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Social Sciences - Health - 12:07
Wide disparities in children’s body fat between most deprived and advantaged areas
Children who live in the most deprived UK areas see far higher increases in body fat between the ages of seven and 17 compared to those from most advantaged areas, finds a new study by UCL researchers. In the study, published in The Lancet Public Health , researchers found boys from the most deprived areas have a 3% higher fat mass index (FMI)* at age seven compared to those from the most advantaged areas, and by 17 it is 23% higher.

Health - Social Sciences - 28.07.2021
Over a third of adults have multiple health problems in midlife
More than one in three British adults are suffering from two or more chronic health conditions in middle age, such as recurrent back problems, mental ill-health, high blood pressure, diabetes, and high-risk drinking, according to UCL researchers. The new study, published in  BMC Public Health,  shows that among Generation X - adults born in 1970 - those who grew up in poorer families are at much greater risk of having multiple long-term health problems in their late 40s.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 28.07.2021
How do cities impact mental health? A new study finds lower rates of depression
UChicago researchers examine how socioeconomic networks, built environment affect well-being Large cities are often viewed as cold, fast-paced environments where crime rates are high and interpersonal interactions are fleeting-a combination that makes them detrimental to mental health. But new research provides evidence for the opposite: The socioeconomic networks and built environments of larger urban areas in the U.S. can actually predict lower rates of psychological depression.

Campus - Social Sciences - 28.07.2021
Using AI to predict suicidal behaviours in students
How can we predict suicide risk in students, especially at a time when the COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected many people's mental health? According to researchers from Montreal and France, self-esteem represents an important predictive marker of suicidal risk. The team from McGill University, University of Montreal, Inserm, and Université de Bordeaux is using artificial intelligence to identify factors that accurately predict suicidal behavior in students.

Social Sciences - 27.07.2021
Poorest twice as likely to feel lonely in lockdown compared to richest
Poorest twice as likely to feel lonely in lockdown compared to richest
Older people in the poorest sector of the population were more than twice as likely to feel isolated and lonely during the first lockdown than the richest, finds a new study led by researchers from UCL and the University of Manchester. The researchers analysed data from 4,709 older men and women aged over 50 living in England who are part of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) to explore changes in the experiences of social isolation and loneliness during the pandemic.

Health - Social Sciences - 27.07.2021
TikTok’s troubling health bomb
TikTok exposes young people to videos that could reinforce a positive attitude towards vaping and e-cigarette usage, new University of Queensland research has found. Lead author from UQ's National Centre for Youth Substance Use Research , PhD candidate Tianze Sun said the team analysed TikTok videos to understand how vaping and e-cigarette-related videos were portrayed.

Social Sciences - 26.07.2021
Leading schools in lockdown: Community, communication and compassion key during remote learning
"What you realise really quickly in times like this is that you're actually a community leader. What I mean by that is outside of sort of a political voice that our members of parliament have, it seems that the next voice that many community members go to, particularly families, is to school leaders." Danni, government secondary school Principal.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 23.07.2021
Machine learning used to successfully measure attachment in children
For the first time, researchers have used machine learning to successfully measure attachment in children - the vital human bond that humans first develop as infants to their caregivers. In new multi-disciplinary research, led by the University of Glasgow and published in PLOS ONE, the study team present a quick and easy way to measure attachment through a computer game, that has the potential to be used in largescale public health monitoring.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 22.07.2021
Mental health needs might not be met among California’s Latino and Asian communities
A pair of new UCLA studies suggest that mental health needs for some ethnic communities may be going unmet in part because people in those groups don't see themselves as needing care — despite the fact that they are reporting in surveys that they are experiencing symptoms of mental health distress.

Social Sciences - Research Management - 21.07.2021
Major study of racial inequality in UK film industry
UCL is launching a major £1m research project into the links between racism, racial inequality, diversity and policy in the UK film industry, working closely with the British Film Institute (BFI), the UK's lead organisation for film and the moving image. The Colour of Diversity: A Longitudinal Analysis of BFI Diversity Standards Data and Racial Inequality in the UK Film Industry i s'a three-year research study that will explore the true nature of the presence, representation and experiences of Black and minority ethnic identities within the UK film industry.

Social Sciences - 21.07.2021
The risks and trade-offs of renting from a private landlord
People living in the private rented sector are forced to make hard choices in order to meet their basic needs, a new study from the University of Glasgow led UK Collaborative Centre for Housing Evidence [CACHE] reveals. Poor-quality, overcrowded, and unaffordable accommodation are substantial drivers of poor health and wellbeing.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 20.07.2021
Knowledge Exchange Insights: Creative problem analysis
Highlights from the first session of the Knowledge Exchange training series , facilitated by Yvonne McLean, as part of the ESRC Collaboration Labs Programme, The University of Manchester. Our focus in this short series is to share the latest tools and best practice for academic research consultancy and effective knowledge exchange, delivered in our ongoing Collaboration Labs training series.

Social Sciences - Environment - 19.07.2021
Living near woodlands is good for children and young people’s mental health
Children and young people's proximity to woodlands has been linked with better cognitive development and a lower risk of emotional and behavioural problems, in a study led by UCL and Imperial College London scientists that could influence planning decisions in urban areas. In what is believed to be one of the largest studies of its kind, researchers used longitudinal data relating to 3,568 children and teenagers, aged nine to 15 years, from 31 schools across London.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 16.07.2021
Word gap: When money’s tight, parents talk less to kids
A new study suggests money worries prompt parents to talk less to their kids, exacerbating the "word gap.” (iStockphoto) Three decades ago, child development researchers found that low-income children heard tens of millions fewer words in their homes than their more affluent peers by the time they reached kindergarten.

Social Sciences - 14.07.2021
Racial disparities in police officers' tone of voice can undermine trust
Racial disparities in police officers’ tone of voice can undermine trust
Racial disparities have hindered police-community relations. Now research shows that they originate in a surprising place: an officer's tone of voice. A new University of Michigan study showed that officers communicate in a friendlier, more respectful and less tense manner to white men during routine traffic stops, but in a less positive tone to Black drivers.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.07.2021
Teens with a history of self-harm have a significantly higher threshold for pain
New research from the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King's College London, in collaboration with Glasgow University, has found that teenagers who have self-harmed five or more times in their life have a significantly higher threshold for pain compared to adolescents that have not.

Social Sciences - 12.07.2021
The contraceptive effect of breastfeeding decreases with socio-economic development
The contraceptive effect of breastfeeding decreases with socio-economic development
While temporary sterility after childbirth lasts on average only a few weeks for a woman who does not breastfeed, it can last for months, or even more than a year, for one who does. But it was unclear how this contraceptive effect of breastfeeding is affected by a mother's 'energetic status' - that includes her nutrition and levels of physical activity.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.07.2021
Covid-19: Risks of severe illness in children shown to be very low
The risk of severe illness and death from SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes Covid-19, is extremely low in children and teenagers, according to the most comprehensive analyses of public health data, co-led by researchers at UCL. However, Covid-19 increases the likelihood of serious illness in the most vulnerable young people, those with pre-existing medical conditions and severe disabilities, although these risks remain low overall.

Health - Social Sciences - 07.07.2021
Study calls for changes to treatment for Indigenous mental health
Study calls for changes to treatment for Indigenous mental health
A University of Queensland study is calling for changes to the way depression is treated in Indigenous communities in Australia. UQ Rural Clinical School researcher Dr Bushra Nasir said the research has found that current treatments for Indigenous Australians are not working. "Mainstream treatment models fail to incorporate the Indigenous understanding of mental health," Dr Nasir said.

Social Sciences - Health - 30.06.2021
Modernization makes older adults feel rushed, too
New international study on time perception among older adults Rapid societal changes can leave us feeling more rushed and pressured for time - and older adults are no exception, new research finds, led by Weill Cornell Medicine with participation of researchers of Humboldt University.
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