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Computer Science - 25.01.2023
Skywing: Open-source software aids collaborative autonomy applications
Skywing: Open-source software aids collaborative autonomy applications
A new software developed at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and known as Skywing, provides domain scientists working to protect the nation's critical infrastructure with a high-reliability, real-time software platform for collaborative autonomy applications. The U.S. modern critical infrastructure - from the electrical grid that sends power to homes to the pipelines that deliver water and natural gas and the railways and roadways we travel - is full of digitized components.

Health - Computer Science - 19.01.2023
AI-powered database to design potential cancer drug in 30 days
AI-powered database to design potential cancer drug in 30 days
In less than a month, researchers have used AlphaFold, an artificial intelligence (AI)-powered protein structure database, to design and synthesize a potential drug to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common type of primary liver cancer. The researchers successfully applied AlphaFold to an end-to-end AI-powered drug discovery platform called Pharma.AI.

Innovation - Computer Science - 18.01.2023
OneButtonPIN increases security for blind and low-vision tech users
New authentication method helps protect data from privacy attacks Working closely with blind and low-vision (BLV) users, researchers at the University of Waterloo and the Rochester Institute of Technology have developed a new authentication method that could help BLV technology users more securely access their devices.

Physics - Computer Science - 18.01.2023
Can you trust your quantum simulator?
Close At the scale of individual atoms, physics gets weird. Researchers are working to reveal, harness, and control these strange quantum effects using quantum analog simulators - laboratory experiments that involve super-cooling tens to hundreds of atoms and probing them with finely tuned lasers and magnets.

Health - Computer Science - 17.01.2023
New method revolutionises network analysis
How do you find the fastest route if you can't see all possible links? For example when "routing" Internet traffic - something which is now done based on trust - or protein pathways in the body, insights wherein can lead to completely new understandings diseases and medicines? Scientists have been racking their brains over the question since the 1950s.

Innovation - Computer Science - 16.01.2023
ChatGPT: A Technological Breakthrough?
GPT Chat is the latest innovation in chatbots. Designed by OpenAI, GPT Chat uses one of the most advanced language processing models available to simulate a natural conversation with users. GPT Chat is able to adapt to a wide range of conversational topics and provide smooth, natural responses through its use of the GPT-3 (Generative Pre-training Transformer 3) model.

Computer Science - Environment - 13.01.2023
Computers that power self-driving cars could be a huge driver of global carbon emissions
Computers that power self-driving cars could be a huge driver of global carbon emissions
Study shows that if autonomous vehicles are widely adopted, hardware efficiency will need to advance rapidly to keep computing-related emissions in check. In the future, the energy needed to run the powerful computers on board a global fleet of autonomous vehicles could generate as many greenhouse gas emissions as all the data centers in the world today.

Computer Science - Environment - 12.01.2023
Novel system to predict severe hurricanes using Artificial Intelligence
Novel system to predict severe hurricanes using Artificial Intelligence
A team from the University of Valencia develops a novel system to predict severe hurricanes using Artificial Intelligence A research team from the Image Processing Laboratory (IPL) of the University of Valencia has developed a system that allows to optimally analyse and combinie certain structural parameters of the hurricane clouds from GOES satellite images.

Physics - Computer Science - 12.01.2023
Integrated photonic circuits could help close the 'terahertz gap'
Integrated photonic circuits could help close the 'terahertz gap'
Researchers have collaborated with those at Harvard and ETH Zurich on a new thin-film circuit that, when connected to a laser beam, produces finely tailorable terahertz-frequency waves. The device opens up a world of potential applications in optics and telecommunications. Researchers led by Cristina Benea-Chelmus in the Laboratory of Hybrid Photonics ( HYLAB ) in EPFL's School of Engineering have taken a big step toward successfully exploiting the so-called terahertz gap, which lies between about 300-30,000 gigahertz (0.3 to 30 THz) on the electromagnetic spectrum.

Computer Science - 11.01.2023
Datagotchi: the voting-prediction tool keeps learning new things
Released in September during the Quebec provincial elections, the app analyzes people's lifestyles to give a better idea which party they'll cast their ballot for. CONTENU - People's everyday habits may not correlate perfectly with their voting behaviour. But the research team behind a made-in-Quebec app called Datagotchi has found a significant link between lifestyle and voting preference.

Pharmacology - Computer Science - 11.01.2023
AI to fast-track drug formulation development
AI to fast-track drug formulation development
In a bid to reduce the time and cost associated with developing promising new medicines, University of Toronto scientists have successfully tested the use of artificial intelligence to guide the design of long-acting injectable drug formulations. The study, published this week in  Nature Communication , was led by Professor  Christine Allen  in the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy and  Alįn Aspuru-Guzik  in the departments of chemistry and computer science in the Faculty of Arts & Science.

Environment - Computer Science - 09.01.2023
AI to monitor changes to globally important glacier
AI to monitor changes to globally important glacier
Scientists have developed AI to track the development of crevasses - or fractures - on the Thwaites Glacier ice tongue in west Antarctica. Crevasses are indicators of stress building-up in the glacier. A team of researchers from the University of Leeds and University of Bristol have adapted an AI algorithm originally developed to identify cells in microscope images to spot crevasses forming in the ice from satellite images.

Computer Science - Chemistry - 08.01.2023
Unpacking the 'black box' to build better AI models
Unpacking the ’black box’ to build better AI models
Stefanie Jegelka seeks to understand how machine-learning models behave, to help researchers build more robust models for applications in biology, computer vision, optimization, and more. When deep learning models are deployed in the real world, perhaps to detect financial fraud from credit card activity or identify cancer in medical images, they are often able to outperform humans.

Health - Computer Science - 06.01.2023
Non-invasive malaria screening device uses light for diagnosis
Non-invasive malaria screening device uses light for diagnosis
The test, being developed by a research team led by Johns Hopkins engineer Ishan Barman, is seen as an alternative to current rapid tests that require blood draws Rapid tests, which are easy to deploy and require minimal equipment, provide an important diagnostic tool in the ongoing effort against malaria, which affects more than 250 million people around the world annually.

Health - Computer Science - 05.01.2023
Machine Learning Tackles Long COVID
Long COVID has emerged as a pandemic within the pandemic. As scientists work to untangle the many remaining unanswered questions about how the initial infection impacts the body, they must now also investigate why some people develop debilitating, chronic symptoms that last months to years longer. A new machine learning tool is here to help.

Physics - Computer Science - 05.01.2023
New quantum computing architecture could be used to connect large-scale devices
New quantum computing architecture could be used to connect large-scale devices
Researchers have demonstrated directional photon emission, the first step toward extensible quantum interconnects. Quantum computers hold the promise of performing certain tasks that are intractable even on the world's most powerful supercomputers. In the future, scientists anticipate using quantum computing to emulate materials systems, simulate quantum chemistry, and optimize hard tasks, with impacts potentially spanning finance to pharmaceuticals.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 05.01.2023
Simulating discrimination in virtual reality
The role-playing game "On the Plane" simulates xenophobia to foster greater understanding and reflection via virtual experiences. Have you ever been advised to "walk a mile in someone else's shoes?" Considering another person's perspective can be a challenging endeavor - but recognizing our errors and biases is key to building understanding across communities.

Chemistry - Computer Science - 03.01.2023
Entire colour palette of inexpensive fluorescent dyes
Entire colour palette of inexpensive fluorescent dyes
Researchers have developed a modular system for the simple and inexpensive production of security inks. It is based on polymers and could also be used in solar power plants and screens in the future. Novel fluorescent dyes developed by researchers are relatively simple and inexpensive to produce. The dyes are polymers with a modular structure.

Innovation - Computer Science - 03.01.2023
ChatGPT: A Technological Breakthrough?
GPT Chat is the latest innovation in chatbots. Designed by OpenAI, GPT Chat uses one of the most advanced language processing models available to simulate a natural conversation with users. GPT Chat is able to adapt to a wide range of conversational topics and provide smooth, natural responses through its use of the GPT-3 (Generative Pre-training Transformer 3) model.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 21.12.2022
Bacteria taught to 'read' Morse code signals
Bacteria taught to ’read’ Morse code signals
A project of the Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (I2SysBio, UV-CSIC) researches genetically modified bacteria so that they learn to decode a message.
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