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Pharmacology - Health - 15.06.2021
Medication may help heavy-drinking smokers improve their health
A recent UCLA clinical trial has shown encouraging results in helping daily smokers who are also heavy drinkers quit smoking and cut down their alcohol intake. The study of 165 people tested two prescription drugs — varenicline, for smoking addiction, and naltrexone, which is used to treat alcoholism.

Health - 15.06.2021
New research suggests UK faces post-pandemic bereavement crisis and lasting legacy of grief
New research has highlighted the difficulties and distress people experienced when trying to get support after the death of a loved one during the pandemic, with more than half of people (51%) experiencing high or severe vulnerability in their grief and those seeking support facing long waiting lists or being told they are ineligible.

Health - Mathematics - 14.06.2021
Mathematics to improve macular degeneration treatment
Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have created a mathematical model and simulated numerically the progression of age-related macular degeneration, one of the main causes of blindness. This model can be used to better understand how this disease appears and assess the most effective treatments.

Health - 14.06.2021
Home carers’ mental health worsened during lockdown
A new study has found the mental health of home-carers deteriorated more during lockdown than non-carers. The research - led by the University of Glasgow's MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit with colleagues at the University of Essex - found that unpaid carers who looked after another member of their household (home-carers) had poorer mental health than the general population before lockdown and that this worsened as lockdown continued.

Health - 14.06.2021
Fitbits could help patients recover faster from surgery
Fitbits could help patients recover faster from surgery
Smartwatches could help prepare patients for major surgery, improving their recovery, researchers at The Christie NHS Foundation Trust in Manchester have found in a study sppnsored by The Univesity of Manchester. Preliminary results, from what's believed to be the first monitored remote pre-habilitation programme in the UK, are promising and could improve recovery by a third.

Health - 14.06.2021
Are probiotic foods beneficial for the health?
Advertisements would certainly uphold such a benefit, but there are doubts about their veracity, according to a new assessment by Nutrimedia, a project of the Science Communication Observatory and the Iberoamerican Cochrane Center. The term probiotic ("pro-life") seems to implicitly involve a health benefit.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.06.2021
Scientists experiment with materials that can ’remember’
New research identifies properties that allow proteins to strengthen under pressure A new rubber band stretches, but then snaps back into its original shape and size. Stretched again, it does the same. But what if the rubber band was made of a material that remembered how it had been stretched? Just as our bones strengthen in response to impact, medical implants or prosthetics composed of such a material could adjust to environmental pressures such as those encountered in strenuous exercise.

Health - Social Sciences - 13.06.2021
Research on albinism in Tanzania
Successful pilot project to tackle discrimination 13 June is International Albinism Awareness Day One in 1,400 people in Tanzania has albinism. These people are often socially excluded, heavily discriminated against and sometimes even have to fear for their lives. Dr Tjitske de Groot of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel set up a pilot project for her doctoral research and investigated what actions and means could be used to reduce the stigma of albinism - as well as other stigma - and actively contributed to this on site.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.06.2021
Recreating a step in the evolution of viruses
Recreating a step in the evolution of viruses
An international team of researchers has shed new light on the way viruses evolved highly effective ways of spreading disease. The scientists, involving a team from the universities of Leeds and York, believe understanding that key moment in the natural history of viruses may eventually help with the design of novel delivery mechanisms for gene therapies, where viruses are used to repair faulty genes.

Life Sciences - Health - 11.06.2021
New glial cells discovered in the brain: Implications for brain repair
New glial cells discovered in the brain: Implications for brain repair
Neurons, nerve cells in the brain, are central players in brain function. However, a key role for glia, long considered support cells, is emerging. A research group at the University of Basel has now discovered two new types of glial cells in the brain, by unleashing adult stem cells from their quiescent state.

Health - Environment - 11.06.2021
Air conditioning unnecessary in majority of heatwave conditions globally
Air conditioning unnecessary in majority of heatwave conditions globally
Most of Asia, Europe, North America and South America have never experienced heatwave conditions that would prohibit electric fans from being a safe, effective and clean alternative to air conditioning, finds a new study. The biophysical modelling study, published in The Lancet Planetary Health, challenges outdated public health guidance that discourages fan use in temperatures higher than 35 degrees Celsius / 95 degrees Fahrenheit.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.06.2021
Smartphone camera can illuminate bacteria causing acne, dental plaques
Smartphone camera can illuminate bacteria causing acne, dental plaques
Researchers at the University of Washington have developed a method that uses smartphone-derived images to identify potentially harmful bacteria on skin and in oral cavities. Their approach, outlined in a paper published in the May issue of Optics and Lasers in Engineering, can visually identify microbes on skin contributing to acne and slow wound healing, as well as bacteria in the oral cavity that can cause gingivitis and dental plaques.

Health - 10.06.2021
England on track to achieve elimination of HIV transmission by 2030 as model shows sharp decrease in HIV incidence
England on track to achieve elimination of HIV transmission by 2030 as model shows sharp decrease in HIV incidence
The annual number of new HIV infections among men who have sex with men in England is likely to have fallen dramatically, from 2,770 in 2013 to 854 in 2018, showing elimination of HIV transmission by 2030 to be within reach - suggests work by researchers from the MRC Biostatistics Unit at the University of Cambridge and Public Health England, published in The Lancet HIV .

Life Sciences - Health - 10.06.2021
Bacteria hijack latent phage of competitor
Bacteria hijack latent phage of competitor
Biochemists discover highly selective phage activation based on signal molecule Bacteriophages are still a relatively unknown component of the human microbiome. However, they can play a powerful role in the life cycles of bacteria. Biochemist Thomas B÷ttcher from the University of Vienna and PhD candidate Magdalena Jancheva were able to show for the first time how Pseudomonas bacteria use a self-produced signal molecule to selectively manipulate phages in a competing bacterial strain to defeat their enemy.

Social Sciences - Health - 10.06.2021
Key factors to tackle teenage bullying and suicidal behaviours
Screening and early interventions to address loneliness, sleep disturbances and alcohol consumption can help to reduce the association between being bullied at school and suicidal behaviours, a new study has found. Researchers from The University of Queensland's Life Course Centre examined the relationship between bullying victimisation and suicidal behaviours in more than 280,000 teenagers aged 13-17 in 90 countries worldwide.

Health - 10.06.2021
Numbers of GPs wanting to leave already high before COVID, finds survey
The number of GPs who say they were likely to quit direct patient care within five years was 37%, even before the coronavirus pandemic, according to a new survey carried out by University of Manchester researchers. The figure was 63% in GPs over 50. Even among younger GPs (under the age of 50), more than one in every ten (11%) said they were planning to leave.

Health - Pharmacology - 10.06.2021
Drug commonly used as antidepressant helps fight cancer in mice
A class of drug called monoamine oxidase inhibitors is commonly prescribed to treat depression; the medications work by boosting levels of serotonin, the brain's "happiness hormone." A new study by UCLA researchers suggests that those drugs, commonly known as MAOIs, might have another health benefit: helping the immune system attack cancer.

Health - Campus - 10.06.2021
New mothers negatively impacted by COVID-19 pandemic policies
Giving birth can be a joyous, yet stressful experience in the best of times - but what happens when a global public health crisis is thrown into the mix? McGill University and the University of Toronto researchers examined the effects certain pandemic policies have had on the mental health of Canadian women who gave birth during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Health - Life Sciences - 09.06.2021
Scientists make DNA breakthrough which could identify why some people are more affected by Covid-19
Scientists from the MRC Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine at Oxford University have developed a method that allows them to see, with far greater accuracy, how DNA forms large scale structures within a cell nucleus. This breakthrough will improve understanding of how differences in DNA sequences can lead to increased risks of developing many different diseases.

Health - Pharmacology - 09.06.2021
Experts call for new standards for diagnostic tests to address testing problems during the COVID-19 pandemic
The Royal Statistical Society (RSS) has today published its review of the statistical evidence needed to assure the performance of future diagnostic tests, so we are better prepared for future pandemics. The RSS Working Group on Diagnostic Tests, which is co-chaired by University of Birmingham's Professor Jon Deeks , is calling on the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) to review and revise the national licensing process for in vitro diagnostic tests, to ensure that reliable evidence about the performance of tests is available and public safety is protected.
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