Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - 15.10.2021
Middle age is highest risk time for veteran suicide
Scottish veterans face the highest risk of suicide in middle age, many years after leaving service. The study, led by the University of Glasgow in partnership with the Forces in Mind Trust and published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine, looked at the risk of suicide in veterans compared with people who had never served, and found that overall, their risk was no higher than non-veterans.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 14.10.2021
Lockdown wellbeing: children who spent more time in nature fared best | University of Cambridge
Lockdown wellbeing: children who spent more time in nature fared best | University of Cambridge
Children from less affluent backgrounds are likely to have found COVID-19 lockdowns more challenging to their mental health because they experienced a lower connection with nature than their wealthier peers, a new study suggests.

Social Sciences - 13.10.2021
The influence collective risks have on the acceptance of social norms is being analysed
Faced with large collective risk, such as climate change or the COVID crisis, people may accept stronger or more restrictive social norms and may be more inclined to cooperate with them. However, when the perception of risk decreases, so does adherence to these norms. This is one of the conclusions of an experimental study conducted by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), the Collegio Carlo Alberto in Turin, the Italian National Research Council, the Institute for Futures Studies in Stockholm, and Mälardalen University (Sweden).

Social Sciences - Career - 13.10.2021
VUB student investigates effect of job quality on study performance
Better student jobs bring more satisfaction and less negative effects on academic results Students are increasingly taking on jobs while they are at university, including many VUB students. Since a relaxation of the regulations on student work in 2017, the number of hours of student work and the number of students with one or more jobs has steadily increased.

Social Sciences - Health - 12.10.2021
Older adults across the globe are more willing to help others, but mostly those in the same country
Older adults around the world are more willing to donate to charity than younger people, but will prioritise charitable organisations operating within their own country, new research finds. Older adults also had stronger self-reported preferences for their 'in-group' - people in the same country. They were more likely to report identifying with their country and agreed more strongly with statements such as "My country deserves special treatment".

Health - Social Sciences - 06.10.2021
Simple, low cost tests could help China’s battle to identify COPD sufferers
Researchers working with primary care patients in China have discovered that a simple questionnaire and airflow measurement test could identify adults suffering with undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a new study funded by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) reveals.

Social Sciences - Health - 06.10.2021
Mindfulness meditation helps preterm-born adolescents
Mindfulness meditation helps preterm-born adolescents
The practice of mindfulness shows a positive impact of the intervention on the adolescents' everyday life and on their ability to react to new events. Adolescents born prematurely present a high risk of developing executive, behavioural and socio-emotional difficulties. Now, researchers from Geneva University Hospitals (HUG) and the University of Geneva have revealed that practicing mindfulness may help improve these various skills.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 05.10.2021
Sibling brain structure differences make some more susceptible to severe antisocial behaviour
A new study reveals differences in brain structure between antisocial and non-antisocial members of the same families. Last updated on Tuesday 5 October 2021 Structural differences in the area of the brain responsible for decision making could explain why two siblings living in the same family might differ in their risk of developing the condition conduct disorder.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 04.10.2021
If parents believe they can boost child development, they can change their kids’ outcomes
Support can boost belief and outcomes, according to results of UChicago field experiments A new study from the University of Chicago investigates one potential source of discrepancy in child skill level: disparity in parents' beliefs about their influence over their children's development. Through experimental studies involving hundreds of families across the Chicagoland area, the researchers show parental knowledge and beliefs differ across socioeconomic status.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 04.10.2021
BLM movement engaged youth, with positive and negative effects
The police killings of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor in 2020 unleashed an historic wave of activism across the United States, including an estimated 8,000 mass demonstrations in support of Black Lives Matter (BLM). A new study by Yale researchers focused on adolescent development finds that this rise in demonstrations and the subsequent media coverage had a profound effect on the nation's youth.

Social Sciences - Health - 28.09.2021
Youngest children are least willing to have COVID-19 jab
In a large school-based survey of students from 9-18-years-old (Years 5 to 13), researchers from the University of Oxford, UCL and the University of Cambridge have discovered that the younger you are, the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination. Writing in  EClinicalMedicine , the authors present the results of the OxWell School Survey 2021, finding that 36% of 9-year-olds are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination, compared to 51% of 13-year-olds, and 78% of 17-year-olds.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 28.09.2021
Cognitive function maintained among elderly who feel good about life
Feeling happy about life slowed the cognitive decline among older adults in China, a new 12-year study suggests. Researchers found that the odds of developing cognitive impairment, such as dementia, were lower in those with better psychological well-being. While previous studies have reported the benefits of positive psychology on cognitive functions, the research only tracked individuals for a short time, which can underestimate the association between psychological well-being and cognitive change.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 28.09.2021
Mental health burden of child maltreatment may last decades
New research into child maltreatment has highlighted the links with ongoing mental health disorders, even into middle and older age adulthood. The new study, led by the University of Glasgow and published in the Lancet Regional Health - Europe, finds that child maltreatment was associated with a wide range of mental health conditions in later life, even if they were not diagnosed of any in early adulthood.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.09.2021
Youngest youngsters least willing to get COVID-19 jab
36% of 9-year-olds and 51% of 13-year-olds say they are willing to have a COVID-19 vaccination compared to 78% of 17-year-olds, finds a major study co-led by UCL, the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge. The study, published today in EClinicalMedicine, is the only large-scale study to ask children and adolescents about their willingness to be vaccinated against COVID-19 and found that the younger you are the less likely you are to want a COVID-19 vaccination.

Social Sciences - 23.09.2021
COVID-19 taking bigger toll on kids' mental health
COVID-19 taking bigger toll on kids’ mental health
The mental health of Australian children has deteriorated significantly over the last year due to COVID-19, new analysis from The Australian National University (ANU) shows. The findings come from a major national survey that asked parents and carers about their views on a range of outcomes for their children.

Social Sciences - Health - 23.09.2021
Child abuse and neglect linked to early death in adulthood
Children who experience sexual or physical abuse or are neglected are more likely to die prematurely as adults, according to a new study analysing data from the 1950s to the present by researchers at UCL and the University of Cambridge. The study, published in BMJ Open , found that adults who reported experiencing sexual abuse by the age of 16 had a 2.6 times higher risk of dying in middle age - that is, between 45 and 58 - than those who did not report sexual abuse.

Social Sciences - 22.09.2021
Predicting a riot: social inequality leads to vandalism in experiments
Social inequality can incite collective violence in an experimental setting, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The project, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, was conceived following the London riots of 2011, as researchers sought to understand the origins of antisocial group behaviour. The findings are published today in Proceedings of the Royal Society B .

Social Sciences - 21.09.2021
Researchers call for more awareness of malpractice in inter-country adoption
In recent years, more and more inter-country adoptees have been raising questions about their history and the adoption procedure. A damning report in the Netherlands has called for the practice to be discontinued. Commissioned by the Flemish government, VUB scientists and researchers from UGent and UAntwerp conducted research on errors, injustices and malpractices in inter-country adoption and have now presented their final findings in seven reports.

Health - Social Sciences - 20.09.2021
Therapy with babies boosts social development, reducing clinical autism diagnosis by two-thirds
This Australian study trialled a parent-mediated therapy, iBASIS-VIPP, which was developed by the study's UK collaborators, led by Professor Jonathan Green from The University of Manchester. The use of iBASIS-VIPP reduced clinician autism diagnoses at age three by two-thirds. This is the first evidence that a pre-emptive intervention during infancy can lead to a significant reduction in the social communication difficulties characteristic of autism, and reduced likelihood of a clinician autism diagnosis in early childhood.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.09.2021
Autistic individuals are more likely to be LGBTQ+ | University of Cambridge
Autistic individuals are more likely to be LGBTQ+ | University of Cambridge
New research from the suggests that autistic individuals are less likely to identify as heterosexual and more likely to identify with a diverse range of sexual orientations than non-autistic individuals. The findings have important implications for the healthcare and support of autistic individuals. The results are published in the journal Autism Research .
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