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Social Sciences - Health - 01.12.2022
Adolescent wellbeing improved by online contact with close friends
Frequent online communication with best friends and existing friendship groups is associated with better wellbeing in young people, new research by Cardiff University has found. Led by the Centre for the Development, Evaluation, Complexity and Implementation in Public Health Improvement (DECIPHer), the study found that boys and girls communicating with 'real life' friends online had higher levels of wellbeing.

Health - Social Sciences - 01.12.2022
Researchers analyze hair to study war trauma among Syrian refugee children   
Researchers analyze hair to study war trauma among Syrian refugee children   
There's more to a strand of hair than meets the eye. This human tissue is a chronological record-keeper of the adversities endured by the human body and mind. A new study co-authored by researchers at Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry's Drug Safety Lab analyzes the relationship between war exposure, current living conditions, hair cortisol concentrations (HCC) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 28.11.2022
Why we display belonging on Social Media
Why we display belonging on Social Media
Previous research on social media has mainly focused on how often people use it. Researchers from the University of Basel and the University of Koblenz-Landau have developed a new construct for measuring why people spend so much time on these platforms - and what content they post. November 2022 Are you the sort of person who likes to post photos on Instagram or Facebook and tag people in them? Do you frequently add things like "#bestfriends" or "BFFs"- If so, you probably have a high level of DTBP, or desire to belong publicly.

Social Sciences - 24.11.2022
Hidden universe of uncertainty
The Department of Social Sciences contributed to a large-scale replication study that aimed to understand the role of decisions scientists make during the research process. Published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the study highlights the importance of Open Science and collaboration among scientists.

Social Sciences - 24.11.2022
Girls are trendsetters on social networks
Girls are trendsetters on social networks
When it comes to widely used social networks, girls set the trends. They join new social networks earlier than boys, as the JAMES 2022 study by ZHAW and Swisscom shows.

Social Sciences - 24.11.2022
Poverty and Instagram addiction
Poverty and Instagram addiction
Poverty linked to Facebook and Instagram addiction in teens Adolescents from lower-income backgrounds are more likely to report addictive use of social media, according to an international team of researchers including McGill University Professor Frank Elgar. The findings show a link between economic inequality and problematic use of social network platforms and instant messaging applications.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 23.11.2022
A research identifies gender biases in Internet algorithms and proposes specific training to eliminate them
A research identifies gender biases in Internet algorithms and proposes specific training to eliminate them
A research led by the Open University of Catalonia (UOC) and with the participation of researchers from the University of Valencia (UV), the Polytechnic University of Valencia (UPV) and the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), among other centres, proposes measures to eliminate gender bias in Internet algorithms.

Social Sciences - 23.11.2022
Young people’s wellbeing falls sharply after starting secondary school
Most young people in the UK experience a sharp decline in their wellbeing during their first years at secondary school regardless of their circumstances or background, according to new research published in the British Journal of Developmental Psychology . Academics from the Universities of Manchester and Cambridge analysed the wellbeing and self-esteem of more than 11,000 young people from across the UK, using data collected when they were 11 and again when they were 14.

Health - Social Sciences - 23.11.2022
A new understanding of pain disparities among racial groups in U.S. 
A new understanding of pain disparities among racial groups in U.S. 
A new study co-authored by Western researcher Anna Zajacova shows that racial and ethnic disparities in pain prevalence in the U.S. are far larger than previously realized, with multiracial and Indigenous (Native American/Alaska Native) adults reporting the highest levels of pain. She says this finding is significant because pain can be used as a barometer of mental and physical health of a population.  "We aren't talking about one particular type of pain, we are looking at pain overall," said Zajacova, sociology professor at Western.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.11.2022
Neuromarker for ADHD could improve diagnosis of the disorder
Neuromarker for ADHD could improve diagnosis of the disorder
Yale researchers identified differences in brain structure and activity in children with ADHD that could serve as a more objective diagnostic tool in the future For children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), timely intervention is key. But diagnoses typically rely on questionnaires and observations of a child's behavior, which are subjective and can lead to delays in treatment.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 17.11.2022
Impacts of reporting on domestic violence
University of Queensland research suggests that graphic media coverage of domestic violence cases could contribute to 'copycat' behaviour. Dr Joseph Lelliot t Dr Rebecca Wallis from the UQ Law School interviewed domestic and family violence (DFV) support workers and found explicit reporting appears to be linked with a surge in cases of similar violence.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 15.11.2022
Feeling poorer than your friends in early adolescence is associated with worse mental health
How rich or poor young people think they are compared to their friendship group is linked to wellbeing and even bullying during the shift between childhood and teenage years. Belonging is particularly important for well-being and psychosocial functioning during adolescence Blanca Piera Pi-Sunyer Young people who believe they come from poorer backgrounds than their friends are more likely to have lower self-esteem and be victims of bullying than those who feel financially equal to the rest of their peer group, according to a new study from psychologists at the University of Cambridge.

Health - Social Sciences - 15.11.2022
How should we navigate the next pandemic?
How should we navigate the next pandemic?
COVID-19 is the ninth pandemic, or large-scale epidemic, the world has experienced in the past century - and it won't be the last. To help the public and policymakers better navigate the next global outbreak, the University of Toronto has created the Institute for Pandemics (IFP) based at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 15.11.2022
Not every reader’s struggle is the same
An MIT study finds that children from different socioeconomic backgrounds tend to have different brain patterns associated with reading difficulty. Many children struggle to learn to read, and studies have shown that students from a lower socioeconomic status (SES) background are more likely to have difficulty than those from a higher SES background.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.11.2022
Childhood maltreatment linked with higher risk of asthma and atopic disease
Childhood maltreatment linked with higher risk of asthma and atopic disease
UK analysis raises need for awareness of health implications for patients following abuse and neglect Children who experience a form of abuse or neglect may be more likely to suffer with diseases such as asthma, eczema or conjunctivitis compared to those who have not experienced abuse or neglect according to a new analysis.

Health - Social Sciences - 14.11.2022
Study sheds new light on benefits to children of water fluoridation
Fluoridation of the water supply may confer a modest benefit to the dental health of children, a seven-year-study led by University of Manchester researchers has concluded. However, the benefits are smaller than shown in previous studies - carried out 50 years ago - when fluoride toothpaste was less widely available in the UK.

Social Sciences - 11.11.2022
Study of a new anthropological dimension for the digital age
As a result of Russia's invasion of Ukraine, many scholars and scientists have left the country. More than 30 Ukrainian researchers displaced by the war have temporarily joined the University of Luxembourg mainly as research fellows and in some cases under temporary contracts funded by the FNR. In this series of interviews, we briefly present the researchers and their work.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.11.2022
An analysis based on the social determinants of health allows a better understanding of the impact of covid-19 on children
The intersectional study, conducted by researchers from UPF, the UVic-UCC and the UAB, published in the journal Sociology of Health & Illness , considers the multiple axes of inequality and existing power relations.

Social Sciences - 07.11.2022
New report reveals link between online and offline violence against women journalists
New report is calling for urgent action by UK policymakers to tackle online violence towards women journalists Report is based on International Center for Journalists (ICFJ) and University of Sheffield research commissioned by UNESCO, revealing a strong link between online and offline violence in the UK, particularly stalking Research finds women journalists in the UK are at the nexus of misogyny, racism, xenophobia and religious bigotry online,

Social Sciences - Psychology - 07.11.2022
Summer camps promote altruism in children
Summer camps promote altruism in children
A team from the University of Geneva shows that participating in camps helps develop valuable socio-emotional skills. Be able to control oneself, cooperate or help others: having socio-emotional abilities is essential for those who wish to interact positively with their peers. These skills are largely acquired during childhood and can be trained in different contexts, such as school, family or leisure.
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