Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 19.02.2019
UCLA faculty voice: Adolescents have a fundamental need to contribute
Andrew Fuligni is a professor of psychiatry and psychology at UCLA. This article appeared in The Conversation. No longer children but not yet adults, adolescents need opportunities to learn and prepare for their entrance into the broader society. But, as schooling increasingly extends the adolescent period and teenagers get dismissed as supposedly selfish and irresponsible, has society forgotten an important developmental need of our youth?

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.02.2019
Live better with attainable goals
Live better with attainable goals
Those who set realistic goals can hope for a higher level of well-being. The key for later satisfaction is whether the life goals are seen as attainable and what they mean to the person, as psychologists from the University of Basel report in a study with over 970 participants. Wealth, community, health, meaningful work: life goals express a person's character, as they determine behavior and the compass by which people are guided.

Social Sciences - 13.02.2019
Violent video games found not to be associated with adolescent aggression
Researchers at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford, have found no relationship between aggressive behaviour in teenagers and the amount of time spent playing violent video games. The study used nationally representative data from British teens and their parents alongside official E.U. and US ratings of game violence.

Social Sciences - 12.02.2019
Why Does Bribery Work?
Study investigates when and why bribes buy influence, and what lessens their effectiveness A new study from Carnegie Mellon University suggests that greed, and not the willingness to return the favor, is the main reason people give in to bribery. But the research also finds there are times when the almighty buck can be ignored and effects of a bribe can be lessened.

Social Sciences - 11.02.2019
Seven moral rules found all around the world
Anthropologists at the University of Oxford have discovered what they believe to be seven universal moral rules. The rules: help you family, help your group, return favours, be brave, defer to superiors, divide resources fairly, and respect others' property, were found in a survey of 60 cultures from all around the world.

Social Sciences - 11.02.2019
Smartphone-based Mindfulness Training Reduces Loneliness, Increases Social Contact
Carnegie Mellon study finds acceptance skills are key to improvements in social functioning Used in the right way, smartphones may not be as isolating as some would think. A new Carnegie Mellon University study suggests smartphone-based mindfulness training may help individuals feel less lonely and motivate them to interact with more people.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 11.02.2019
Who does (and doesn’t) want a DNA ancestry test?
Stanford sociologists found that racial identity, when ancestors immigrated and knowledge of family history influence people's decision to take a DNA test. At-home DNA testing kits may be the latest fad, but according to new research by Stanford sociologists, not everyone is keen to find out whether they are related to the British royal family or a Neanderthal.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.02.2019
Dying in Switzerland - a review of current developments
All of us die - but the question is how? Today we have a greater say in the way our lives end than ever before. Nevertheless, most people do not die where they would like to. The book "Das Lebensende in der Schweiz" (End of life in Switzerland) reflects on what is currently known about dying in Switzerland.

Social Sciences - 28.01.2019
Want to squelch fake news' Let the readers take charge
Want to squelch fake news’ Let the readers take charge
Study shows audience judgments can identify online misinformation. Would you like to rid the internet of false political news stories and misinformation? Then consider using - yes - crowdsourcing. That's right. A new study co-authored by an MIT shows that crowdsourced judgments about the quality of news sources may effectively marginalize false news stories and other kinds of online misinformation.

Social Sciences - Health - 28.01.2019
Even a one-hour 'planting party' can lift spirits, build skills among women in prison
Even a one-hour ’planting party’ can lift spirits, build skills among women in prison
Both the study's idea and its outcomes were straightforward: Organize a short houseplant-potting workshop for incarcerated women and see if it improved their moods. The answer was yes - a finding reported in December 2018 in the International Journal of Prisoner Health. But what is more nuanced, the study's lead author says, are the lessons we can extrapolate from what otherwise may seem like a simple, one-off event.

Social Sciences - Careers / Employment - 23.01.2019
Young adults caught in a dilemma between traditional family models and modern views
A study has found that even young adults who do not yet have children are influenced by traditional concepts of family. At the same time, they have modern views of equality, career engagement and childcare. The result is a dilemma that affects not only young women, but also young men early in adulthood.

Social Sciences - 21.01.2019
In China, a link between happiness and air quality
Moods expressed on social media tend to decline when air pollution gets worse, study finds. For many years, China has been struggling to tackle high pollution levels that are crippling its major cities. Indeed, a recent study by researchers at Chinese Hong Kong University has found that air pollution in the country causes an average of 1.1 million premature deaths each year and costs its economy $38 billion.

Social Sciences - 16.01.2019
Wales imprisonment rate highest in Western Europe
Wales has the highest imprisonment rate in Western Europe, according to research by Cardiff University's Wales Governance Centre. ‘Sentencing and Immediate Custody in Wales: A Factfile', published today (Wednesday Jan 16) provides a detailed statistical comparison of sentencing and immediate custody figures in Wales and England.

Social Sciences - 15.01.2019
Ers can predict childhood social transitions
Ers can predict childhood social transitions
Increasingly, children who identify as the gender "opposite" their sex at birth are changing their names, pronouns and often hairstyle and clothing.

Social Sciences - 24.12.2018
New global migration estimates show rates proportionally steady since 1990, high rate of return migration
New global migration estimates show rates proportionally steady since 1990, high rate of return migration
On today's increasingly crowded globe, human migration can strain infrastructure and resources. Accurate data on migration flows could help governments plan for and respond to immigrants. Yet these figures, when available, tend to be spotty and error-ridden, even in the developed world. Researchers have developed approaches to estimate migration rates, but even the best of these rely on unrealistic assumptions about the mass movement of people and yield migration rates that can fall far below reality.

Social Sciences - 21.12.2018
Beauty and the grave: Sexism from Anglo-Saxon times
Beauty and the grave: Sexism from Anglo-Saxon times
Research shows how women in Anglo-Saxon England faced the same issue as many women today - age and beauty related sexism. Dr Christine Cave of the ANU School of Archaeology and Anthropology said her research suggested women of this era were typically valued for their youth and appearance, with their peak social status reached at around age 30.

Environment - Social Sciences - 19.12.2018
Gaming route leads to solid results
Gaming route leads to solid results
Should a wind farm be built in a particular region, or is the integrity of the landscape a more important consideration? How should the wastewater infrastructure be designed in the future? Multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) is a recognised tool for weighing up such environmental questions, and an important stage of the methodology is to ascertain the preferences of those involved: What is important to them when making their decision? What g

Health - Social Sciences - 14.12.2018
Pension plan improving mental health in China
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Social Sciences - 04.12.2018
Social marketing campaigns can help threatened wildlife species recover
Social marketing campaigns can help threatened wildlife species recover
Encouraging people to change their behavior through social marketing campaigns can help the recovery of threatened wildlife populations. New research shows that social marketing campaigns play an important role in the recovery of wildlife species, offering evidence that can help conservationists design more cost-effective future campaigns.

Social Sciences - 28.11.2018
When a city feels good, people take more risks
What makes people take risks' Not stunt women or formula 1 drivers. Just ordinary people like you and me. Research published this week in PLOS ONE suggests that unexpected improvements in everyday life (sunshine after many days of rain or a win by a local sports team) are correlated with a change in a city's mood and an increased likelihood that it's citizens will do risky things like gamble.
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