of a scientific study undertaken by researchers at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the IMDEA Networks Institute, and Orange Innovation which analyses the relationship between internet usage and variables such as education, income, or inequality in a specific area.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.01.2022
Review highlights risk factors associated with violence in schizophrenia
Review highlights risk factors associated with violence in schizophrenia
Researchers at Oxford University's Department of Psychiatry have found that people with schizophrenia and related disorders are at higher-than-average risk of perpetrating violence, but that the overall risk remains low (less than 1 in 20 in women, and less than 1 in 4 for men over a 35-year period for violent arrests and crimes).

Social Sciences - 19.01.2022
High-need older adults in stepfamilies less likely to receive help from children
High-need older adults in stepfamilies less likely to receive help from children
As people age and require more care, their partners or adult children are often their front line of caretakers. But as divorce has become more common among older adults, University of Michigan researchers sought to understand the role of stepchildren in providing care for their aging stepparents. The researchers, led by family demographer Sarah Patterson , found what they refer to as a "step gap-that is, older adults in need of care with only biological children are more than twice as likely to be cared for by their adult children than older adults with any stepchildren.

Social Sciences - 13.01.2022
Greenspace outside prison walls has a positive effect on prisoner wellbeing
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email Prisoners who are incarcerated in buildings located in green areas are less likely to engage in self-harming or violent behaviours, new research shows. According to a study by researchers at the Universities of Birmingham and Utrecht, green areas outside prisons can have a positive effect on wellbeing, alongside the proven positive effects of greenspace inside the prison walls.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.01.2022
New article on evidence and literature around COVID-19 and water demand
COVID-19 has had unprecedented impacts across the international community, with complex and far-reaching consequences. Measures to prevent transmission have led to substantial changes to everyday life, with lock-downs, stay-at-home orders and guidance lead This movement of activity has had profound impacts on daily practices, affecting the consumption of resources including water.

Health - Social Sciences - 12.01.2022
Water determines health, skeleton research shows
VUB research shows that living close to wetlands increases risk of diseases such as malaria or pulmonary infections such as possible Tuberculosis Wednesday, January 12, 2022 — For her PhD at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and the University of Sheffield, Dr. Marit Van Cant studied medieval to early modern skeletal populations from six archaeological sites in Flanders.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.01.2022
Simple screening for common lung disease could relieve millions globally
The global burden of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), a group of common lung conditions that affects more than 300* million people, could be significantly reduced with a simple health assessment, concludes a large-scale international study led by UCL researchers. COPD includes serious lung conditions, such as emphysema and chronic bronchitis, and is the world's third leading cause of morbidity with more than three million deaths a year.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 11.01.2022
Having kids at home may reduce pandemic depression
Kids have struggled throughout the pandemic-from attending school by Zoom video conferencing to quarantining from family and friends-but surprisingly having children at home may help adults feel less distressed. According to a new University of Michigan study, adults in households with children have fewer mental health problems than other adults living without kids.

Social Sciences - Environment - 10.01.2022
Roles, responsibilities and capacities: Theorizing space, social practice, and the relational constitution of energy demand in and beyond Manchester
In a new journal article Dr Torik Holmes introduces a novel relational-space-inspired approach for exploring how cities become energy demanding sites over time. Urban energy transitions have increasingly formed a central topic of research over the past two decades. This is, in part, because 'modern urbanised societies are massively dependent on energy' - cities are understood to account for close to '75% of global carbon dioxide emissions and 75% of energy consumption'.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.01.2022
Study sheds new light on postgraduate researchers’ wellbeing
Postgraduate researchers at UK universities suffer from high rates of mental ill-health, with female, non-binary and LGBTQ+ communities faring particularly badly, new research suggests. The findings, published in the journal Current Psychology , are drawn from a survey of 479 postgraduate researchers (PGRs) working at 48 UK universities.

Social Sciences - 07.01.2022
Celebrities are more protected from cyberabuse than ordinary people due to their attractiveness
Celebrities and famous people are seen as more "attractive" which helps to protect them much more than ordinary people when they are cyberabused, new research has revealed. While being a celebrity doesn't make them immune from the cyberbullies, when they do become targets of the trolls these incidents were seen as much more severe than those involving other people.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 07.01.2022
Tracing the origins of human remains from colonial contexts
Tracing the origins of human remains from colonial contexts
University of Jena working group on colonialism with new personal and further publication on legacy of colonialism Proforma invoice from the Umlauff company dated 14.1.1908 to Ernst Haeckel. His selection can be traced via the two blue coats of paint on the right-hand edge of the invoice. Image: Archiv/Ernst-Haeckel-Haus A scalp from Namibia and skulls from Tanzania and Papua New Guinea: these are examples of human remains from University of Jena collections that found their way to Germany during the colonial period.

Social Sciences - Health - 07.01.2022
Smokers become lonelier than non-smokers as they get older
Smokers become lonelier than non-smokers as they get older
Smokers may become more socially isolated and lonely than non-smokers as they get older, according to a new study co-led by UCL researchers that suggests the idea of smoking as a sociable pastime may be a myth. Previous research has found that people who are isolated and lonely are more likely to smoke.

Social Sciences - Environment - 06.01.2022
Indigenous communities face a higher risk of socioeconomic vulnerability due to flooding
Preparing for an online start to the winter term: for more information. Pre-existing socioeconomic vulnerability of Indigenous communities often due to colonial policies Indigenous communities are at higher risk of hardship from climate-change-caused flooding because of pre-existing socioeconomic vulnerability, a new study shows.

Social Sciences - Health - 05.01.2022
Cannabis Use Since Adolescence Linked to Increased Unemployment Risk in Adulthood
Among the 17.1 million young Europeans who declared having used cannabis in the previous year, 10 million were between the ages of 15 and 24. © Unsplash France has one of the world's highest levels of cannabis use, with around 40% of 17-year-olds reported to have used it in the previous year.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 03.01.2022
When Mom Talks, Are Infants with ASD Listening?
Baby talk- isn-t just cute gibberish, it-s an innate form of early communication and bonding, but in infants and toddlers with autism, research suggests their brains often don-t tune in Motherese is a form of simplified, exaggerated melodic speech that parents use to communicate with newborns and young toddlers.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 22.12.2021
World's oldest family tree provides new insights into kinship and burial practices in Neolithic times
World’s oldest family tree provides new insights into kinship and burial practices in Neolithic times
By analyzing ancient DNA an international team of scientists with participation of Ron Pinhasi's team of the University of Vienna was able to retrace the world's oldest family tree. They took samples from a Neolithic tomb in Britain. In their study published they reveal undiscovered information about the structure of prehistoric families.

Social Sciences - 21.12.2021
Relationship satisfaction at its lowest point after 10 years
Relationship satisfaction at its lowest point after 10 years
For most people, satisfaction in a relationship changes over time. Researchers at the Institute of Psychology, University of Bern have, for the first time, managed to identify typical developmental trajectories, both over a person's life span and over the duration of a relationship. The study shows that average satisfaction in a relationship is at its lowest at the age of 40 and after 10 years of being in a relationship.
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