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Medicine / Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 18.06.2018
Everything big data claims to know about you could be wrong
Everything big data claims to know about you could be wrong
When it comes to understanding what makes people tick - and get sick - medical science has long assumed that the bigger the sample of human subjects, the better. But new research led by UC Berkeley suggests this big-data approach may be wildly off the mark. That's largely because emotions, behavior and physiology vary markedly from one person to the next and one moment to the next.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 15.06.2018
To share or not to share?
To share or not to share?
When are primary school children willing to share valuable resources with others and when are they not? A team of researchers from the University of Vienna lead by cognitive biologist Lisa Horn investigated this question in a controlled behavioural experiment. The motivation to share seems to be influenced by group dynamical and physiological factors, whereas friendship between the children seems to be largely irrelevant.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 13.06.2018
What does it mean to be moved by love?
What does it mean to be moved by love?
UCLA and University of Oslo researchers define the sensations associated with the emotion of 'kama muta' Jessica Wolf Researchers from UCLA and the University of Oslo have documented a complex but universally felt emotion they call kama muta — a Sanskrit term that means “moved by love.” For the past five years they have documented the physical sensations people report when they feel kama muta, and what kind of events, images and experiences bring it about.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 13.06.2018
Healthcare professionals get new guidance on how to talk to people living with dementia
Experts at the University of Nottingham have developed a new training course for healthcare professionals to help them communicate more effectively with patients living with dementia. Around one-quarter of hospital beds are occupied by people with dementia, many of whom have problems communicating and often don't understand the requests being asked of them.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 07.06.2018
Individual
Individual "Names" Reveal Complex Relationships in Male Bottlenose Dolphins
Dolphins are intelligent creatures that communicate with high-frequency whistles and are capable of forming strong relationships. Within their population, male dolphins enter into complex, multi-level alliances ranging from intense, lifelong friendships to loose groups. For example, during the mating season two or three males will join forces to separate a female from the group, mate with her, and fend off rivals, or even “steal” females from other groups.

Social Sciences - 07.06.2018
Bad news becomes hysteria in crowds, new research shows
News stories about potential threats become more negative, inaccurate and hysterical when passed from person to person - new University of Warwick research finds Even drawing the public's attention to balanced, neutral facts does not calm this hysteria "The more people share information, the more negative it becomes, the further it gets from the facts, and the more resistant it becomes to correction" - Professor Thomas Hills News stories about t

Social Sciences - 06.06.2018
Male Vervet Monkeys Use Punishment and Coercion to De-Escalate Intergroup Fights
Male Vervet Monkeys Use Punishment and Coercion to De-Escalate Intergroup Fights
Social species engage in a number of cooperative activities including hunting, raising offspring, defending the group against predators, and fighting with neighboring groups.

Law / Forensics - Social Sciences - 04.06.2018
Call for papers Journal for Law, Social Justice and Global Development
Inleiding: LGD is an international, peer reviewed, multidisciplinary journal and has historically carried articles which cover a range of perspectives and approaches. It has a particular focus on encouraging scholars from the Global South to submit papers. The Journal of Law, Social Justice and Global Development is an international, peer reviewed, multidisciplinary journal.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 04.06.2018
Marriage equality votes a key to LGB health disadvantage
UQ research has revealed that lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) Australians suffer more health problems in areas where most people voted against same-sex marriage. The study - among the first of its kind conducted outside the US - linked HILDA Survey data from 15,000 people to electorate level same-sex marriage postal vote results.

Social Sciences - Medicine / Pharmacology - 01.06.2018
Older men with higher levels of sex hormones could be less religious
New research indicates that the amount of testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) in a man's body may influence how religious he is The level of sex hormones such as testosterone in a man's body could influence his religiosity. A new study by Aniruddha Das of McGill University in the Springer journal  Adaptive Human Behavior and Physiology  adds to the growing body of evidence that religiosity is influenced not only by upbringing or psychological makeup, but that physiological factors could also play a role.

Social Sciences - 31.05.2018
Poorer sexual health outcomes for young people in care
Young people in foster care in Wales experience poorer sexual health outcomes, research at Cardiff University has found. Dr Louise Roberts, based in the School of Social Sciences, led on the research paper, which was a collaboration between the Centre for the Development and Evaluation of Complex Interventions for Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer) and the Children's Social Care Research and Development Centre (CASCADE).

Social Sciences - 31.05.2018
Welfare opposition linked to threats of racial standing
Researchers find that when white Americans perceive threats to their status as the dominant demographic group, their resentment of minorities increases. This resentment leads to opposing welfare programs they believe will mainly benefit minority groups. White Americans' attitudes toward welfare are influenced by information about demographic standing, says Stanford sociologist Robb Willer in a new paper set to publish May 31 in the social research journal Social Forces .

Social Sciences - 30.05.2018
New mums' voices get lower after pregnancy, shows a University of Sussex study
New mums’ voices get lower after pregnancy, shows a University of Sussex study
New mums' voices get lower after pregnancy, shows a University of Sussex study The pitch of new mothers' voices temporarily drops after they have had their first baby, according to a new longitudinal study by Dr Kasia Pisanski, Kavya Bhardwaj, and Prof David Reby at the University of Sussex. The researchers analysed women's voices over a 10-year period - five years before and five years after childbirth - and found that new mothers' voices get lower, and become more monotonous after pregnancy.

Social Sciences - 30.05.2018
Welfare backlash tied to white fear of declining status
Welfare backlash tied to white fear of declining status
White Americans' fear of losing their socioeconomic standing in the face of demographic change may be driving opposition to welfare programs, even though whites are major beneficiaries of government poverty assistance, according to new research from UC Berkeley and Stanford University.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 29.05.2018
Some same sex attracted women avoid treatment for alcohol problems
Same sex attracted women (SSAW) have higher alcohol and mental health problem rates than heterosexual women but many do not access or are not satisfied with treatment, a University of Melbourne-led study has found. Published in the UK Royal College of General Practitioners' journal  BJGP Open , the study involved researchers from the University of Melbourne, La Trobe University, Columbia University, Royal Melbourne Hospital and Monash University.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 24.05.2018
Numbers about inequality don’t speak for themselves
Statistics on racial disparities should be paired with context, emphasis on importance of institutional policy in shaping inequality, Stanford scholars say In a new research paper, Stanford scholars Rebecca Hetey and Jennifer Eberhardt propose new ways to talk about racial disparities. Using statistics to inform the public about racial disparities can backfire.

Administration / Government - Social Sciences - 23.05.2018
Government's grammar school funding won't improve children's outcomes
Government’s grammar school funding won’t improve children’s outcomes
Grammar school pupils do not gain any advantage over children who do not attend a grammar school by age 14, according to a new study from UCL. In the first study of its kind, researchers from the UCL Institute of Education (IOE) looked at a range of social and emotional outcomes, including young people's engagement and well-being at school, their aspirations for the future, in addition to educational attainment levels, to determine the benefits of attending a grammar school.

Social Sciences - Administration / Government - 23.05.2018
Unspoken cooperation more important than saying ’thank you’
New research from the University of Sydney has found people around the world usually don't say 'thank you' when someone fulfils a simple request. The findings suggest there is an unspoken willingness by most people to cooperate with others. The research, published in  Royal Society Open Science ,   examined almost 1000 examples from informal, everyday conversations between friends, families and neighbours in eight different languages.

Social Sciences - 22.05.2018
Ethnically mixed schools better for social cohesion, says new study of teenagers' attitudes
Ethnically mixed schools better for social cohesion, says new study of teenagers’ attitudes
Pupils from schools with greater ethnic diversity have more positive feelings towards pupils of different ethnicities, according to a new study of attitudes in English secondary schools from the University of Bristol and the London School of Economics and Political Science. While pupils tend to have warmer feelings for their own ethnic group, the more mixed the school, the warmer the feelings for other ethnicities, promoting social cohesion.

Media - Social Sciences - 03.05.2018
What’s in a name: how language influences our perception of suicide
Communication scientists show that word choice in media reports on suicide has a measurable impact on public opinion. In an empirical study published in Social Science & Medicine , an international team of researchers from the University of Munich, KU Leuven and the Medical University of Vienna show that the specific German word used in media reports of suicides has a measurable impact on how readers perceive and evaluate the act of suicide.
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