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Social Sciences - Health - 29.06.2022
Low-income Canadians are nearly four times more likely to die from opioids than the rich
New study is the first to examine the connection between socioeconomic status and opioid incidents in Canada  By A new study reveals a connection between poverty and opioid-related hospitalization, emergency department visits and deaths in Canada. From 2000 to 2017, Canada's poorest residents were 3.8 times more likely to die of opioid-related causes than Canada's richest residents.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 28.06.2022
Association of children conceived via infertility treatments with school and mental health outcomes
Children conceived through medically assisted reproduction (MAR) fare better at school but are slightly more likely to have mental health problems by their late teens, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL and the University of Helsinki. The researchers say the correlation for mental health is  only  observed when the social demographics of children's families are taken into account, and that there is  no  evidence to suggest the MAR treatment itself is the source of association for mental health.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 27.06.2022
Calls for mental health of both parents to be considered during the perinatal period
Calls for mental health of both parents to be considered during the perinatal period
Perinatal mood disorders such as postnatal depression and perinatal anxiety, may affect both mothers and fathers simultaneously, finds a new systematic review and meta-analysis* led by UCL researchers. Around 3 in 100 couples (3.18%) were found to both suffer from late postnatal depression, which occurs three to 12 months after a child is born.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.06.2022
Mosquito-repellent paint? Researchers say slippery walls make it difficult for the biting insects to rest
Mosquito-repellent paint? Researchers say slippery walls make it difficult for the biting insects to rest
As the planet warms, outbreaks of mosquito-borne diseases are becoming more common around the world. Traditional solutions include bed nets or chemical treatment - but researchers at the University of Toronto's Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering are trying a new angle: mosquito-repellent paint.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 22.06.2022
Tweeting a Help Wanted Sign
CMU research shows Twitter drives popularity, contributors to open-source software Want to be popular with lots of friends? Get out there and tweet. That advice holds true for open-source software projects as well, according to a new study from researchers in the Carnegie Mellon University School of Computer Science.

Economics / Business - Social Sciences - 21.06.2022
Study Suggests People Hurt Other People to Signal Their Own Goodness
Research from UC San Diego's Rady School of Management seeks to understand how incentives may help prevent violence Findings from a new University of California San Diego Rady School of Management study reveal people often hurt others because in their mind, it is morally right or even obligatory to be violent and as a result, they do not respond rationally to material benefits.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.06.2022
The economic effects of Cannabis in Switzerland
The economic effects of Cannabis in Switzerland
A study conducted by the UNIGE and the consulting firm EBP reveals that the entire Cannabis system in Switzerland generates an annual turnover of one billion francs. Cannabis generates an annual turnover of around one billion Swiss Francs. This sum does not only contain production, import and trade in the shadow economy but also legal economic activity such as policing, the judicial system, social work and healthcare.

Social Sciences - 16.06.2022
Removing benefits for young people doesn't work
Removing benefits for young people doesn’t work
Young people are entitled to an allowance for one year after their studies. The aim is to encourage them to look for work and not to leave school prematurely. Researchers from UGent and UCLouvain have examined whether this objective is achieved. Most young people who do not find a job after their studies are entitled to an unemployment benefit, called the insertion allowance, one year after they finish their studies.

Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 16.06.2022
New nano-gel to protect children receiving chemotherapy from hearing loss
Curtin researchers will test a new nano-gel they have created to protect children receiving chemotherapy treatment from the common side effect of hearing loss, as part of a new project with Ear Science Institute Australia and supported by funding from the Channel 7 Telethon Trust. Lead researcher Associate Professor Hani Al-Salami, from the Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute (CHIRI) based at Curtin University, said 90 per cent of children survive cancer but about half will have some degree of permanent hearing due to toxic effects of chemotherapy drugs.

Politics - Social Sciences - 16.06.2022
When Parenting Style Predicts Political Leanings
A new study finds parenting styles are a strong indicator for how people think about a wide range of social issues, from education to elder care Parenting style - helicopter parenting (disciplinarian) versus free-range explorer (nurturing) - may be a key to the country's political future. A new study out of Carnegie Mellon University has found a person's parenting style tips their hand to the adoption of future government policies across a wide range of social issues, including education, elder care and medicine.

Career - Social Sciences - 16.06.2022
Privileges confirmed for straight white men working in STEM
A new study that considered multiple aspects including sexual identity and disabilities confirms a long-held belief: White, heterosexual men without disabilities are privileged in STEM careers. Study: The Intersectional Privilege of White Able-Bodied Heterosexual Men in STEM The University of Michigan study of 25,300 professionals in science, technology, engineering and math shows that this segment experiences better treatment and rewards than members of 31 other categories by gender, race, LGBTQ+ status and disability status.

Economics / Business - Social Sciences - 15.06.2022
Vigilantes seeking justice can also spell trouble for workplaces
Vigilantes seeking justice can also spell trouble for workplaces
Q&As Collins Maina Vigilantes are known for taking matters into their own hands to informally punish misbehaviour, and a new collaborative study finds they may pose a challenge to businesses and workplaces. The study , co-authored by UBC Sauder School of Business Karl Aquino ( he/him ), looks into what makes vigilantes tick.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.06.2022
Most male suicides in U.S. show no link to mental health issues
A majority of American men who die by suicide don't have any known history of mental health problems, according to new research by UCLA professor Mark Kaplan and colleagues. "What's striking about our study is the conspicuous absence of standard psychiatric markers of suicidality among a large number of males of all ages who die by suicide," said Kaplan, a professor of social welfare at the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs.

Social Sciences - Environment - 13.06.2022
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
As the climate crisis leads to more intense and more frequent extreme weather and climate-related events, this in turn risks increasing the amount of gender-based violence experienced by women, girls, and sexual and gender minorities, say researchers.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 09.06.2022
Prehistoric Swiss Army knife indicates early humans communicated
Prehistoric Swiss Army knife indicates early humans communicated
Archaeologists have found that a tool, dubbed the "stone Swiss Army knife" of prehistory, was made to look the same in enormous numbers across great distances and multiple biomes in southern Africa. This indicates early humans were sharing information and communicating with one another.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 08.06.2022
Social isolation may impact brain volume in regions linked to higher risk of dementia
Social isolation may impact brain volume in regions linked to higher risk of dementia
Social isolation is linked to lower brain volume in areas related to cognition and a higher risk of dementia, according to research published today in Neurology. The study found that social isolation was linked to a 26% increased risk of dementia, separately from risk factors like depression and loneliness.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 03.06.2022
Crowdsourcing to combat child abuse
Monash University experts are calling for people to contribute to a world first ethically-sourced and managed image bank for research to combat child exploitation. The project is an initiative of the AiLECS Lab - a collaboration between Monash University's Faculty of Information Technology and the Australian Federal Police - which develops artificial intelligence (AI) technologies that aid law enforcement and enhance community safety.

Social Sciences - 02.06.2022
Physical abuse less likely when spanking is eliminated
When parents in countries worldwide use spanking as a behavior deterrent, their children are more likely to become a victim of physical abuse, say University of Michigan researchers. Study: The association between spanking and physical abuse of young children in 56 lowand middle-income countries A new U-M study analyzed the connection between spanking and physical abuse in 56 lowand middle-income countries, as well as examined the extent to which physical abuse might be reduced if spanking were eliminated.

Social Sciences - Health - 01.06.2022
People lifting weights to look good risk reverse anorexia
People lifting weights to look good risk reverse anorexia
Research from The University of Queensland has found people lifting weights for aesthetic reasons run the risk of developing muscle dysmorphia. Also called 'reverse anorexia' or 'bigorexia', muscle dysmorphia is characterised by obsessive thoughts, compulsive behaviours and body image distortion, with sufferers seeing themselves as smaller than they are.

Environment - Social Sciences - 01.06.2022
Input from those affected by environmental burdens must be incorporated into environmental justice tools
Because environmental justice screening tools will affect community members impacted by disproportionate environmental burdens, soliciting input from the environmental justice community is crucial to developing and using screening tools, according to a new study from the University of Michigan.
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