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Health - 07.06.2023
One third of patients with diabetes in Austria discontinue treatment
A research team led by the Medical University of Vienna and the Complexity Science Hub Vienna has analysed the actual prevalence of Type 2 diabetes in Austria for the first time as part of a study. In addition to identifying clear regional differences, an alarming and previously unknown figure came to light: one in three people suddenly stop treatment and go without medication and/or medical check-ups for at least a year.

Pharmacology - Health - 06.06.2023
Programmable 3D printed wound dressing could improve treatment for burn, cancer patients
Researchers have developed intelligent hydrogel materials for use as a reusable wound dressing One of the challenges in treating burn victims is the frequency of dressing changes, which can be extremely painful. To bring relief to this and other problems, University of Waterloo researchers have created a new type of wound dressing material using advanced polymers.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.06.2023
Key to a cheaper and more accessible Hib vaccine found
Key to a cheaper and more accessible Hib vaccine found
The bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) can cause severe meningitis in young children. Our researchers now have a way to make the Hib vaccine cheaply and more easily. The bacterium Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) can cause severe diseases such as meningitis and blood poisoning in young children.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.06.2023
Tagged for arrest: 'Barcode' determines receptor's fate
Tagged for arrest: ’Barcode’ determines receptor’s fate
Receptor proteins serve as the -eyes and ears- of the cell. The largest receptor family are the so-called G protein-coupled receptors. They respond to highly diverse stimuli ranging from photons to hormones and odorants. Researchers at the University of Basel have discovered a unique recognition pattern that works like a barcode and tags the receptor for desensitization.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.06.2023
Mechanisms behind aggressive cancer metastases uncovered
Mechanisms behind aggressive cancer metastases uncovered
Breast cancer spreading to other organs usually heralds a poorer prognosis. Researchers at the University and University Hospital of Basel have discovered a process that helps breast cancer cells implant themselves in certain places in the body. The results suggest a way of preventing secondary tumors.

Health - Life Sciences - 06.06.2023
Can exercise help counteract genetic risk of disease?
Staying active could help keep the onset of type 2 diabetes at bay, even if someone has a genetic risk of developing the disease. Researchers say this highlights the importance of exercise in chronic disease prevention. New research has revealed being active could lower the risk of type 2 diabetes, even in people with a high genetic risk of developing the medical condition.

Health - Materials Science - 06.06.2023
Take a deep breath
Take a deep breath
Pulmonary surfactant is a special fluid released by cells in the lungs. For premature babies and COVID-19 patients in intensive care, it can mean the difference between life and death. An ETH materials scientist hopes to shed some light on this complex substance. In a second experiment, she interrupts this steady resting breathing rate with a single, larger intake of air after approximately every fourth cycle of inspiration and expiration.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.06.2023
Movement symptoms in dystonia are caused by spinal cord dysfunction
Movement symptoms in dystonia are caused by spinal cord dysfunction
Symptoms of the neurological movement disorder, dystonia, which include muscle spasms, twisting of the body and tremors, arise from an impairment in spinal cord function, finds a new study in mice by UCL researchers. Many neurological conditions that involve involuntary muscle contractions have long been considered as diseases of the brain.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.06.2023
Finding clues about the process of cell plasticity
Study: ROS signaling-induced mitochondrial Sgk1 expression regulates epithelial cell renewal Researchers have long thought that once a cell starts down its path of differentiation, growing into a skin cell or a liver cell or a neuron, that path could not be changed. But over the past two decades, scientists have realized this pathway is more complex.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.06.2023
How brain cells recycle themselves
A study published on June 5, 2023 in Neuron by a team from the University of Lausanne lifts part of the veil on the autophagy mechanism in neurons and glial cells . Autophagy is an essential process in cellular life: it cleans up the waste produced by the cell's machinery, eliminating useless, defective or toxic components, and recycling those that can be.

Computer Science - Health - 05.06.2023
More transparency for AI in diagnostics
More transparency for AI in diagnostics
At this point the Google Custom Search Engine is integrated. When displaying, data may be transferred to third parties or cookies may be stored, therefore your consent is required. You can find more information and the possibility to revoke your consent at Privacy , Medizinische Bildverarbeitung & KI, News Interview with computer scientist Alessandro Wollek and ethics researcher Theresa Willem Artificial Intelligence (AI) has the potential to support diagnoses in radiology.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.06.2023
Promising novel treatment for Osteoarthritis revealed by new research
The University of Manchester and Link Biologics Limited today announced the publication of preclinical data on a potential new treatment for Osteoarthritis in the peer-reviewed journal, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. This paper describes the development of a protein biological drug termed Link_TSG6 with disease modifying properties.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.06.2023
Nanobiotics: AI for discovering where and how nanoparticles bind with proteins
A new tool in the fight against superbugs goes beyond protein folding simulations like AlphaFold, potentially revealing antibiotic candidates Identifying whether and how a nanoparticle and protein will bind with one another is an important step toward being able to design antibiotics and antivirals on demand, and a computer model developed at the University of Michigan can do it.

Sport - Health - 05.06.2023
Women’s gymnastics leads NCAA sports with most preseason concussions
Study: Under-representation of female athletes in research informing influential concussion consensus and position statements: an evidence review and synthesis Women's gymnastics has the highest rate of preseason concussion of all NCAA sports, with women gymnasts experiencing concussions at a rate 50% higher than football players.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.06.2023
Moving towards a more inclusive approach to medicine
Release of pangenome representing wide diversity of individuals ushers in new understanding of human biology and disease The first human genome, which has served as the reference until now, was released approximately 20 years ago. It was a landmark accomplishment that had a huge impact on biomedical research and changed the way scientists study human biology.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.06.2023
New findings about human metabolic processes
New findings about human metabolic processes
Freiburg researchers discover numerous undescribed metabolic processes and their genes by comparing metabolic products in urine and blood Researchers at the Faculty of Medicine at the University of Freiburg have gained significant new insights into metabolic processes in the kidney. The scientists from the Institute of Genetic Epidemiology at the Medical Center - University of Freiburg measured tiny molecules, so-called metabolites, which occur in blood and urine and reflect our metabolism, in samples from more than 5,000 study participants.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.06.2023
How a highly unstable protein may lead to neurodegeneration
How a highly unstable protein may lead to neurodegeneration
Scientists reproduce key features of pathological protein aggregates found in the brain of patients with Lou Gehrig's disease and other neurological diseases, providing insight into the underlying mechanism and offering promising avenues for new therapies. Several neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Lou Gehrig's Disease aka Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), are caused by proteins that go stray and start to aggregate into fibrils that accumulate in specific brain regions.

Life Sciences - Health - 05.06.2023
40 Hz vibrations reduce Alzheimer’s pathology, symptoms in mouse models
Tactile stimulation improved motor performance, reduced phosphorylated tau, preserved neurons and synapses, and reduced DNA damage, a new study shows. Evidence that noninvasive sensory stimulation of 40 Hz gamma frequency brain rhythms can reduce Alzheimer's disease pathology and symptoms, already shown with light and sound by multiple research groups in mice and humans, now extends to tactile stimulation.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.06.2023
New drug delays progression of glioma, a deadly brain cancer
Study is first clinical trial analyzing a targeted therapy specifically developed to treat brain tumors Health + Behavior Study is first clinical trial analyzing a targeted therapy specifically developed to treat brain tumors A targeted therapy drug called vorasidenib had positive results in delaying progression of a specific form glioma, a slow-growing but deadly brain cancer.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.06.2023
Poorly insulated nerve cells promote Alzheimer's disease in old age
Poorly insulated nerve cells promote Alzheimer’s disease in old age
Researchers have shown that defective myelin actively promotes disease-related changes in Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer's disease, an irreversible form of dementia, is considered the world's most common neurodegenerative disease. The prime risk factor for Alzheimer's is age, although it remains unclear why.
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