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Life Sciences - Health - 18.07.2024 - Today
Analysing internal world models of humans, animals and AI
Analysing internal world models of humans, animals and AI
Freiburg researchers develop new formal description of internal world models, thereby enabling interdisciplinary research A team of scientists led by Ilka Diester , Professor of Optophysiology and spokesperson of the BrainLinks-BrainTools research centre at the University of Freiburg, has developed a formal description of internal world models and published it in the journal Neuron .

Health - Pharmacology - 18.07.2024 - Today
Improving HIV treatment for children and adolescents - the right way
Improving HIV treatment for children and adolescents - the right way
Globally, around 2.6 million children and adolescents are currently living with HIV, the majority of them in Africa. These young people are much more likely to experience treatment failure than adults. Experts long assumed that testing for viral drug resistance could improve treatment in cases where treatment has failed.

Chemistry - Health - 17.07.2024
Soft, stretchy 'jelly batteries' inspired by electric eels
Soft, stretchy ’jelly batteries’ inspired by electric eels
Researchers have developed soft, stretchable 'jelly batteries' that could be used for wearable devices or soft robotics, or even implanted in the brain to deliver drugs or treat conditions such as epilepsy. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, took their inspiration from electric eels, which stun their prey with modified muscle cells called electrocytes.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Scientists make breakthrough in development of fridge-free storage for vital medicines
Scientists make breakthrough in development of fridge-free storage for vital medicines
Scientists have developed a new approach to store and distribute crucial protein therapeutics without the need for fridges or freezers. The breakthrough, published in the journal Nature , could significantly improve accessibility of essential protein-based drugs in developing countries where cold storage infrastructure may be lacking, helping efforts to diagnose and treat more people with serious health conditions.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.07.2024
Addition to the CRISPR Toolbox: Teaching Gene Scissors to Detect RNA
Addition to the CRISPR Toolbox: Teaching Gene Scissors to Detect RNA
A team at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research in Würzburg, Germany, led by RNA expert Chase Beisel, has developed a new technology for the precise detection of RNA using DNA-cutting Cas12 nucleases. CRISPR-Cas systems, defense systems in bacteria, have become a plentiful source of technologies for molecular diagnostics.

Health - Psychology - 17.07.2024
’Diabetes distress’ increases risk of mental health problems among young people living with type 1 diabetes
Children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are at significantly higher risk of a number of mental health issues, including mood and anxiety disorders, a study from a team in the UK and the Czech Republic has found. We know that people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes can experience 'diabetes distress'. It's little wonder, then, that they are at risk of compounding mental health problems, spanning into their adult lives Benjamin Perry The findings highlight the urgent need for monitoring and support for the mental health of young people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes.

Pharmacology - Health - 17.07.2024
Scottish Brain Tumour Research Centre of Excellence to be established
University of Glasgow cancer scientists will play a leading role in a new research centre to help find a cure for the most aggressive form of brain cancer. The Scottish Brain Tumour Research Centre of Excellence is jointly funded by the charities Brain Tumour Research and Beatson Cancer Charity, and will be a unique collaboration based at laboratories at the University of Glasgow and the University of Edinburgh.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Multiple concussions in rugby players change proteins in their blood
A new study shows that retired rugby players who have suffered multiple concussions have abnormal levels of certain proteins in their blood. This may make them more prone to developing diseases such as motor neurone disease (MND). This is what new research led by our bioscientists has found as part of the UK Rugby Health project.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.07.2024
'Paleolithic' diets are not without risks
’Paleolithic’ diets are not without risks
A study highlights the toxicity risks of high-protein diets, which can lead to severe neurological disorders. High-protein diets, known as ''Paleolithic diets'', are popular. Using mouse models, scientists at the University of Geneva have studied their impact. While effective in regulating weight and stabilizing diabetes, these diets are not without risks.

Health - Innovation - 17.07.2024
A hydrogel implant to treat endometriosis
Researchers from ETH Zurich and Empa have developed a hydrogel implant that can help prevent endometriosis, a condition that affects a great many women. This innovation also acts as a contraceptive. Hydrogels have a variety of use cases, including contact lenses, delivering doses of medication within the body, moisturisers, water storage in soil, cleaning polluted water and as gelling and thickening agents.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.07.2024
Key Driver for Epithelial Cancer Development Identified
Key Driver for Epithelial Cancer Development Identified
A distinct signaling pathway called TNF- drives the transformation of epithelial cells into aggressive tumor cells. During cancer progression, cells activate their own TNF- program and become invasive. This finding could help to improve early detection and treatment of patients with cancers in skin, esophagus, bladder or colon, as researchers state.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Scientists make breakthrough in fridge-free storage for vital medicines
Scientists have developed a new approach to store and distribute crucial protein therapeutics without the need for fridges or freezers. The breakthrough, published in the journal Nature , could significantly improve accessibility of essential protein-based drugs in developing countries where cold storage infrastructure may be lacking, helping efforts to diagnose and treat more people with serious health conditions.

Health - 17.07.2024
Ultra-processed food makes up almost two-thirds of calorie intake of UK adolescents
Ultra-processed food makes up almost two-thirds of calorie intake of UK adolescents
Adolescents consume around two-thirds of their daily calories from ultra-processed foods (UPFs), new research from the Universities of Cambridge and Bristol has found. Ultra-processed foods make up the majority of adolescents' diets, and their consumption is at a much higher level than is ideal, given their potential negative health impacts Yanaina Chavez-Ugalde The study found that UPF consumption was highest among adolescents from deprived backgrounds, those of white ethnicity, and younger adolescents.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.07.2024
Study addresses long-standing diversity bias in human genetics
Study addresses long-standing diversity bias in human genetics
New study addresses long-standing diversity bias in human genetics Catalog of data generated by Johns Hopkins scientists includes groups traditionally neglected in research, should yield more accurate insights into genetic factors driving human diversity Most research in human genetics has historically focused on people of European ancestries-a long-standing bias that may limit the accuracy of scientific predictions for people from other populations.

Health - 16.07.2024
Antibiotics in early life increase risk of asthma and allergies in adulthood
Taking antibiotics at a young age can make the body more prone to asthma and allergies later in life. This might be preventable by adding a simple supplement, concludes immunologist Olaf Perdijk from Utrecht University. His comprehensive study is published today in the journal Immunity . Antibiotics are essential for eliminating harmful bacteria and have significantly advanced our healthcare.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.07.2024
First bone marrow model which supports human stem cells
Scientists develop first bone marrow model which supports human stem cells Scientists have created the first bioengineered bone marrow model which can support the type of human stem cells that are crucial for bone marrow transplants and in vitro study work. The research - published in Nature Communications and led by the University of Glasgow - replicates key aspects of the human bone marrow microenvironment, to enable the support of rare long-term hematopoietic stem cells, or LT-HSCs.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.07.2024
New approach to improve targeted skin cancer therapies
Targeted therapies are a powerful weapon against skin cancer, but their side effects can severely impact a patient's quality of life. A new study shows that some targeted therapies manipulate signaling events in cells that line blood vessels and result in a weaker vascular barrier. This knowledge sheds some light on possible mechanisms leading to side effects and it can contribute to the development of better therapies for skin cancer.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.07.2024
Unraveling amyloid fibrils
Unraveling amyloid fibrils
Researchers at EPFL have discovered how amyloid fibrils form complex structures, shedding light on diseases like Alzheimer's and opening new doors in material science. Amyloids are protein aggregates that can form in the body, sometimes leading to diseases like Alzheimer's. These fibrils can adopt multiple shapes, known as "polymorphs", which complicate our understanding of their role in health and disease.

Health - 16.07.2024
Driving towards equity
Emphasizing social benefits could improve trust in autonomous vehicles, researchers find Johns Hopkins researchers suggest that emphasizing the societal value of AVs can positively influence public perception and support for their adoption A team of Johns Hopkins researchers is reframing the discussion around autonomous vehicles.

Health - Physics - 15.07.2024
New insights into molecular mechanisms of cholera infection
New insights into molecular mechanisms of cholera infection
Researchers investigate the strong interaction of cholera toxin with a key ganglioside on the surface of intestinal cells Cholera infections caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria can be life-threatening and the trigger is the cholera toxin produced by the bacteria. It binds to the surface of intestinal cells - more precisely, to certain "sugar lipids" (GM1 gangliosides, GM1) on the cell surfaces.
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