Social Sciences

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Social Sciences - 25.06.2019
Sussex academics lead on report to improve safeguarding in international development research
A report aiming to improve safeguarding in international development research has been produced by Sussex academics after they were commissioned by the UK Collaborative on Development Research (UKCDR). Dr David Orr from the School of Education and Social Work (ESW), Dr Synne Dyvik and Dr Gabrielle Daoust from the School of Global Studies, along with Sushri Sangita Puhan and Professor Janet Boddy also at ESW, were commissioned to conduct an independent evidence review into safeguarding issues that may arise in the international development research context.

Environment - Social Sciences - 24.06.2019
Ancient intervention could boost dwindling water reserves in coastal Peru
Ancient intervention could boost dwindling water reserves in coastal Peru
Methods from 1,400 years ago could boost water availability during Lima's dry season, according to new Imperial College London research. Nestled between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes mountains , the people of Peru 's coastal region rely on surface water from the Andes for drinking water, industry, and animal and crop farming.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 24.06.2019
Monarch butterflies bred in captivity may lose ability to migrate
Monarch butterflies purchased from a commercial breeder did not fly in a southward direction, even in offspring raised outdoors, in a new study conducted by scientists at the University of Chicago. Wild-caught monarchs bred indoors under simulated outdoor conditions also did not orient south, suggesting that captive breeding disrupts the monarch's famous annual migratory behavior.

Social Sciences - Health - 20.06.2019
Results Provide Basis for Targeted WASH Interventions in Rohingya Refugee Camp
Results Provide Basis for Targeted WASH Interventions in Rohingya Refugee Camp
Currently, around 910,000 Rohingya refugees live in Cox's Bazar District in Bangladesh after having fled violence faced in Myanmar, resulting in one of the most rapid exoduses in modern history. In a project funded by UNICEF and coordinated by Swiss TPH, a study was conducted to identify and understand WASH practices of the populations living in the camp.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 20.06.2019
How in times of trouble animals also stand together
How in times of trouble animals also stand together
Faced with potential violence from rival factions, dwarf mongoose groupmates pull together and behave more co-operatively, according to a new study by University of Bristol researchers published today [Thursday 20 June]. Conflict between rival groups is common throughout the animal world, from ants to chimpanzees, but its consequences have been little studied.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 18.06.2019
Guns are often obtained just days before a crime
Guns recovered from crimes are often a decade old, but knowing when a gun was manufactured doesn't reveal how many times it may have changed hands. A new study co-authored by University of Chicago scholar Harold Pollack examines the time elapsed between the acquisition of a gun and when it was used in a crime.

Social Sciences - Health - 17.06.2019
Social Exclusion Measured in fMRI
Social Exclusion Measured in fMRI
A fMRI study shows the effect of social support on the social exclusion experience. Social belonging is a fundamental need for the life of human beings.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2019
Murder of Jo Cox used by "digital prophets" to widen divides before EU vote
MP Jo Cox's murder sparked a wave of inaccurate speculation on social media which may have influenced voters before the EU Referendum, research concludes. Cardiff University's Crime and Security Research Institute analysed nearly 44,000 tweets mentioning key terms “Jo Cox” and “Brexit”, which were posted in the run up to the crucial vote.

Social Sciences - 17.06.2019
Review of Intensive Family Preservation Services
Intensive social work designed to help families in crisis is effective in preventing children from entering care, research has found. In association with its research partner the Children's Social Care Research and Development Centre (CASCADE) at Cardiff University, What Works for Children's Social Care has launched its latest report examining the evidence-base and effectiveness of Intensive Family Preservation Services (IFPS).

Psychology - Social Sciences - 13.06.2019
Examining how people’s emotions are influenced by others
New Stanford research on emotions shows that people's motivations are a driving factor behind how much they allow others to influence their feelings, such as anger. In a new study, Stanford psychologists examined why some people respond differently to an upsetting situation and learned that people's motivations play an important role in how they react.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 12.06.2019
Dolphins form friendships through shared interests just like us
Dolphins form friendships through shared interests just like us
When it comes to making friends, it appears dolphins are just like us and form close friendships with other dolphins that have a common interest. The findings, published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B by an international team of researchers from the Universities of Bristol, Zurich and Western Australia, provides further insight into the social habits of these remarkable animals.

Social Sciences - 12.06.2019
Male victims of domestic abuse face significant barriers to getting help
Men who experience domestic violence and abuse face significant barriers to getting help and access to specialist support services, according to a study by researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care and Centre for Gender and Violence Research published in BMJ Open today [Wednesday 12 June].

Social Sciences - 11.06.2019
The best marine protected areas also promote human wellbeing
Marine protected areas set up to provide the most benefit to local ecosystems also benefit human wellbeing the most, according to new research. Marine protected areas (MPAs) are regions of seas, oceans or estuaries where human activities are restricted, especially fishing. MPAs can vary across countries and regions in terms of their governance and which activities are allowed.

Social Sciences - Business / Economics - 06.06.2019
How toxic economic trends have impacted millennials
A new report by Stanford scholars lays out the problems U.S. millennials face as a result of decades-long rising inequality. Problems they experience include rising mortality rates and increased poverty among those without college degrees. Millennials - young adults in their 20s and 30s - earn less money without a college degree and are more likely to die prematurely from suicide or drug overdose than previous generations, according to a new report from the Stanford Center on Poverty and Inequality.

Social Sciences - 04.06.2019
How early-life challenges affect how children focus, face the day
Adversity early in life tends to affect a child's executive function skills ' their ability to focus, for example, or organize tasks. Experiences such as poverty, residential instability, or parental divorce or substance abuse, also can lead to changes in a child's brain chemistry, muting the effects of stress hormones.

Social Sciences - 03.06.2019
Lack of support for vulnerable adults in police custody
Vulnerable adults in police custody face a postcode lottery on whether they are given the right support, an academic says. Dr Roxanna Dehaghani, of Cardiff University, spent six months observing procedures in police custody, which forms the basis of her book, Vulnerability in police custody: police decision-making and the appropriate adult safeguard.

Social Sciences - Politics - 29.05.2019
Tackling hate speech on social media in the Asia-Pacific
Facebook has joined forces with Australian university experts to devise policy that better manages online harmful content and hate speech in the Asia-Pacific region. Professor Katharine Gelber , Head of School for The University of Queensland's Political Science and International Studies , will join colleague Dr Kirril Shields and University of Sydney researchers Dr Aim Sinpeng and Dr Fiona Martin on the 12 month project.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 23.05.2019
German Research Foundation Extends Funding for Two Collaborative Research Centers at Freie Universität Berlin
Researchers study the dynamics of living together and the scaffolding of membranes No 146/2019 from May 23, 2019 The German Research Foundation (DFG) has extended the funding for two Collaborative Research Centers (CRC) at Freie Universität. One is CRC 958, where scientists study the molecular mechanisms by which dynamically organized protein-protein assemblies scaffold cellular membranes.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.05.2019
Poor semen quality in Switzerland
Poor semen quality in Switzerland
Researchers at UNIGE have carried out the first nationwide study on semen quality of young Swiss men. And their verdict? Only 38% of men have semen parameter values above the norms set by World Health Organization for fertile men. Over the last fifty years, a marked decrease in sperm count has been observed in the Western World.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 21.05.2019
A refugee's personality is a factor that decides how successful integration is
A refugee’s personality is a factor that decides how successful integration is
Refugees who are more willing to take risks, who tend to reciprocate friendliness, and who are more strongly convinced than others are that they are in control of their lives integrate into society faster. This is the result of a study undertaken on the basis of the "IAB-BAMF-SOEP Survey of Refugees in Germany" which researchers from the University of Münster, Saarland University and the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) at the German Institute of Economic Research (DIW) devised.
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