Social Sciences

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Health - Social Sciences - 27.03.2020
What the Ebola outbreak could teach us about how to contain the novel coronavirus
A new research paper examining the 2014-15 Ebola outbreak in Africa could hold crucial insights for policymakers grappling with the novel coronavirus pandemic — namely, the importance of public engagement and trust during health crises. The study (PDF), co-authored by Darin Christensen, assistant professor of public policy in the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs, shows that where people lack confidence in their health providers, they are less likely to seek testing and treatment when they feel sick.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.03.2020
Opinion: why we need to consult engineers as well as scientists for solutions
Dr Adam Cooper (UCL STEaPP) argues that the current response to Covid-19 coronavirus would be improved if the expertise of engineers was better utilised. The coronavirus outbreak has shone a bright light on the use of experts and scientific advice. In the UK the prime minister, Boris Johnson, is flanked by his chief scientist and chief medical officer when giving updates about his response to the outbreak - emphasising that it is driven by scientific advice.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.03.2020
Repeat offenders’ lifestyles ’may put them at higher risk of coronavirus’
The “impulsive and risk-taking” lifestyles of repeat offenders means they are likely to be at higher risk of catching - and spreading - coronavirus, a leading criminologist suggests. Working with criminologists at Cambridge University, Professor Jonathan Shepherd, a surgeon and Cardiff University criminologist, found clear links between anti-social lifestyles and poor health.

Social Sciences - 23.03.2020
Teens who are bullied struggle with long-term mental health issues
Bullying can make life miserable in the short term for teens, but its impact can also linger into young adulthood, says a University of Michigan researcher. Much is known about the negative effects of bullying, ranging from depression to poor performance in school, but a new study indicates that bullied teens can suffer long-term mental health problems that last into early adulthood.

Social Sciences - 23.03.2020
Are Victorians afraid of crime?
While intense and frequent concern about crime is rare, a survey of nearly 3000 people from across the state reveals online harassment is the chief source of this kind of angst. New figures have revealed the types of crime many Victorians are most worried about and how social activities - like talking with neighbours or joining a community group - can make people feel significantly safer.

Social Sciences - 20.03.2020
How digital humanities can help in a pandemic
With the onset of the COVID-19 outbreak, there is a race against the clock to implement science-based measures to protect society's most vulnerable populations. Public engagement with data has never been more urgent, and as EPFL professor Robert West explains, digital humanities research has a key role to play.

Social Sciences - 18.03.2020
How people investigate - or don't - fake news on Twitter and Facebook
How people investigate - or don’t - fake news on Twitter and Facebook
Social media platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter, provide people with a lot of information, but it's getting harder and harder to tell what's real and what's not. Researchers at the University of Washington wanted to know how people investigated potentially suspicious posts on their own feeds. The team watched 25 participants scroll through their Facebook or Twitter feeds while, unbeknownst to them, a Google Chrome extension randomly added debunked content on top of some of the real posts.

Social Sciences - Administration - 16.03.2020
Babies love baby talk, all the world over
Stanford psychologist Michael Frank and collaborators conducted the largest ever experimental study of baby talk and found that infants respond better to baby talk versus normal adult chatter. Babies love baby talk all over the world, says Michael Frank , the Stanford psychologist behind the largest study to date looking at how infants from across the world respond to the different ways adults speak.

Social Sciences - 11.03.2020
Baboon mothers carry their dead infant up to ten days
Baboon mothers living in the wild carry dead infants for up to ten days, according to a new study led by UCL and Université de Montpellier. The research, published in Royal Society Open Science , is the most extensive study on baboons, reporting on 12 cases of group responses to infants' deaths, including a miscarriage and two stillbirths, recorded over 13 years in wild Namibian chacma baboons.

Social Sciences - 11.03.2020
Are non-smoking young adults who use e-cigarettes more likely to smoke in the future?
Researchers from the University of Bristol's Tobacco and Alcohol Research Group (TARG), with support from Bristol's MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (IEU) and the NIHR Bristol Biomedical Research Centre (BRC), combined the results of 17 studies to investigate whether e-cigarette use compared to non-use in young non-smokers is associated with subsequent cigarette smoking.

Health - Social Sciences - 10.03.2020
Dramatic increase in bowel cancer in young adults in England
Using NHS patient data from the last 40 years, the research led by Adam Chambers at the University of Bristol and UH Bristol , looked at more than 55,000 cases of colorectal (bowel) cancer over 40 years in England. Adam Chambers, Honorary Senior Research Associate in the School of Cellular and Molecular Medicine at the University of Bristol and Colorectal Registrar at UH Bristol , said: "Age has always been a major risk factor for bowel cancer, with the majority of cases being diagnosed in patients over 60 and therefore bowel cancer screening has focused on older age groups.

Health - Social Sciences - 05.03.2020
The harmful effects of stress during pregnancy can last a lifetime
Mice exposed to stress in the womb and soon after birth can expect a lifetime of immune system deficiencies that hinder the ability to ward off infections and cancer, Yale University researchers report March 5 in the journal Cell. In a new study, they tracked a lifetime of physiological changes experienced by mice given a liquid solution containing the stress hormone glucocorticoid while in the womb or soon after birth.

Social Sciences - 04.03.2020
Intuitive eating during teenage years linked to better mental health and eating behaviors in adulthood
Some researchers suspect that encouraging people to practice intuitive eating, defined as consuming food based on feelings of hunger and fullness rather than following a restrictive diet, could lead to greater psychological well-being. Researchers with the University of Minnesota School of Public Health (SPH) recently took a closer look at this relationship and found that people who ate intuitively as teens were less likely to experience depression, disordered eating, and other related issues as adults.

Social Sciences - Health - 03.03.2020
Minorities’ higher psychosis risk linked to cultural distance from majority
Social inequalities and language differences could be responsible for the higher psychosis risk in ethnic minority groups, finds a UCL-led study. The researchers say their findings, published today in Psychological Medicine , might reflect the impact of being more marginalised from mainstream society.

Social Sciences - Health - 03.03.2020
Hunter gatherers facilitated a cultural revolution through small social networks
Hunter-gatherer ancestors, from around 300,000 years ago, facilitated a cultural revolution by developing ideas in small social networks, and regularly drawing on knowledge from neighbouring camps, suggests a new study by UCL and University of Zurich. The study, published in Science Advances , mapped close-range social interactions of Agta hunter-gatherers in the Philippines using radio sensor technology to record close range interactions between individuals every hour for one month.

Business / Economics - Social Sciences - 03.03.2020
The case for economics - by the numbers
The case for economics - by the numbers
A multidecade study shows economics increasingly overlaps with other disciplines, and has become more empirical in nature. In recent years, criticism has been levelled at economics for being insular and unconcerned about real-world problems. But a new study led by MIT scholars finds the field increasingly overlaps with the work of other disciplines, and, in a related development, has become more empirical and data-driven, while producing less work of pure theory.

Social Sciences - 02.03.2020
The catch to putting warning labels on fake news
The catch to putting warning labels on fake news
Study finds disclaimers on some false news stories make people more readily believe other false stories. After the 2016 U.S. presidential election, Facebook began putting warning tags on news stories fact-checkers judged to be false. But there's a catch: Tagging some stories as false makes readers more willing to believe other stories and share them with friends, even if those additional, untagged stories also turn out to be false.

Social Sciences - Innovation - 28.02.2020
Hunter-Gatherer Networks Accelerated Human Evolution
Hunter-Gatherer Networks Accelerated Human Evolution
Humans began developing a complex culture as early as the Stone Age. This development was brought about by social interactions between various groups of hunters and gatherers, a UZH study has now confirmed. The researchers mapped the social networks of present-day hunter-gatherers in the Philippines and simulated the discovery of a medicinal plant product.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.02.2020
Major studies to explore the use of mobile phones on health
Researchers are leading extensive studies into the health impacts of mobile phone use. Professor Paul Elliott, Chair in Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine at Imperial College London, is leading two studies to investigate whether there is a link between the use of mobile phones and long-term health problems in adults and adolescents.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.02.2020
Mobile phone use triggers frequent headaches and lack of sleep
Extensive use of mobile phone is linked to increased headaches and poor sleep, says an Imperial expert. Professor Paul Elliott, Chair in Epidemiology and Public Health Medicine at Imperial College London, is leading two studies to investigate whether there is a link between the use of mobile phones and long-term health problems in adults and adolescents.
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