Social Sciences

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Health - Social Sciences - 20.07.2024
Shorter life expectancy during COVID-19 for India’s marginalised
A new paper published in Science Advances finds that life expectancy in India was 2.6 years lower in 2020 than 2019, with women and marginalised social groups suffering the greatest declines. The international study, co-authored by the Department of Sociology and the Leverhulme Centre for Demographic Science 's Dr Aashish Gupta and Professor Ridhi Kashyap , reveals that life expectancy in India suffered large and unequal declines during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 17.07.2024
Combining Indigenous knowledge and deep learning to support safer on-ice travel
Combining Indigenous knowledge and deep learning to support safer on-ice travel
Warming temperatures mean shorter ice seasons for Inuit in Sanikiluaq, Nunavut. Of equal concern is the growing unpredictability of the ice packs used to travel and hunt. Small polynyas, where ocean currents, wind or other processes prevent ice from forming, can be very dangerous and must be spotted before travelling.

Environment - Social Sciences - 15.07.2024
Land protection initiatives reduced Amazon deforestation by up to 83%
A new analysis shows that land protection initiatives in the Brazilian Legal Amazon (BLA) reduced deforestation by up to 83% between 2000 and 2010. Such impressive results highlight the vital role of land protection policies in achieving ambitious goals, including the UN biodiversity target to protect 30% of the planet's surface by 2030 .

Innovation - Social Sciences - 15.07.2024
AI Chatbots have shown they have an ’empathy gap’ that children are likely to miss
New study proposes a framework for "Child Safe AI" following recent incidents which revealed that many children see chatbots as quasi-human and trustworthy. When not designed with children's needs in mind, Artificial intelligence (AI) chatbots have an "empathy gap" that puts young users at particular risk of distress or harm, according to a study.

Social Sciences - 02.07.2024
The complex issues of criminal migrants in need of protection
What to do with migrants that committed a crime, but are threatened in their country of origin? This question is difficult to answer, Julia Zomignani Barboza, a researcher at the Fundamental Rights Research Center at Vrije Universiteit Brussel found. Her extensive research delves into the complexities of regulating the situation of migrants who are at risk of human rights violations in their home countries but who have also committed crimes or are suspected of being dangerous to their host communities.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 02.07.2024
Huge study identifies suicide risk factors to improve preventions
In the largest study of its kind, scientists at the University of Warwick have investigated a range of contributing risk factors for suicide - helping to identify individuals who might benefit from interventions. The behavioural and biological predictors, include elevated white blood cells, neuroticism, childhood experiences and reduced grey matter in the brain.

Social Sciences - Criminology / Forensics - 27.06.2024
Why people resort to lynching
Why people resort to lynching
Why do civilians take the law into their own hands? Using Mexico as an example, ETH researcher Enzo Nussio shows how it's a combination of a weak state and strong local communities. In late March 2024, an eight-year-old girl went missing in Taxco, a small Mexican town two-and-a-half hours' drive south of Mexico City.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 27.06.2024
New research advances understanding of negative social contact
New research, by our Department of Psychology, has found that negative social contact among people of differing societal or cultural groups can have a disproportionate negative effect on broad social cohesion within communities. The research, led by Professor Stefania Paolini, analyses 70 years of research into the psychological effects of intergroup social contact.

Health - Social Sciences - 25.06.2024
Surgeon general declares firearm violence a public health crisis: U-M experts available
EXPERTS ADVISORY U.S. Surgeon General Vivek Murthy has declared firearm violence a public health crisis, saying it's time to deploy approaches similar to lifesaving anti-smoking and traffic safety campaigns to decrease deaths and injuries caused by guns. Researchers at the University of Michigan's Institute for Firearm Injury Prevention , School of Public Health and Michigan Medicine have endorsed this framework for decades, sharing critical data supporting this approach.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 19.06.2024
Teens with behavioural problems, particularly girls, more likely to sext
Teens with behavioural problems, particularly girls, more likely to sext
Researchers say it's important to recognize and support youth who are vulnerable to sexual victimization It's important that programs promoting safer sexting behaviours consider the specific needs of adolescents with behavioural problems, a new study by McGill researchers suggests. Adolescents with behavioural problems engage in elevated levels of sexting compared with their peers without such problems.

History / Archeology - Social Sciences - 12.06.2024
Ritual sacrifice at Chichén Itzá
Ritual sacrifice at Chichén Itzá
Ancient Maya genomes reveal the practice of male twin sacrifice and the enduring genetic legacy of colonial-era epidemics Rising to power in the wake of the Classic Maya collapse, Chichén Itzá was among the largest and most influential cities of the ancient Maya, but much about its political connections and ritual life remain poorly understood.

Social Sciences - Career - 10.06.2024
Italian Moms Work far Fewer Years than Dads, while Finland Shows Equality
Italian Moms Work far Fewer Years than Dads, while Finland Shows Equality
Significant differences in the working lives of mothers and fathers in Italy - Finland, on the other hand, balanced A study by the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research shows that, in contrast to Finland, from midlife mothers in Italy and the US work significantly fewer years than fathers, especially if they have two and more children.

Mathematics - Social Sciences - 10.06.2024
Peers Crucial in Shaping Boys’ Confidence in Math Skills
Boys are good at math, girls not so much? A study from the University of Zurich has analyzed the social mechanisms that contribute to the gender gap in math confidence. While peer comparisons seem to play a crucial role for boys, girls' subjective evaluations are more likely to be based on objective performance.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 10.06.2024
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Links between social anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts in adolescents discovered
Adolescents who experience higher levels of social anxiety symptoms are more likely to report increased suicidal thoughts and other depressive symptoms two years later, finds a new study involving UCL researchers. The findings, published in JCPP Advances, highlights the need for early interventions to address society anxiety in young people.

Social Sciences - 06.06.2024
Inclusive integration policy can reduce perception of diversity as a threat
Increasing ethnic and racial diversity in Western societies often accompanies feelings of threat among the ethnic majorities of a country. New research from Tilburg University shows that an inclusive integration policy can reduce the perception of diversity as a threat. The research suggests that policies that give immigrants more equal rights are particularly effective in promoting social cohesion and reducing tensions in Western societies.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 05.06.2024
Sexual minorities experience greater exclusion in everyday situations
Sexual minorities experience greater exclusion in everyday situations
Lesbian, gay and bisexual people experience greater exclusion than heterosexual people. This is the conclusion of a recent study by researchers from the University of Basel and the University of Kaiserslautern-Landau (RPTU). Heterosexual individuals who deviate from traditional gender roles are also affected.

Social Sciences - Politics - 04.06.2024
'Fuzzy' maps offer insight into local perceptions of volunteering's value
’Fuzzy’ maps offer insight into local perceptions of volunteering’s value
In a new study, Yale researchers employed fuzzy cognitive mapping to better understand how volunteering benefits poor women in Jordan. In the global South, volunteer programs are framed by policymakers and scholars as an effective vehicle for empowering women living in poverty. But this narrative often rests on scant knowledge of the perspectives and experiences of a key set of local stakeholders: the volunteers.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 30.05.2024
Critical dialogue helps straight men confront sexist, homophobic beliefs
Study: Iconic illustrations initiate critical dialogues among heterosexual men who then develop critical consciousness around homophobia and sexism: A qualitative study Adult heterosexual men with sexist and homophobic views can potentially improve their attitudes toward gay men and women by engaging in critical dialogues that use illustrations as a springboard, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 29.05.2024
AI saving humans from the emotional toll of monitoring hate speech
Researchers use machine learning to identify hate speech with 88 per cent accuracy A team of researchers at the University of Waterloo have developed a new machine-learning method that detects hate speech on social media platforms with 88 per cent accuracy, saving employees from hundreds of hours of emotionally damaging work.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 28.05.2024
Active internet users assess their psychological well-being more positively than non-users
With the rise and increasing use of digital technologies and online platforms worldwide, the debate about their potential impact on our psychological well-being is growing. New research from Tilburg University and the University of Oxford shows that active (mobile) internet users are more satisfied with their lives and assess their social and physical well-being more positively than non-users.
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