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Pedagogy - 14.02.2014
Passive smoking impairs children's responses to asthma treatment
Passive smoking impairs children’s responses to asthma treatment
Children exposed to cigarette smoke at home have lower levels of an enzyme that helps them respond to asthma treatment, a study has found. Passive smoking is known to worsen asthma symptoms in children and impair their response to inhaled steroid treatment, but how this effect occurs was not known. Researchers at Imperial College London found that children with severe asthma with a parent who smokes at home have lower levels of the enzyme HDAC2 compared with those whose parents don't smoke.

Pedagogy - 13.02.2014
Stanford psychologist shows why talking to kids really matters
Exposure to child-directed speech sharpens infants' language processing skills and can predict future success. New work indicates early intervention can improve language skills in kids lagging behind. Fifty years of research has revealed the sad truth that the children of lower-income, less-educated parents typically enter school with poorer language skills than their more privileged counterparts.

Health - Pedagogy - 07.02.2014
Power lines don't raise risk of leukaemia in children
Children who live near overhead power lines in early life do not have a greater risk of developing childhood leukaemia, researchers from the Childhood Cancer Research Group at the University of Oxford have found. Their study in the British Journal of Cancer found no increased risk of leukaemia in children born since the 1990s whose mother lived within a kilometre of overhead power lines.

Pedagogy - Administration - 22.01.2014
Early years learning needs a sound foundation
New research by Oxford University concludes that clear developmental benefits for the poorest children require good quality provision which is not yet available for all 92,000 two year-olds taking up nursery places at the moment. Sandra Mathers, Kathy Sylva and Naomi Eisenstadt, from the University's Department of Education, conclude that current levels of quality may not be adequate to deliver an expansion of free nursery places as planned by the government.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 06.01.2014
Babbling babies - responding to one-on-one ‘baby talk’ - master more words
University of Washington Common advice to new parents is that the more words babies hear the faster their vocabulary grows. Now new findings show that what spurs early language development isn't so much the quantity of words as the style of speech and social context in which speech occurs. Researchers at the University of Washington and University of Connecticut examined thousands of 30-second snippets of verbal exchanges between parents and babies.

Art and Design - Pedagogy - 11.12.2013
Muting the Mozart effect
Muting the Mozart effect Contrary to popular opinion, research finds no cognitive benefits to musical training C hildren get plenty of benefits from music lessons. Learning to play instruments can fuel their creativity, and practicing can teach much-needed focus and discipline. And the payoff, whether in learning a new song or just mastering a chord, often boosts self-esteem.

Continuing Education - Pedagogy - 13.11.2013
For 2-year-olds, touch screens may trump TV
New research shows that for children under 2 1/2 years old, interactive screens such as those on smartphones and tablet computers may be better teaching tools than educational television. Photo: iStock Photo Smartphones and tablets may be better learning tools for toddlers younger than 2 1/2 years old than "Sesame Street" and other educational TV programs, according to a researcher in the UW-Madison School of Human Ecology.

Social Sciences - Pedagogy - 04.11.2013
Teenagers attacking parents: new study maps 'hidden problem'
Teenagers attacking parents: new study maps 'hidden problem'
Oxford University researchers have conducted the first academic study into the hidden problem of adolescent to parent violence in the UK. Adolescent to parent violence is not a category currently flagged in police databases. Researchers analysed raw data from the London Metropolitan Police area, revealing that in one year (2009-2010) alone, there were 1,892 reported cases of 13-19-year-olds committing violent assaults against their own parents or other carers.

Health - Pedagogy - 04.11.2013
Study suggests clinicians' decision making could be affected by 'precious baby' phenomenon
Parents who conceive through assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are likely to receive different medical advice in relation to prenatal testing than those who conceive naturally, academics have suggested. An international study has revealed that almost 45% of clinicians would recommend a 37-year-old mother undergo amniocentesis – an invasive test which screens for Down’s syndrome – if she had conceived naturally.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 14.10.2013
Talking to toddlers boosts their language skills, Stanford study shows
New research from Stanford psychologists reveals that the amount parents speak directly to their toddler can make an incredible difference in the child's language proficiency and vocabulary. Just as young children need nourishing food to build physical strength, they also need linguistic nutrition for optimal development of language and cognitive abilities.

Pedagogy - Health - 30.09.2013
New research offers hope for parents of picky eaters
New research offers hope for parents of picky eaters
An intervention developed by UCL psychologists significantly increases consumption of fruit and vegetables commonly disliked among picky young children, new research has found.

Pedagogy - 25.09.2013
Language gap between rich and poor children begins in infancy, Stanford psychologists find
Language gap between rich and poor children begins in infancy, Stanford psychologists find
Research by Stanford psychologists reveals that 2-year-old children of lower-income families may already be six months behind in language development. Future work aims to devise intervention methods. Fifty years of research has revealed the sad truth that the children of lower-income, less-educated parents typically enter school with poorer language skills than their more privileged counterparts.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 18.09.2013
Why some parents think your partner isn’t good enough
It is common for parents to influence mate choice - from arranged marriages to more subtle forms of persuasion - but they often disagree with their children about what makes a suitable partner. A new study has found an evolutionary explanation for why some parents try to control who their children pair up with.

Life Sciences - Pedagogy - 13.08.2013
Brain scans may help diagnose dyslexia
Differences in a key language structure can be seen even before children start learning to read. About 10 percent of the U.S. population suffers from dyslexia, a condition that makes learning to read difficult. Dyslexia is usually diagnosed around second grade, but the results of a new study from MIT could help identify those children before they even begin reading, so they can be given extra help earlier.

Life Sciences - Pedagogy - 06.08.2013
Sharing childcare duties help lemur babies survive, Yale researchers find
Some lemur mothers, like their human counterparts, share child-rearing responsibilities and tend to fare better than lemur moms that go it alone, Yale University researchers have found. Black-and-white ruffed lemurs which share nests with other mothers have more time to forage for food according to the study published Aug.

Life Sciences - Pedagogy - 06.08.2013
Sharing childcare duties helps lemur babies survive, Yale researchers find
Some lemur mothers, like their human counterparts, share child-rearing responsibilities and tend to fare better than lemur moms that go it alone, Yale University researchers have found. Black-and-white ruffed lemurs which share nests with other mothers have more time to forage for food according to the study published Aug.

Pedagogy - Health - 01.08.2013
Both parents experience highs and lows in sexuality after childbirth
ANN ARBOR-Partners of new mothers often experience shifts in sexuality, and these shifts can be unrelated to biological or medical factors pertaining to childbirth, according to a University of Michigan study. The findings, which are published in a recent issue of The Journal of Sexual Medicine, expand current understanding of postpartum sexuality.

Pedagogy - Health - 24.07.2013
Brothers and sisters learn to build positive relationships in SIBS Program
UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. Little is known about how sibling relationships impact child and family functioning, but Penn State researchers are beginning to shed light on intervention strategies that can cultivate healthy and supportive sibling relationships. Parents frequently rank their children's sibling rivalry and conflict as the number one problem they face in family life.

Pedagogy - 03.07.2013
Poor planning skills contribute to income-achievement gap
Children from low-income families tend to do worse at school than their financially better-off peers. Poor planning skills, which can emerge as early as kindergarten and continue through high school, is one reason for the income-achievement gap, reports a new Cornell study of a large ethnically and socioeconomically diverse group of children from across the United States.

Pedagogy - Psychology - 24.06.2013
Giving children non-verbal clues about words boosts vocabularies
The clues that parents give toddlers about words can make a big difference in how deep their vocabularies are when they enter school, new research at the University of Chicago shows. By using words to reference objects in the visual environment, parents can help young children learn new words, according to the research.
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