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Health - Pharmacology - 15.04.2024
Canada likely to miss WHO’s Hepatitis C elimination target
Canada likely to miss WHO's Hepatitis C elimination target, research shows. Canada will not reach the original World Health Organization's (WHO) target of eliminating the Hepatitis C virus (HCV) by 2030 and lags in comparison to other developed countries, a new study led by researchers at the University of Waterloo has found.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.04.2024
Advance in immune cell screening uncovers receptors that target prostate cancer
Advance in immune cell screening uncovers receptors that target prostate cancer
FINDINGS A recent UCLA study demonstrates a new process for screening T cells, part of the body's natural defenses, for characteristics vital to the success of cell-based treatments. The method filters T cells based on the receptor proteins found on their surface - which enable them to latch onto certain threats - and the type and amount of cell-killing or immune response-triggering molecules that they secrete.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.04.2024
Specific nasal cells protect against COVID-19 in children
Specific nasal cells protect against COVID-19 in children
Important differences in how the nasal cells of young and elderly people respond to the SARS-CoV-2 virus, could explain why children typically experience milder COVID-19 symptoms, finds a new study led by researchers at UCL and the Wellcome Sanger Institute. The study, published in Nature Microbiology , focused on the early effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection on the cells first targeted by the viruses, the human nasal epithelial cells (NECs).

Health - Pedagogy - 15.04.2024
How trauma gets ’under the skin’
A University of Michigan study has shown that traumatic experiences during childhood may get "under the skin- later in life, impairing the muscle function of people as they age. The study examined the function of skeletal muscle of older adults paired with surveys of adverse events they had experienced in childhood.

Health - Life Sciences - 15.04.2024
Boron deficiency: oilseed rape reacts as with infection and pest infestation
Boron deficiency: oilseed rape reacts as with infection and pest infestation
Genetic mechanisms uncovered Boron deficiency has a devastating effect on oilseed rape and related plants. However, little is known about the underlying genetic mechanisms. A study shows that the response to persistent or short-term acute boron deficiency is similar to that to pests and infections. The results lay the foundation for breeding plants that can better cope with boron deficiency and for avoiding related yield losses.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.04.2024
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Millions of gamers advance biomedical research
Leveraging gamers and video game technology can dramatically boost scientific research according to a new study published today in Nature Biotechnology . 4.5 million gamers around the world have advanced medical science by helping to reconstruct microbial evolutionary histories using a minigame included inside the critically and commercially successful video game, Borderlands 3 .

Astronomy / Space - Health - 12.04.2024
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
For future space missions: Scientists develop hood to measure brain activity in space
Prof. Patrique Fiedler and his team at the Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Informatics (BMTI) at TU Ilmenau are working on an EEG system suitable for use in space. It is intended to accompany astronauts on long-term missions in order to recognize and counteract limitations in their performance in good time.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2024
Study Lays the Basis for New Knowledge on Gastrointestinal Diseases
Study Lays the Basis for New Knowledge on Gastrointestinal Diseases
The transition from the esophagus to the stomach is a delicate region from a medical point of view, often associated with pathological disorders leading to cancer. An international research team has now gained new insights into this region. These pave the way for new prevention and treatment options.

Environment - Health - 11.04.2024
Study improves understanding of effects of household air pollution during pregnancy
In a new study, researchers from Oxford's Nuffield Department of Women's & Reproductive Health have found that pregnant mothers' exposure to air pollution from indoor stoves did not affect the development of their babies in any statistically significant way, challenging conventional wisdom regarding the impact of household air pollution on fetal growth.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2024
Study unpicks why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood
Study unpicks why childhood maltreatment continues to impact on mental and physical health into adulthood
Childhood maltreatment can continue to have an impact long into adulthood because of how it effects an individual's risk of poor physical health and traumatic experiences many years later, a new study has found.

Health - 11.04.2024
Analysis identifies areas for improvement in the overall health of Canada's population
Analysis identifies areas for improvement in the overall health of Canada’s population
Study involving Western professor shows rate of improvement for burden of disease in Canada has plateaued since 2011 Understanding the trends in the health of a country's population is crucial for developing effective public health policies and predicting future demand for health services.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.04.2024
A new tool for tracing the family trees of cells
A new tool for tracing the family trees of cells
Researchers have developed GEMLI, a pioneering tool that could democratize and vastly improve how we study the journey of cells from their embryonic state through to specialized roles in the body, as well as their changes in cancer and other diseases. In the intricate dance of life, where cells multiply and diversify to form the different parts of organisms, understanding each cell's origin can be crucial.

Health - Computer Science - 11.04.2024
New AI method captures uncertainty in medical images
By providing plausible label maps for one medical image, the Tyche machine-learning model could help clinicians and researchers capture crucial information. In biomedicine, segmentation involves annotating pixels from an important structure in a medical image, like an organ or cell. Artificial intelligence models can help clinicians by highlighting pixels that may show signs of a certain disease or anomaly.

Chemistry - Health - 10.04.2024
Revolutionary molecular device unleashes potential for targeted drug delivery and self-healing materials
In a new breakthrough that could revolutionise medical and material engineering, scientists have developed a first-of-its-kind molecular device that controls the release of multiple small molecules using force. The researchers from The University of Manchester describe a force-controlled release system that harnesses natural forces to trigger targeted release of molecules, which could significantly advance medical treatment and smart materials.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
Navigation software supports kidney research
Navigation software supports kidney research
Bonn researchers develop method for three-dimensional image processing to solve the mystery of kidney inflammation Many kidney diseases are manifested by protein in the urine. However, until now it was not possible to determine whether the protein excretion is caused by only a few, but severely damaged, or by many moderately damaged of the millions of small kidney filters, known as glomeruli.

Health - Psychology - 10.04.2024
Research uncovers differences between the sexes in sleep, circadian rhythms and metabolism
A new review of research evidence has explored the key differences in how women and men sleep, variations in their body clocks, and how this affects their metabolism. Published in Sleep Medicine Reviews , the paper highlights the crucial role sex plays in understanding these factors and suggests a person's biological sex should be considered when treating sleep, circadian rhythm and metabolic disorders.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
Looking at the environment around tumours could help predict how cancer spreads
Looking at the environment around tumours could help predict how cancer spreads
Examining the immune cells in the environment around a tumour could help to predict how a person's cancer might progress and respond to treatment, according to new research led by UCL and the Francis Crick Institute. The study, published in Cancer Discovery and reported at the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2024, is part of the Rubicon project, which aims to create a detailed map of lung cancer immunology to speed up the development of new treatments.

Health - Life Sciences - 10.04.2024
Key interaction of molecules discovered to influence hormone release
In a study recently published in the scientific journal PNAS, a research team led by MedUni Vienna has presented results that show a new way for drug development for post-traumatic stress disorder, alongside other indications. Although around four per cent of the population suffer from this mental illness, only symptomatic therapies are currently available.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.04.2024
Respiratory allergies: newly discovered molecule plays a major role in triggering inflammation
Respiratory allergies: newly discovered molecule plays a major role in triggering inflammation
Inflammation plays a major role in allergic diseases, affecting at least 17 million people in France, including 4 million asthmatics. One of the molecules that initiates this process in the respiratory tract has just been identified. This molecule, a member of the alarmin family, is a major therapeutic target for the development of new treatments for respiratory allergies.

Health - 10.04.2024
Weak link between adolescent media use and psychotic experiences in adulthood
As digital media becomes an increasing part of daily life for teens, the question of how heightened screen time will impact their brains in the future is becoming more pressing. A group of researchers at McGill University has set out to determine whether the use of video games, computers and other media during adolescence was associated with psychotic experiences in adulthood.
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