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Mechanical Engineering - Research Management - 28.06.2022
New method based on smart materials for experimenting with cells
New method based on smart materials for experimenting with cells
Scientists from 4D-BIOMAP, an ERC research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), have developed a new experimental method, based on magneto-active polymers, to study cellular behaviour. These compounds, which consist of a polymeric matrix (e.g., an elastomer) containing magnetic particles (e.g., iron), mechanically react by changing their shape and stiffness.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 18.05.2022
Kidney cells pump blood
Kidney cells pump blood
Study reveals that kidney cells don't filter blood, they pump it The finding could help detect and treat kidney diseases and aid in disease modeling Human kidneys are an intricate network of tubes that process roughly 190 quarts of blood every day. Lining these tubes are epithelial cells that transport blood through the kidneys and circulate it back into the body.

Innovation - Mechanical Engineering - 28.04.2022
A method to optimise the operation of solar thermal power plants has been patented
Researchers from the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) have patented a method which makes it possible to reduce energy losses in solar thermal power plants. Solar thermal energy relies on harnessing solar radiation to produce heat. As with most methods of obtaining electricity, this heat is used to heat a high-pressure fluid, which drives a turbine connected to a generator.

Mechanical Engineering - 09.02.2022
Unlocking the mechanical secrets of giant Amazonian waterlilies
Unlocking the mechanical secrets of giant Amazonian waterlilies
Researchers studying giant Amazonian waterlilies have unravelled the engineering enigma behind the largest floating leaves in nature . In a study published today in Science Advances , researchers found that the distinctive pattern on the underside of the gargantuan leaves is the secret to the success of the giant Amazonian waterlily (genus Victoria ).

Mechanical Engineering - 21.12.2021
Automating Engineering’s Ideal Manager
Engineering is a collaborative practice, but effective teamwork can take many different forms. For some projects, teamwork means accomplishing all tasks as a group; for other projects, it is better for everyone to work individually before connecting their pieces like a puzzle.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 25.11.2021
Tissue engineering using mechanobiology and robotic micromanipulation
Tissue engineering using mechanobiology and robotic micromanipulation
A team of EPFL engineers has discovered a strategy to shape living tissues like dough. Have you ever wondered how a sphere of cells, morula, gives rise to tissues and organs with mesmerizing shapes and architectures? The secret lies in the mechanics of embryonic tissues. They exhibit a viscous (fluid-like) and an elastic (solid-like) behavior depending on the forces acting on them.

Mechanical Engineering - Innovation - 23.11.2021
Research to create new ultra-precise cutting tools and sensors for aircraft parts begins
Research to create new ultra-precise cutting tools and sensors for aircraft parts begins
AI-enabled sensors for parts machining set to improve quality and help manufacturers cut costs. A new generation of high-precision, low-cost sensors for future smart cutting tools are in development at the University of Bath. The SENSYCUT project aims to create low-cost, nano-scale resolution sensors and cutting tools for machining operations of high value aerospace products, to increase precision, lower costs and prevent manufacturing errors.

Life Sciences - Mechanical Engineering - 22.10.2021
'Feeling' the living cell's life cycle using optical tweezers
’Feeling’ the living cell’s life cycle using optical tweezers
Göttingen researchers use laser to reveal that the inside of living cells softens and fluidifies when dividing Living cells are the basic building blocks of all organisms. We, as humans, are essentially a collection of trillions of living cells: and all these cells emerge from a single fertilized egg.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 20.10.2021
Test procedures under scrutiny
Test procedures under scrutiny
Comparatively, neutrons detect most defects in 3D printed components In the manufacture of turbines conventional processes often reach their limits. Therefore, additive manufacturing is increasingly used to produce complex, curved components with intricate structures. A research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now examined common methods used to locate defects inside components.

Mechanical Engineering - Physics - 24.09.2021
Creating order by mechanical deformation in dense active matter
Creating order by mechanical deformation in dense active matter
Researchers at Göttingen University use computer simulation to investigate models of living systems Living or biological systems cannot be easily understood using the standard laws of physics, such as thermodynamics, as scientists would for gases, liquids or solids. Living systems are active, demonstrating fascinating properties such as adapting to their environment or repairing themselves.

Mechanical Engineering - 07.06.2021
Artificial intelligence and data mining are being used to measure aerodynamic flows
Artificial intelligence and data mining are being used to measure aerodynamic flows
Developing new ways to measure turbulent flows that are more efficient and reliable is the main objective of the NEXTFLOW research project at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M), funded by an ERC Starting Grant from the European Union. These techniques, which use new developments in artificial intelligence and data mining, can be used to improve the aerodynamics of means of transport and reduce their environmental impact.

Computer Science - Mechanical Engineering - 26.04.2021
New PP: Daring More Intelligence
Date: April 26, 2021, No. DFG approves new priority program coordinated by the University of Stuttgart Design Assistants in Mechanics and Dynamics are the topic of a new priority program (PP) of the German Research Foundation (DFG) that aims to bring more artificial intelligence (AI) into the design process of technical systems.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 29.03.2021
Strong weld joints for aerospace applications
Strong weld joints for aerospace applications
Measurements at the Research Neutron Source help with the development of intelligent welding equipment When a rocket is launched, the weld seams on the enormous fuel tanks must withstand immense forces. To produce joints with the necessary strength, a process known as "friction stir welding" is used.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 09.03.2021
Adhesion, Contractility Enable Metastatic Cells to go Against the Grain
Bioengineers at the University of California San Diego and San Diego State University have discovered a key feature that allows cancer cells to break from typical cell behavior and migrate away from the stiffer tissue in a tumor, shedding light on the process of metastasis and offering possible new targets for cancer therapies.

Physics - Mechanical Engineering - 05.03.2021
Giant ’quantum twisters’ may form in liquid light
New mechanism found for generating giant vortices in quantum fluids of light. Anyone who has drained a bathtub or stirred cream into coffee has seen a vortex, a ubiquitous formation that appears when fluid circulates. But unlike water, fluids governed by the strange rules of quantum mechanics have a special restriction: as was first predicted in 1945 by future Nobel winner Lars Onsager, a vortex in a quantum fluid can only twist by whole-number units.

Mechanical Engineering - Environment - 11.02.2021
Common pipistrelle bats are attracted to wind turbines
Common pipistrelle bats are attracted to wind turbines
Fatal attraction: Research finds common pipistrelle bats are attracted to wind turbines One of the most abundant bats in Europe may be attracted to wind turbines, according to a new study from the University of Sussex and the University of Exeter. The activity of common pipistrelle bats was monitored at 23 British wind farms and similar "control" locations close by without turbines.

Mechanical Engineering - 21.10.2020
Lily the barn owl reveals how birds fly in gusty winds
Scientists from the University of Bristol and the Royal Veterinary College have discovered how birds are able to fly in gusty conditions - findings that could inform the development of bio-inspired small-scale aircraft. "Birds routinely fly in high winds close to buildings and terrain - often in gusts as fast as their flight speed.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 19.10.2020
COVID-19: Distancing and Masks are not Enough
COVID-19: Distancing and Masks are not Enough
Decades-old data is being used to describe the propagation of tiny droplets. Now a fluid dynamics team has developed new models: Masks and distancing are good, but not enough. 1/2 images Droplets with a viral load [Translate to English:] Tröpfchen haben begrenzte Reichweite, Aeorsole können aber größere Distanzen überbrücken [Translate to English:] Tröpfchen haben begrenzte Reichweite, Aeorsole können aber größere Distanzen überbrücken Wear a mask, keep your distance, avoid crowds - these are the common recommendations to contain the COVID-19 epidemic.

Health - Mechanical Engineering - 28.08.2020
Researchers 3D print lifelike heart valve models
Patient-specific organ models, which include integrated 3D-printed soft sensor arrays, are fabricated using specialized inks and a customized 3D printing process. Such models can be used in preparation for minimally invasive procedures to improve outcomes in thousands of patients worldwide.

Transport - Mechanical Engineering - 27.07.2020
The Electric Future of Autonomous Vehicles
Autonomous vehicles come at a cost: increased energy use. Some analysts suggest that these increased power needs are significant enough to drastically reduce vehicle range thus eliminating the possibility of electric autonomous vehicles. Instead, these analysts claim autonomous vehicles must be gas-electric hybrids.
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