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Health - Social Sciences - 21.09.2020
Children’s immune response more effective against COVID-19
Children and adults exhibit distinct immune system responses to infection by the virus that causes COVID-19, a finding that helps explain why COVID-19 outcomes tend to be much worse in adults, researchers from Yale and Albert Einstein College of Medicine report Sept. 18 Translational Medicine. A widespread and dangerous immune response to the virus has been linked to acute respiratory distress syndrome, the need for ventilation, and increased mortality in adults with COVID-19.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.09.2020
What we know about COVID-19 and kids
It's unusual that a virus would be less severe in children than it is in adults. But when it comes to COVID-19, kids make up just a small percentage of severe cases. Yale researchers are working to understand why that is. Their discoveries can help guide understanding of the virus and possible treatment options.

Social Sciences - Campus - 21.09.2020
Homicides near schools affect students’ educational outcomes says new study
Homicides near schools negatively impact on the educational attainment of children, a new study in the Journal of Labor Economics reports. During this unique study, researchers from the University of Birmingham and University of Surrey investigated if exposure to homicides had an impact on the educational outcomes of children in schools close by.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 18.09.2020
What plants were smoked in pre-colonial North America? Ancient pipes hold clues
In a groundbreaking new study, a University of Chicago researcher used metabolomics-a big-data approach to study small molecules called metabolites-to uncover the relationship between plants and people before and after European colonization of North America. Collaborating with colleagues at Washington State University, UChicago postdoctoral researcher Korey Brownstein used the approach to study the differences between closely related plant species found in ancient pipes.

Social Sciences - Law - 18.09.2020
Survey explores impact of technology-facilitated abuse
A study is under way to investigate how ‘smart' devices may be helping to facilitate domestic abuse in Australia and the United Kingdom. A team from The University of Queensland , Queensland University of Technology and University College London is examining how domestic and sexual violence survivors are being impacted by Internet of Things (IoT) technology, which enables everyday devices to collect, send and receive data.

Social Sciences - 17.09.2020
Are people who vote healthier than those who don’t?
"We found differences in voting by health and neighborhood factors that suggest that people who vote are healthier, have better access to health care and live in more cohesive and safer neighborhoods," the researchers said. Shutterstock/Yanysi4ek "We found differences in voting by health and neighborhood factors that suggest that people who vote are healthier, have better access to health care and live in more cohesive and safer neighborhoods," the researchers said.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 17.09.2020
Raids and bloody rituals among ancient steppe nomads
Raids and bloody rituals among ancient steppe nomads
Traces of violence on 1700 year old skeletons allow researchers to reconstruct warfare and sacrifices of nomads in Siberia. An international and interdisciplinary team of anthropologists, archaeologists and specialists in forensics sciences led by Marco Milella from the University of Bern performed a detailed and revealing analysis of the traumas found on the skeletal remains.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 17.09.2020
Child neglect linked to teen pregnancy
Children who experience neglect are seven times more likely than other abuse victims to have a teen pregnancy say University of Queensland researchers. A study of the long-term impact of child abuse and neglect found that neglect was one of the most severe types of maltreatment when compared to emotional, sexual and physical abuse.

Social Sciences - Pharmacology - 14.09.2020
Dramatic increases in vaping marijuana, nicotine among US college students, young adults
Vaping marijuana and vaping nicotine have increased dramatically among 19-to-22-year-olds, with both more than doubling between 2017 and 2019, according to the University of Michigan's annual U.S. national Monitoring the Future Panel Study. In addition, use of marijuana in any form in 2019 among young adults was at or near the highest levels seen over the past four decades.

Chemistry - Social Sciences - 11.09.2020
To recreate ancient recipes, check out the vestiges of clay pots
The residue in these seven La Chamba pots retained evidence of all the meals prepared in them. (Photo courtesy of Melanie Miller) If you happen to dig up an ancient ceramic cooking pot, don't clean it. Chances are, it contains the culinary secrets of the past. A research team led by UC Berkeley archaeologists has discovered that unglazed ceramic cookware can retain the residue of not just the last supper cooked, but, potentially, earlier dishes cooked across a pot's lifetime, opening a window onto the past.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.09.2020
Testing the deceased could provide additional surveillance methods during pandemic
Testing for the coronavirus on those who have died could supplement other forms of surveillance and serve as a possible early outbreak warning sign, say University of Michigan researchers. "This kind of surveillance could be really useful and serve as an inexpensive testing method, especially in urban areas,” said Andrew Brouwer, an assistant research scientist at U-M's School of Public Health.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.09.2020
How can we get pupils and staff back-to-school safely during COVID-19?
Ensuring pupils and staff stay safe when they return to school this autumn is a major challenge because there is very little scientific evidence on the incidence and transmission of COVID-19 within schools. A ground-breaking research project will test whether 5,000 staff and pupils have active or past COVID-19 infection, develop systems to help schools prevent and cope with an outbreak and assess strategies to support the mental wellbeing of the school community now and moving forward.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.09.2020
Lockdowns increase domestic violence and potential harm to fetuses
The coronavirus pandemic is exacerbating domestic violence, particularly among low-income families. Research by Maya Rossin-Slater finds that babies born to mothers who experience an assault during pregnancy are more likely to weigh much less and be born prematurely - resulting in long-term deficits in health and well-being.

Social Sciences - 04.09.2020
Five years later: the Balkan route of 2015 was an exception
Research report led by Göttingen University reconstructs the Balkan route based on the experience of 500 refugees The research report -Border Experiences and Practices of Refugees - by the EU project -Multi-level Governance of Mass Migration in Europe and beyond ( RESPOND) - provides a unique documentation of the experiences of refugee-migrants with the borders of Europe.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 04.09.2020
Indonesia’s coastal communities shoulder the impacts of ocean plastic
The urgency of reducing single-use plastic in global supply chains has been highlighted by a University of Queensland study in collaboration with the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. UQ Business School researcher Dr Anna Phelan said the social and economic costs of plastic waste were often borne by coastal communities with limited waste management rather than by producers and manufacturers.

Social Sciences - Health - 03.09.2020
SURF Study Explores the Question: What Makes Someone Attractive?
Dominique Powell aims to make research related to partner selection more inclusive Dominique Powell wants to broaden the understanding of what a person looks for in a mate, in particular when it comes to gender and sexual minorities. "My research seeks to include the LGBTQIA+ community in conversation about how people pick partners," said Powell, who is a senior in biological sciences and biopsychology at Carnegie Mellon University.

Social Sciences - Religions - 01.09.2020
Scriptures rarely a significant motivating factor behind violence, say researchers
Scriptures rarely a significant motivating factor behind violence, say researchers
Many people misunderstand the relationship between religion, scripture and violence, a new book argues. Some people worry that scriptures such as the Qur'an and the Bible fan the flames of violence in the world today, while others insist that they are inherently peaceful. According to an international team of researchers, the reality may be more complicated than either set of people think.

Social Sciences - Health - 01.09.2020
Endometriosis more common in teenage girls than previously thought
Teenage girls are just as likely to suffer with endometriosis as adult women, a finding which UCL and University of Birmingham researchers say is surprising and could help doctors provide better treatments for younger patients. Endometriosis is a debilitating condition, caused by excessive growth of the womb's tissue lining, which presents with pain in the lower abdomen, typically around the time of a period.

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 01.09.2020
Radiocarbon dating and CT scans reveal Bronze Age tradition of keeping human remains
Radiocarbon dating and CT scans reveal Bronze Age tradition of keeping human remains
Using radiocarbon dating and CT scanning to study ancient bones, researchers have uncovered for the first time a Bronze Age tradition of retaining and curating human remains as relics over several generations. While the findings, led by the University of Bristol and published in the journal Antiquity , may seem eerie or even gruesome by today's convention, they indicate a tangible way of honouring and remembering known individuals between close communities and generations some 4,500 years ago.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.08.2020
Nursery-based cooking programme reduces food fussiness in young children
Children aged three to fiveyears-old involved in a nursery-based cooking skills the Big Chef Little Chef (BCLC) programme were found to be less fussy and more willing to try green vegetables at the end of the study. The results of this quasi-experimental study evaluated by the University of Glasgow and published in the journal Nutrients - found that that there was a significant increase in willingness to try green vegetables, indicating the potential success of programmes such as Big Chef Little Chef (BCLC) to have positive effects on preschool children's diet and eating behaviours.
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