Computer Science

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Computer Science - 30.06.2022
The hawk has landed: braking mid-air to prioritise safety over energy or speed
New research from the Oxford Flight Group using computer simulations and Hollywood-style motion capture shows how birds optimise their landing manoeuvres for an accurate descent. Researchers at the University of Oxford have found that hawks control their flight to ensure the safest landing conditions when perching, even if it takes longer and more energy to do so.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 29.06.2022
Blockchain not just for bitcoin: It can secure and store genomes, too
Blockchain not just for bitcoin: It can secure and store genomes, too
Blockchain is a digital technology that allows a secure and decentralized record of transactions that is increasingly used for everything from cryptocurrencies to artwork. But Yale researchers have found a new use for blockchain: they-ve leveraged the technology to give individuals control of their own genomes.

Environment - Computer Science - 28.06.2022
Is AI good or bad for the climate? It's complicated
Is AI good or bad for the climate? It’s complicated
As the world fights climate change, will the increasingly widespread use of artificial intelligence (AI) be a help or a hindrance? In a paper published this week in Nature Climate Change , a team of experts in AI, climate change, and public policy present a framework for understanding the complex and multifaceted relationship of AI with greenhouse gas emissions, and suggest ways to better align AI with climate change goals.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 22.06.2022
Tweeting a Help Wanted Sign
CMU research shows Twitter drives popularity, contributors to open-source software Want to be popular with lots of friends? Get out there and tweet. That advice holds true for open-source software projects as well, according to a new study from researchers in the Carnegie Mellon University School of Computer Science.

Computer Science - 22.06.2022
Pour Me a Glass
CMU researchers use AI to teach robots to see water A horse, a zebra and artificial intelligence helped a team of Carnegie Mellon researchers teach a robot to recognize water and pour it into a glass. Water presents a tricky challenge for robots because it is clear. Robots have learned how to pour water before, but previous techniques like heating the water and using a thermal camera or placing the glass in front of a checkerboard background don't transition well to everyday life.

Computer Science - Materials Science - 16.06.2022
World's first ultra-fast photonic computing processor using polarisation
World’s first ultra-fast photonic computing processor using polarisation
New research uses multiple polarisation channels to carry out parallel processing - enhancing computing density by several orders over conventional electronic chips. In a paper published in Science Advances , researchers at the University of Oxford have developed a method using the polarisation of light to maximise information storage density and computing performance using nanowires.

Computer Science - Linguistics / Literature - 16.06.2022
Shedding light on linguistic diversity and its evolution
Shedding light on linguistic diversity and its evolution
Linguists and computer scientists collaborate to publish a large global Open Access lexical database Scholars from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Germany and the University of Auckland in New Zealand have created a new global repository of linguistic data. The project is designed to facilitate new insights into the evolution of words and sounds of the languages spoken across the world today.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 15.06.2022
Netflix-style algorithm builds blueprint of cancer genomes
The science behind your Netflix viewing habits could soon be used to guide doctors in managing cancer, according to new research co-led by UCL scientists and funded by Cancer Research UK and Cancer Grand Challenges. In the study an international team of scientists used artificial intelligence (AI) to investigate and categorise the size and scale of DNA changes across the genome - a cell's complete genetic code - when cancer starts and grows.

Innovation - Computer Science - 09.06.2022
Moving to ’Smart Zero’: Digital technologies to accelerate the transition to net zero
'Smart Zero' Cisco and Curtin University launch the 'Smart Zero' report, which details how advanced networks will accelerate progress towards Net Zero. Net Zero and digital are two of Australia's biggest economic forces, and they are converging. Organisations that embrace digital technology and advanced networks today are likely to have a natural advantage.

Computer Science - Health - 03.06.2022
$10.5M Army Contract to CMU Lab Will Expand Use of AI in Predictive Maintenance
When Artur Dubrawski and Carnegie Mellon University's Auton Lab began studying maintenance of the U.S. Air Force's F-16 fighter jets more than 15 years ago, they discovered unforeseen failures that spread like disease across the aging fleet. Sometimes the cause could be as simple - yet hard for humans to detect - as replacement parts interacting with other components in unexpected ways.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 03.06.2022
Crowdsourcing to combat child abuse
Monash University experts are calling for people to contribute to a world first ethically-sourced and managed image bank for research to combat child exploitation. The project is an initiative of the AiLECS Lab - a collaboration between Monash University's Faculty of Information Technology and the Australian Federal Police - which develops artificial intelligence (AI) technologies that aid law enforcement and enhance community safety.

Psychology - Computer Science - 31.05.2022
Do Some Cognitive Biases Contaminate Even Our Simplest Mental Mechanisms?
When we implement complex cognitive processes, for example when making decisions, we are subject to cognitive bias. But what about simpler processes, such as those involved in the most basic learning? In a new study analyzing data from all previous research in the field, researchers from Inserm and ENS-PSL show that not only are positivity and confirmation biases present even in the simplest human and animal cognitive processes, but also that incorporating them into learning algorithms would enhance their performance.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 31.05.2022
UW-developed, cloud-based astrodynamics platform to discover and track asteroids
A novel algorithm developed by University of Washington researchers to discover asteroids in the solar system has proved its mettle. The first candidate asteroids identified by the algorithm - known as Tracklet-less Heliocentric Orbit Recovery, or THOR - have been confirmed by the International Astronomical Union's Minor Planet Center.

Computer Science - 30.05.2022
Dutch researchers teleport quantum information across rudimentary quantum network
Back to (previous) overview TU Delft's latest news Researchers in Delft have succeeded in teleporting quantum information across a rudimentary network. This first of its kind is an important step towards a future quantum Internet. This breakthrough was made possible by a greatly improved quantum memory and enhanced quality of the quantum links between the three nodes of the network.

Computer Science - Innovation - 27.05.2022
Amazon and Max Planck Society establish Science Hub 
Amazon and Max Planck Society establish Science Hub 
The cooperation strengthens application-related research on artificial intelligence in Germany Amazon and the Max Planck Society today announced the establishment of the first German Science Hub in Tübingen. The main goal of this science cooperation is to advance research in Germany in subfields of artificial intelligence (AI), in particular causality, computer vision and machine learning, to develop secure and trustworthy concepts for the future and thus to strengthen Germany as a technology location.

Health - Computer Science - 27.05.2022
Same symptom - different cause?
Same symptom - different cause?
Machine learning is playing an ever-increasing role in biomedical research. Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a new method of using molecular data to extract subtypes of illnesses. In the future, this method can help to support the study of larger patient groups.

Environment - Computer Science - 27.05.2022
AI learns coral reef 'song'
AI learns coral reef ’song’
Artificial Intelligence (AI) can track the health of coral reefs by learning the "song of the reef", finds new research involving a UCL scientist. Coral reefs have a complex soundscape - and even experts have to conduct painstaking analysis to measure reef health based on sound recordings. In the new study, published in Ecological Indicators, scientists trained a computer algorithm using multiple recordings of healthy and degraded reefs, allowing the machine to learn the difference.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 25.05.2022
Cloud computing to unveil the enigmas of our galaxy
Cloud computing to unveil the enigmas of our galaxy
The Galactic RainCloudS project, an initiative led by members of the Faculty of Physics , the Institute of Cosmos Sciences ( ICCUB ) and the Institute for Space Studies of Catalonia ( IEEC ), was awarded the first position in the framework of the Cloud Funding for Research call of the European project Open Clouds For Research Environments ( OCRE ).

Computer Science - 25.05.2022
Preventing eavesdropping in the Internet of Things
Preventing eavesdropping in the Internet of Things
Intelligent reflecting surfaces can protect communication against attacks by adversarial wireless sensing The Internet of Things opens new gateways for eavesdroppers. The devices which are interconnected in more and more households communicate wirelessly. This can endanger privacy considerably: Passive eavesdroppers are able to obtain sensitive data through intercepted high-frequency signals.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 24.05.2022
TU Graz and Intel Demonstrate Significant Energy Savings Using Neuromorphic Hardware
TU Graz and Intel Demonstrate Significant Energy Savings Using Neuromorphic Hardware
Research published in Nature Machine Intelligence illustrates neuromorphic technology is up to sixteen times more energy-efficient for large deep learning networks than other AI systems. For the first time TU Graz's Institute of Theoretical Computer Science and Intel Labs demonstrated experimentally that a large neural network can process sequences such as sentences while consuming four to sixteen times less energy while running on neuromorphic hardware than non-neuromorphic hardware.
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