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Results 141 - 160 of 167.


Health - Transport - 16.05.2019
Particles from aircraft engines affect airways
Particles from aircraft engines affect airways
In a unique experimental setup, Swiss researchers have investigated the effect of exhaust particles from aircraft turbine engines on human lung cells. The cells reacted most strongly to particles emitted during ground idling. The study also showed that the cytotoxic effect is only to some extent comparable to that of particles from gasoline and diesel engines.

Transport - 08.05.2019
TU Graz study shows: Driving-simulator training reduces accidents with motorcycles
TU Graz study shows: Driving-simulator training reduces accidents with motorcycles
By Christoph Pelzl TU Graz researchers develop driving-simulator courses for driving schools which can reduce collision risk between motorcycles and cars. Additional at the end of the text There are 4233 accidents involving motorcycles in Austria each year. In more than half the cases other vehicles are involved.

Environment - Transport - 28.01.2019
Emissions targets for transport sector can’t be met using natural gas alone
Using natural gas fuel with other methods could help road freight and shipping industries meet targets, says new Imperial College London white paper. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) - the United Nations' organisation for shipping - seeks to at least halve greenhouse gas emissions from ships by 2050 compared to 2008 levels.

Materials Science - Transport - 24.01.2019
Nanotechnology enables engineers to weld previously un-weldable aluminum alloy
Nanotechnology enables engineers to weld previously un-weldable aluminum alloy
Super-strong but lightweight, AA 7075 now could be more widely used in automobiles and other manufacturing thanks to UCLA research Matthew Chin An aluminum alloy developed in the 1940s has long held promise for use in automobile manufacturing, except for one key obstacle. Although it's nearly as strong as steel and just one-third the weight, it is almost impossible to weld together using the technique commonly used to assemble body panels or engine parts.

Transport - Environment - 17.01.2019
Advanced modelling techniques could improve how cities deal with floods
Advanced modelling techniques could improve how cities deal with floods
A city's ability to safeguard the public in the event of a flood could be greatly improved by using scientific practices for emergency plans and involving decision-makers in the process. This is the key finding from a new study that is the first to look at the impact of flood preparedness from multiple perspectives, including pedestrian safety, accessibility to hospitals and fire stations, and the hazards posed by travel routes and parked vehicles.

Physics - Transport - 13.12.2018
Invention promises airport security screening without queues
Invention promises airport security screening without queues
A research team led by The Australian National University (ANU) has invented a device that could be developed into ultra-sensitive cameras for security screening which would not require people to queue at airports. Other applications could include smaller and safer sensors for driverless vehicles. Lead researcher Dr Mingkai Liu said the research had already led to a proof-of-concept prototype device and provisional patent.

Innovation - Transport - 04.12.2018
New passenger scanner uses space technology to speed up airport security
A super-sensitive passenger scanner that reveals hidden security threats is being trialled at Cardiff Airport in the UK. The walk-through scanner, which uses space technology to image human body heat, is the result of a collaboration between Sequestim Ltd. and Cardiff University scientists. Computer learning allows the scanner to distinguish between threats and non-threats but without the need for passengers to keep still or remove outer clothing.

Computer Science - Transport - 28.10.2018
Machine Learning to Help Optimize Traffic and Reduce Pollution
Machine Learning to Help Optimize Traffic and Reduce Pollution
Applying artificial intelligence to self-driving cars to smooth traffic, reduce fuel consumption, and improve air quality predictions may sound like the stuff of science fiction, but researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have launched two research projects to do just that.

Transport - Career - 12.10.2018
Could parcel lockers in transit stations reduce traffic congestion in Seattle?
Could parcel lockers in transit stations reduce traffic congestion in Seattle?
Administrative affairs Arts and entertainment Buildings and grounds For UW employees Health and medicine Honors and awards Official notices Politics and government UW and the community Seattle is one of the most congested cities in America. Delivery trucks take up space on already crowded roads and idle in parking spots and loading bays.

Transport - 24.07.2018
Researchers Predict Morning Traffic By Plugging Into Household Energy Use
To predict when morning traffic is likely to grind to a halt, it may be more effective to examine how electricity is used in the middle of the night instead of travel-time data. By analyzing household electricity use in Austin, Texas, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University were able to predict when morning traffic would jam some segments of Austin's highways.

Innovation - Transport - 02.07.2018
The Future of Gigs and Big Rigs
Advancements in artificial intelligence and mobile connectivity are disrupting transportation industries in ways that were unthinkable a decade ago. Autonomous vehicles are on the road, picking up passengers from the Las Vegas Strip to Pittsburgh's Strip District. And ride-sharing services such as Lyft and Uber are connecting vehicle owners with pedestrians who need a lift in the time it takes to click a few buttons on an iPhone.

Health - Transport - 05.06.2018
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Nighttime noise has damaging effects on Lausanne residents
Researchers compared the geographical distribution of nearly 3,700 Lausanne residents suffering from daytime sleepiness with the noise caused by road and railway traffic in those parts of the city at night. They found a clear correlation between the amount of sleepiness reported by residents and the level of nighttime noise in their neighborhoods.

Transport - Administration - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit borders caught the eyes of politicians
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of 'paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Transport - Administration - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit border issues caught politicians’ eyes
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of 'paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Transport - Mathematics - 23.05.2018
How many taxis does a city need?
How many taxis does a city need?
The rise of self-driving cars is set to dramatically alter the way we move around cities in the future. In particular, private car ownership is expected to shift toward shared mobility services, with vehicle fleet operators offering on-demand transportation. This should help to reduce traffic in urban areas and cut greenhouse gas emissions.

Transport - 04.10.2017
Two intelligent vehicles are better than one
Two intelligent vehicles are better than one
When EPFL researchers fused the data from two intelligent vehicles, the result was a wider field of view, extended situational awareness and greater safety. Intelligent vehicles get their intelligence from cameras, Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) sensors, and navigation and mapping systems. But there are ways to make them even smarter.

Transport - Computer Science - 03.07.2017
Staying on the Right Path
Staying on the Right Path
By Birgit Baustädter Cooperative, autonomous driving on the motorway is the main topic of a joint project between TU Graz and the "Virtual Vehicle" competence centre. Embedded in the Campus Inffeldgasse, researchers are collaborating on developing control algorithms which calculate the right path and the right speed for selfdriving vehicles.

Chemistry - Transport - 31.05.2017
Nitrogen Oxides Emissions: Traffic Dramatically Underestimated as Major Polluter
Nitrogen Oxides Emissions: Traffic Dramatically Underestimated as Major Polluter
Traffic contributes more to nitrogen oxide emissions in Europe than previously thought. This is the result of a current study carried out by scientists from the University of Innsbruck. The research team headed by Thomas Karl shows that even newer air quality models underestimate traffic related nitrogen oxide pollution by up to a factor of 4.

Innovation - Transport - 17.05.2017
City model created from images alone
City model created from images alone
ETH scientists have combined millions of images and videos into a three-dimensional, living model of the city of Zurich.

Materials Science - Transport - 28.04.2017
When electric vehicles crash, what happens to the battery?
When electric vehicles crash, what happens to the battery?
How EV batteries behave in detail during crash loads and what influence the previous life of the battery has on its safety is being investigated by TU Graz and partners in the K-project "SafeBattery". Further photographic material available at the end of this text. Safety, range and costs: these are the three big premises of electromobility.